Southeastern New Mexico (Geographic Keyword)

1-24 (24 Records)

Archaeological Prospection for Ring-Midden Features in Southeastern New Mexico Using Lidar Data: An Experimental Study
PROJECT Uploaded by: Rebecca Wells

SRI conducted an archaeological survey for ring-midden features using lidar data in three localities in the foothills of the Guadalupe Mountains and Sacramento Mountains in southeastern New Mexico. The unique shape and prominence of ring middens were identified by remote sensing data and then verified in the field within the sampled areas. The result supports the use of lidar data for project scoping and landscape-level studies, but cannot substitute for Section 106 inventory due to the...


Archaeological Prospection for Ring-Midden Features in Southeastern New Mexico Using Lidar Data: An Experimental Study (2015)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Michael Heilen. Monica Murrell. Timothy Mills. Nahide Aydin. Phillip O. Leckman. Adam Byrd.

The final report presents the methodology and results of this experimental study to see if remote sensing data alone is able to identify the presence of ring-midden features. Lidar data obtained for sample areas was then verified on the ground, and found to be successful in identifying all but disturbed or low-profile ring middens. Therefore, the use of lidar data is appropriate for project scoping and landscape area studies, but not as an alternative to Section 106 survey.


An Assessment of Transect Recording Unit Survey and Subsurface Testing Methods at Four Sites in the Permian Basin, New Mexico
PROJECT Michael Heilen.

In September 2014, the U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Carlsbad Field Office (CFO) contracted Statistical Research, Inc. (SRI), (Contract No. L14PA00010) to perform an experimental project aimed at achieving a better understanding of how site-recording and subsurface-testing methods can be used to assess the subsurface potential of sites in southeastern New Mexico. At issue in this experiment is developing an informed, scientific understanding of the relationship...


An Assessment of Transect Recording Unit Survey and Subsurface Testing Methods at Four Sites in the Permian Basin, New Mexico (2015)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rebecca Wells

In September 2014, the U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Carlsbad Field Office (CFO) contracted Statistical Research, Inc. (SRI), (Contract No. L14PA00010) to perform an experimental project aimed at achieving a better understanding of how site-recording and subsurface-testing methods can be used to assess the subsurface potential of sites in southeastern New Mexico. At issue in this experiment is developing an informed, scientific understanding of the relationship...


Evaluation of the Effect of the Permian Basin Programmatic Agreement on the Archaeological Record within the Permian Basin PA Area: Field Survey and Document Review of 164 Projects (2018)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Myles Miller. Tim Graves. Katherine Jones.

The Carlsbad Field Office contracted Versar, Inc. to conduct field survey and document review for 164 oil and gas industry project parcels released for development under the Permian Basin Programmatic Agreement (PBPA) during a 3-year period between 1 May 2013 and 30 June 2016. The project parcels are located among 28 United States Geological Survey quadrangles on lands administered through the PBPA by the Carlsbad Field Office of the Bureau of Land Management in southeastern New Mexico. The...


Evaluation of the Permian Basin PA Program
PROJECT Myles Miller.

BPA Project 8. Evaluation of the Effect of the Permian Basin PA on the Archaeological Record


An Experimental Project to Conduct Digital Survey for Ring Midden Features using Aerial Lidar Data (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Heilen. Monica Murrell.

This poster presents an experimental research project performed for the U.S. Bureau of Land Management’s Permian Basin Mitigation Program exploring the use of aerial lidar data to identify and document ring midden features. The project was carried out in three study areas in southeastern New Mexico situated along the eastern foothills of the Guadalupe and Sacramento Mountains. Previous archaeological surveys indicate that ring middens are common along rocky escarpments in the piedmont zone and...


An Experimental Project to Conduct Digital Survey for Ring-Midden Features Using Lidar Data (2015)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Michael Heilen.

This brochure explains to the public the cultural significance of ring-midden features, the prospect of using remote sensing data to locate them, and an outline of SRI's modeling study to show how digital survey data can assist archaeologists in defining the features and understanding patterns of the past.


MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS AND AMS RADIOCARBON AGE DETERMINATION OF A SAMPLE FROM THE TRADE WIND SITE (LA117405), LEA COUNTY, NEW MEXICO (2017)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Peter Kováčik.

The Trade Winds Site (LA117405), an artifact scatter, lies in a dune blowout basin in Lea County, southeastern New Mexico. Fill from a thermal feature was submitted for macrofloral analysis to recover and identify charred floral remains, including charcoal, suitable for AMS radiocarbon age determination, then date the appropriate material. The sample is expected to date between AD 200 and AD 1400 reflecting Jornada Mogollon/Early Pithouse - Late Pueblo occupation (Stacy Galassini, personal...


MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS FROM SITE LA 128608, AN ISOLATED HEARTH LOCATED NEAR LOCO HILLS, SOUTHEASTERN NEW MEXICO (2000)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Curtis Nepstad-Thornberry.

A macrobotanical sample from site LA128608 was sent for analysis and identification. The site is an isolated hearth located near Loco Hills, New Mexico. The upper portion of the feature has likely been destroyed by road construction and subsequent vehicle traffic. Archaeologists sampled the entire hearth, which resulted in a sample encompassing 25 liters. A C-14 sample, extracted from the hearth, yielded a calibrated date ranging from BP 4,410 to 3,975. Depending on sample size, level of...


MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS OF HEARTH FILL FROM SITE LA104607, SOUTHEASTERN NEW MEXICO (1995)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

The entire fill contents of a hearth at Site LA104607 was sampled for macrofloral remains. This site consists of a sherd and lithic scatter with little depth. Macrofloral analysis is used to provide information concerning plant food remains processed in this hearth.


A New View of the Desert - The Permian Basin Programmatic Agreement Research Program in Southeastern New Mexico (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Martin Stein.

The research program described in this paper is providing much needed new information for a portion of southeastern New Mexico that was previously understudied. The program is funded by an innovative approach to Section 106 compliance which trades redundant survey information for monetary contributions to a dedicated research account. The Permian Basin Programmatic Agreement (PA) has been in effect for six years. The purpose of the PA (formerly the Permian Basin Memorandum of Agreement or MOA)...


ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITES LA 96006 (FB 5053), LA 116848 (FB 16002), LA 116851 (FB 16005), LA 116852 (FB 16006), LA 116854 (FB 16008), LA 116855 (FB 16009), LA 120761 (FB 16391), AND LA 120768 (FB 16398) ON MCGREGOR RANGE AT THE FORT BLISS MILITARY INSTALLATION, OTERO COUNTY, NEW MEXICO (2009)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Melissa K. Logan.

A total of seventeen samples including feature fill, ceramics, and fire-cracked rock from sites LA 96006 (FB 5053), LA 116848 (FB 16002), LA 116851 (FB 16005), LA 116852 (FB 16006), LA 116854 (FB 16008), LA 116855 (FB 16009), LA 120761 (FB 16391), and LA 120768 (FB 16398) located on McGregor Range at the Fort Bliss Military Instillation in southeastern New Mexico were submitted for organic residue analysis. These samples were tested for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared...


Permian Basin Research Design 2016-2026 (2016)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Stephen A. Hall. Ronald Goble.

This two-volume report provides a 10-year research design for the Bureau of Land Management's Carlsbad Field Office. Volume I covers Native American archaeology and cultural resources, while Volume II covers the region's geomorphology and geoarchaeology.


Plant Utilization in Southeastern New Mexico: Botany, Ethnobotany and Archaeology (2017)
DOCUMENT Full-Text William Whitehead. Conor Flynn.

This guide covers the most common plants found in the Bureau of Land Management, Carlsbad Field Office (CFO) region and documents their uses by the Native peoples of Southeast New Mexico, both archaeologically and historically. This book provides descriptions and photographs of 55 families, covering 172 species, with another 159 species mentioned as part of the description of a similar species, for a total of 331 plant species. There are over 700 photographs, 190 tables, and 190 figures....


POLLEN ANALYSIS OF PITSTRUCTURES AND HEARTHS: SOUTHEASTERN NEW MEXICO (1985)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda J. Scott. PaleoResearch Institute.

Twelve pollen samples were selected for pollen analysis in conjunction with the Navajo-Hopi Land Exchange Archaeological Project in the BLM designated Area III. This area contained a scatter of features and artifacts and is located within the Mesilla Bolson--an intermontane lowland--in Dona Ana County, southeastern New Mexico. The site is situated in a copice dune topography above the floodplain of the Rio Grande West of El Paso. Mesquite is the dominant element in this sparsely vegetated...


POLLEN AND STARCH ANALYSIS OF FEATURE 2, SITE LA 137777, SOUTHERN NEW MEXICO (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. R.A. Varney.

A single pollen and starch sample from a small carbon stain (Feature 2) was submitted for analysis. Feature 2 yielded a radiocarbon age of 900 ± 60 BP. This site is located in the Cedar Breaks area within the Mescalero Sands of southeastern New Mexico.


POLLEN, MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS, AND WOOD IDENTIFICATION AT 888M, SOUTHEAST NEW MEXICO (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text R.A. Varney. Kathryn Puseman.

Excavation project 888M is located east of the Pecos River in southeastern New Mexico in the Mescalero Sands. The site is located within the parabolic dune setting of the sand sheet. Two thermal features, with no associated artifacts, were discovered during ground clearing activities for the preparation of a well pad. Feature 1 dated to 1400 ± 60 radiocarbon years BP, and Feature 2 dated to 1280 ± 60 RCYBP. Two macrofloral and one pollen sample from Feature 1 and two macrofloral and two...


POLLEN, STARCH, AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE CEDAR BREAKS PROJECT, NEW MEXICO (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. R.A. Varney.

Fifty combination pollen, starch, and phytolith samples were examined from seven archaeological sites on the Cedar Breaks Project, New Mexico. This project is located in the Mescalero Sands environmental area of southeastern New Mexico.


POSTER: Evaluation of the Effect of the Permian Basin Programmatic Agreement on the Archaeological Record: Field Survey and Document Review of 164 Projects (2018)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Myles R. Miller.

Poster presentation


Prehistoric Plant Utilization in Southeastern New Mexico: A unique publication merging academic and public interests (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only William Whitehead.

The investigation of plant use, in southeastern New Mexico, in prehistory has been widely covered, this project continues this tradition by synthesizing and compiling all of the information to date in the region. The Carlsbad Field Office of the Bureau of Land Management, administrators of the Permian Basin Mitigation Program, is sponsoring the publication of a reference book on prehistoric plant use in Southeastern New Mexico. This free text will bring together recent work in radiocarbon...


PRELIMINARY POLLEN, PHYTOLlTH, AND STARCH ANALYSIS FOR SITES LA138517 AND LA101481 (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. R.A. Varney.

Two sites, located within the upper limits of Cedar Lake Draw in the Loco Hills, include a scatter of artifacts, burned caliche, and thermal features. The absence of middens argues for temporary settlements defined by simple fire hearths and a light scatter of artifacts that include flakes, cores, hammerstones, groundstone, and an occasional brownware sherd. Radiocarbon dates indicate occupation falls between approximately 2880 and 6280 BP. Combined pollen, phytolith, and starch analysis...


Public Outreach Booklet - Rocks Telling Stories: Rock Art in New Mexico's Guadalupe Mountains / Carlsbad Region (2019)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Myles Miller

Public outreach and education booklet describing the results of documentation and interpretation of 21 prehistoric and historic rock art sites in southeastern New Mexico


Radiocarbon Dates and Local Variation in Long-term Trends in Far Southeastern New Mexico (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jim Railey.

There are now well over 1,000 radiocarbon dates from the BLM’s Carlsbad Field Office region, and local variation in long-term patterns is becoming increasingly evident. In the Mescalero Plain, and most local areas within it, radiocarbon dates exhibit a prominent frequency spike in the 7th and 8th centuries A.D., followed by a precipitous plunge in the number of dates. But some local areas within the Mescalero Plain the numbers of dates remain comparatively high in the Late Formative period (A.D....