Archaeological Survey and Investigations of the Burnt Mountain and Agua Fria Tunnels, Granite Reef Aqueduct, Central Arizona Project, Maricopa County, Arizona
Under contract with the Bureau of Reclamation, the Office of Cultural Resource Management (OCRM), Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University, completed an archaeological survey of the Burnt Mountain and Agua Fria Tunnels of the Granite Reef Aqueduct. The Burnt Mountain Tunnel is located on 150 acres on the southeast slope of Burnt Mountain. The Agua Fria Tunnel is located on 180 acres in the Hieroglyphic Mountains.
Following the survey, OCRM archaeologists conducted archaeological investigations at two sites located in the Burnt Mountain and Agua Fria Tunnel project areas to mitigate the adverse effects of disturbance in the project area. Archaeological investigations consisted of surface collection and excavation.
This project presents the survey and mitigation reports that describe the results of archaeological work at the Burnt Mountain and Agua Fria Tunnels of the Granite Reef Aqueduct. The investigations identified a pattern of secondary resource zone exploitation in the desert areas between the river valleys. Researchers defined and described a secondary resource zone as an area which did not support a permanent population, but was utilized intermittently, probably on a seasonal basis, in the exploitation of wild plant and animal food resources by people whose primary subsistence was derived from a different zone.
Cite this Record
Archaeological Survey and Investigations of the Burnt Mountain and Agua Fria Tunnels, Granite Reef Aqueduct, Central Arizona Project, Maricopa County, Arizona. ( tDAR id: 436341) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8N3005W
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
Ceramic • Chipped Stone • Ground Stone
AZ S:8:6(ASU) • AZ T:3:18(ASU) • AZ T:3:19(ASU)
Artifact Scatter • Rock Ring
Records Search / Inventory Checking • Site Evaluation / Testing • Systematic Survey
Agua Fria River • Agua Fria Tunnel • Burnt Mountain • Burnt Mountain Tunnel • Granite Reef Aqueduct • Heiroglyphic Mountains
min long: -113.406; min lat: 33.573 ; max long: -112.253; max lat: 33.848 ;
Individual & Institutional Roles
Contact(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office
Field Director(s): Don E. Simonis
Principal Investigator(s): Glen Rice
Project Director(s): Patricia E. Brown
Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office
Repository(s): Huhugam Heritage Center
Prepared By(s): Office of Cultural Resource Management, Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University
Submitted To(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office
Granite Reef Aqueduct Task No.(s): 5, 11
Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 8-07-32-V0039
Collections are held at the Huhugam Heritage Center, Gila River Indian Community, Arizona.
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