Colonial (Other Keyword)

1-25 (74 Records)

The 1977 Excavations of French Fort St. Pierre (1719-1729): Adaptation on the Louisiane Frontier   (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only LisaMarie Malischke.

Dr. Ian W. Brown excavated the site of French Fort St. Pierre, near Vicksburg, Mississippi, from 1974 to 1976. A 1977 season by the Mississippi Department of Archives and History was never fully reported. As part of a new dissertation project, an initial report as to the contents of this collection will be presented. The artifact assemblage suggests that the garrison and other inhabitants of Fort St. Pierre suffered from a lack of supplies that led them to adapt to frontier life by turning to...


Archaeology and Preservation at the Lake George Battlefield (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David R. Starbuck.

The Lake George Battlefield Park is located at the southern end of Lake George, New York, where it was the setting for the Battle of Lake George between the British and the French in 1755; for an entrenched camp of British reinforcements for Fort William Henry at the time of the massacre in 1757; for Gen. James Abercromby's army in 1758 and Gen. Jeffery Amherst's army in 1759; and then for additional British and American occupations during the American Revolution.  The Park thus contains the...


Architectural Features versus Historic Maps of Fort St. Pierre, 1719-1729, Vicksburg, Mississippi. (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only LisaMarie Malischke. Ian W. Brown.

Fort St. Pierre (1719-1729), located near present-day Vicksburg, Mississippi, was a short-lived French fort on the periphery of colonial Louisiane. Data from the 1974 through 1976 excavations have recently been collated with unreported excavation data acquired in 1977; and now provides a more complete picture of the perimeter of the fort (the palisade and dry moat) and the structural remains within this perimeter. Historical maps of this fort depict an orderly layout of fort structures; but the...


The Ash Grove Meaathouse: Public Archaeology and Preservation at a Fairfax Family Property (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Sperling.

The Fairfaxx County (Virginia) Park Authority mission statement specifies the, "…protection and enhancement of…, cultural heritage to guarantee that these resources will be available to both present and future generations." When staff preservationists identified the need to stabilize a historic meathouselocated at an eighteenth century house site built by a member of the county’s namesake family, it presented the opportunity to demonstrate commitment to this mission.  In order to stabilize the...


Balls, Cocks, and Coquettes: The Dissonance of Washington’s Youth (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Laura Galke.

Powerful messages concerning ideal gender roles are significant, yet latent features of presidential biographies. Most contemporary authors suggest that Washington succeeded despite the efforts of his mother, Mary Ball Washington. Biographers tend to be most offended by Mother Washington when she exercised agency. Archaeological investigations at Washington’s childhood home in Stafford County, Virginia underscore the dissonance between the material culture of his youth and popular narratives...


Beneath the Parking Lot: Centuries of History at Gloucester Point (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Anna Hayden. Michele Brumfield. David A. Brown. Thane H. Harpole.

Recent excavations on the campus of the Virginia Institute of Marine Science have shed new light on multiple periods of occupation at Gloucester Point, ranging from Woodland period native communities to the 21st-century development of the area. Working in advance of a large-scale construction project, archaeologists from DATA Investigations uncovered and excavated hundreds of features, providing a detailed glimpse at patterns of early 18th-century Gloucestertown buildings, efforts to clean up...


BREACHING SPIRITUAL BORDERS: How Indigenous Religious Ontologies Colonized Christianity (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Shannon Iverson.

In 1524, only three years after the military conquest of central Mexico was complete, twelve Franciscan friars arrived in New Spain to begin an ambitious religious conversion program. The friars arrived in a territory where landscapes, buildings, and everyday objects (such as foodstuffs and ceramic objects) were already “mythologized”—deeply imbued with supernatural connotations. For the Spanish priests, Indigenous worlds were always potential minefields of spiritual pollution. Therefore, though...


Breaking Boundaries on the Periphery: The Demise of Fort St. Pierre, 1719-1729, Vicksburg, Mississippi. (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only LisaMarie Malischke.

Fort St. Pierre (1719-1729), in present-day Mississippi, was a short-lived fort on the periphery of colonial Louisiane. In December of 1729 its physical boundaries, the dry moat and palisade, were breached and burned as the fort and its soldiers were attacked by Yazoo and Koroa warriors. Using statistical and documentary evidence, along with newly analyzed information from the 1977 excavations, this presentation will discuss first the slow-decline and then immediate demise of the fort. It will...


Building, Dwelling, Thinking: A social geography of a late 17th century plantation. (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew D. Cochran.

In 1712 Richard Jenkins devised his personal estate, located on the Patuxent River near Benedict, Maryland, to three orphans and a woman that he wasn’t married to. Valued at just over 96 pounds sterling, Richard Jenkins’ plantation, was excavated in 2013 by staff from the Ottery Group and the Maryland State Highway Administration. This paper details the archaeological investigation of the c.1680 through 1713 Jenkins plantation, and seeks to emplace the plantation within a multi-scalar narrative...


Camp 'a Colchester: Fairfax County, VA (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only jean Cascardi. Megan B Veness.

Acquired in 2006 the Old Colchester Park and Preserve is over 145 acres located in Lorton, Virginia situated on the Occoquan River and is part of the Fairfax County Park Authority’s system of parks. Archaeological investigations in the park have revealed foundations contemporary to the Colchester port tobacco town that was in operation from ca. 1754-1830. Through research and various survey methods the Colchester Archaeological Research Team (CART) have discovered the presence of numerous...


Captain Ewald's Odyssey: Some Context for the 1777-78 Philadelphia Campaign (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David G Orr.

This paper interprets the various actions and violent encounters between the American Revolutionary Army and the British Crown forces in the Philadelphia Campaign of 1777-78. Probably one of the most significant narratives imbedded in these events is the role of the Hessian mercenaries fighting for the Royalist cause. Fortunately, the diary that Captain Johann von Ewald wrote has survived to brilliantly annotate this critical moment in the history of the war. He was an unusually candid and keen...


Catawba Foodways: Exploring Native and Colonial Influences (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ashley Peles.

In the 18th century the Catawba held a key position in the Southeast, drawing a number of groups from the North Carolina Piedmont down to South Carolina to join them; ultimately these groups coalesced into the Catawba Nation.  Projects undertaken by the Research Laboratories of Archaeology at UNC have investigated some of these previous 17th century communities in the North Carolina Piedmont, as well as a number of 18th-19th century Catawba households in South Carolina.  This paper uses...


Colonial America Visits Colonial California: A Scenic Transfer-printed Vessel at Mission Santa Clara de Asís (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Linda Hylkema.

Ceramics can often be used to identify changes in artifact assemblages on a scale of years, rather than in generations or centuries. There are potentially some useful applications of absolute and relative dating techniques for ceramic assemblages recovered from California’s Spanish missions. Recent excavations at Mission Santa Clara’s Rancheria (Indian Village) produced an assemblage of imported English ceramics, some with tightly defined production dates, which aids in our interpretation of the...


Colonial Encounters, Time and Social Innovation (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Per Cornell.

Looking at the colonial, the intricacy of the associated encounters cannot be avoided. While violence and oppression almost always play a major role, there are also intricate processes, in which the results are manifold and far beyond the intent of the colonizer. In this paper, a number of examples will be addressed, ranging from Late Mediterranean Iron Age contexts to European Early Modern colonial projects in the Americas. Questions of temporality and general time are of major importance;...


Colonial Negotiation in the Frontier Province of Beneficios Altos (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Adam Kaeding.

The frontier location of the Spanish colonial province of Beneficios Altos, Yucatan provides a unique case study for investigation into the lives and strategies of colonial Maya individuals and communities. Given their proximity to a notoriously porous southern border and the documented record of significant numbers of people who escaped colonial authority by crossing that border, those communities and individuals living within the boundaries of Beneficios Altos can largely be considered to have...


Colonizing the Colonial: Viewing Influence through the Lens of Coarse Earthenware at the Dutch East India Company Cape of Good Hope, South Africa (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Stacey Jordan.

Archaeological collections are more than a record of form and function. Historiographic analyses can assist in placing material remnants in their broader social context. Investigations of the production, producers, use and users of locally produced coarse earthenware at the 17th- and 18th-century Dutch East India Company Cape of Good Hope illustrate the complex fractals of cultural influence in this particular multi-cultural context. Here, like in many colonial situations, power was exerted not...


A Comparative Analysis of a Potential Tavern Site in Jackson, North Carolina (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katherine D. Thomas.

Residents of Jackson, North Carolina in Northampton County have found what they believe to be an 18th century tavern site. The area was inhabited by the Tuscarora until the Tuscarora War ended in 1715, after which European settlers began to move into the region. The residents of Jackson believe this to be a tavern owned by Jeptha Atherton.  This research assesses this claim by comparing those artifacts to the artifacts at two other contemporary taverns: Dudley’s Tavern in Halifax, North Carolina...


A Comparative Analysis of a Potential Tavern Site in Jackson, North Carolina (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katherine Thomas.

Residents of Jackson, North Carolina in Northampton County have found what they believe to be an 18th century tavern site. The area was inhabited by the Tuscarora until the Tuscarora War ended in 1715, after which European settlers began to move into the region. The residents of Jackson believe this to be a tavern owned by Jeptha Atherton. This research assesses this claim by comparing those artifacts to the artifacts at two other contemporary taverns: Dudley’s Tavern in Halifax, North Carolina...


Conspicuous Consumption in the Basin of Mexico: Chinese Porcelains as Prestige Markers in the Eastern Teotihuacan Valley (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cynthia Otis Charlton. Patricia Fournier G..

Beginning with the 16th century opening up of the New World, New Spain was integrated into the complex trade networks of the expanding world system as part of the Spanish Empire in the Indies. Prior to the rise of capitalism in Europe, mercantilism dominated sociopolitical and economic development trends. Indirect contact with the imperial power of China by way of the Philippines led to the establishment of the Manila-Acapulco galleon trade starting in the 1570s. Exotic goods, including...


Cores and Peripheries: Betty’s Hope, A Synergy of Approaches to the Archaeology of a Caribbean Sugar Plantation (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Georgia Fox.

The Betty’s Hope Field Project has been ongoing for the last eight years, and comprises two components:  ongoing research and the summer field school.  AS a 300-year-old sugar plantation on Antigua, Betty’s Hope offers a myriad of opportunities to explore plantation life and Caribbean archaeology.   Within the theme of this year’s SHA conference on boundaries and peripheries, the paper will address some of the exciting new developments and directions our research is taking us, and how it relates...


Current Interpretations at the "Cemetery" Site at Old Colchester Park and Preserve (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Erica A. D'Elia.

The Old Colchester Park and Preserve (OCPP), located in southern Fairfax County along the Occoquan River, was acquired by the Fairfax County Park Authority in 2006. The nearly 145 acres of preserved parkland includes numerous prehistoric and historic sites spanning 10,000 years of human occupation. Prominent among these sites is the colonial tobacco port town of Colchester, ca. 1754-1830. Current excavations are focused on the site immediately adjacent to the cemetery, located about half a mile...


Database Creation for the Legacy Collection of Hannastown (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Timothy A. Carn.

The rapid technological advances in digital computing of the preceding fifty years have allowed for an ever increasing complex analysis of archaeological assemblages. For those working with legacy collections curated before the advent of personal computing, the task of digitizing and formatting data into a usable form while also insuring against the same obsolescence that is being corrected can be daunting. The Applied Archaeology program at Indiana University of Pennsylvania takes a...


Developing Long-Term Research Goals at Gloucester Point through Problem-Oriented Research (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lyle Torp.

Fieldwork and archival research has been conducted at Gloucester Point since the mid-1970s, yet only recently has an effort begun to synthesize the data developed from this piecemeal effort. Synthesis requires a concentrated effort at compiling and organizing cartographic and historical records, not solely to develop context and create narratives for the occupants of this place over time, but also to create research questions that can be addressed with the vast amount of available archeological...


Don’t Miss the Forest for the Trees: Considerations for the Conservation of Artifacts from Brunswick Town/Fort Anderson State Historic Site’s Waterfront (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Hannah P. Smith.

When dealing with the conservation of artifacts from archaeological contexts, one often focuses on a few special artifacts. This is often because there isn’t the time, money, or even simply enough artifacts to require looking at the larger conservation picture. Along Brunswick Town/Fort Anderson State Historic Site’s waterfront, a multitude of organic and inorganic artifacts, including ceramics, glass, wood, leather, and textiles, have been recovered. As a result, the conservation needs of whole...


"…down amongst the bears and dogs…": Investigations of an Animal Baiting Pit at the Calvert House Site, Historic St. Mary’s City, Maryland (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Travis Parno. Timothy Riordan.

In the early 1980s, archaeologists surveying the northern yard of the Leonard Calvert house (c. 1635) in Historic St. Mary’s City (HSMC) uncovered small segments of a wide, gently curving fence trench that offered more questions than answers. Nearly 30 years later, over the course of multiple field school seasons, HSMC archaeologists explored more of the curious feature and revealed what appears to have been an oval-shaped fence with a single post at its center. Initial interpretation has...