Woodland (Other Keyword)

Woodlands

1-25 (157 Records)

The Abbott Farm National Historic Landmark: A Look into the Future (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gregory Lattanzi.

When the Abbott Farm site was listed as a National Historic Landmark in 1976, it had already been well-known for a hundred years as a significant archaeological site. Now over 40 years later, the Abbott Farm continues to baffle archaeological scholars as to the precise meaning of its importance to prehistoric and historic native peoples of the region. Past research, present trends, and future analysis are discussed providing a myriad of evidence showing that this site continues to provide and...


Analysis of Sturgeon Fishing Encampments from Block Island, Rhode Island (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Wilson. Kevin McBride.

Several archaeological deposits along the shores of Block Island, RI were exposed by the destructive wave action of Hurricane Sandy in 2012. Once exposed, these deposits were threatened by continual coastal erosion and excavated by the Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center as part of the 2013 Hurricane Sandy Disaster Relief Grant (P13AF00176); several of the excavated sites contained significant faunal assemblages. Faunal analyses of these sites included relative abundance and Number of...


Analysis of Surface Treatments on Weeden Island Red Vessels via LA-ICP-MS (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lindsay Bloch. Neill Wallis. George Kamenov.

One of hallmarks of Late Woodland period Weeden Island in Florida is the proliferation of ornate ceramics associated with ceremonial contexts. Recent elemental and petrographic analyses of Weeden Island ceramic pastes have established that despite visible standardization, these wares were traveling significant distances from large production centers, but also being made locally. This widespread movement of people and pots across the landscape provides a valuable context for exploring the spread...


Analyzing Late Woodland Pipe Fragments from the Topper Site (38AL23): Exploring the Botanical, Social, and Ritual Intersections of Smoking (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cayla Colclasure. Megan Belcher. Jon Russ. Stephen Carmody. Martin Walker.

Three pipe fragments uncovered during a 2017 University of Tennessee excavation at the Topper Site (38AL23) in Allendale County, South Carolina have opened a window into the social and ceremonial practices of the site’s Late Woodland inhabitants. Morphometric, paleoethnobotanical, and residue analyses have enabled us to explore the societal role smoking played within this community. We compare the form, design, and contents of these fragments to similar artifacts from across the region and an...


Anchoring in the Gulf: Trans-Species Dwelling and Building in Gulf Coast Florida (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Terry Barbour.

Drawing inspiration from the work of Tim Ingold, I seek to find the middle ground of phenomenology, ecology, and materiality in describing how humans dwell and make their worlds among the various other communities around them. In the Lower Suwannee River Valley, Florida, human and oyster communities have interacted and intersected with another for millennia. Like people, oysters dwell and build creating their Umwelt, a concept introduced by Von Uexküll. This resulted in communities numbering in...


Animal Use among the Monongahela: Insights from the Analysis of the Johnston Site Faunal Assemblage (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Neusius.

Excavations at the Johnston site (36IN2), a Middle Monongahela village located in western Pennsylvania, have generated a large, generally well-preserved assemblage of faunal remains. Between excavations in the 1950s and those conducted since 2005 by IUP, a significant portion of this large ring village has been sampled. Thus, this assemblage provides a rare opportunity to document the use of animals by the Monongahela. Initial faunal analysis was undertaken by John Guilday of the Carnegie Museum...


Applications of Microscopy and Thin Section Petrography in Iroquoian Ceramic Analysis (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Striker.

Iroquoian ceramic analysts typically focus on decorative style, in part because this approach maximizes the amount of information that can be obtained from an assemblage in a short amount of time. Decorative attributes can be rapidly identified and recorded, and a significant literature links patterns in decorative styles to social, temporal, and cultural trends. Characteristics of ceramic fabrics including clays and tempers are rarely examined, but adding these elements to the standard...


Approaching Monument Diversity in the Woodland Societies of the Central Scioto Valley (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Timothy Everhart.

The Woodland societies of the central Scioto Valley are renowned for various aspects of their ceremonial practices. Among the better known are craft production of ornate works from exotic materials and the erection of vast monumental landscapes. Those construction practices led to monuments with an incredible diversity of form, scale, and organization. This variability is yet difficult to explain, with the existing explanations differing widely and being inter-related with various other social...


Archaeological and Geomorpholgical Investigation at the Bash Site: Phase II Investigation of 13Mr228, Local Systems Project LFM-6R93(1) A.K.A. Lynks Road, Marshall County, Iowa (1991)
DOCUMENT Citation Only James Collins.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


An Archaeological Asessment of the Prehistory and History for the City of Maquoketa, Jackson County (1992)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Derrick J. Marcucci. Leah D. Rogers.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Archaeological Investigations at the Delaware Park Site (7NC-E-41) (1981)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ronald A. Thomas.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Archaeological Investigations of Deeply Stratified Deposits at Crumps Sink, South-Central Kentucky, USA (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Justin Carlson.

In the holokarstic Sinkhole Plain, sinkholes provided access to cave entrances for shelter, water, chert outcrops, and contain distinct microenvironments. As closed basins, sinkholes accumulate sediment from the surrounding catchment, burying archaeological deposits, sometimes rapidly. Therefore, these sites can provide critical information concerning paleoenvironmental change and human use of the surrounding landscape. Excavations were undertaken at Crumps Sink in the summer of 2015 to assess...


Archaeology IN the Montoze Bottom: A Supplemental Phase I Archaeological Survey of Primary Roads Project F-61-1(55)--20-56, A.K.A. PIN 79-56040-1, Lee County (1994)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joe Alan Artz.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


The Archaeology of Coralville Lake- Vol. VIII Archaeological Reconnaissance- Leased Lands, Lake Mac Bride State Park , MacBride Nature Recreation Area, McAllister Creek, Johnson County (1988)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David F. Overstreet.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


The As(h)cendant: Cosmological Work of Material Traces of Burning in the American Southeast (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kenneth Sassaman. Asa R. Randall. Neill J. Wallis.

Archaeological contexts of the American Southeast are rife with ash deposits that go beyond the residues of mundane burning activities. Burials and other pits at Stallings Island have layers of wood ash sandwiched between charcoal and shell; some rockshelters of the Cumberland Plateau contain successive layers of ash, each capped with earth; freshwater shell was mixed with ash to fill a massive pit on Silver Glen Run; and in north-central Florida, a dried sink filled with peat was burned to...


Assessing the Distribution of Limestone Temper in Southern Ohio (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ashley Rutkoski. Michelle Bebber.

The earliest known occurrence of limestone temper usage in Ohio began sometime during the Middle Woodland Period, and becomes common in Late Woodland cave sites in the southern part of the state. However, little is known about the overall temporal and geographic distribution of this temper type. Toward this end, we analyze pottery throughout the southern Ohio Woodland period by assessing it with hydrochloric acid (HCl) for the presence or absence of limestone. The results of this examination...


At the Gateway to Vermont: Recent Investigations at the Galick Site, West Haven, VT (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew Moriarty. Ellen Moriarty. Rosy Kirk. Bryant Garrow.

In 2016, the South Champlain Historical Ecology Project (SCHEP) initiated investigations at the Galick Site as part of a regional study focusing on long-term human-environment interaction within the South Lake Champlain area. Situated at the confluence of long-distance trade routes and within an area of remarkable ecological diversity, the Galick Site constitutes a key setting for examining historical ecology at the southern end of Lake Champlain. To date, SCHEP has conducted two field seasons...


Bay of Fundy Provenance for Pre-contact Copper Artifacts from the Maritime Peninsula, Northeastern North America (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Catherine (Katie) Cottreau-Robins. Jacob Hanley. Paige Fleet. Christopher McFarlane. Brandon Boucher.

We used non-destructive laser ablation inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICPMS) to compare trace element concentrations in 50 copper artifacts from a variety of pre-contact sites in the Maritime Peninsula (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Maine), to natural copper samples from 16 geological sources in Michigan, Ontario, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and the western and eastern regions of the Bay of Fundy. Of particular note is the contrasting composition of Lake...


Beyond Good Grey Culture: Rethinking Early Woodland Origins in the Lower Mississippi Valley (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Seth Grooms. Edward Henry. Kelly Ervin. Tristram Kidder.

The origins of Early Woodland cultures have long been poorly understood, but recent data from sites in the Yazoo and Tensas basins, and from sites along the coast are providing new perspectives on the development of the Woodland tradition in the Lower Mississippi Valley. In this paper we summarize Steve Williams’ contributions to understanding Woodland origins and update his work with new data. In contrast to earlier thinking, recent research shows that Woodland peoples in the Lower Mississippi...


Bridge Replacement on S.C. Route 302/4 at Shaws Creek, ·Aiken County (1986)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Wayne D. Roberts.

"The South Carolina Department of Highways and Public Transportation has proposed to replace the bridge on a downstream location of Shaws Creek on South Carolina Route 302/4 (Figure 1). The roadway on the eastern side of the creek will be relocated approximately 100 feet to the south to improve the curve on the existing highway. The roadway on the western side of the creek will be relocated approximately 50 feet to the south."


Burning Libraries and Drowning Archives: Shell Middens on the Maine Coast (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alice R. Kelley. Jacquelynn Miller. Joseph Kelley. Arthur Spiess. Daniel Belknap.

Climate change impacts on archaeological sites are equated with the burning of the great library of Alexandria for the scale and rapidity of the loss of cultural and paleoenvironmental data (McGovern, 2016). A portion of that destruction is often in the form of sea-level rise exacerbated coastal erosion. While threatened historic sites, such as lighthouses, generate support for remediation and even relocation, coastal aboriginal sites holding records of thousands of years of coastal occupation...


Ceramic Petrography of Woodland Period Swift Creek Complicated Stamped Pottery in Florida and the Lower Southeastern United States (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ann Cordell. Neill Wallis. Thomas Pluckhahn.

Swift Creek Complicated Stamped pottery from the lower Southeastern U.S. is a premier material for the systematic study of Woodland period social interactions. Petrographic analysis of Swift Creek pottery was undertaken as part of a research program that integrated materials analyses of pottery, including Neutron Activation Analysis, digital imaging of paddle stamp designs, technological analysis, and absolute dating, to identify patterns of social interaction. Over 200 samples have been thin...


A Change of Hearth: Stages of Production in Hot-Rock Technology at a Late Woodland Rockshelter (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Luke Stroth. Rebekah Truhan. Jacob Foubert.

This paper applies the chaîne opératoire analytical framework to hearth maintenance behavior. There are distinct phases of production involved in creating and maintaining a hearth, as new hearthstones are introduced, exhausted, and discarded. These stages may be identified through spatial distribution of new and exhausted hearthstones. The authors argue that these stages may also be identified geochemically. We use pXRF to compare a series of experimental burnings to those from a hearth feature...


Comparing a NextEngine 3D Scanner with Casting Mediums for Making Positives of Cord-Impressed Pottery (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicole Bodenstein.

In this paper, I compare using latex and Sculpey molds with a NextEngine 3D scanner in creating positive copies of upper midwestern, Late-Woodland, cord-impressed pottery for analysis. Making cast positives of these impressions in casting mediums present different hazards to the sherd. A NextEngine 3D Scanner may present fewer hazards to sherds, while allowing for digital copies that are easily manipulated and measured. It is also portable and relatively inexpensive compared to other 3D scanning...


Confronting Myths of Isolation in Pre-Columbian Appalachia (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alice Wright. Colin Quinn.

In recent decades, ethnographers, historians, and historical archaeologists have refuted popular myths about southern Appalachia that characterize the region as an isolated geographic periphery and, by extension, a cultural backwater. However, these perceptions continue to color interpretations of Appalachia’s deeper past, despite the region’s long tradition of rigorous archaeological research. Some scholars have suggested that pre-Columbian Appalachia has remained peripheral in archaeological...