Europe: Eastern Europe (Geographic Keyword)

1-25 (53 Records)

10th Century BC Novelties in the Central Part of Southern Caucasus (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Vakhtang Licheli.

This is an abstract from the "The South Caucasus Region: Crossroads of Societies & Polities. An Assessment of Research Perspectives in Post-Soviet Times" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The materials discovered at the Grakliani settlement and necropolis (Eastern Georgia) date from different periods and cover the stratigraphy presented below: 1. The Paleolithic Age with an upper Pleistocene paleontological site; 2. Neolithic; 3. Chalcolithic; 4....


Amber Runs through It: The Centralization of Wealth and Power in Late Prehistoric Lika, Croatia (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Emily Zavodny.

This is an abstract from the "Living and Dying in Mountain and Highland Landscapes" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Prehistoric cultural and sociopolitical development in the mountainous region of Lika, Croatia is still poorly understood despite over a century of archaeological excavations. Traditional cultural-historical narratives based on grave good typologies suggest that a unified regional culture, the Iapodians, emerged at the end of the...


Analysis of Settlement Patterns in Albania from the Iron Age through Greek and Roman Colonization and Integration (1100 BCE–395 CE) (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Erina Baci.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Illyrians were an Indo-European group of people who inhabited a large expanse of the Balkans. As interactions with the Greeks and, later, the Romans increased, the sociopolitical organization of the Illyrians was undoubtedly affected. In this presentation, I present the results of my thesis research, the goal of which is to better understand how Greek...


Archaeology as Activism: Cultural Heritage, Identity, and Sustainability in Transylvanian Mining Communities (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lana Dorr. Jada Langston. Sophia Coren. Horia Ciugudean. Colin Quinn.

This is an abstract from the "Advancing Public Perceptions of Sustainability through Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Activism through ethical community engagement is now a requirement, rather than an elective, of all scholars. Archaeologists have a responsibility to mobilize our understanding of the past, especially to achieve mutual goals we have with modern community partners with whom we work. As an example, we present a case study...


Archaeomtric Analysis of Ceramics from Iron Age Thrace, Bulgaria (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ashlee Hart.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In American archaeology the use of archaeometric testing such as neutron activation analysis and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry have become increasingly utilized since the 1960s. These techniques, adopted from parallel disciplines including geology, continue to be relatively underrepresented approaches out of Western European and American...


A Bioarchaeological Approach to Contested Mountain Landscapes in Transylvania’s Golden Quadrangle (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Colin Quinn. Jess Beck.

This is an abstract from the "Living and Dying in Mountain and Highland Landscapes" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In this paper, we introduce the agenda for the session Living and Dying in Mountain and Highland Landscapes. Mountains and high altitude areas are ideal spaces where archaeologists can examine the relationship between social action and the environment. As this session will show, the study of human remains must be situated with a...


Biocultural Analysis of Atypical Mortuary Pattern Symbolism in Three Medieval Transylvanian Millstone Burials (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lauren Reinman. Katie Zejdlik. Nyárádi Zsolt. Andre Gonciar.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Unusual treatments of the dead frequently merit extensive archaeological attention as they provide windows on a society’s concepts of personhood, use and manipulation of symbolic representations, and cosmology. In this work, we examine the use of millstones placed atop funerary contexts at the Papdomb site located in Văleni, Romania (A.D. 1100-1800). The site...


Blending Traditions: A History of Collaborative Prehistoric Research in the Carpathian Basin (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Attila Gyucha. William Parkinson. Richard Yerkes.

The past two decades have seen a remarkable increase in the number of joint prehistoric archaeological research programs of US and local scholars in Eastern Europe. These collaborative projects are featured by the innovative blend of profoundly different theoretical and methodological traditions. In our introductory paper to the session, with a focus on the Carpathian Basin, we illustrate similarities and differences in North American and Eastern European perspectives and approaches to explore...


Burning the House: The Importance of Excavation Methods in the Study of Space and Place in the Neolithic Household. A Case Study from Neolithic Bulgaria (6500–600 BC) (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Deniz Kaya.

The importance of understanding the use of space and the distribution of places in the household in the prehistoric setting has been recognized by the anthropological community. Unfortunately the archaeological context often does not always favor such inquiries, especially in the prehistoric setting. Thus, the extraction of information needed to make claims on how different societies distributed living areas in the house and in the greater village, can not always be examined in detail. For the...


A Case for Islam: Bioarchaeological Research on the Ottoman Period in Southeast Europe (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kathryn Grow Allen.

This is an abstract from the "Mind the Gap: Exploring Uncharted Territories in Medieval European Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The introduction of Ottoman control and the arrival of Islam in Southeast Europe during the late medieval period greatly influenced both historical and modern populations. In spite of this impact, this cultural and religious influence remains a topic understudied in archaeology. With Christianity the dominant...


Concealed Evidence of Early Human-Environment Interactions in Sedimentary Archives of Small Rivers in the Forest-Steppe Belt of Eurasia (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Leonid Vyazov. Carlos Cordova. Mikhail Blinnikov. Elena Ponomarenko. Ayrat Sitdikov.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The results of on-site archaeological investigations alone are not enough to reconstruct landscape histories, because they provide incomplete information on past environments. In contrast, off-site sedimentary archives can provide information on the interaction of natural and human processes that modify the landscape. Our initial research on the sedimentary...


Cooperation, Co-funding, and Confusion: EU Funding for Bulgarian Archaeology (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Elizabeth Bews.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In the post-Brexit era, the impact of EU policies and funding on archaeological and cultural heritage projects has come under renewed scrutiny by those in both the public and private sectors. Academic and commercial institutions alike are now questioning the influence that membership in the EU, and its corresponding funding, has on the ways in which...


Digital Deforestation: DTM Generation with Agisoft Photoscan (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew Howland. Thomas Levy.

This is an abstract from the "Towards a Standardization of Photogrammetric Methods in Archaeology: A Conversation about 'Best Practices' in An Emerging Methodology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Applying digital photogrammetry to archaeological sites is a well-known approach. Also fairly common is photogrammetry’s combination with low-altitude aerial photography (LAAP) in order to generate three-dimensional data and produce GIS outputs such as...


Dogs of Death: An Evaluation of Canid Remains from a Mortuary Eneolithic Cave Site in Ukraine (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Trisha Jenz. Sarah Ledogar. Jordan Karsten.

Burials of dog skulls and full dog skeletons have been uncovered at several Eneolithic Tripolye (5100-2900 cal BC) sites suggesting that dogs held a special symbolic role for the Tripolye compared to other domestic fauna. To evaluate human-dog relationships in Tripolye culture and funerary context, we examined dogs from a single mortuary site (Site 17) located in Verteba Cave (3951-2620 cal BC), Ternopil Oblast, Western Ukraine. Symbolic representations of canids have been observed on some...


The Dogs of War: A Bronze Age Initiation Ritual in the Russian Steppes (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Anthony. Dorcas Brown.

At the Srubnaya-culture settlement of Krasnosamarskoe in the Russian steppes, dated 1900–1700 BCE, a ritual occurred in which the participants consumed sacrificed dogs, primarily, and a few wolves, violating normal food practices found at other sites, during the winter. At least 64 winter-killed canids, 19% MNI/37% NISP, were roasted, fileted, and apparently were eaten. More than 99% were dogs. Their heads were chopped into small standardized segments with practiced blows of an axe on multiple...


A Dynamic Past: The Prehistoric Interactions on the Plain Project (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Danielle Riebe. János Dani.

The collaborative, American-Hungarian Prehistoric Interactions on the Plain Project explores the past through the reconstruction of interactions. Investigations on interactions as an active mode of social investment and social construction challenges normative concepts of "culture" by modeling socio-cultural boundaries as a dynamic and negotiated process, as opposed to a static categorically assigned social unit. Moreover, our research contextualizes regional developments as the result of...


European and North American Mountain Archaeology and the Concept of Transhumance Applied to the Prehistory of Colorado’s Southern Rocky and Poland’s Tatra Mountains (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert Brunswig. Pawel Valde-Nowak. Michael Kimball.

Significant advancements have been made in mountain archaeology throughout the world in recent decades. A central and rapidly expanding research theme has been that of seasonal transhumance, movement of human groups between lower to higher mountain-foothills-piedmont environmental zones in order exploit annual economic resource variability. Emerging European mountain records suggest human transhumance, based in seasonal variability of both economic plants, migratory game species, and, much...


From Mounds and Museums: Building a Bioarchaeology of the Early Bronze Age in the Apuseni Region of Transylvania (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jess Beck. Colin Quinn. Horia Ciugudean.

The Apuseni Mountains of southwest Transylvania, Romania, are amongst the richest gold and copper procurement zones in the world. Metals from this region helped fuel the rise of inequality across Europe during Late Prehistory, and the area is also home to a rich mortuary record, with archaeological survey identifying over one hundred mounded tomb cemeteries belonging to Bronze Age communities. However, none of these cemeteries have been fully excavated and only a small sample of skeletons has...


Gendered Trouble: Reconsidering the Role of Females in the Masculinized Spaces of Violence in an Early Bronze Age Population (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mark Toussaint.

This is an abstract from the "Women of Violence: Warriors, Aggressors, and Perpetrators of Violence" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Mierzanowice Culture (~2400–1600 BCE) communities in the Central European Early Bronze Age buried their dead in a formalized and gendered manner, in which males and females typically assumed mirror-opposite orientations in their respective graves. Furthermore, the archetypal "warrior" grave—whether simply an...


Health and Mortuary Treatment in Early Bronze Age Transylvania (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Emilie Cobb. Jess Beck. Colin Quinn. Horia Ciugudean.

Copper and gold resources from Southwestern Transylvania played a critical role in the emergence of inequality in European Late Prehistory. Communities in this metal-rich landscape, however, remain poorly understood. Though the highly visible tombs in the Apuseni Mountains where these communities buried some of their dead have been known to local archaeologists for decades, very little is known about the backdrop of health and disease in the region. Here, we present one of the first...


I Would Walk 500 Miles: Survey of Copper Age Settlements in Eastern Hungary (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only William Ridge.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Copper Age (c. 4500-2800) of the Great Hungarian Plain was a period in which the widespread adoption of metallurgy and a series of large-scale population shifts substantially transformed the social landscape. However, research has primarily focused on the large cemeteries (e.g. Tiszapolgár-Basatanya), while the settlements and social structure of the...


Identifying Animal Management Practices Using Oxygen Isotopes in Neolithic Croatia (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah McClure. Claire Ebert. Emil Podrug. Douglas J. Kennett.

Transhumance is a typical Mediterranean adaptation for securing adequate forage and water for domesticates by seasonally bringing animals to new pasture. However the antiquity of this adaptation is unclear. We present new oxygen isotope data from the Dalmatian coast, Croatia, to test the hypothesis that Neolithic herds were seasonally transhumant. Incremental sampling of ancient animal teeth produced data that are compared with modern isotope data of water showing altitudinal variation to assess...


The Körös Regional Archaeological Project, 20 Years of (Mostly Successful) Collaboration (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only William Parkinson. Attila Gyucha. Richard Yerkes.

The Körös Regional Archaeological Project was established in 1998 as a collaborative, multidisciplinary, research project focused on the later prehistory of the Körös region on the Great Hungarian Plain in the Carpathian Basin. Over the last two decades, the project has attempted to build upon the success of previous ambitious projects in the region by emphasizing not only the collaborative nature of the research endeavor but also by incorporating a robust training component into the project. In...


The Lengyel Interaction Sphere in East-Central Europe during the Fifth Millennium BC (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Peter Bogucki.

This is an abstract from the "Wheels, Horses, Babies and Bathwaters: Celebrating the Impact of David W. Anthony on the Study of Prehistory" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Sites of the Lengyel Culture are found from the Drava River in Croatia to the lowlands of northern Poland during the fifth millennium BC. While the Lengyel Culture is clearly in the great "Danubian" tradition as a successor to the first farmers of this area several centuries...


Lithic Analysis of Paleolithic Surface Scatters from Pleistocene River Terraces in the Republic of Serbia (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Eric Heffter.

During the past two decades Paleolithic research in Serbia has rapidly expanded with numerous cave sites currently under excavation. However, this focus on caves in largely upland terrain may create a biased understanding of the Paleolithic record. Typically, open-air sites are integrated into research projects to correct for this bias. Unfortunately, Serbia has very few open-air sites, requiring us to use other sources of evidence as proxies for understanding the Paleolithic record in lowland...