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Europe (Geographic Keyword)

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2014 total station data (2014)

DATASET [ID: 427048] Uploaded by: Jonathan Haws

Raw data from the 2014 excavation using a Sokkia CX total station.

2015 total station data (2015)

DATASET [ID: 427052] Uploaded by: Jonathan Haws

Raw data from the 2015 excavation using two Sokkia CX total stations and EDWIN software.

2015 total station data (2015)

DATASET [ID: 427053] Uploaded by: Jonathan Haws

Raw data from the 2015 excavation using two Sokkia CX total stations and EDWIN software. This file recorded data using a Surface Pro 3.

2016 total station data (2016)

DATASET [ID: 427054] Uploaded by: Jonathan Haws

Raw data from the 2016 excavation using two Sokkia CX total stations and EDWIN software. This file recorded data using a Trimble Nomad.

2016 total station data (2016)

DATASET [ID: 427055] Uploaded by: Jonathan Haws

Raw data from the 2016 excavation using two Sokkia CX total stations and EDWIN software. This file recorded data using a Nautiz X8.

3D Scanning of Bronze: Repeatability and Reliability across scanners. (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 398167] Kristina Golubiewski-Davis.

As 3D scanning is integrated into the archaeological tool kit, more objects are being captured using a variety of scanning methods and specific scanners. This poster explores how laser scanning, white light scanning, and photogrammetry compare across the Next Engine, Breukmann (300mm and 90mm lenses), David SLS-2 (30mm and 60mm pattern sizes), and photogrammetry (compiled with Agisoft Photoscan) using a Gauge Repeatability and Reliabity test. Five objects were scanned five times using each of...

7x105 Dimensions of Pottery: Multivariate Analyses of Pottery Assemblages from the Lower Town Site of Mycenae, Greece (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 428983] Anna Tremblay. Daniel E. Ehrlich.

During excavation, it is often safer to record areas separately and later identify associations between strata across a site. Such practice waits until detailed analyses can be conducted and avoids erroneously comparing material from separate depositions. However, the process can lead to more identified strata than are truly present. This project considered relative frequencies of pottery fabrics as a multivariate dataset to characterize and analyze site formation at the Lower Town site of...

The 8.2ka event evidence for human-environment interaction in north-west Atlantic Europe (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 403417] Seren Griffiths. Erick Robinson. Philip Buckland. Ralph Fyfe. Kevan Edinborough.

The 8.2ka ’event’ is represented by significant cooling in multi-proxy palaeoenvironmental records (e.g. Alley et al. 1997; Kobashi et al. 2007; Thomas et al. 2007; cf. Wiersma 2008). This temperature drop, and its related consequences, have been presented as factors in human social changes across Europe and the Near East (e.g. Roberts et al. 2011; van der Plicht et al. 2011). However, given the complexity of regional and local ecosystems, the impacts across broad geographical scales were likely...

The abrupt transition from Hamburgian to Federmessergruppen in southern Scandinavia – evidence for regional hunter-gatherer extinction? (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 394958] Felix Riede.

The Hamburgian is associated with the initial pioneer human re-colonization of northern Europe during the Late Glacial. Whilst much recent research has focused on the dynamics of initial entry, this paper addresses the end of the Hamburgian, especially in its northernmost range of present-day southern Scandinavia. The difference in cultural signature between the Hamburgian culture’s late Havelte variant and its successor in the region, the Federmessergruppen, is striking and difficult to explain...

Accessing Social Geographies in Late Glacial Franco-Cantabria through Personal Ornaments (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 395600] John O'Hara.

Besides its rich and complex archaeological record, the Late Glacial of Franco-Cantabria is also a moment of central importance in the population history of Western Europe. This region was the principal demographic source for the post-LGM recolonization of Western Europe, and the influence of cultural trends originating here may be observed across the continent. This paper will present the goals and initial results of an ongoing research project to analyze the internal social dynamics of this...

Across the River: Romanized Barbarians and Barbarized Romans on the edge of the Empire. Bioarchaeology of Romania in Late Antiquity (300-600 CE) (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 403935] Cristina Tica.

The goal of this research project is to examine differences in overall health between two groups that have been characterized in the literature as Romans and “barbarians”. The research questions addressed using skeletal remains are about how the daily life of people under Roman-Byzantine control compared to that of their neighbors, the “barbarians” to the north. Comparing two contemporaneous populations from the territory of modern Romania—and dating to the 4th-6th centuries CE, the study will...

Adapting to harsh environment resulting changes in culture that led towards a new perception of the outer world: The birth of the Central European Neolithic (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 429866] Eszter Bánffy.

In the 6th millennium BC, first farmers reached the area between south east and central Europe, soon spreading into central Europe. About the character and identity of these first farmers at the boundary area, a series of new research results is available. At the boundary, harsh environmental conditions made their long well-working subsistence system unstable, as the ‘package’ of farming and mainly sheep and shifted to cattle keeping. Yet, it has hardly been investigated, what reflections of...

Adaptive Cycles and Resilience as explanatory templates for the formulation of coupled climate-culture models (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 404168] Detlef Gronenborn. Hans-Christoph Strien. Christian Lohr. Johanna Ritter.

Simplistic scenarios of the role of climate on the dynamics of socio-political trajectories are increasingly being replaced by coupled models in which climate and societies undergo mutually influential interactions. The concepts of adaptive cycles and resilience have been particularly helpful in understanding these interrelations. Based on an extensive body of data from Early to Upper (Young) Neolithic sites in western Central Germany and adjacent regions, a model is proposed which takes into...

Additional statistical and graphical methods for analyzing artifact orientations and site formation processes from total station proveniences (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 428890] Shannon McPherron.

The orientations in three dimensions of clasts within a deposit are known to be informative on processes that formed that deposit. In archaeological sites, a portion of the clasts in the deposit are introduced by non-geological processes and these are typically systematically recorded with total stations during excavations. By recording a second point on elongated clasts it is possible to quickly and precisely capture their orientation. The statistical and graphical techniques for analyzing...

ADS 3D Viewer: an example of open 3D real-time visualization system in archaeology (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 397313] Fabrizio Galeazzi.

In this paper I will present ADS 3D Viewer, a project designed to develop a 3D real-time system for the management and analysis of archaeological data. The main aim of this interactive application is to give users the ability to access archaeological data to ground-truth interpretations. Thanks to the ADS 3D Viewer, in fact, multiple experts will share and analyse 3D replicas of the archaeological excavation record, which can be revisited and subject to new analytical techniques over the long...

Advanced GIS applications for bioarchaeology: methods and case studies (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 404784] Marissa Stewart. Francesco Coschino. Antonio Fornaciari. Giuseppe Vercellotti.

New computer technologies have become indispensable components in Human Sciences. Archaeology has a long history of adopting and using these technologies to document the site and the excavation process, to record the location of excavated artifacts and materials, and to assist in interpretations and analysis of the excavation and recovered finds. However, despite the constant and ever-developing applications in archaeology, the specialization of bioarchaeology has not yet developed unique...

Advances in Viking Archaeology: Aligning Data, Theory, and the Interdisciplinary Perspective (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 404426] Davide Zori.

Viking Archaeology, conceived of here as a particularly influential subfield of medieval archaeology, originated in antiquarian efforts of early Scandinavian scholars who helped to shape the identities of their nation states. From C.J. Thomson, to Jens Worsae, and Oscar Montelius, these early Scandinavian archaeologists were formative in the establishment of a periodization of the past, development of dating techniques, and the professionalization of archaeology as a discipline. The Viking Age...

Aerial view of the site (2015)

IMAGE [ID: 427044] Uploaded by: Jonathan Haws

This image was taken with a GoPro 3 mounted to a DJI Phantom 3. The view is from the north looking south. Backdirt is visible in the lower right.

After the Dissolution: The Second Life of Monastic Stones (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 404477] Sarah Breiter.

One of the more dramatic results of the English Reformation was the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Once these institutions were closed and sold off, they often had a secondary purpose for the new landholders, such as working farms, personal residences and colleges. In spite of this, much of the architecture of the original monastery was destroyed, with stone, brick, and metal carted off. This paper focuses on how the stone from monasteries became a resource in the immediate vicinity of the...

The Afterlife of the Charnel Chapel at Rothwell (Northamptonshire, UK) (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 429258] Dawn Hadley. Elizabeth Craig-Atkins. Jenny Crangle.

The practice of charnelling human remains has recently been revealed to have been widespread in medieval England, with chapels specially built for this purpose. However, this practice ceased at the time of the early sixteenth-century Protestant Reformation, and the charnel chapels were emptied and in some cases demolished. A rare exception is at Rothwell (Northamptonshire, UK), which survived the Reformation intact, apparently because it was closed up at this time with the charnel in situ. The...

Ageing, childhood and social identity in the early Neolithic of central Europe (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 403758] Penny Bickle. Linda Fibiger.

Identity is an embodied experience and, as such, it has the capacity to change over a lifetime as the body grows, goes through puberty, suffers illness and becomes inscribed with habitual movements from daily tasks. Understanding the process of maturation is therefore an important facet of investigating identity. In this paper, we focus on ageing and childhood in the early Neolithic of central Europe, the Linearbandkeramik (LBK) culture (5500–4900 cal BC), with particular reference to...

Agrarian Landscapes of coastal Croatia: a view from Nadin-Gradina (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 429374] James Countryman. Gregory Zaro.

Generalized models of Mediterranean agroecosystems often elide the specific historical and political contexts in which food production necessarily takes place. This paper presents new historical-ecological research currently underway at the multi-period settlement site of Nadin-Gradina near the Adriatic coast of southern Croatia, a typically "Mediterranean" landscape that has hosted a dynamic social-political history of repeated invasion, migration, and colonization by a variety of human actors....

Agricultural risk management in Mediterranean environments: a computational modeling approach (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 404108] Nicolas Gauthier.

Small-scale agriculturalists in the Mediterranean Basin rely on multiple strategies including diversification, intensification, and storage to maintain a stable food supply in the face of environmental uncertainty. Each of these strategies requires farmers to make specific resource allocation decisions in response to environmental risks and is thus sensitive to variability in both the spatiotemporal pattern of risk and the ability of farmers to perceive that pattern. In this talk, I present an...

The agroecology of inequality: Novel bioarchaeological approaches to early urbanization in western Asia and Europe (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 403401] Amy Bogaard. Valasia Isaakidou. Erika Nitsch. Amy Styring.

In this talk we use case studies to compare the agroecology of relatively egalitarian Neolithic communities (low ginis) with that of early urban societies featuring high levels of inequality (high ginis). We use a combination of novel archaeobotanical and -zoological approaches to investigate arable land management. Neolithic sequences in western Asia, the Aegean and central Europe present contrasting settings in which early farmers developed labour-intensive cropping strategies that buffered...

Agropastoralism in Bronze Age Transylvania: An analysis of faunal assemblages from the Geoagiu and Mureş Valleys (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 397188] Jordan Dalton. Colin Quinn.

The Bronze Age was a period of dynamic social transformations in Transylvania. Unfortunately, there have been no systematic archaeological studies of the subsistence economy that funded, and was affected by, the social transformations of emergent inequality. In this poster, I present the first analysis of faunal assemblages from Bronze Age contexts in Transylvania. The faunal assemblages, collected during the 2012-2014 surveys of the Geoagiu and Mureş Valleys, provide the first opportunity to...

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America