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Phytolith Analysis (Other Keyword)

1-25 (71 Records)

AMS RADIOCARBON AGE DETERMINATION OF BISON BONE AND POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, STARCH, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSES OF A SHERD FROM THE FRED BURR #1 SITE (24GN1095), MONTANA (2013)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost. Melissa K. Logan.

Two bison bone fragments were recovered from the Fred Burr #1 site (24GN1095), located on the bank of Fred Burr Creek east of Philipsburg in western Montana. These bison bone fragments were submitted for AMS radiocarbon age determination. A refit sherd also recovered from the site was submitted for pollen, phytolith, starch, and organic residue (FTIR) analyses.


ARCHAEOBOTANIC ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM EAGLE POINT, COLORADO (2005)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman.

Archaeobotanic analyses were conducted on samples from deposits at the Eagle Point Site (5RB4662), a rockshelter/overhang located along Piceance Creek in northwest Colorado. This shelter experienced multiple occupations, with radiocarbon ages ranging from 2510 to 1010 BP. The roof/overhang has collapsed; therefore, cultural deposits are exposed and eroding away. Two stratigraphic columns were sampled at close intervals during both the 2004 and 2005 excavations for the purpose of building a...


AN ARCHAEOCLIMATIC MODEL AND EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITE 23LE327, AVENUE OF THE SAINTS, MISSOURI (2005)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. R.A. Varney. Sanjay Eksambekar.

Five combination pollen and phytolith samples were examined from depths between 97 and 149 cmbud at site 23LE327, situated on an alluvial/colluvial fan along the Mississippi River. Samples were collected from a cultural zone at the site that probably represents occupation no older than approximately 4,500 BP. This preliminary analysis was undertaken to assess whether or not pollen and phytoliths were preserved in sufficient quantity and quality to recommend full stratigraphic analysis for the...


AN ARCHAEOCLIMATIC MODEL AND POLLEN, PARASITE, PHYTOLlTH, AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITES 3CT340 AND 3CT341, NORTHEASTERN ARKANSAS (2005)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman. Jaime Dexter.

Sites 3CT340 and 3CT341 are part of a large site complex located in eastern Arkansas' Crittenden County. The Late Woodland/Emergent Mississippian prehistoric village sites are located in the southern portion of the project area. Although neither of the sites had large lithic assemblages, several cultural features were identified, including burials at both sites and a cremation pit at site 3CT341. Thirteen pollen samples, ten of which also were examined for parasites, were examined to...


CERAMIC RESIDUE ANALYSIS (PHYTOLITHS AND STARCH) OF A SHERD FROM 41SM325, LEANING ROCK SITE, TEXAS (2005)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings.

A single ceramic sherd recovered from the Leaning Rock Site, 41SM325, representing a Caddo household in eastern Smith County, Texas, contained charred residue that was examined for phytolith and/or starch evidence of foods that might have been cooked in the vessel. This plain rim sherd appeared to be part of a large jar.


EXPERIMENTAL CORN STORAGE PIT, IOWA (2005)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings.

Four storage pits were dug into a reconstructed prairie in Iowa. The pit was dug Sept. 9, 1995, filled with maize on Oct. 8,1995, and opened for examination on May 4, 1996. Ten of the samples collected either from the pit lining, fill, or as control samples outside pit 1 were examined for pollen and phytoliths in an effort to identify signatures associated with maize storage pits.


EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS FOR THE TALEGA SITE (CA-ORA-907), SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (2006)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. R.A. Varney.

Thirteen pollen and eight phytolith samples collected stratigraphically from sediments at CA-ORA-907 were examined to provide information necessary to reconstruct the past vegetation at the Talega site. The stratigraphic sediments reach a depth of. at least 61 feet, where a radiocarbon age of 14,980 ± 70 BP was obtained. Most of the sediments examined accumulated between approximately 15,000 BP and 8,000 BP and are anchored by one or more radiocarbon ages.


THE LEWIS AND CLARK TRAIL: EXAMINATION OF PIT FEATURES FROM FORT CLATSOP, OREGON FOR POLLEN, PHYTOLITHS, PARASITES, STARCH GRANULES, AND MACROFLORAL REMAINS; AND POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, AND MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS OF SEDIMENT FROM FIRE FEATURES AT LOWER PORTAGE CAMP, MONTANA (1998)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman.

Sediment from a suspected privy pit and a post hole at Fort Clatsop, Oregon, was examined for pollen, starch, parasites, phytoliths, and macrofloral remains to obtain information that might assist in identifying the function of these pits. The presence of parasite eggs and/or recovery of probable food remains are used to determine a privy function. Three fire features and an area of possible cooking pot spill at the Lewis and Clark Lower Portage Camp in Montana also were examined for pollen,...


MACROFLORAL, POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, STARCH, AND PARASITE ANALYSIS OF THREE NINETEENTH CENTURY PRIVIES LOCATED AT SANTA CLARA UNIVERSITY; SANTA CLARA, CALIFORNIA (2007)

DOCUMENT Kimberly Henderson. Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman. Chad Yost.

Twenty-seven samples from three privies (Features 6, 14 and 62) discovered at Santa Clara University in Santa Clara, California, were submitted for archaeobotanic analyses. These three privies are associated with a German immigrant community that dated to the latter half of the nineteenth century. Each of the samples was analyzed for macrofloral remains, pollen, starch, and the presence or absence of parasites. One sample from each privy was also examined for phytoliths. The macrofloral,...


MICROSCOPIC ANALYSIS AND AMS DATING OF A STEATITE SHERD, IDDINS SITE, TENNESSEE (2006)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings.

A fragment of a steatite bowl was submitted for pollen, starch, and phytolith analysis, as well as for AMS radiocarbon dating. Establishing a date for this residue and vessel is critical to understanding the context of its use.


MICROSCOPIC ANALYSIS OF CERAMIC RESIDUE FROM THE FORT HILL SITE (46-MG-12), WEST VIRGINIA (2006)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. R.A. Varney.

The Fort Hill Site (46-Mg-12) located outside the city limits of Morgantown, West Virginia, in Monongalia County, represents relatively recent occupations, falling within the past approximate 1,000 years. An abundance of charred maize was recovered at the site, indicating that people living here were agriculturalists. Five lots of ceramics were chosen for residue analysis to identify foods that might have been cooked in the vessels.


MICROSCOPIC ANALYSIS OF ORGANIC FILL FROM HJCL-9, UIVAK POINT 1, CANADA (2005)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings.

Site HjCl-9 (Uivak Point 1) is located in Labrador, Canada. This protohistoric spring/winter/fall settlement camp containing nine houses is thought to have been occupied in the seventeenth and/or eighteenth centuries. Two samples from a possible human coprolite sample, collected as organic fill under a sleeping platform in House 7, were examined for pollen, phytolith, parasites, and starch. These analyses will be used to provide information regarding the subsistence patterns of the early...


PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS FOR SITES LA 103049, LA 126416, AND LA 126421, QUAIL RANCH, NEW MEXICO (2007)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings.

Three sites in the Quail Ranch Data Recovery Project were selected for phytolith analysis. A total of twelve phytolith samples were examined from hearths, roasting pits, and middens to assess local vegetation and plants that might have been cooked or roasted. These sites range in age from Middle to Late Archaic.


PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM FT. VANCOUVER NATIONAL HISTORIC SITE, WASHINGTON (2006)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings.

Four samples from Ft. Vancouver National Historic Site, Washington, were submitted for phytolith analysis. This historic site is a nineteenth century fur-trade post located along the Columbia River. Samples were recovered from a compacted surface possibly associated with a well and two stratigraphic units within a possible historic garden area maintained by the Hudson's Bay Company, as well as from the modern surface.


PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITES AZ EE: 1:291 (ASM) AND AZ EE:1:293(ASM) (2005)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Sanjay Eksambekar. Jaime Dexter.

Two prehistoric sites at the Rinker Materials Plant 225 in Green Valley, Arizona were surveyed in 1999. Rock piles were identified in both the Rinker Site (AZ EE:1:291), and the Mesquacia Site (AZ EE:1:293). Although rock piles have typically been interpreted as being associated with agricultural activities of the Hohokam, they are now proposed to be agrobiological sites. Their prime function is interpreted to be the enhancement of plant nutrition and growth relative to soil management. Ten...


PHYTOLITH AND MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS AND AMS RADIOCARBON AGE DETERMINATION OF SAMPLES FROM SITE SWCA 25783-1, LEA COUNTY, NEW MEXICO (2013)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman. Jammi L. Ladwig.

Two samples were collected from thermal features at site SWCA 25783-1 in Lea County, New Mexico, and analyzed for phytoliths and macrofloral remains. This site is a seasonal camp composed of a low density artifact scatter of lithics and ceramics, as well as several thermal features. Phytolith and macrofloral analyses will provide information concerning plant resources utilized by the site occupants. AMS radiocarbon dating of charcoal recovered from the macrofloral samples will help date the site...


PHYTOLITH AND MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING FROM TRINITY-ORACEL PIPELINE #1720, LA121520, EDDY COUNTY, NEW MEXICO (2014)

DOCUMENT Peter Kováčik. Linda Scott Cummings.

Fill that included carbon-stained sediments from a fire-cracked rock concentration at site LA 121520 in Eddy County, southern New Mexico, was submitted for phytolith and macrofloral analysis. Charcoal recovered from the macrofloral portion of the sample was submitted for AMS radiocarbon age determination. The sample is expected to date to the historic period.


PHYTOLITH AND MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF SAMPLES FROM LA 175601, LEA COUNTY, NEW MEXICO (2013)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman.

Site LA 175601, located along Salado Draw in Lea County, New Mexico, is a short-term plant processing site believed to have been used to procure plant resources locally. Fill from two thermal features were submitted for phytolith and macrofloral analyses to address questions of resource processing. Charcoal recovered from the macrofloral samples was submitted for AMS radiocarbon dating. Results from the phytolith and macrofloral analyses, as well as radiocarbon dates, will be applied to the...


PHYTOLITH AND MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS OF SEDIMENT SAMPLES AND IDENTIFICATION AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF A CHARCOAL SAMPLE FROM LA 180543, EDDY COUNTY, NEW MEXICO (2014)

DOCUMENT Peter Kováčik. Linda Scott Cummings.

Site LA 180543 is located south of Brantley Lake and northwest of Carlsbad in Eddy County, New Mexico. A charcoal fragment collected from a small basin-shaped simple feature containing burned limestone was submitted for AMS radiocarbon dating. Three additional sediment samples from the feature were submitted for phytolith and macrofloral analysis.


PHYTOLITH AND STARCH ANALYSIS AT AMERINDIAN SITE, MOULIN À EAU, CAPESTERRE-BELLE-EAU, GUADELOUPE ARCHIPELAGO, LEEWARD ISLANDS, LESSER ANTILLES (2011)

DOCUMENT Chad Yost. Linda Scott Cummings.

Four stratigraphic column samples from an Amerindian village located on the island of Basse-Terre, Guadeloupe, Lesser Antilles, were submitted for phytolith analysis. Evidence for the earliest phase of occupation at Moulin à Eau village site dates to c. AD 700 - 800 and the latest phase dates to c. AD 1200. Currently, it is unknown whether there was either a hiatus or continuous occupation of the site until colonial settlement. Christopher Columbus was the first European to reach Guadeloupe in...


PHYTOLITH AND STARCH ANALYSIS FOR A SHELL MIDDEN AT MAYCOCK'S POINT (44PG40), VIRGINIA (2005)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Jaime Dexter.

The Maycock’s Point site, 44PG40, is a Middle Woodland occupation site located on the shore of the James River in Virginia. Previous analyses conducted on a sample from the site indicate that the exploitation of mussels was the predominate subsistence activity practiced by occupants of the site, followed by fishing and reptile trapping (Christopher M. Stevenson, personal communication December 7, 2005). In order to determine if fresh water tubers, such as Arrow Arum (Peltandra virginica),...


PHYTOLITH AND STARCH ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE AEOLUS SITE (LA 49405), LEA COUNTY, NEW MEXICO (2014)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings.

The Aeolus site, located in southeastern New Mexico, was an ephemeral camp site associated with the Eastern Jornada Mogollon. Two sediment samples, collected in 1985 from the fill of a possible hearth feature and from a cultural level nearby, were submitted for starch and phytolith analysis to contribute information concerning economic activity at the hearth.


PHYTOLITH AND STARCH ANALYSIS OF STEATITE AND CERAMIC SHERDS FROM SITE 36PE16, PENNSYLVANIA (2005)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings.

Several steatite and ceramic sherds from site 36PE16 in Pennsylvania were analyzed for residues. Previous testing of the site indicated multiple, stratified occupations dating from Paleoindian to Late Woodland. The steatite and ceramic sherds were washed to recover phytoliths and/or starches that would aid in identifying foods cooked using the vessels.


PHYTOLITH, STARCH, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF FOOD RESIDUE ON VESSEL FRAGMENTS FROM 10TF2130 (2013)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Jammi L. Ladwig. Melissa K. Logan.

A nearly complete Shoshone Intermountain Ware flat-bottomed jar from site 10TF2130, located in the Auger Falls locality along the Snake River in Twin Falls, Idaho, was inverted on a large Bonneville Flood boulder supported by two natural rock spalls and a large percussion flake. A polished stone was noted downhill from the vessel beneath a boulder. Four small interior pottery sherd fragments exfoliated from this vessel were submitted for AMS radiocarbon dating and phytolith, starch, and organic...


PHYTOLITH, STARCH, MACROFLORAL, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSES, AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING AT THE LAKE SHETEK PARK CAMPGROUND SITE 3, 21MU54, MINNESOTA (2012)

DOCUMENT Chad Yost. Kathryn Puseman. Melissa K. Logan. Linda Scott Cummings.

The Lake Shetek Campground Site 3 (21MU54) in Lake Shetek State Park, southwest Minnesota is a multicomponent Plains Village, Woodland, and Archaic site. A single feature from this site was the object of intensive study to place this feature in time and identify its function. A piece of fire-cracked rock from the fill of a fire-cracked rock feature was examined for phytoliths, starches, and organic residues, the latter using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), to determine plant...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America