Worldwide (Geographic Keyword)

1-25 (199 Records)

3-D Scanning, LiDAR, and UASs in Cultural Property Protection (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carey Baxter. Michael Hargrave. George Calfas. Samuel Vance. Andrew Hamblin.

Archaeologists managing cultural resources on military installations have increasing opportunities to leverage unmanned aircraft systems (UASs), LiDAR, ground-based 3-D scanning, near-surface geophysics, and other remote sensing methods into their Cultural Resource Management (CRM) practices. These techniques are being integrated into CRM work under controlled conditions where adequate time and technical expertise is available. Military archaeologists are also developing Cultural Property...


3D Cyber-Archaeology Dissemination through Scientific Visualization - Personal and Large-Scale Virtual Reality Platforms (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jurgen Schulze. Connor Smith. Philip Weber. Thomas DeFanti. Thomas E. Levy.

We created a walk-up virtual reality system consisting of six large 3D TV displays with 4k resolution, for easy dissemination of spatial and three-dimensional archaeological findings. We call this system the CAVE Kiosk. The system has been placed in the campus library to make it easily accessible to the entire campus community. We currently support three types of data: regular photographs, high resolution panoramic stereo photographs, point clouds such as from LIDAR scanners, and 3D models such...


Adding Navigating Capabilities to a Deterministic Computer Model of Ocean Voyaging (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alvaro Montenegro.

This is an abstract from the "Modeling Mobility across Waterbodies" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Since pioneering efforts in the 1970’s, computer models that simulate vessel displacement have contributed useful information to the debate around several historical and archaeological problems. Existing models can be separated into two categories. In stochastic models, wind and current values are based on a probabilistic description of these...


Advances and Prospects in the Archaeological Sciences on the 40th Anniversary of the Society for Archaeological Sciences (II) (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert Sternberg.

The Society for Archaeological Sciences (SAS) is an international professional society of about 300 members dealing with natural science applications in archaeology, paleoanthropology, and conservation. The Society was founded in 1977, so this session commemorates the 40th anniversary of the beginning of SAS. These four decades have seen advances in techniques, applications, theories, and infrastructure surrounding the archaeological sciences. We take this occasion to reflect on some of these...


Amerind Seminar Participants (2016)
IMAGE The Amerind Foundation, Inc..

from left, front, Tim Kohler, Alleen Betzenhauser; from left, back, Rahul Oka, Anna Prentiss, Christian Peterson, Matt Pailes, Mike Smith, Gary Feinman, Amy Bogaard, Elizabeth Stone


Ancient Biomolecules and Destructive Sampling at the National Museum of Natural History (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sabrina Sholts.

Biomolecular analyses have revolutionized the field of archaeology in the 21st century. Rapid advances in technology have lowered barriers to biomolecular information by increasing the speed, affordability, and effectiveness with which researchers can extract and analyze biomolecules from ancient materials. Amid growing attention on museum collections as a source of samples for biomolecular research, the people who curate and manage these collections are faced with new challenges and...


Ancient DNA Analysis of Microbes Preserved in Dental Calculus: Challenges And Opportunities (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Laura Weyrich. Alan Cooper. Keith Dobney.

Sequencing ancient microorganisms using next generation sequencing approaches have truly revolutionized our view of the past. While past paleomicrobiological research was largely restricted to coprolites and sediments, the recent analyses of ancient calcified dental plaque has provided novel insights into ancient human diets, disease, behaviors, and lifestyles. Despite the benefits, obtaining DNA from diverse microbial communities is difficult and is fraught with issues for first time...


Ancient Dog Genome Preserved in Tumor Provides Novel Insights into the Domestication of Dogs (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Laurent Frantz.

Transmissible cancers are mostly known from Tasmanian devils, soft shell clams and dogs. In dogs, the Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumors (CTVT) manifests as genital tumors and spreads between dogs (usually during mating) by the transfer of living cancer cells. This tumour first originated in the cells of an individual dog, up to 11,000 years ago, and possesses the genome of that founder dog. As such, CTVT cells contain an ancient living genome (the founder’s dog genome) that was passed along...


Ancient Egyptian Curses and Bog Bodies: The Role of Pseudoarchaeology in Tumblr's Subculture (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Emma Verstraete.

This is an abstract from the "Interactions with Pseudoarchaeology: Approaches to the Use of Social Media and the Internet for Correcting Misconceptions of Archaeology in Virtual Spaces" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Current digital tools and social media provide a near constant stream of data. While the trustworthiness of this data may be suspect, communication mediums such as internet memes and Tumblr blog posts saturate common search results....


Applying Simple Magnetic Depth Estimation Techniques to Archaeo-geophysics (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jeremy Menzer.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Magnetometry is probably the most widely used archaeo-geophysical technique in the world, despite its major drawback of an absence of depth information to an anomalous source. Many users, novices in particular, are under the impression that magnetometry does not or cannot provide depth information. Yet, depth estimation techniques are commonly utilized in...


Archaeological Geovisualization Underwater (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rob Rondeau.

New research continues to challenge the "Beringia" explanation of the peopling of the Americas. During the Last Glacial Maximum sea level in the Gulf of Alaska was approximately 100 – 120 meters lower than present. Vast areas of adjacent coastline extending south along the Pacific Northwest Coast may have been deglaciated beginning about 16,000 BP; providing a coastal corridor for people using watercraft to move south along the coast from eastern Beringia. The focus, now, is locating a...


Archaeological Science, Archaeology of Science: Tools for Closing the Gap between Practice and Ideals (2018)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Ben Marwick.

Computational methods are increasingly being used by archaeologists and appearing in archaeological science journals. But does this make archaeology more or less scientific? On one hand, computers are anti-science because they are often used as black boxes. On the other hand, many computational tools enable unprecedented transparency of the analytical workflow. I briefly review how archaeological science has recently been defined and how the practice compares to the ideals. I then evaluate these...


An Archaeologist Amongst Geneticists: Overview of My Experiences as an Archaeologist in an Ancient DNA Laboratory (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jakob Sedig.

In this paper, I provide insight on the field of ancient DNA (aDNA) analysis from my unique perspective as an archaeologist employed in a leading aDNA laboratory. Ancient DNA research has advanced so much that genomic data from thousands of individuals across the globe are now available for study. These data are allowing geneticists and archaeologists to conduct studies that provide new insights into migration, demographic transitions, and relatedness of ancient individuals. They also afford an...


Archaeologists as Early Adopters and Critical Remediators at UC Berkeley’s MACTiA (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ruth Tringham.

This is an abstract from the "Capacity Building or Community Making? Training and Transitions in Digital Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In this presentation, I revisit the digital training that was carried out by myself and colleagues at the UC Berkeley Multimedia Authoring Center for Teaching in Anthropology (MACTiA). During the period of its existence (1998-2011) the program transformed itself enormously not only in response to...


Archaeologists for Autism: 5 Years and Counting of Bringing Archaeology to Children and Young Adults on the Autism Spectrum (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Thomas Penders.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Archaeologists for Autism mission is to unlock the potential of children and young adults with autism spectrum disorders, and at the same time, we aim to provide children on the spectrum and their families with a chance to experience archaeology (as well as paleontology, history and Native American heritage) in a fun, low stress environment. We present the...


Archaeologists’ Role in New Approaches to Heritage Studies and Heritage Protection (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Phyllis Messenger.

This is an abstract from the "New Perspectives on Heritage Protection: Accomplishing Goals" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. If conceptions of heritage are based on a community’s shared values, then it should follow that protection of heritage assets would also be built on those shared values. However, we live in an imperfect world of diverse, often competing stakeholders who assign different values to heritage. Nevertheless, archaeologists and...


Archaeology and Contemporary Capitalism (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Peter Gould.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeology Out-of-the-Box: Investigating the Edge of the Discipline" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Hamilakis and Duke first considered the relationship between "Archaeology and Capitalism" in 2007. In the intervening decade, contemporary capitalism has changed vastly, relocating and concentrating wealth and economic power, constraining national sovereignty in globalized markets, disrupting industries through...


Archaeology and Literacy: Students Journey across the American Southwest (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only John Turrietta.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeology Education: Building a Research Base" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Every year my fifth grade students trace a wagon train from Iowa to California across the American Southwest by reading Sallie Fox: The Story of a Pioneer Girl. Drawn from real events and contemporary diaries, Sallie Fox encounters a new landscape through the eyes of a young girl moving to a new life in the West. She records the...


Archaeology as Actionable Science on Climate Change: Lessons from Interdisciplinary Collaboration (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carrie Hritz. Marcy Rockman. Robert Winthrop. Torben Rick.

Within archaeology, it is widely assumed recognized that the field has much to offer present and future efforts to address climate change. From an archaeological perspective, this may be directly through data, improved models of human adaptation, building or preserving modern connections to place, to name a few. However, to date these have not been well-incorporated into federal efforts to address climate change, largely as a result of a lack of systematic engagement. To address this gap for...


Archaeology AskHistorians: Public-driven Inquiry and Outreach in the Digital Age (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Corey Bowen.

With over 640,000 subscribers and 1.6 million unique monthly views, AskHistorians is the Internet’s largest public history education forum. AskHistorians’ simple Q&A format connects people with questions about the past to those with expert-level knowledge in the topic at hand, be it armored snails or erotic Moche pottery. Users of the popular, if controversial, social media site reddit post questions to the AskHistorians forum, and receive responses from a diverse panel of volunteers selected...


Archaeology for the Incarcerated (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Brian Clark.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Anthropologists have long defended the social value of their work beyond the immediate acquisition of new knowledge. In archaeology, community engagement and public outreach are now common and desirable. In general education, we tout the powers of archaeology classes to inform students of where we have come from, to appreciate diversity, and to be more...


Archaeology, Museums, and the Anthropocene (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Torben Rick.

While debate continues about when the Anthropocene began, many researchers have shifted focus away from questions about the onset of the Anthropocene to questions of why, how, and what next? Museums are poised to play an important role in societal and scientific conversations about the pressing issues of the Anthropocene and how best to move forward in the age of humans. Building on a variety of ongoing efforts, I discuss the role of museum based archaeological research, collections, and...


Artifacts Addicts Anonymous: The Road to Recovery from Negative Data (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mia Carey.

Have you recovered thousands of artifacts, but none from the time period of interest? Have you spent weeks or months in the field, with absolutely nothing to address your research questions so you keep digging? This is the phenomenon of negative data. While this can be a scary thing, it is okay. Archaeologists suffering from artifact addiction have developed an unhealthy obsession with the recovery, analysis, and interpretation of material culture. This addiction can result in delayed reports,...


At the Intersection of Academia and Activism: Using the Historical Ecology Framework Toward the Conservation and Restoration of Natural and Cultural Heritage (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Erina Perez. Thomas Banghart. Hope Loiselle. Kevin Gibbons.

Historical ecology has become one of the most relevant research paradigms in understanding the long-term relationships between humans and their environments. Its multidisciplinary approach dissolves the boundaries between the social and natural sciences to bring together disciplines such as archaeology, ecology, biology, anthropology, ethnohistory, and geography toward the conservation and restoration of natural and cultural heritage. This paper specifically explores archaeology’s unique...


Bayesian Reconstruction of Past Demography (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Price.

I describe a novel, age-structured, Bayesian framework for reconstructing past demography. The framework is quite flexible and can incorporate and synthesize a wide range of data. I demonstrate its use with human burial data, where each observation can include an AMS radiocarbon measurement, an estimate of age-at-death, or both. Conceptually, the framework is useful because it addresses in a statistically principled way two vexing sources of equifinality in archaeological data: (1) the...