Holocene (Other Keyword)

1-23 (23 Records)

Archaeological and paleo-environmental investigations in the Aitape area of northern Papua New Guinea, 2014 (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mark Golitko. Ethan Cochrane. Shaun Williams. Jason Kariwiga.

We report on archaeological and paleo-environmental fieldwork carried out in the area around Aitape, northern Papua New Guinea during June and July of 2014, targeted at understanding human response to environmental and climatic variability during the mid- to late-Holocene. We employ a multi-proxy approach to paleo-environmental reconstruction including geochemical and paleo-botanical analysis of stream and river bank sediments to examine local manifestations of Holocene climatic variability and...


Archaeological Study of Ostrich Eggshell Beads Collected from Shuidonggou (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Chunxue Wang. Quanchao Zhang. Yao Li. Ningning Liang. Xing Gao.

Ostrich eggshell beads and fragments collected from Shuidonggou (SDG) reflect primordial art and symbolic behavior of modern humans. Based on stratigraphic data and OSL dating, these ostrich eggshell beads probably date to the Early Holocene ( 10 ka BP). Two different prehistoric manufacturing pathways are usually used in the manufacture of ostrich eggshell beads in the Upper Paleolithic. According to statistical analyses of the characteristics of ostrich eggshell beads, Pathway 1 is identified...


Archaeology of Fueguian Islands: Tierra del Fuego, Dawson and Navarino, Human Settlement and Cultural Interaction (Patagonia, Chile) (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Flavia Morello Repetto. Fabiana Martin. Mauricio Massone. Marta Alfonso-Durruty. Manuel San Roman.

The fueguian archipelago, dominated by three mayor islands named Tierra del Fuego, Dawson and Navarino, is located in the southernmost end of South America. Peopled by hunter-gatherer societies since c. 10.500 BP, the interior sea formations date to Early Holocene. Shoreline environments have evidence of specialized marine adaptation since c. 6.500 BP, after which colonization has been generally interpreted as homogenous, stable and continuous. Ethnohistoric and ethnographic records account for...


Bone Tool Technology in West Africa: Contributions from the Diallowali Site System, Senegal (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Peter Coutros. Brooke Luokkala.

This is an abstract from the "African Archaeology throughout the Holocene" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Worked bone has a long history across the African continent, occurring as early as the Middle Stone Age in eastern and southern Africa. However, since the beginning of the Holocene, barbed and un-barbed points – associated with the so-called ‘African Aqualithic’ peaking at 9,000 BP – have likewise been recovered from sites within Sahelian and...


Developing intra- and inter-continental research networks for the study of human adaptations to Lateglacial and early Holocene environmental changes (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Felix Riede. Erick Robinson.

Over the last decade our knowledge of human-environment interaction in prehistory has been radically transformed. It has become increasingly apparent that prehistoric humans had to cope with a vast range of different environmental changes that had their own particular temporal and spatial dynamics. These changes ranged from millennial- and continental-scale ecosystem turnover and sea-level rise, to centennial- and hemispheric-scale abrupt climate change events, to extreme events such as tsunamis...


Early Holocene aridity and the first farmers of Europe (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Simon Connor. Shawn Ross. Adela Sobotkova. Ilia Iliev.

The spread of agriculture into Europe from its Near Eastern heartland was an important cultural event, the causes of which have been debated for many decades. DNA analyses are increasingly providing insights into the genetic inheritance of Europe's first farmers, yet the triggers for their initial migration remain elusive. The earliest agricultural sites in Europe appear to be those situated in coastal Greece, while more fertile inland areas, such as the Thracian Plain, were settled centuries to...


Early- and Middle-Stage Fluted Stone Tool Bases: Further Evidence they are not Diagnostic of Clovis (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only James Norris. Metin Eren.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Goodson Rockshelter in Oklahoma has provided strong chronometric evidence that early- and middle-stage fluted stone tool bases found there date to the Late Archaic. These results further indicate that such specimens are not necessarily diagnostic of the Clovis culture. Here, we present additional evidence that early- and middle-stage fluted bases do not...


Exploring Occupation Patterns in the Lower Pecos and Central Texas Regions over the Last 9,000 Years using Radiocarbon Dates (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Raymond Mauldin. Emily McCuistion. Leonard Kemp. Cynthia Munoz.

We use summed probability distributions derived from radiocarbon sequences as a gross measure of prehistoric occupation patterns for two regions in Texas. The first sequence consists of over 325 dates from the Lower Pecos Region, located along the Rio Grande and Pecos Rivers. The region has over 40 years of radiocarbon dating, with dates in this database coming from multiple excavation projects that were frequently focused on shelters and cave. The second dataset comes from the Upper San Antonio...


Holocene climate change and human population growth rates (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Erick Robinson. H. Jabran Zahid. Bryan N. Shuman. Robert L. Kelly.

Statistical analysis of large databases of radiocarbon dates enables research on the processes regulating human population growth rates. Recent analysis of summed probability distributions of dates from the entire states of Colorado and Wyoming has found that both states had similar long-term growth rates of .04% for most of the Holocene. This growth rate was the same for Australia, Europe, and North America throughout much of the Holocene. Similar growth rates between different environments and...


Holocene seasonality, mobility, and diet at Niah Cave (Sarawak, East Malaysia): new isotope results on rainforest foragers and farmers? (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only John Krigbaum. Lindsay Lloyd-Smith. Bryan Tucker. Benjamin Valentine. George Kamenov.

Assessment of fine-grained proxies to infer paleoclimate and paleoecology in tropical Southeast Asia is hampered by the coarseness of the archaeological record. Advances in technology, however, do permit fresh insights into past rainforest ecologies using isotope ratios from tooth enamel, albeit with very real spatial and temporal limitations. This is especially true for isotopic analysis of incremental growth layers in human tooth enamel. In this paper, oxygen and carbon isotope ratios are...


Holocene Transformation of San Francisco Bay and Transbay Man Site Stratigraphy (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jack Meyer.

San Francisco Bay was created by post-glacial sea-level rise during the span of prehistoric human occupation. The Bay is the single largest Pacific estuary in the Americas (4,160 square kilometers) and is the outlet for California’s largest freshwater drainage system that carries 40% of the state's runoff. The earliest known evidence of widespread human use of the estuary or tidal resources in the Bay Area first appears at shell midden sites located around the Bay in the middle Holocene...


Holocene transitions in highland Papua New Guinea: linking climate change to changes in subsistence and mobility with new models and data (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jennifer Huff.

Highland Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a region of independent invention of non-cereal-based agriculture. Consequently, the transition from a mobile lifestyle to a sedentary residential pattern, and the transition from a forager/gatherer subsistence practice to the adoption of agriculture by the past peoples of highland PNG have been a subject of considerable interest for archaeologists. Models of these transitions have changed through time with the arrival of new evidence such as palynological...


Holocene Vegetation Cycles, Land-use and Human Adaptations to Desertification in the Gobi Desert of Mongolia (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Arlene Rosen. Jennifer Farquhar. Joan Schneider. Tserendagva Yadmaa.

Since the retreat of the Pleistocene some 11,700 years ago, the landscape and vegetation of the Mongolian Gobi Desert has been profoundly changing, punctuated by the appearance of lakes, wetlands, and finally aridification. Vegetation communities have responded to these changes according to temperature shifts and northward to southward movements of the edges of East Asian monsoonal systems. Human groups have lived, foraged, and traveled through the landscape of the Gobi for millennia, adapting...


Late Pleistocene and Holocene Abrupt Climate Change and Human Response in the Southeastern United States (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Moore. Mark Brooks. I. Randolph Daniel Jr..

As a result of the analysis of high-resolution global and regional paleoclimate records, we now know that our “stable” Holocene climate has been punctuated with periods of rapid and synchronous change, including rapid changes in temperature, available moisture, and vegetation. Far from being a period of climatic stability, recent studies suggest abrupt climate change during the Holocene including departures in temperature and precipitation with millennial-scale cyclicity that operates...


Looking into the Dark: Investigating Four Holocene Shelter Sites in Southwest Ethiopia (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only John Arthur. Matthew Curtis. Kathryn Arthur. Joséphine Lesur. Dorian Fuller.

Preliminary excavations from the Gamo Ethnoarchaeological and Archaeological Research project in southwest Ethiopia include three caves and one rockshelter, located on the western escarpment of the Great Rift Valley. The analyses of these four mid-altitude (average 2135 meters) sites will add to our understanding of the cultural, ecological, and technological transitions occurring within the last 6000 years. The cave and rockshelter sites indicate the use of a classic Later Stone Age lithic...


Luis Alberto Borrero South-North Drift, Multiple Markers for the Archaeology of Tierra del Fuego and the Fueguian Archipelago (52º-56º S) (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Flavia Morello Repetto. Mauricio Massone. Fabiana Martin. Robert McCulloch. Manuel San Román.

This is an abstract from the "Patagonian Evolutionary Archaeology and Human Paleoecology: Commending the Legacy (Still in the Making) of Luis Alberto Borrero in the Interpretation of Hunter-Gatherer Studies of the Southern Cone" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The contributions and influence of Luis Borrero started with his early work at Tierra del Fuego and then surpassed multiple barriers –including the Strait of Magellan- as he developed an...


Paleosols and human activities in the lakebed area of Basin of Mexico during the Middle Holocene (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Iran Rivera. Sergey Sedov.

During 2013 - 2014 archaeological research was undertaken in San Gregorio (Xochimilco) and Tepexpan, Basin of Mexico, to recover evidence for human activity associated to the preceramic period in the lakebed area of Chalco-Xochimilco and Texcoco. One of the specific objectives of this research is to characterize soil conditions north and south of modern Mexico City, during the early agriculture period (6500-4000 BP) by means of paleopedological analysis, and evaluate environmental and...


Reconstructing Caribbean Paleotopography during the Holocene: Implications for Archaeology and Biogeography (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew Peros. Amy Daradich. Bill Buhay.

Our understanding of the Holocene sea level history of the Caribbean Sea is improving through the development and analysis of mangrove and coral-based relative sea level data. In this poster we present a time-series of maps showing how the paleotopography of the region changed throughout the Holocene. The maps were generated using a recently developed model of Caribbean sea level change that incorporates the effects of both eustasy and isostasy to model past sea level positions. The results show...


Sand, Rivers, Glacial Lakes and the Prairie-Forest Border: A Doc Holliday Student Heads North (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Garry Running.

In this paper I link ongoing research along the eastern shore of Glacial Lake Agassiz (GLA) to Doc Holliday, the person who made it possible. Doc instilled in his students an interdisciplinary mind-set, and taught them to emphasize archaeological questions first and to consider past human groups as active agents of paleoenvironmental change as well as sophisticated responders to it. My research up North began where the ancestral Sheyenne River entered GLA from the west. After patient mentoring...


Trends in late Holocene Climate Change in Central Mexico (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Margarita Caballero. Socorro Lozano-Garía. Beatríz Ortega.

Lakes in central Mexico are ideal sites for the study of late Holocene climatic trends. These lakes have high sedimentation rates and their sediments are rich in pollen, diatoms and other biological remains that allow reconstructions of past environmental, ecological and climatic changes. In these lakes, precipitation, concentrated during the summer months, is frequently more important than temperature as a long-term environmental control; however, both variables are connected by climatic...


Unearthing Holocene lowland landscapes as tool to detect archaeological sites, a case study from Lower Khuzestan (SW Iran) (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Frieda Bogemans. Rindert Janssens. Cecile Baeteman.

Over the past century archaeological research in Upper Khuzestan has shown a long history of settlements in the alluvial plains. The Lower Khuzestan plain has barely been studied with research has been restricted to superficial surface surveys. The nearby presence of the Persian Gulf and the downstream parts of the rivers Karun and Jarrahi, the first one being the largest river in Iran, offer great potential for human settlements and activities. In lowlands, however, processes of sedimentation...


Wild Plant Fiber Processing and Technological Organization: Holocene Perishable Artifact Production in the Bonneville Basin (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Marion Coe.

Perishable artifact analysis in the Great Basin has often focused on whole or complete pieces to address questions regarding broad social groupings and environmental adaptation. In the Great Basin, past populations targeted distinct ecological zones to tend and gather wild plant species for the manufacture of perishable material culture, and by focusing on technological organization and the manufacturing process, there is great potential to better understand how these activities contributed to...


Worked Bone Harpoon Technological Persistance and Variation Through Time and Geography (Turkana/Omo Basin, Kenya/Ethiopia) (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Loretta Dibble.

A detailed study of the variation in Holocene worked bone harpoons from the Lake Turkana/Omo Basin (Northern Kenya/Southwest Ethiopia) has been conducted. Bone harpoon sites in this basin span a more than 6,000 year period (approximately 9,000 or 10,000 bp through 3,000 bp). A review of the dates associated with these archaeological assemblages (and the dating of sedimentary features correlated with the changing lake levels in the basin) is presented along with new dates 00000000and new material...