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Roosevelt Community Development Study-Center for Desert Archaeology

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Summary

The Roosevelt Community Development Study (RCD) was one of three data recovery mitigative studies that the Bureau of Reclamation funded to investigate the prehistory of the Tonto Basin in the vicinity of Theodore Roosevelt Dam. The series of investigations constituted Reclamation's program for complying with historic preservation legislation as it applied to the raising and modification of Theodore Roosevelt Dam. Reclamation contracted with Desert Archaeology, Inc. to complete the research for this investigation. As specified by the Bureau of Reclamation, the RCD was designed to investigate the temporal and developmental sequence of the prehistoric populations within the project area. Desert Archaeology's work under the RCD involved the testing and excavation of 27 sites in a continuous 4-mile study area along the north side of the Salt River at the east end of Roosevelt Lake. To meet project goals, Desert Archaeology intensively examined 6 sites through full-scale excavation, and gathered an extensive data set on the remaining 21 sites.

The RCD project area contained three large Classic period sites. Two of the sites have platform mounds, and the third site may contain over 100 masonry rooms. From west to east, these large sites are the centers of the Griffin Wash, Pyramid Point, and Meddler Point site complexes. In all, 29 sites were sampled. Initial information (Kisselberg 1988; Chapter 10, this volume) suggested that the main sites of the three complexes were occupied during the Roosevelt phase (ca. AD. 1150-1300). Only Griffin Wash yielded definitive late Classic, or Gila phase (ca. AD. 1300-1450), ceramics. It appeared that large numbers of the other sites have Roosevelt phase occupations. Earlier material is well represented at Meddler Point and is likely to be present at a number of other sites as well. At Meddler Point, there is likely significant horizontal stratigraphy that can permit broad-scale access to deposits that date at least as early as the Gila Butte phase (ca. AD. 750- 850).

Project results are reported in a series that consists of four sets of report volumes: the Center for Desert Archaeology's Anthropological Papers No. 12, 13, and 14. Anthropological Papers No. 12 is a single report volume entitled Research Design for the Roosevelt Community Development Study. Anthropological Papers No. 13 consists of two reports. These reports present project background and provide descriptive information on the excavation and testing of sites in the project area. They includes site and feature descriptions, site and feature maps, general artifact data, and preliminary interpretations of individual sites. Volume 1: Introduction and Small Sites discusses the project and describes work at the small sites in the project area. Volume 2: Meddler Point, Griffin Wash and Pyramid Point Sites describes investigations at the large villages. Oversized maps of the Meddler Point are published in a separate bound map supplement. Anthropological Papers No. 14 includes three report volumes that describe artifact data and specialized analyses. Volume 1: Stone and Shell Artifact Analyses, Volume 2: Ceramic Chronology, Technology, and Economics, and Volume 3: Paleobotanical and Osteological Analyses discuss the material results and analyses that were part of the RCD. Finally, Anthropological Papers No. 15 is a single report that concludes the RCD series. The Roosevelt Community Development Study: New Perspectives on Tonto Basin Prehistory integrates the RCD data to provide a more inclusive view of the prehistoric occupation of the RCD project area and the Tonto Basin.


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Cite this Record

Roosevelt Community Development Study-Center for Desert Archaeology. ( tDAR id: 378202) ; doi:10.6067/XCV86M389F


Keywords

Culture
Ancestral Puebloan Hohokam Salado

Material
Ceramic Dating Sample Fauna Ground Stone Human Remains Macrobotanical Pollen Shell Wood

Site Name
AR-03-12-06-1001(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1002(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1045(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1537(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1538(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1539(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1540(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1541(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1542(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1543(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1544(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1545(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1547(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1548(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1605(USFS) AR-03-12-06-1606(USFS) AR-03-12-06-192(USFS) AR-03-12-06-193(USFS) AR-03-12-06-2029(USFS) AR-03-12-06-2041(USFS) AR-03-12-06-2088(USFS) AR-03-12-06-217(USFS) AR-03-12-06-25(USFS) AR-03-12-06-26(USFS) AR-03-12-06-29(USFS) AR-03-12-06-96(USFS) AZ V:5:1(ASM) AZ V:5:100(ASM) AZ V:5:101(ASM) AZ V:5:103(ASM) AZ V:5:104(ASM) AZ V:5:105(ASM) AZ V:5:106(ASM) AZ V:5:107(ASM) AZ V:5:110(ASM) AZ V:5:122(ASM) AZ V:5:123(ASM) AZ V:5:131(ASM) AZ V:5:176(ASM) AZ V:5:177(ASM) AZ V:5:178(ASM) AZ V:5:189(ASM) AZ V:5:4(ASM) AZ V:5:90(ASM) AZ V:5:91(ASM) AZ V:5:92(ASM) AZ V:5:93(ASM) AZ V:5:94(ASM) AZ V:5:95(ASM) AZ V:5:96(ASM) AZ V:5:97(ASM) AZ V:5:98(ASM) AZ V:5:99(ASM) Eagle Ridge Griffin Wash Hedge Apple Las Manos Meddler Point Porcupine Pyramid Point

Site Type
Archaeological Feature Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Hamlet / Village Hearth Midden Pit Pit House / Earth Lodge Platform Mound Room Block / Compound / Pueblo Settlements


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 750 to 1450


Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.013; min lat: 33.619 ; max long: -110.926; max lat: 33.674 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Principal Investigator(s): William Doelle

Project Director(s): Douglas Craig ; Mark Elson ; Deborah Swartz

Landowner(s): US Forest Service, Tonto National Forest

Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Permitting Agency(s): US Forest Service, Tonto National Forest

Repository(s): Center for Archaeology and Society, Arizona State University, Tempe

Prepared By(s): Center for Desert Archaeology

Submitted To(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office


Record Identifiers

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 1-CS-32-01220

Resources Inside this Project (Viewing 1-7 of 7)

  • Documents (7)

Documents

  1. Research Design for the Roosevelt Community Development Study (1992)
  2. The Roosevelt Community Development Study, Number 13, Volume 1: Introduction and Small Sites (1994)
  3. The Roosevelt Community Development Study, Number 13, Volume 2: Meddler Point, Pyramid Point, and Griffin Wash Sites (1994)
  4. The Roosevelt Community Development Study, Number 14, Volume 1: Stone and Shell Artifacts (1995)
  5. The Roosevelt Community Development Study, Number 14, Volume 2: Ceramic Chronology, Technology, and Economics (1995)
  6. The Roosevelt Community Development Study, Number 14, Volume 3: Paleobiological and Osteological Analyses (1995)
  7. The Roosevelt Community Development Study: New Perspectives on Tonto Basin Prehistory (1995)
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America