Pennsylvania (Geographic Keyword)

1-15 (15 Records)

An Archaeological Curation-Needs Assessment for the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Phase III (2002)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Karolyn K. Kinsey. Heather L. Pobst.

At the request of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), Washington, D.C., the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, St. Louis District (SLD), conducted a survey of archaeological collections and associated documentation generated from archaeological investigations conducted within the boundaries of Indian reservations located in Arizona, California, Nevada, and Utah. Site visits and mail surveys were conducted during 2001-2002 to assess the archaeological collections. In the aforementioned states, BIA is...


Grad2012KaufmanFlotDatabase (2013)
DATASET Sarah Neusius.

This dataset combines Johnston site fauna from various analysts. Including faunal identifications done by Laura Kaufman for her Masters thesis, flotation analyses done primarily by Andrea Boon in the Fall of 2012, and identifications done in the Fall of 2012 by graduate students in Sarah Neusius' Zooarchaeology class under her supervision.


MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS AT SITE 32NM212, PENNSYLVANIA (1996)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

Two soil samples from pit features at Site 32NM212 in eastern Pennsylvania were floated to recover charred macrofloral remains. The area contains both Archaic and Late Woodland components, and charcoal from the pit features samples was separated for radiocarbon dating. Macrofloral analysis is used to provide information concerning possible plant resources that may have been utilized by the occupants of this site.


MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS AT THE SHOHOLA FLATTS SITE, 36PI169, PENNSYLVANIA (1997)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings.

Six fill samples from hearth, pit, and posthole features at the Shohola Flatts site, 36P1169, along the Delaware River in northeast Pennsylvania were floated to recover macrofloral remains. This site is a multi-component open air site with occupations ranging from the Late Archaic to Terminal Archaic through Proto Historic periods. Macrofloral analysis is used to provide information concerning plant resources that were utilized by the occupants of this site.


MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS OF TWENTY-SEVEN SAMPLES FROM THE CANOE RAMP LOOP ROAD AREA OF THE PARDEE SITE, 36-MR-5, PENNSYLVANIA (1991)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman.

Twenty-seven samples from Phase III Excavations in the Canoe Ramp Loop Road area of the Pardee Site (36-MR-5) in Pennsylvania, were examined for macrofloral remains. Corrected radiocarbon dates and artifact types recovered suggest that this is a multicomponent site, and place use of the features at different times during the Late Archaic to the Colonial periods, approximately 3770 to 350 BP. Macrofloral analysis is used to address subsistence at this site.


ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE BAUM PUMPING STATION ROAD SITE (36AR0539), ARMSTRONG COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA (2013)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

A possible cooking stone and four fire-cracked rocks from a hearth at the Baum Pumping Station Road Site (36AR0539) in western Pennsylvania were submitted for organic residue analysis using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). FTIR analysis was conducted on the possible cooking stone and two of the four fire-cracked rock samples, which were selected at PaleoResearch Institute. Since the placement of the fire-cracked rocks within the hearth had deteriorated, there was no discernible...


ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) AND STARCH ANALYSES OF PREHISTORIC CERAMICS FROM THE DURST SITE (36SO388), SOMERSET COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA (2013)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Melissa K. Logan. Jammi L. Ladwig.

Twenty precontact ceramic sherds from the Durst Site (36SO388) in southwestern Pennsylvania were submitted for organic residue analysis (Table 1). Samples were tested using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Of these twenty ceramic sherds, ten were also examined for starch grains as a result of promising evidence of food residues from FTIR analysis. FTIR analysis provides information concerning the compounds that were extracted from the sherd. Information concerning foods that might...


PARASITE ANALYSIS FOR THE PHILADELPHIA MDC SITE (36PH91) (1996)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman.

Four parasite samples were recovered from sediment contained within brick shaft features at the Philadelphia MDC Site (36PH91) in downtown Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Parasite analysis was undertaken on sediment from levels that either appeared to contain fecal matter or from deposits that should have contained fecal matter if any were present in the feature. The presence of human parasites assists in identifying the function of these features, as well as provides some information concerning...


PHYTOLITH AND STARCH ANALYSIS OF STEATITE AND CERAMIC SHERDS FROM SITE 36PE16, PENNSYLVANIA (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

Several steatite and ceramic sherds from site 36PE16 in Pennsylvania were analyzed for residues. Previous testing of the site indicated multiple, stratified occupations dating from Paleoindian to Late Woodland. The steatite and ceramic sherds were washed to recover phytoliths and/or starches that would aid in identifying foods cooked using the vessels.


POLLEN AND MACROFLORAL ANALYSES FOR SITE 36FA476, THE SHAW SITE, PENNSYLVANIA (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman. Peter J. Gleichman.

Ten pollen and macrofloral samples were examined from the Shaw Site (36Fa476) in Fayette County, Pennsylvania. This historic residential property included possible farm elements from the mid-19th to early 20th century, as well as a house foundation located in a grass field that currently functions as a cow pasture. No evidence exists for large-scale cultivation or plowing. Pollen and macrofloral samples were collected from a possible builder's trench, a secondary yard area, a possible...


POLLEN AND MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS AT SITE 36LU311 FOR THE EIGHTH STREET BRIDGE REPLACEMENT PROJECT, PENNSYLVANIA (2000)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman.

Eighty pollen samples were examined to provide a paleoenvironmental record at Site 36LU311 (Site XE2661, the Area of Potential Effects (APE)) for the Eighth Street Bridge Replacement Project in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. This site was examined archaeologically during the fall of 2000, at which time several back hoe trenches were dug through the floodplain on the north side of the Susquehanna River. Pollen samples were examined from the back hoe trenches. In addition, four sediment...


POLLEN, STARCH, AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS FOR THE CALVER ISLAND SITE (36DA89), PENNSYLVANIA: STRATIGRAPHIC COLUMNS AND CERAMIC AND STEATITE SHERDS (2006)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. R.A. Varney.

Site 36DA89, the Calver Island Site, is a stratified archaeological site with occupations in the Late Archaic Period, Transitional Period, and Early Woodland Period located in Pennsylvania. Originally identified in 1976, the site underwent Phase II and Phase III excavations beginning in 2004 due to the need to replace the Susquehanna River Bridge. Nine soil samples were examined, six of which represent a stratigraphic column, while the remaining three represent sediments from specific soil...


PROTEIN RESIDUE AND FTIR ANALYSIS OF MATERIALS FROM TUSCARORA CREEK, THE HENRY SITE (36JU113) AND THE GRONINGER SITE (36JU15), PENNSYLVANIA (2007)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings. R.A. Varney.

Lithic artifacts from sites 36JU15 (the Groninger Site) and 36JU113 (the Henry Site) were examined for possible protein residues. In addition, a nutting stone and an axe from 36JU15 were examined using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR). These sites are located along Tuscarora Creek in southern Pennsylvania. Primary occupations during the Late Archaic (ca. 1500 BC) to the Late Woodland (ca. AD 1000-1250) were noted at the Groninger Site. In addition, more limited evidence for an...


Selected Projectile Point Types of the United States II (1953)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Richard Page Wheeler.

In this document, Richard Wheeler discusses ten projectile point types, and one pseudo-type, that were not addressed by Robert E. Bell and Roland Scott Hall in their description and illustration of forty-five projectile point types of the United States, published in 1953. Two types, Duncan and Hanna, recorded in Wheeler’s document were recently named and defined by Wheeler. Another, designated Agate Basin, will be described on the basis of specimens made available by Dr. Frank H.H. Roberts, Jr....


US Army National Guard Cultural Resources Planning Level Survey - Summary Report (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Lara S. Anderson. Kristen L. Langness. Jennifer L. Riordan. Kenneth L. Shingleton, Jr.. Barbara C. Smoyer. Cathy A. Van Arsdale. Janet L. Wilzbach.

In 1997, the National Guard Bureau (NGB) tasked the U.S. Army Engineer District, St. Louis, with assisting the Army National Guard (ARNG) in complying with the cultural resource requirements outlined in Army Regulation 200-4 and Department of Defense Instruction 4715.3. The St. Louis District was asked to develop a national project minimally to address three objectives of the NGB cultural resources program: (1) national Planning Level Surveys (PLS) for all ARNG federally owned or supported...