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Perishable: Twined Sandal AMNH 29.0/7367

Creator(s): Laurie Webster

Year: 2006

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Twined Sandal, Accession AMNH29.0, Catalog #7367. Morris FS 959. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Twined sandal, 2-strand twining (S). Images: AMNH 29.0/7367A: small twined sandal, upper face. AMNH 29.0/7367B: small twined sandal, lower face showing raised design under raking light. AMNH 29.0/7367C: small twined sandal, lower face showing raised design. AMNH 29.0/7367D: close-up of heel showing purplish-red staining. AMNH 29.0/7367E: close-up of heel finish. Frayed yarns are paired warps. AMNH 29.0/7367F: close-up of heel finish, lower face. AMNH 29.0/7367G: close-up of heel interior, upper face. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 54, Aztec West Ruin. Morris (1928:309) indicates that “The first 1 ½ feet of fill in Room 54 consisted of fallen masonry and the uncharred wood of a ceiling which had been supported by two transverse pairs of cedar logs. The interstices between the stones were not filled with earth, indicating little action of wind and rain before the subsequent filling took place. Above this basal depodit was 9X to 10 feet of dry refuse with a large vegetable component. It had been well sheltered from moisture; hence, perishable objects were excellently preserved. That the waste material accumulated dur;ng the Chaco period is shown by the fact that a human effigy vessel' (29.0-7321) was scattered from one end of the room to the other. Such vessels do not occur among Mesa Verde pottery. Other specimens from this room are: a grooved hammer, a chipped knife blade, a selenite pendant, a piece of selenite, five arrow points…[long list of artifacts]…The charred timbers of a ceiling were above the refuse, separated from it by 8 inches to 1 foot of drift sand.”

Reference: Earl Morris, 1928, Notes on Excavations in the Aztec Ruin, Volume XXVI, Part V, Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, New York.

Cite this Record

Perishable: Twined Sandal AMNH 29.0/7367. Laurie Webster. 2006. Aztec Ruins National Monument ( tDAR id: 373530) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8736P7Q


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1110 to 1140 (Late Chacoan)

Calendar Date: 1140 to 1280 (Post-Chacoan)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -108.038; min lat: 36.803 ; max long: -107.955; max lat: 36.861 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Gary Brown

Contributor(s): Lori Reed ; Joel Gamache ; Anne Grulich ; Aztec Ruins National Monument, Aztec, NM ; Aztec Ruins National Monument

Principal Investigator(s): Laurie Webster

Repository(s): American Museum of Natural History


Rights & Attribution: Artifact was collected from Aztec West Ruin excavations by Earl Morris between 1916 and 1922. Morris' excavations were sponsored and funded by the American Museum of Natural History, New York.

Rights & Attribution: High resolution images of the item are archived and available to researchers through the National Park Service, Aztec Ruins National Monument.

Rights & Attribution: Publication or use of the image is restricted; permission may be obtained through consultation with American Museum of Natural History and Aztec Ruins National Monument.

Source Collections

Original Item: American Museum of Natural History, New York
Image: NPS, Aztec Ruins National Monument, Aztec, New Mexico

Related Comparative Collections

Aztec Ruins Collections housed at Hibben Center, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque
Aztec Ruins Collections housed at American Museum of Natural History, New York
Aztec Ruins Collections housed at Aztec Ruins National Monument, Aztec, New Mexico

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
amnh-29-0-7367g.jpg 316.01kb Dec 28, 2011 1:17:14 PM Public
amnh-29-0-7367b.jpg 297.90kb Dec 28, 2011 1:17:19 PM Public
amnh-29-0-7367c.jpg 294.66kb Dec 28, 2011 1:17:22 PM Public
amnh-29-0-7367d.jpg 337.58kb Dec 28, 2011 1:17:24 PM Public
amnh-29-0-7367e.jpg 145.80kb Dec 28, 2011 1:17:29 PM Public
amnh-29-0-7367f.jpg 286.84kb Dec 28, 2011 1:17:31 PM Public
amnh-29-0-7367a.jpg 336.38kb Dec 28, 2011 11:09:26 AM Public
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America