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Landcover Change and Economic Change During the Iron Age in Western Kenya

Author(s): Ryan Szymanski

Year: 2016

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Summary

Archaeological evidence from numerous sites throughout Western Kenya show that the Iron Age was a time of considerable environmental and cultural change in this region. A short sediment core derived from lower Kingwal Swamp was collected and analyzed for its microbotanical, fungal, and charcoal content with the goal of clarifying the duration, context, and extent of these changes as visible through landscape modification. These sediments capture approximately the last 1800 years of ecological history in this area, and indicate that significant clearance for cultivation has taken place through this period, and particularly in recent centuries associated with maize agriculture. Additionally, microbial evidence suggests that considerable fluctuation in the local presence of large herbivores has occurred through time. A more nuanced picture of the ecology of a region with relatively poorly known archaeology is further made available.


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Landcover Change and Economic Change During the Iron Age in Western Kenya. Ryan Szymanski. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 405192)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
AFRICA


Spatial Coverage

min long: -18.809; min lat: -38.823 ; max long: 53.262; max lat: 38.823 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America