South America: Eastern South America (Geographic Keyword)

1-14 (14 Records)

About Peopling and Rivers: Connections and Boundaries in the Early Peopling of Eastern South America (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lucas Bueno. Juliana Betarello.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Several papers have discussed the role of rivers in the process of knowledge, occupation, and dispersion of human groups in unfamiliar or inhabited landscapes. Most of the time the rivers are seen as displacement axes, facilitating the connection between distant points in a short time. However, at the same time as connecting elements, rivers can play the role...


Building Histories of Territory Formation: The Case of Southern Jê Expansion, Santa Catarina, Brazil (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lucas Bond Reis. Lucas Bueno.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In this paper we discuss the expansion process of southern Jê groups since 1400 BP until today. Working with Zedeño´s proposal of territorial history (Zedeño 1997), we explore the available archaeological and ethnographic data to propose phases of establishment, maintenance and transformation of territories occupied by Southern Jê groups since, at least, 1400...


Chronological Investigations at Coastal Shell Mounds, Southeastern Brazil (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Marisa Afonso.

Shell mounds (sambaquis) are a focus of scientific interest in Brazilian archaeology since the 1950´s and also for interdisciplinary approaches. Located along the Brazilian coast from north to south, they present geographical and chronological variabilities. This paper discusses the chronological aspects of large and small sized shell mounds located on the coast of São Paulo State, Southeastern Brazil. Radiocarbon dates suggest a long occupation of coastal hunter-gatherer-fisher groups spanning...


Community Ways and Historical Paths in Brazilian Southern Coast (5000–600 BP) (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gabriela Oppitz.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. By presenting isotopic (87Sr/86Sr, d15N, and d13C) data from human bones buried in shell-matrix sites (sambaquis) in Southern Brazil, this paper discusses how different ways of community coordination and organization can lead to alternative historical paths.


The First Record of Tigre and Pay Paso Paleoamerican Points in Southern Brazil: Implications for the Early Holocene Settlement of South America (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mercedes Okumura. Rafael Suárez.

The early occupation of Southeastern South America (including Uruguay and Southern Brazil) is an issue that has generated interest in American archaeology. Recent research in Uruguay indicates to the presence of two different designs of projectile points manufactured during the early settlement: Tigre (ca. 12,000-11,100 cal BP) and Pay Paso (ca 11,080-10,200 cal BP), recovered in archaeological sites with chronological and stratigraphic control in the Uruguay River. Given the potential use of...


Geoarchaeology, Geochemical and Spatial Distributions of the Obsidian Source in Southern Mendoza (Argentina): The Case of Coche Quemado Source (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Laura Salgán. Gustavo Neme. Sergio Dieguez. Paz Pompei. Adolfo Gil.

During the last twenty years, four primary obsidian sources have been recorded in southern Mendoza province. The archaeological record indicates that all were used from the Holocene until pre-hispanic times, however many obsidian artifacts still are assigned to unknown sources. Recent surveys allowed discovery a new obsidian source called Coche Quemado. It is located in the western margin of the lower basin of the Rio Grande, in the Mendoza Andean piedmont. The obsidian from the source appears...


Long-Term Cultural Persistence in Modern Humans: Some Case Studies from Early and Mid-Holocene Archaeological Traditions in Eastern South America and Theoretical Implications (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Astolfo Araujo. Mercedes Okumura.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. We will present chronological, morphometrical, technological, and subsistence data coming from eastern South America related to four Paleoindian cultural traditions occupying different areas since the beginning of the Holocene. All these four traditions present a remarkable cultural stability that shows few parallels in the archaeological record. Using these...


A Major Hiatus in the Mid-Holocene Archaeological Record of Eastern South America: Reassessing the "Archaic Gap" (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Astolfo Araujo.

A decade ago, we suggested that the low frequency of archaeological sites dated from the mid-Holocene in several portions of Lowland South America (what we have called the "Archaic Gap") was due to an increase in the magnitude of dry periods. Since then, data regarding paleoenvironmental reconstructions for Lowland South America, coupled with an increase of the archaeological knowledge, allows us to reassess the idea of the "Archaic Gap" and redefine both the areal extent of the phenomenon and...


New Records of Pre-Hispanic Dogs (Canis familiaris) in Argentinean Northeast (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Juan Castro. Mariano Bonomo. Lucio González Venanzi. Francisco Juan Prevosti. Silvia Cornero.

Canis familiaris has a limited record in pre-Hispanic archaeological sites of Southern South American, but in the last decade, more specimens were published. In this context, we present new remains of domestic dogs from five archaeological sites along the Paraná and Uruguay Rivers in the Northeast of Argentina, an area with few published records. We also discuss their roles within human societies. The studied sample includes seven cranial and one postcranial specimens corresponding to seven...


New Surveys along the Middle Basin of the Quequén Grande River, Pampas Region (Argentina) (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Maria Gutierrez. Gustavo Martínez. María Clara Álvarez. Cristian A. Kaufmann. Daniel J. Rafuse.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. During the last 30 years, archaeological research in the middle course of the Quequén Grande River, Pampas region (Argentina), has provided a wealth of data, both in the density of recorded archaeological sites, and in its chronological representation, which spans from the Late Pleistocene to Late Holocene (10,250--1500 14C years BP). This is true of the...


On the Role of Bifacial Points in the Construction of Past Identities and Boundaries in Southeastern and Southern Brazil during the Holocene (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mercedes Okumura. Astolfo Araujo.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archaeological sites presenting bifacial points dated from the Holocene are common in southern and southeastern Brazil. Our studies have pointed out that the morphological and technological diversity of these bifacial points was much greater than it had been postulated in the past, indicating the presence of potential past boundaries and territories. However,...


Paleo-Indian Evidence from Rock Shelters of the Pains Region, Southeastern Brazil: Typology, Technology and Chronology of the Lithic Material and Its Classification in Three Horizons (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Edward Koole.

This presentation describes the archaeological context and the lithic variability for the paleo-indian period of the Pains region, an extensive karst situated in the upper São Francisco river valley, state of Minas Gerais, Southeastern Brazil. It gives an overview of what is known for the region using evidence from four limestone rock shelter sites, with a total area of 28m² excavated, the most important site being the Gruta do Marinheiro cave (20m²), and propose the separation of the lithic...


The People of the Lagoon: Sambaquis and Ecological Management on the Southern Brazilian Coast (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Paulo DeBlasis. Maria Dulce Gaspar.

This is an abstract from the "Human Behavioral Ecology at the Coastal Margins: Global Perspectives on Coastal & Maritime Adaptations" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Sambaquis (shellmounds) are conspicuous structures at ecologically productive and diversified coastal settings along the Brazilian extended seashore. We have studied one of those hot spots in some detail. At Santa Marta lagoon area, on the southern coast, mound builders have long...


The Presence of Groups of Amazonian Cultural Matrix in the La Plata River (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only José López Mazz. Rocío López Cabral.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Amazon has traditionally been seen as the scenery for different original human experiences. In recent years, research has allowed us to improve our knowledge of the territorial and cultural dynamics of Amazonian groups in South America. In this context, the spatial analysis of ceramic traditions allows us to know and recognize the dispersion of groups of...