Perishable: Twined Sandal AMNH 29.0/8446


Twined Sandal, Accession AMNH29.0, Catalog #8446. Morris FS 1939. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Twined, yucca-fiber sandal with banded design, 2-strand twining (S). Images: AMNH 29.0/8446A: twined sandal with faint banded design, upper face. AMNH 29.0/8446B: twined sandal with faint banded design, lower face. AMNH 29.0/8446C: close-up of heel exterior, upper face. AMNH 29.0/8446D: close-up of heel exterior, lower face. AMNH 29.0/8446E: close-up of heel interior, upper face. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 72, Aztec West Ruin. Earl Morris’ description of Room 72 at the time of excavation is as follows. “A layer of washed adobe 2 to 4 inches thick covered the floor of Room 72. Eleven long unpeeled willows had been left standing in the southeast corner. The ceiling support was one pine log running north and south…. The small poles were also of pine. Somewhat more than five cubic yards of dry refuse had been deposited in the room above Room 72. …. [Long list of artifacts]…. Eventually, …the wall between [Room 63] and Room 72 collapsed into the latter chamber, filling it with masonry from 1 foot at the east side to 3 and one-half feet at the west. In falling, the wall brought with it most of the west half of the ceiling of Room 72….refuse poured down from above… [A] secondary deposit continued in an unbroken line across Rooms 63 and 72. It was about 6 feet deep against the west wall of Room 63 and dwindled down to 2 feet at the east wall of Room 72….In the fallen masonry above the refuse were partially burned timbers from an upper ceiling. Eventually, the timber supporting the ceiling of Room 73 slivered near the south end and, with the mass above it, settled down.... A large cavity was left beneath the then sloping ceiling along the north and east walls….At the middle of the north wall is a door, 2 feet 4 inches wide, and 4 feet high, with sill 3 feet from the floor.” (Morris1928: 319-320). Reference: Earl Morris, 1928, Notes on Excavations in the Aztec Ruin, Volume XXVI, Part V, Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, New York.

Cite this Record

Perishable: Twined Sandal AMNH 29.0/8446. Laurie Webster. 2006. Aztec Ruins National Monument ( tDAR id: 374444) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8DB8067

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1110 to 1140 (Late Chacoan)

Calendar Date: 1140 to 1280 (Post-Chacoan)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -108.038; min lat: 36.803 ; max long: -107.955; max lat: 36.861 ;

Record Identifiers

Aztec Ruins National Monument Accession Number(s): AMNH 29.0


Rights & Attribution: Artifact was collected from Aztec West Ruin excavations by Earl Morris between 1916 and 1922. Morris' excavations were sponsored and funded by the American Museum of Natural History, New York.

Rights & Attribution: High resolution images of the item are archived and available to researchers through the National Park Service, Aztec Ruins National Monument.

Rights & Attribution: Publication or use of the image is restricted; permission may be obtained through consultation with American Museum of Natural History and Aztec Ruins National Monument.

Source Collections

Original Items: American Museum of Natural History, New York, and NPS, Aztec Ruins National Monument, Aztec, New Mexico

Image: NPS, Aztec Ruins National Monument, Aztec, New Mexico

Related Comparative Collections

Aztec Ruins Collections housed at Hibben Center, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque

Aztec Ruins Collections housed at American Museum of Natural History, New York

Aztec Ruins Collections housed at Aztec Ruins National Monument, Aztec, New Mexico

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
amnh-29-0-8446a.jpg 209.03kb Jan 24, 2012 8:54:15 AM Public
amnh-29-0-8446e.jpg 243.18kb Jan 30, 2012 1:39:40 PM Public
amnh-29-0-8446b.jpg 224.50kb Jan 30, 2012 1:39:42 PM Public
amnh-29-0-8446c.jpg 204.02kb Jan 30, 2012 1:39:44 PM Public
amnh-29-0-8446d.jpg 248.17kb Jan 30, 2012 1:39:46 PM Public