Spanish Colonial (Other Keyword)

1-15 (15 Records)

The Abbey of Pedro Mártir de Anglería – Excavation, Reconstruction and Conservation of an Early 16th Century Ecclesiastical Structure in Jamaica (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robyn P Woodward.

Christianity anchored the material practices and social institutions of the Spanish settlers in the New World and while Christian friars undoubted arrived in Jamaica with the initial group of settlers in 1509, the Jamaican abbacy was not formally founded until 1515. The ecclesiastical authorities used temporary thatch and wood structures for worship at the capital of Sevilla la Nueva until funds were provided for the construction of a stone church in 1524.  The abbey however, was not quite...

The Alamo Underground: Recent Excavations at Mission San Antonio de Valero (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nesta J. Anderson.

Recent excavations at the Mission San Antonio de Valero (the Alamo) revealed that in the midst of the highly developed urban landscape of San Antonio, pockets of archaeological deposits remain nestled between utilities, streets, and beautification improvements. Excavations at the west and south wall complexes revealed evidence of architectural features and three centuries of refuse left behind by San Antonio's residents as they reinvented the physical landscape. The diversity of material culture...

Apalachicola Ecosystems Project Fauna
PROJECT Thomas Foster. Roger Brown. National Science Foundation.

This project presents the results of zooarchaeological analysis of faunal specimens recovered from two sites (1RU18 and 1RU27) excavated as part of a multidisciplinary NSF-funded Collaborative Research Project titled the “Apalachicola Ecosystems Project”, as well as a reanalysis of a zooarchaeological assemblage from the nearby site of Spanish Fort. The Apalachicola Ecosystems Project was co-directed by Thomas Foster, Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman, and Roger Brown. The objectives of the...

Architecture in Negative: Mapping Social Space at Carrizales, Peru Using Low Altitude Aerial Photography and Photogrammetry (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Chester Walker. Nathaniel VanValkenburg. Mark Willis.

In the late 16th century CE, Spanish administrators and clergy sought to reconstitute indigenous Peruvian subjects by forcibly resettling them into planned towns called reducciones. Mapping domestic space in these new settlements (and those that preceded them) has been a crucial element of archaeological research that seeks to understand reduccion's impact on native households. However, on the Peruvian coast, where both late prehispanic and early colonial period domestic structures are dominated...

Ceramic Production, Supply, and Exchange in the San Francisco Presidio Jurisdiction (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Russell Skowronek. Ronald Bishop.

In the late eighteenth century Spain occupied the San Francisco Bay Area and rapidly transformed the region through the introduction of agriculture, animal husbandry, Roman Catholicism, the Spanish language and the use of pottery. This presentation focuses on the latter, and considers the questions surrounding local manufacture, importation, and exchange of ceramics among the missions, presidio and pueblos of the San Francisco Presidio Jurisdiction. Through the application of instrumental...

Faunal Remains from the Apalachicola Ecosystems Project (2014)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Chance H. Copperstone. Tracie Mayfield. Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman.

This report presents the results of zooarchaeological analysis of faunal specimens recovered from two sites (1RU18 and 1RU27) excavated as part of a multidisciplinary NSF-funded Collaborative Research Project titled the “Apalachicola Ecosystems Project”, as well a reanalysis of a zooarchaeological assemblage from the nearby site of Spanish Fort. Report prepared for the National Science Foundation (Award # BCS-1026308).

The First Abbey in the New World – an Expression of Power and Ideology (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robyn P Woodward.

Every empire needs an ideology, and the Spanish Crown and the Catholic Church found their sense of justifying mission in the obligations to uphold and extend their faith and by extension a civilized way of life.   Lacking lucrative mineral resources, Jamaica was destined to become the first primarily agricultural colony established by the Spanish during the contact period. Founded in 1509 as the capital of the island, Sevilla la Nueva prospered briefly as a supply base for other Spanish...

Fodder and Water: Isotope Analysis of Livestock Enamel in Southwest Spanish Colonial Settlements in the Pimeria Alta (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicole Mathwich. Alexander Ruff. Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman.

The introduction of livestock to the Pimeria Alta in the 18th-century dramatically shifted resource use in the Sonoran Desert and the Santa Cruz River Valley. Colonial and indigenous politics and economics were transformed as a result of the presence and uses of these animals, but it is relatively unknown how O’odham people in the Santa Cruz Valley balanced the grazing and watering needs of livestock with the needs of farming and seasonal wild food gathering in the arid region. Using carbon and...

Investigating Spanish Colonial Features Using GPR in Urban Settings (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kristi M Nichols. Clint Laffere. Richard A. Sample.

Archaeologists at Raba Kistner Environmental, Inc. (RKEI) have been utilizing 3-D ground penetrating radar (GPR) surveys to rediscover Spanish Colonial features such as acequias and foundations in San Antonio, Texas.  Many Spanish Colonial sites in San Antonio are located in urban settings and are often covered by roads, parking lots, and sidewalks. Use of 3-D GPR, archival research, and, in some cases, subsurface testing, has allowed us to determine under what geomorphological and burial...

A life in the mountains: Spanish identity in 17th c. New Mexico (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Caroline Gabe.

As opposed to typical well-defined urban areas, 17th c. Spanish colonial New Mexico consisted of a series of small, dispersed, rural, isolated settlements. The colonists were also isolated in the sense that they had extremely limited and irregular access to trade goods and communication with the broader Spanish Empire. Furthermore, they stemmed from diverse ethnic backgrounds, often lumped as mestizo by modern researchers. Given these challenges to maintaining a perceived Spanish identity, how...

Looted Artifacts, Lost History (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael N Hogan.

            The looting of archaeological sites is not new. However, the glamorization of finding and selling artifacts has reached a larger audience through recent American television shows such as Spike TV’s "American Digger" and National Geographic’s "Diggers" which illustrate the unscientific removal and sale of cultural materials.   While federal and state laws protect sites on public land, sites on private property are less safeguarded.  In states such as Texas, which is 95% privately...

Spanish Mission Archaeology in the Southeast. 1974-2014 A.D. (After Dave) (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kathleen Deagan-Harris.

The archaeological study of Spanish missions among the American Indians has been underway in the Southeastern and Western regions of the United States for more than 70 years. This paper considers the directions and contributions of that body of work in the Southeast, with particular attention to the interdisciplinary impacts of the Santa Catalina Mission program, carried out by Dave Thomas between 1974 and today on St. Catherine's Island, Georgia. SAA 2015 abstracts made available in tDAR...

The Use of 3-D GPR As An Aid in the Rediscovery of Spanish Colonial Acequias in San Antonio, Texas (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kristi Miller Nichols. Clint Laffere. Laurie M. Steves. Richard A. Sample.

Archaeologists at Raba Kistner Environmental, Inc. (RKEI) have been utilizing 3-D ground penetrating radar (GPR) surveys to rediscover the locations and document the construction techniques of irrigation ditches in San Antonio, Texas. Using 3-D GPR, in conjunction with EM-31 surveys, archival research, and archaeological backhoe trenching has allowed us to determine under what geomorphological and burial conditions the GPR yields reliable results. This paper reviews recent RKEI projects...

Weaving the Strands of Evidence: Multifaceted Confirmation of Textile Production and Use at Mission Santa Clara de Asis (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Linda Hylkema.

Mission Santa Clara de Asίs, founded in 1777, is one in a chain of twenty-one Spanish Colonial missions established along the coastal region of Alta California. Recent excavations within Santa Clara's Native American Rancherίa have revealed a plethora of objects directly and indirectly associated with textile production and use within the colonial setting. Indigenous practices from ethnic regions of California and Mexico are reflected within the assemblage of sewing/weaving tools, adornments,...

Zooarchaeological Evidence of Dietary Impacts from Contact at Maima, Jamaica (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Shea Henry.

Recent field research at the Taino village of Maima on the north coast of Jamaica has revealed a complex late prehistoric and contact era village settlement.  Occupied during the late prehistoric era, Maima was impacted by Columbus and his crew when they were stranded on the island for a year in 1503.  After that initial contact, the villagers were forced into labour at the nearby Spanish settlement of Sevilla la Nueva.  Faunal evidence, including shell and vertebrate bone, show that the impact...