Protein Analysis (Other Keyword)

1-25 (91 Records)

ANALYSIS OF PROTEIN RESIDUE AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) OF A PROJECTILE POINT FRAGMENT FROM SITE 41EP1026, AS WELL AS IDENTIFICATION AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF CHARRED MATERIAL FROM FEATURE FILL AT SITES 41EP1026, 41EP1623, 41EP1633, AND 41EP1720, ON THE FORT BLISS MILITARY RESERVATION, TEXAS (2008)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings.

The floated light fractions from the fill of carbon stains and unknown structures at sites 41EP1026, 41EP1623, 41EP1633, and 41EP1720 were submitted identification and AMS radiocarbon dating. In addition, a projectile point fragment was examined for protein residues and organic residues, the latter using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). These sites are located on Fort Bliss Military Reservation in El Paso County, Texas, and represent small, open air camps believed to date to the...


CERAMIC, PROTEIN, X-RAY DIFFRACTION (XRD), AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE FORKS SITE (DLLG-33/08A), WINNIPEG, MANITOBA (2009)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost. Melissa K. Logan.

Four ceramic rim sherds and a chitho from the Forks Site (DlLg-33/08A), a prehistoric riverine trade loci, located in downtown Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, were submitted for ceramic and organic residue analysis. In addition, a grinder/hammer stone, a biface, and a retouched flake were examined for protein residue. The grinder/hammer stone was also tested for organic residues, as was visible residue from a limestone ochre bowl. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) will be used to verify the residue on the...


Dolores Archaeological Program Technical Reports, DAP-016: Reductive Technologies Analysis (1980)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Roger A. Moore.

The University of Colorado's proposal for the Dolores Cultural Resources Mitigation Program contained provisions for the establishment of a lithic tool analysis program. To implement this program, Dr. R. Knudson, University of Idaho, acted as a design consultant and formulated standard procedures during the summer of 1978. The laboratory, later enlarged to accommodate the analysis of all artifacts produced by reductive technologies, became operational during the fall of 1978. Work thus far has...


IDENTIFICATION AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF CHARCOAL; PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF A DRILL/PROJECTILE POINT; AND POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF CERAMIC SHERDS FROM PHASE III EXCAVATIONS AT SITE 11PK1599, ILLINOIS (2009)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. Chad Yost. Linda Scott Cummings. Melissa K. Logan.

Samples were submitted from three cultural features excavated during Phase III data recovery at site 11Pk1599 in western Illinois. Charcoal samples from all three features were submitted for identification and AMS radiocarbon dating in order to identify woods burned as fuel and to obtain temporal information concerning site occupation. A projectile point/drill from a pit with cultural material was analyzed for possible protein residues to identify animals that might have been processed/hunted...


IDENTIFICATION AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF WOOD, ZEA MAYS COB, AND BONE FROM THE STAR CEILING CAVE SITE NEAR CUBA, NEW MEXICO AND ZEA MAYS COB MORPHOMETRICS (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost.

Woody twigs, Zea mays cob, and bone samples from the Star Ceiling Cave site near the town of Cuba, New Mexico, were submitted for identification and AMS radiocarbon dating. This site consists of a cave with a spring and numerous pictographs and mud-ball offerings. Pictographs in the cave are noted to represent Ancestral Puebloan/Puebloan culture as well as Navajo ceremonialism. Twigs were present in a mud-ball adhering to the top of the cave. Radiocarbon dating of the twigs provides information...


INFRARED SPECTROMETRY (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF TWO BROWNWARE SHERDS FROM SITE FB 1579 (LA 116603) AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF A PROJECTILE POINT FROM SITE FB 1784 (LA 92756) ON THE FORT BLISS MCGREGOR RANGE, NEW MEXICO (2007)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman. Kim Kral.

Two sites located on Fort Bliss McGregor Range in Otero County of southern New Mexico yielded a single projecting point and two brownware sherds for protein and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR) testing. Site FB1784 (LA 92756), a Late Archaic/Early Formative site, yielded the projectile point along with two soil control samples for protein residue analysis. Residue from two brownware sherds from an Early Formative site, FB15759 (LA 116603), were examined using FTIR to determine if...


MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS, CHARCOAL IDENTIFICATION, AMS RADIOCARBON DATING, AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITES LA 117092 (FB 16244), LA 124002 (FB 8803), LA 124013 (FB 8814), AND LA 124024 (FB 8825) ON THE FORT BLISS MILITARY RESERVATION, OTERO COUNTY, NEW MEXICO (DELIVERY ORDER 9) (2009)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. Chad Yost.

Fill from hearths at sites LA 117092 (FB 16244), LA 124002 (FB 8803), and LA 124024 (FB 8825) was examined to recover charcoal or other charred macrofloral material suitable for AMS radiocarbon dating, then date the features. A unifacial tool from site LA 124013 (FB 8814) was analyzed for possible protein residues to determine plant or animal resources that might have been processed using this tool. These sites are located on the Fort Bliss Military Reservation in Surveyors and El Paso Canyons,...


MACROFLORAL AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF HEARTH FILL; POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF A GROUNDSTONE; AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF A BIFACE FROM SITE LA 123811 (FB 8612) ON THE FORT BLISS MILITARY INSTALLATION, NEW MEXICO (2009)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost. Melissa K. Logan.

Fill from a hearth at site LA 123811 (FB 8612) on the Fort Bliss Military Installation in Otero County, New Mexico, was floated to recover charred macrofloral remains, then obtain a radiocarbon date on identified charcoal. A groundstone recovered from the hearth fill was examined for pollen, phytoliths, and organic residues, the latter using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Ethnobotanic analyses of the hearth fill and the groundstone wash will be used to provide subsistence...


MACROFLORAL, PHYTOLITH, AND PET ANALYSES AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING FOR SITES 32OL531 AND 32OL541, NORTH DAKOTA (2010)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost.

Samples were submitted for various analyses from sites 32OL531 and 32OL541 in Oliver County, North Dakota. Site 32OL531 is a prehistoric campsite consisting of 21 stone rings and one stone cairn, and site 32OL541 is a prehistoric campsite that consists of 19 stone rings and three cairns. Fill from possible hearth areas in 10 of the stone rings at these sites were floated to recover macrofloral remains, including charcoal for AMS radiocarbon dating. Sufficient charred material for dating was...


MACROFLORAL, PROTEIN RESIDUE, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITES CA-SBR-9711, CA-SBR-9717, AND CA-SBR-11330, MCAGCC TWENTYNINE PALMS (PROJECT NO. 15471), SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA (2010)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. Chad Yost. Melissa K. Logan.

Column samples from site CA-SBR-9711 and from a hearth at site CA-SBR-11330 were floated to recover charred macrofloral remains to provide subsistence information concerning plant resources utilized at these sites. Protein residue analysis was conducted on two lithic flakes from CA-SBR-9711 and on a mano fragment from CA-SBR-9717 to determine if these tools were used for processing plant and/or animal remains. The mano fragment also was examined for organic residues using Fourier Transform...


MACROFLORAL, PROTEIN RESIDUE, ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSES, AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING FOR THE BETZWOOD BOATHOUSE PROJECT, VALLEY FORGE NATIONAL HISTORIC PARK, PENNSYLVANIA (2008)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Chad Yost. Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman. David V. Hill.

A single sediment sample was recovered from Unit N971.87/E973.75 during Phase III excavations at the Betzwood Boathouse, located in Valley Forge National Historic Park, King of Prussia, Pennsylvania. This sample was examined for macrofloral remains and for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR). Charcoal from the macrofloral sample was AMS radiocarbon dated. Three projectile points from the unit were analyzed for protein residues. Diagnostic artifacts suggest a...


PHYTOLITH AND PROTEIN ANALYSIS OF LITHIC SAMPLES FROM SITES GaSa-29, GdRr-4, GgRm-1, GiRk-10, AND GjRi-4, BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA (2019)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Caitlin A. Clark.

Five prehistoric archaeological sites (GaSa-29, GdRr-4, GgRm-1, GiRk-10, and GjRi-4) located throughout the Interior Plateau, Central Canadian Rocky Mountains, and Rocky Mountain Foothills of northern British Columbia, Canada, yielded numerous flaked lithics from various cultural period affiliations. Ten lithic artifacts were submitted by Roy Northern Land and Environmental to PaleoResearch Institute for protein residue analysis. An additional lithic artifact was submitted to PaleoResearch for...


PHYTOLITH, MACROFLORAL, PROTEIN RESIDUE, AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING AT SITES 32OL551 AND 32OL552, NORTH DAKOTA (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. Chad Yost.

Samples from stone rings at sites 32OL551 and 32OL552 in west-central North Dakota were examined for phytoliths and macrofloral remains to determine that plant resources were utilized by the occupants of these sites. Microscopic charcoal was extracted from the stone ring sediments and submitted for AMS radiocarbon dating, yielding three radiocarbon dates. Lithic tools from the stone rings at 32OL551 also were examined for protein residues to provide information concerning animals that may have...


PHYTOLITH, PROTEIN, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF STONE COMBS FROM THE UPPER SAN PEDRO VILLAGE (AZ EE:12:60), SOUTHERN ARIZONA (2009)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Chad Yost. Melissa K. Logan. Linda Scott Cummings.

Three “stone combs” from three different features from the Upper San Pedro Village (AZ EE:12:60) in southern Arizona were submitted for phytolith, protein, and organic residue analysis to determine the materials processed by these tools (Table 1). These analyses were undertaken in an effort to provide information that would indicate their function. Since possible “hafting” areas were visible on at least two of the three tools, protein and organic residue analysis were performed on both the...


PHYTOLITH, STARCH, AND PROTEIN RESIDUE (CIEP) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE MIDLAND SITE #8, 20MD38, MIDLAND COUNTY, MICHIGAN (2019)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Caitlin A. Clark.

Midland Site #8 (20MD38), is a multi-component prehistoric site located in Chippewassee Park, Midland County, Michigan. The site was originally situated on stratified floodplain alluvium near the confluence of the Chippewa and Tittabawasee Rivers. In the 1970s, the city of Midland built Chippewassee Park and buried the site under a gravel parking lot and cleared grassy area (Kevin Schwarz, personal communication, November 12, 2018). Current archaeological investigations were conducted by ASC...


PHYTOLITH, STARCH, AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF TOOLS AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF CHARCOAL FROM THE MEDHOLD SITE, 45PI728, WASHINGTON (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Chad Yost. Kathryn Puseman.

Bifaces and tools from the Medhold Site, 45PI728, in western Washington were submitted for protein residue analysis. This analysis was used to detect plant and animal residues that might have been preserved within the microscopic crevasses on the working surfaces of these tools. Four of the cobble tools and an expedient tool also were analyzed for phytoliths and starches. Some plants produce opal silica phytoliths that are unique to those plants and/or specific plant parts. Starch grains can be...


PHYTOLITH, STARCH, PROTEIN RESIDUE (CIEP), AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITE 21-85, LITCHFIELD COUNTY, CONNECTICUT (2018)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

Site 21-85 is located within the Western New England Marble Valley subzone with the Vermont Valley extending north towards Massachusetts. The site is situated in Canaan, County Lichfield, Connecticut on the edge of Robbins Swamp. Robbins Swamp was important to Native Americans during the pre-contact period as an ecological and cultural resource. Four soil control samples for 16 lithics from a various depths and units were submitted for protein analysis. Additionally, three ceramic samples were...


POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS FROM SDI-7197, THE SALT CREEK I PROJECT, CALIFORNIA (1990)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Margaret E. Newman.

POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS FROM SDI-7197, THE SALT CREEK I PROJECT, CALIFORNIA: Pollen and phytolith analysis was conducted on groundstone and flaked stone tools from this site in an effort to define the plants that were processed with these tools. BLOOD RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF ARTIFACTS FROM SITE SDI-7197 CALIFORNIA: The primary objective of this analysis was to determine if information derived by the analysis of blood residues retained on lithic artifacts could provide further...


POLLEN AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM BIG LOG 2, 24LC2039, MONTANA (2012)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost.

Big Log Rock Shelter 2 (24LC 2039), which is located in the Big Belt Mountains of Lewis and Clark County, Montana, exhibits three occupational levels. Artifacts representing the McKean complex, Pelican Lake complex, and Avonlea complex have been recovered. It is likely that intermittent occupation span several thousand years. Pollen analysis of samples collected stratigraphically through sediments that represent the past approximately 4500 years, provide a record of local and regional vegetation...


POLLEN AND STARCH ANALYSIS OF A MANO FROM SITE CA-MEN-3638 AND PROTEIN RESIDUE (CIEP) ANALYSIS OF A LITHIC SAMPLE FROM SITE CA-MEN-3678, MENDOCINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA (2018)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

Sites CA-MEN-3638 and CA-MEN-3678 were recorded by Pacific Legacy as part of the Caltrans Willits Bypass Project and are located in Mendocino County, California. Site CA-MEN-3638 is a prehistoric cultural deposit situated on the northern cut-bank of Upp Creek in the western region of the Little Valley wetlands. A ground stone pestle (Sample 0256) recovered from Site CA-MEN-3638 was submitted to PaleoResearch Institute for pollen and starch analysis. Site CA-MEN-3678 is a prehistoric lithic...


POLLEN, MACROFLORAL, PROTEIN AND AMS RADIOCARBON ANALYSIS OF ARTIFACTS AND BOTANICAL REMAINS FROM THE SAND HOLLOW 2 PROJECT SITES: 42WS3544, 42WS3552, 42WS3554, 42WS3557, 42WS3559, 42WS4197, 42WS4198, 42WS4242, 42WS4247, 42WS4251, AND 42WS4682, WASHINGTON COUNTY, UTAH (2008)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman. Chad Yost.

Samples from sites 42WS3544, 42WS3552, 42WS3554, 42WS3557, 42WS3559, 42WS4197, 42WS4198, 42WS4242, 42WS4251, 42WS4682, and 42WS4247 in the Sand Hollow 2 Project area of Washington, County, southwest Utah, were examined for pollen, macrofloral, protein, and organic residues, the latter using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Pollen, protein and macrofloral analyses will be used to provide subsistence information concerning plant resources utilized by the various occupants of these...


POLLEN, MACROFLORAL, PROTEIN RESIDUE, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSES OF ARTIFACTS AND SOIL SAMPLES FROM SITES 42KA4478 AND 42KA6293, KANE COUNTY, UTAH (2008)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost.

Sites 42Ka4478 and 42Ka6293 are prehistoric Virgin Anasazi occupations located north of Kanab, Utah, and east of Kanab Creek. Radiocarbon dates of 1570 ± 40 BP and 1670 ± 40 BP from 42Ka4478 reflect a Basketmaker occupation, while the presence of decorated ceramics and radiocarbon dates from corn cobs of 1340 ± 40 BP and 1170 ± 40 BP at 42Ka6293 indicate a Pueblo I association. Samples from features at sites 42Ka4478 and 42Ka6293 were examined for pollen and/or macrofloral remains to provide...


POLLEN, MACROFLORAL, PROTEIN, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITE 42EM53, EMERY COUNTY, UTAH (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings. Melissa K. Logan. Chad Yost.

This Fremont residential site (42EM53) is situated on a ridge top west of Muddy Creek in Castle Valley, a broad valley with a highly varied topography. Samples from activity area fill, hearths, a pit structure, and a storage pit were examined for pollen and macrofloral remains. A fire-cracked rock from the fill of a hearth and a grinding stone from one of the activity areas were examined for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). A side scraper from the activity...


POLLEN, PHYTOLITH AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF FEATURE FILL AND LITHIC TOOLS FROM SITE 12GR1783, INDIANA (2012)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Chad Yost. Linda Scott Cummings.

Site 12GR1783 is a multiple component site located in Greene County, Indiana, that spans Late Woodland to at least Late Prehistoric cultural periods. Feature fill sediment samples and lithic tools from site 12GR1783 were submitted for pollen, phytolith, starch and protein residue analysis to better understand plant and animal resources that were utilized by the occupants of this site.


POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, MACROFLORAL, PROTEIN RESIDUE, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SEDIMENT FROM THE SMITH SITE (A09111.000369), SARATOGA COUNTY, NEW YORK (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost. Kathryn Puseman. Melissa K. Logan.

A soil sample from the Smith Site (A09111.000369), located in Malta, Saratoga County, New York, was examined for pollen, phytolith, and macrofloral remains, as well as protein and organic residues. Samples were tested for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). This historic site dates from the latter half of the 19th century (Adam Luscier, personal communication, January 21, 2011). Pollen, phytolith, macrofloral, protein, and organic residue (FTIR) analyses...