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Protein Analysis (Other Keyword)

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CERAMIC, PROTEIN, X-RAY DIFFRACTION (XRD), AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE FORKS SITE (DLLG-33/08A), WINNIPEG, MANITOBA (2009)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost. Melissa K. Logan.

Four ceramic rim sherds and a chitho from the Forks Site (DlLg-33/08A), a prehistoric riverine trade loci, located in downtown Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, were submitted for ceramic and organic residue analysis. In addition, a grinder/hammer stone, a biface, and a retouched flake were examined for protein residue. The grinder/hammer stone was also tested for organic residues, as was visible residue from a limestone ochre bowl. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) will be used to verify the residue on the...


Dolores Archaeological Program Technical Reports, DAP-016: Reductive Technologies Analysis (1980)

DOCUMENT Roger A. Moore.

The University of Colorado's proposal for the Dolores Cultural Resources Mitigation Program contained provisions for the establishment of a lithic tool analysis program. To implement this program, Dr. R. Knudson, University of Idaho, acted as a design consultant and formulated standard procedures during the summer of 1978. The laboratory, later enlarged to accommodate the analysis of all artifacts produced by reductive technologies, became operational during the fall of 1978. Work thus far has...


IDENTIFICATION AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF WOOD, ZEA MAYS COB, AND BONE FROM THE STAR CEILING CAVE SITE NEAR CUBA, NEW MEXICO AND ZEA MAYS COB MORPHOMETRICS (2011)

DOCUMENT Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost.

Woody twigs, Zea mays cob, and bone samples from the Star Ceiling Cave site near the town of Cuba, New Mexico, were submitted for identification and AMS radiocarbon dating. This site consists of a cave with a spring and numerous pictographs and mud-ball offerings. Pictographs in the cave are noted to represent Ancestral Puebloan/Puebloan culture as well as Navajo ceremonialism. Twigs were present in a mud-ball adhering to the top of the cave. Radiocarbon dating of the twigs provides information...


INFRARED SPECTROMETRY (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF TWO BROWNWARE SHERDS FROM SITE FB 1579 (LA 116603) AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF A PROJECTILE POINT FROM SITE FB 1784 (LA 92756) ON THE FORT BLISS MCGREGOR RANGE, NEW MEXICO (2007)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman. Kim Kral.

Two sites located on Fort Bliss McGregor Range in Otero County of southern New Mexico yielded a single projecting point and two brownware sherds for protein and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR) testing. Site FB1784 (LA 92756), a Late Archaic/Early Formative site, yielded the projectile point along with two soil control samples for protein residue analysis. Residue from two brownware sherds from an Early Formative site, FB15759 (LA 116603), were examined using FTIR to determine if...


MACROFLORAL, PHYTOLITH, AND PET ANALYSES AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING FOR SITES 32OL531 AND 32OL541, NORTH DAKOTA (2010)

DOCUMENT Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost.

Samples were submitted for various analyses from sites 32OL531 and 32OL541 in Oliver County, North Dakota. Site 32OL531 is a prehistoric campsite consisting of 21 stone rings and one stone cairn, and site 32OL541 is a prehistoric campsite that consists of 19 stone rings and three cairns. Fill from possible hearth areas in 10 of the stone rings at these sites were floated to recover macrofloral remains, including charcoal for AMS radiocarbon dating. Sufficient charred material for dating was...


MACROFLORAL, PROTEIN RESIDUE, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITES CA-SBR-9711, CA-SBR-9717, AND CA-SBR-11330, MCAGCC TWENTYNINE PALMS (PROJECT NO. 15471), SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA (2010)

DOCUMENT Kathryn Puseman. Chad Yost. Melissa K. Logan.

Column samples from site CA-SBR-9711 and from a hearth at site CA-SBR-11330 were floated to recover charred macrofloral remains to provide subsistence information concerning plant resources utilized at these sites. Protein residue analysis was conducted on two lithic flakes from CA-SBR-9711 and on a mano fragment from CA-SBR-9717 to determine if these tools were used for processing plant and/or animal remains. The mano fragment also was examined for organic residues using Fourier Transform...


PHYTOLITH, MACROFLORAL, PROTEIN RESIDUE, AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING AT SITES 32OL551 AND 32OL552, NORTH DAKOTA (2011)

DOCUMENT Kathryn Puseman. Chad Yost.

Samples from stone rings at sites 32OL551 and 32OL552 in west-central North Dakota were examined for phytoliths and macrofloral remains to determine that plant resources were utilized by the occupants of these sites. Microscopic charcoal was extracted from the stone ring sediments and submitted for AMS radiocarbon dating, yielding three radiocarbon dates. Lithic tools from the stone rings at 32OL551 also were examined for protein residues to provide information concerning animals that may have...


PHYTOLITH, STARCH, AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF TOOLS AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF CHARCOAL FROM THE MEDHOLD SITE, 45PI728, WASHINGTON (2011)

DOCUMENT Chad Yost. Kathryn Puseman.

Bifaces and tools from the Medhold Site, 45PI728, in western Washington were submitted for protein residue analysis. This analysis was used to detect plant and animal residues that might have been preserved within the microscopic crevasses on the working surfaces of these tools. Four of the cobble tools and an expedient tool also were analyzed for phytoliths and starches. Some plants produce opal silica phytoliths that are unique to those plants and/or specific plant parts. Starch grains can be...


PHYTOLITH, STARCH, PROTEIN RESIDUE (CIEP), AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITE 21-85, LITCHFIELD COUNTY, CONNECTICUT (2018)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings.

Site 21-85 is located within the Western New England Marble Valley subzone with the Vermont Valley extending north towards Massachusetts. The site is situated in Canaan, County Lichfield, Connecticut on the edge of Robbins Swamp. Robbins Swamp was important to Native Americans during the pre-contact period as an ecological and cultural resource. Four soil control samples for 16 lithics from a various depths and units were submitted for protein analysis. Additionally, three ceramic samples were...


POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS FROM SDI-7197, THE SALT CREEK I PROJECT, CALIFORNIA (1990)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Margaret E. Newman.

POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS FROM SDI-7197, THE SALT CREEK I PROJECT, CALIFORNIA: Pollen and phytolith analysis was conducted on groundstone and flaked stone tools from this site in an effort to define the plants that were processed with these tools. BLOOD RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF ARTIFACTS FROM SITE SDI-7197 CALIFORNIA: The primary objective of this analysis was to determine if information derived by the analysis of blood residues retained on lithic artifacts could provide further...


POLLEN AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM BIG LOG 2, 24LC2039, MONTANA (2012)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost.

Big Log Rock Shelter 2 (24LC 2039), which is located in the Big Belt Mountains of Lewis and Clark County, Montana, exhibits three occupational levels. Artifacts representing the McKean complex, Pelican Lake complex, and Avonlea complex have been recovered. It is likely that intermittent occupation span several thousand years. Pollen analysis of samples collected stratigraphically through sediments that represent the past approximately 4500 years, provide a record of local and regional vegetation...


POLLEN, MACROFLORAL, PROTEIN, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITE 42EM53, EMERY COUNTY, UTAH (2011)

DOCUMENT Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings. Melissa K. Logan. Chad Yost.

This Fremont residential site (42EM53) is situated on a ridge top west of Muddy Creek in Castle Valley, a broad valley with a highly varied topography. Samples from activity area fill, hearths, a pit structure, and a storage pit were examined for pollen and macrofloral remains. A fire-cracked rock from the fill of a hearth and a grinding stone from one of the activity areas were examined for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). A side scraper from the activity...


POLLEN, PHYTOLITH AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF FEATURE FILL AND LITHIC TOOLS FROM SITE 12GR1783, INDIANA (2012)

DOCUMENT Chad Yost. Linda Scott Cummings.

Site 12GR1783 is a multiple component site located in Greene County, Indiana, that spans Late Woodland to at least Late Prehistoric cultural periods. Feature fill sediment samples and lithic tools from site 12GR1783 were submitted for pollen, phytolith, starch and protein residue analysis to better understand plant and animal resources that were utilized by the occupants of this site.


POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, MACROFLORAL, PROTEIN RESIDUE, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SEDIMENT FROM THE SMITH SITE (A09111.000369), SARATOGA COUNTY, NEW YORK (2011)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost. Kathryn Puseman. Melissa K. Logan.

A soil sample from the Smith Site (A09111.000369), located in Malta, Saratoga County, New York, was examined for pollen, phytolith, and macrofloral remains, as well as protein and organic residues. Samples were tested for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). This historic site dates from the latter half of the 19th century (Adam Luscier, personal communication, January 21, 2011). Pollen, phytolith, macrofloral, protein, and organic residue (FTIR) analyses...


POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, PROTEIN RESIDUE (CIEP), MACROFLORAL, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITES CA-SDI-21240 AND CA-SDI-21805, CAMP PENDLETON, SAN DIEGO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA (2018)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Peter Kováčik.

Sites CA-SDI-21240 and CA-SDI-21805 are located on Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton in northern San Diego County, California. Cultural deposits at both sites contain marine shell and animal bones, as well as flaked stone and groundstone tools (Tanya Wahoff, personal communication April 26, 2018). Various artifacts collected from both sites were submitted for protein residue, pollen, and phytolith analysis. Soil control samples associated with artifacts also were provided. Macrofloral analysis...


POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, STARCH, AND PROTEIN ANALYSIS OF STONE ARTIFACTS FROM PAISLEY CAVES (35LK3400), OREGON (2011)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost.

Six stone artifacts and a wash of a large metate (a liquid sample) were submitted for pollen, starch, phytolith, protein, and XRD analyses from the Paisley 5 Mile Point Caves, Oregon. Previous work by PaleoResearch and other researchers has identified the presence of a variety of mammal and fish protein residue and DNA at the Paisley Caves. Because of the age of this site, the suite of protein residue antisera used to test these artifacts included elephant, camel, and horse, representing...


POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, STARCH, AND PROTEIN ANALYSIS, CHARCOAL IDENTIFICATION AND AMS RADIOCARBON AGE DETERMINATION, FOURIER TRANSFORM INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY (FTIR), AND XRF ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITES IN PLATTE COUNTY, WYOMING (2017)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Peter Kováčik. B. Lee Drake.

Multiple archaeological sites located within the boundaries of the Camp Guernsey Installation provided ceramics, lithics, and sediment sample for pollen, phytolith, starch, protein, and/or macrofloral analysis, and/or for infrared analysis of organic chemicals and/or XRF analysis of elements (Table 1). Obsidian flakes submitted from three sites were sourced using XRF elemental analysis. Charcoal identified from three locations was AMS radiocarbon dated.


POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, STARCH, MACROFLORAL, AND PROTEIN RESIDUE (CIEP) ANALYSIS FOR SITES CA-SDI-13325 AND CA-SDI-20979, MARINE CORPS BASE CAMP PENDLETON, SAN DIEGO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA (2016)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Peter Kováčik. Jennifer L.B. Milligan.

Sites CA-SDI-13325 and CA-SDI-20979 comprise a moderately dense to dense artifact deposit of debitage, flaked, and groundstone tools. Situated along San Mateo Creek, within Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton in northern San Diego County, California, these sites lie within the traditional tribal territory of the Luiseño Band of Mission Indians. Groundstone, feature fill, and flaked lithics were recovered and submitted for analyses including pollen, phytolith, starch, macrofloral, and protein...


POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, STARCH, PROTEIN, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE RIVER ROAD SITE (36BU0379), PENNSYLVANIA (2011)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Melissa K. Logan. Chad Yost. Kathryn Puseman.

The River Road Site (36BU0379) in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, was occupied by Late Woodland people. Sediment samples from a midden, a living surface, and stratigraphic stratum were submitted for pollen analysis to provide information concerning the past environment. In addition, artifacts and soil control samples were submitted for pollen, phytolith, starch, protein residue, or organic residue analyses specifically to provide subsistence information. Organic residues samples were examined using...


POLLEN, PROTEIN RESIDUE, CHARCOAL IDENTIFICATION, AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF SAMPLES FROM SITES CA-LAN-1777, CA-LAN-1780, CA-LAN-1781, AND CA-LAN-3873 FOR THE ANTELOPE VALLEY SOLAR RANCH ONE PROJECT, CALIFORNIA (2012)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost. Kathryn Puseman.

Sediment samples adjacent to eight fire-altered rock features at Sites CA-LAN-1777, CA-LAN-1780, and CA-LAN-3873 in southern California were examined for pollen to determine plants that might have been processed using these features. Charcoal samples collected within the features were submitted for identification to identify woods burned as fuel. AMS radiocarbon dates were obtained from the charcoal to provide temporal information concerning use of these features. Charcoal also was identified...


POLLEN, PROTEIN, AND ORGANIC (FTIR) RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE SAN PEDRO RIVER VALLEY, ARIZONA (2011)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost. Melissa K. Logan.

An archaeological site located in the San Pedro River Valley, near Fairbank, Arizona, yielded two projectile points that were submitted for protein residue analysis to identify animals that might have been killed using these points. In addition, one of these points also was tested for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) in an effort to identify use of poisons. Finally, a single soil sample was submitted for pollen analysis. This sites lies in the Sonoran Desert...


POLLEN, PROTEIN, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITES FB 1610, FB 1636, FB 1643, FB 5814, AND FB 8978, FORT BLISS ARMY BASE, DONA ANA COUNTY, NEW MEXICO (2010)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. Melissa K. Logan. Chad Yost.

Samples collected from sites FB 1610, FB 1636, FB 1643, FB 5814, and FB 8978, located on the Fort Bliss Army Base in Dona Ana County, New Mexico, were submitted for pollen, starch, protein, and/or organic residue analysis. These samples were examined, using a variety of techniques, to recover information about local subsistence strategies. Samples were tested for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR).


POLLEN, STARCH, AND PROTEIN ANALYSIS OF GROUND STONES FROM SITES 10AA005, 10OE030, AND 10OE262, IN ADA AND OWYHEE COUNTIES, IDAHO (2017)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings.

Sites 10AA0005, 10OE030, and 10OE262 are located on a terrace adjacent to the Snake River. Ground stone were submitted from sites 10AA005 and 10OOE030 for protein residue analysis to identify animals that might have been processed. Ground stone from sites 10AAA005 and 10OE262 were examined for their pollen and starch record of plants processed.


POLLEN, STARCH, AND PROTEIN ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITE 35BA1495, BAKER COUNTY, OREGON (2017)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings.

Site 35BA1495 is located in the Powder Basin of the Blue Mountain province at 2640–2715 feet above sea level. This pre-contact lithic scatter contains projectile points that indicate use from 2650–650 BP. Five samples of ground stone and fire-cracked rock were submitted for pollen and starch analysis, and three projectile points were submitted for protein analysis.


POLLEN, STARCH, AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSES OF GROUNDSTONES FROM SITES CA-MNT-1504 AND CA-MNT-1487, MONTEREY COUNTY, CALIFORNIA (2017)

DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings.

A pestle from CA-MNT-1504 and a handstone from CA-MNT-1487 were selected for study using pollen, starch, and/or protein residue analysis to identify foods processed. Both sites are described as unstratified middens with Ohlone/Costanoan affiliations in Monterey County.

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America