Pollen (Other Keyword)

1-22 (22 Records)

Ak-Chin Indian Community West Side Farms Data Recovery Project
PROJECT Cory Dale Breternitz. Robert E. Gasser. W. Bruce Masse. USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

This project examined the cultural resources of the western half of the Ak Chin Community's lands prior to intensive agricultural development using waters from the Central Arizona Project. The project's research design assumed that Ak Chin had been used as a floodwater farming location for many centuries. The problem domains and research questions focused on the physical {geomorphological), biological, and cultural subsystems within the Ak Chin ecosystem. The investigation also considered the...


ANCIENT CACAO GROVES IN YUCATAN: A PALYNOLOGICAL APPROACH (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Claudia Leon Romero.

Cacao had a transcendental role in the life of prehistoric people of Mesoamerica, becoming part of their economic, ideological and social system. Due to the morphological and environmental characteristics necessary for the growth of cacao tree, the main producers were concentrated in places like southern Mexico and Central America. However, written sources of the first colonizers in Yucatan disclose that the indigenous nobility of that time had at their disposal cacao orchards in different...


Archaeobotanical Realities at Yaxnohkah: A Pollen Grain of Truth on Preclassic Land Use (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only John G. Jones. Nicholas Dunning.

Examination of sediments from several reservoirs at the Preclassic site of Yaxnohkah Campeche, Mexico reveals less that stellar pollen preservation, but still useful botanical data. Thus far, pollen grains show varying degrees of degradation, requiring the use of exacting extraction methods. Cultigens and economic taxa are abundant in the samples demonstrating that we are sampling in the right place, but cyclic wetting and drying has resulted in the loss of fragile taxa, skewing the botanical...


Archaeology of the Ak Chin Indian Community West Side Farms Project: The Land and the People (1990)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Robert E. Gasser. Christine K. Robinson. Cory Dale Breternitz. Soil Systems, Inc..

This volume presents an overview of the project area through environmental, geomorpological, and historical studies. The chapters contained herein represent only one aspect of the Ak-Chin Archaeological Project, which involved data recovery at 31 prehistoric, protohistoric, and historic sites. Four other volumes in the series provide the research design, reports on the sites studied, interpretations of the material culture and human remains from the sites, subsistence information derived from...


Botanical and aDNA Analysis of the Dietary Contents of Human Paleofeces from Turkey Pen Ruin, Utah (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jenna Battillo. Karen Lupo. Jaime Mata-Miguez. Rick W.A. Smith. Deborah A. Bolnick.

Over the last few decades archaeologists and paleontologists have made great strides in paleofecal analysis, not the least of which was the application of aDNA testing. However, most aDNA analyses of paleofeces have focused exclusively on studying human populations and researchers have largely ignored the potential for using this tool to study dietary constituents themselves. In this study, we present analyses of aDNA from both the faunal and floral dietary constituents of 20 Basketmaker II...


Deciphering Ornamental Landscapes at Monticello (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Beatrix Arendt. John G. Jones. Derek Wheeler. Crystal L. Ptacek. Fraser Neiman.

Pollen data can serve as valuable evidence to advance our understanding of change and spatial variation in the landscape of Thomas Jefferson's Monticello from its initial European settlement in the 18th century to the present. The data presented in this paper draws from a multi-year campaign of stratigraphic sampling conducted in the largely ornamental mountaintop landscape immediately surrounding Jefferson's mansion. Comparing these data to stratigraphic samples collected away from the...


DENTAL CALCULUS ANALYSIS OF A SINGLE TOOTH FROM SITE SON:F:10:3, MEXICO (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

Dental calculus was recovered from a burial in northern Sonora, Mexico was submitted for analysis that would identify any pollen, phytoliths, starches, or other identifiable remains that might inform concerning the diet of the individual.


Dietary Reconstruction Based on Coprolites from Antelope Cave (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Karl Reinhard. Isabel Teixeira-Santos.

Results of 20 Antelope Cave coprolites show both consistencies and inconsistencies with other Ancestral Pueblo coprolite analyses. Most of the human coprolites appear to be late summer and early fall depositions. Four principle plant foods were ground to a fine flour: maize kernels, dropseed caryopses, sunflower achenes, and cheno-am seeds. Maize and dropseed were found in six coprolites each and they did not co-occur. Microscopically, maize starch occurred in seven coprolites. Thus, maize was...


Discovering Landscape Modification through Pollen Data Analysis at Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Crystal Ptacek. Beatrix Arendt. John Jones. Derek Wheeler. Fraser Neiman.

Pollen analysis can advance our understanding of change and spatial variation in the landscape of Thomas Jefferson's Monticello plantation from its initial settlement in the 18th century to the present. In this poster, we present and evaluate data from an intensive, multi-year campaign of stratigraphic sampling conducted in the largely ornamental mountaintop landscape immediately surrounding Jefferson's mansion. Comparing these data to stratigraphic samples not from Monticello Mountain allows us...


EXAMINATION OF TOOTH TARTAR FROM TWO PREHISTORIC INDIVIDUALS FROM THE SALT LAKE VALLEY, UTAH (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

Calculus from two teeth recovered from individuals of unknown age and provenience were submitted for microscopic analysis. Remains were extracted from the calculus, identified, and many photographed. The results are presented here and accompany a digital record of the photographs on a CD.


From Forest to Field: Over Three Centuries of Vegetation Change at Poplar Forest (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jack Gary.

A sealed context dating to the mid-17th century at Poplar Forest, Thomas Jefferson’s plantation and retreat in Bedford County, Virginia has provided an opportunity to examine aspects of the protohistoric environment prior to the introduction of large-scale European agriculture in the 18th and 19th centuries. Palynological analysis conducted on this context reveals ratios of arboreal to non-arboreal pollen as well as the presence or absence of disturbance indicators that provide a baseline for...


Human Landscape Modification and Environmental Change in the Western Kenyan Highlands (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ryan Szymanski.

Interpretive challenges involving issues of equifinality and causation can chronically hamper environmental reconstruction efforts, as numerous physical, environmental, or anthropogenic processes may potentially be responsible for creating observed raw data patterns. Nested multi- proxy and multi­scalar analyses offer potential means of approaching these difficult conceptual issues which can plague interpretations reliant on single lines of proxy evidence. A dataset comprised of multiple...


Landcover Change and Economic Change During the Iron Age in Western Kenya (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ryan Szymanski.

Archaeological evidence from numerous sites throughout Western Kenya show that the Iron Age was a time of considerable environmental and cultural change in this region. A short sediment core derived from lower Kingwal Swamp was collected and analyzed for its microbotanical, fungal, and charcoal content with the goal of clarifying the duration, context, and extent of these changes as visible through landscape modification. These sediments capture approximately the last 1800 years of ecological...


The meaning of the plants around the death: the case of the Offer 149 (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Laura Ortíz. Julia Perez. Ximena Chávez. Emilio Ibarra.

Each offer in the Tenochtitlan Sacred Enclosure is the representation of a microcosmos that can be understood through the analysis and interpretation of each one of its compounds. An important part of them are the vegetal microremains, floral remains that did not endure trough the pass of the time for its own organic nature but that in the Aztec period had multiple meanings that allowed them to be an frequent material of offering. The Offer 149 is an exceptional case up to the moment, not only...


Peopling the Landscape: The Pollen Record and Nomadic Pastoralism in Iron Age Ireland (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Erin McDonald.

The people of the Irish Iron Age are often referred to as ‘invisible’ due to their seeming absence from the archaeological record. Ceramics, so often associated with domestic activities, are not a part of the Iron Age material culture. Burials and domestic settlements dating to the Iron Age exist, but they are the exception to the generally sparse archaeological record. In the absence of sufficient material culture and settlement patterns, other means of studying the people of the Iron Age must...


A Pollen Analysis of a Hudson's Bay Company Non-garden Provenience, Fort Vancouver, Washington
PROJECT Elaine Dorset.

The Andrew Fiske Memorial Center for Archaeological Research at the University of Massachusetts Boston conducted a palynological analysis on six contiguous soil samples that were collected from the Fort Vancouver site. The samples were recovered from a location associated with the Hudson Bay Company's occupation that is situated in close proximity to what is today Fort Vancouver's Visitors Center, which is scheduled to undergo extensive renovations in the near future (Dorset 2010 Pers. Comm.)....


A Pollen Analysis of a Hudson's Bay Company Non-garden Provenience, Fort Vancouver, Washington. (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Susan Jacobucci. Heather Trigg.

The Andrew Fiske Memorial Center for Archaeological Research at the University of Massachusetts Boston conducted a palynological analysis on six contiguous soil samples that were collected from the Fort Vancouver site. The samples were recovered from a location associated with the Hudson Bay Company's occupation that is situated in close proximity to what is today Fort Vancouver's Visitors Center, which is scheduled to undergo extensive renovations in the near future (Dorset 2010 Pers. Comm.)....


POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE EAST GARDEN, STRATFORD HALL PLANTATION, WESTMORELAND COUNTY, VIRGINIA (2013)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Jammi L. Ladwig.

Soil samples from the East Garden of the 18th-century Stratford Hall Plantation in Westmoreland County, Virginia, were submitted for pollen and phytolith analysis. Results will be used to assist with the process of identifying plants cultivated in the possible planting bed features of the garden.


Pollen Record Formation Processes in Temperate Zone Archaeological Sites (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gerald Kelso.

The pollen spectra of archaeological sites in the temperate zone are subject to post-deposition modifications in the form of earthworms mixing the pollen in the humus zone.They are subsequently percolated downward in rainwater, at rates that vary with the location and nature of the matrix, and are physically degraded by aerobic fungi, by groundwater oxygen, and by repeated hydration and dehydration.These processes produce a profile with the highest pollen concentrations at the top and quantities...


Reconstructing the Environmental History of El Paraíso, Chillón Valley (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ari Caramanica.

By Late Preceramic Perú (3000-2100 BC) lomas environments were largely abandoned in favor of riparian and littoral ecozones, and hunting and gathering subsistence strategies were increasingly replaced by agriculture. This change coincided with the emergence of several hallmarks of complexity: monumental architecture, specialization, and hierarchical organization. The role that environmental degradation or climate change played in this transition remains a subject of debate. This paper presents...


Spatial Analysis of Domestic Structures (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Linda Scott Cummings.

Cooking, food processing, and consumption all contribute anthropic activity markers traceable using archaeobotanic analyses and chemical signatures. Grid square sampling illuminates patterns for comparison with distribution of artifacts and architectural elements, revealing patterned activities that identify food storage in vessels, grinding, and cooking. Multiple lines of evidence, each providing only a portion of the record, contribute to better understanding economic activity and provide...


Weediness: Modern, Historic, and Prehistoric Plants at Poverty Point, LA (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Elizabeth Scharf.

With construction beginning about 3,700 years ago, Poverty Point (16WC5) in northeast Louisiana is one of the earliest and largest sites of its kind in the United States. What were conditions like when people began constructing the mounds? What kind of environment did they live in? How did this change (or not change) over time? This poster presents lithological and palynological evidence covering the period before, during, and after prehistoric occupation at this site. Comparing and...