10th Century BC Novelties in the Central Part of Southern Caucasus

Author(s): Vakhtang Licheli

Year: 2019


This is an abstract from the "The South Caucasus Region: Crossroads of Societies & Polities. An Assessment of Research Perspectives in Post-Soviet Times" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology.

The materials discovered at the Grakliani settlement and necropolis (Eastern Georgia) date from different periods and cover the stratigraphy presented below: 1. The Paleolithic Age with an upper Pleistocene paleontological site; 2. Neolithic; 3. Chalcolithic; 4. Early Bronze Age; 5. Late Bronze/ Early Iron Age; 6. The developed Iron Age (the 8th-6th centuries BC); 7. The 5th-4th centuries BC; 8. The 4th-3rd centuries BC; 9. The 3rd-2nd centuries BC; 10. The 2nd-1st centuries; 11. 3rd-4th centuries AD.

The most important items have been discovered in the layers and buildings of the 11th - 10th centuries BC (loom weights, weights). In the small sanctuary located on the 3rd terrace, two inscriptions from the 10th century BC have been unearthed ["A" -North - Western Semitic(?) and "B"- probably - Aramaic]. "B" inscription is the earliest inscription on the territory of Caucasus and is one of the earliest Aramaic inscriptions in the Near Eastern area, showing very intensive interrelations between Central Caucasus and Near Eastern area.

Cite this Record

10th Century BC Novelties in the Central Part of Southern Caucasus. Vakhtang Licheli. Presented at The 84th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Albuquerque, NM. 2019 ( tDAR id: 451737)


Spatial Coverage

min long: 19.336; min lat: 41.509 ; max long: 53.086; max lat: 70.259 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 25478