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sustainability (Other Keyword)

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Çatalhöyük and Localized Universality: the challenge of sustaining heritage post-UNESCO (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Caitlin Curtis. Peter Biehl.

UNESCO has long set the example for heritage practice, with site practitioners worldwide motivated to achieve the nearly universally desired World Heritage Site (WHS) status to help preserve and sustain their sites. However, the idealized goals espoused by UNESCO, a global organization, are inherently universalizing, which can render them incompatible with the particularities of each local setting. One illustrative example is Çatalhöyük, Turkey. Since being granted UNESCO WHS status in 2012,...

Building resilience and sustainability through collaboration and community research (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Rebecca Boger.

The island of Barbuda, West Indies has a relatively unique history, land tenure and geography. Despite its arid climate and thin soils, the enslaved and eventually free people of Barbuda developed a complex herding ecology and built historic wells that are strategically located around the island to support their sustainably resilient agricultural practices. Now, these wells are largely abandoned and people are increasingly dependent on external food and water. An interdisciplinary team of...

Coastal Erosion as an Arena for Change (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Jane Downes. Ingrid Mainland.

The problem facing archaeological heritage through loss and damage caused by rising sea levels and increased storminess requires responses that are multi-facetted and creative. Sufficient resources to deal with exposed archaeological sites and deposits through established ‘preservation by record’ methodologies are not available anywhere. In the Scottish archipelago of Orkney the combination of sand and low lying shores and extremely rich archaeological heritage make the problems of coastal...

The Contributions of Vernon Scarborough: Introductory Remarks (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Lisa Lucero.

In this paper I highlight Vern’s career path and contributions, particularly his work on water management and sustainability, and how his other interests, such as dual economy and heterarchy, tie in with the former. I will also focus on how his interdisciplinary approaches have paved the way for applied anthropology on an international level and with global implications.

Creative Continuity:Tradition and Community Reproduction on the Margins of Western Ireland (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Ryan Lash.

Local pilgrimage or an turas traditions in western Ireland provide a valuable opportunity to critique and nuance the common association of geographically marginal communities with cultural stasis. Emerging archaeological evidence suggests that modern pilgrims not only re-used older monuments, but also reproduced certain patterns of movement and memory initially developed for monastic liturgies in the early medieval period (c. 400-1100 CE). Such apparent long-term continuities of practice evoke...

The cultural ecology of Croatia’s cattle: stable isotope and zooarchaeological analyses of an indigenous breed (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Emily Zavodny. Sarah B. McClure.

Here we present results from a preliminary stable isotope and zooarchaeology study of cattle from the Lika region of northern Croatia. During routine investigation of Bronze and Iron Age faunal assemblages, we identified bones belonging to a small unspecified cattle breed. These same specimens also have unexpected stable carbon and nitrogen isotope signatures, and are more similar to both domesticated and wild browsers than grazing cattle in other regions. We argue that these adaptations were...

Difference Theory and the Relevance of the Archaeological Past to the Present (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Rachael Lane.

The relevance of the archaeological past to the present is not usually considered an ethical, or moral issue, except in the context of western heritage and conservation values. There appears to be both internal conditions to archaeology, as well as external conditions, that prevent the relevance and use of archaeological knowledge. The notion of relevance is frequently embedded in presentist discourses in the humanities and social sciences with an emphasis on sociality, and social recursive...

Digging the Past- Creating New Pathways for the Future: Graduate Student Perspective from the Field (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Jen-I Costosa.

As local communities are trying to adapt to the challenges of the anthropocene they are being faced not just with the loss of archaeological sites but also their livelihoods, identity and home. When living in a small island developing state (SIDS), the partnership of cultural heritage investigations with citizen science, transcends theory and provides the local participants with the tools to conserve and preserve the stories of the past while making empowered solutions towards challenges of the...

Discoveries in Hatteras: embedding sustainability thinking into community engagement (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Aisling Tierney.

In 2015, University of Bristol students elected to join a sustainability education pilot project run in conjunction with the Croatoan Archaeology Society. The project was embedded into existing excavations at the early contact Native American site on Hatteras Island, Outer Banks, North Carolina. It focused on the larger environment, culture and ecosystems of the region and how they were affected by cultural exchange and the introduction of new technologies from the seventeenth century. Students...

Evaluating the Sustainability of an Angkor-Period Engineered Landscape at Koh Ker, Cambodia (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Sarah Klassen. Damian Evans. Terry Lustig. Barry le Plastrier. Eileen Lustig.

Several studies have argued that the collapse of an unsustainable hydraulic network was a major factor in the abandonment of medieval Angkor (~9th to 15th centuries AD) as the capital of the Khmer civilisation. However, Angkor presents us with a great deal of uncertainty due to the spatial and temporal complexity of the archaeological remains. The Angkor-period city of Koh Ker, in contrast, provides the opportunity to study a medieval water management system whose structure and functioning can...

Full of Water, Full of life: Water, Sustainability and Built Heritage in the 19th to 21st centuries San Pasquale Valley, Calabria, Italy (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Meredith S Chesson. Isaac Imran Taber Ullah.

In the early 1800s wealthy landowners were granted or purchased lands in the San Pasquale Valley, located 50 km from the provincial capital of Reggio Calabria in southern Calabria, Italy. Internal migration of farmworkers to establish commercial bergamot, olive, grape, and mulberry orchards in this valley created a large and thriving community of farmworker families in the valley who built the landowners’ villas, the overseers’ and farmworkers’ houses, and the farming infrastructure of wells,...

How archaeology informs the present and why it matters for the future (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Shereen Lerner. Rachel Most.

Don Henson (2012) wrote "What archaeology has to offer is a powerful contribution to the quality of life of people." He states that quality of life has three critical threads: social inclusion (people), environmental protection (place), sustainable development (future). Despite its popularity, we believe archaeology may be one of the most misunderstood disciplines. It is not about dinosaurs and skeletons or glorifying past achievements. It is an essential scientific discipline because it can...

Human Ecodynamics of Subarctic Islands of the North Atlantic and North Pacific in Comparative Perspective (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Ben Fitzhugh. George Hambrecht. Michael Etnier. Catherine West.

The subarctic islands of the North Atlantic and North Pacific share a number of ecological characteristics, related to common latitudes and similar oceanographic and atmospheric conditions. Both regions were occupied in pre-modern times by subsistence harvesters with varying degrees of dependence on the marine environments for survival, and both areas became incorporated into capitalist, commercial fishing and hunting markets in the past several centuries. We compare the historical ecology of...

Investigating Ancient Foodways in the Copan Valley: Macrobotanicals from Late Classic, Terminal Classic, and Postclassic Middens in the Río Amarillo East Pocket (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Anarrubenia Capellin Ortega. Anarrubenia P. Capellin Ortega. Cameron L. McNeil. Edy Barrios.

In this paper, the analysis of macroremain samples from household contexts in the Río Amarillo East Pocket will be discussed. The analysis of these samples is part of a larger project to define the use of the environment by ancient inhabitants of the valley. Following upon the efforts of earlier projects such as PAC I and PAC II, we plan to assess macroremains from a diversity of groups and time periods to illuminate ancient consumption patterns. Hopefully, this data will increase our...

Jerry Sent Me to Mesoamerica and All I Got Was a Shirt... (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT D Clark Wernecke.

I was a returning (older) student, a market segment many universities have trouble relating to, fortunate to arrive at Florida Atlantic University with a number of other returning students. Dr. Kennedy let us run with our ideas, working CRM jobs, starting a lab on campus, and exploring our interests. Then one day, he comes to me and says, “I know this person who might need your skills” and I was off to Belize and Guatemala on the start of what has been both a great adventure and a rewarding...

Long Term, Community Level Protection and Management of Waterfowl in Mývatn N. Iceland (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Megan Hicks. Árni Einarsson. Kesara Anamthawat-Jónsson. Ágústa Edwald. Thomas H. McGovern.

Archaeological, paleo-environmental and ethnographic research in the lakeside community of Mývatn, N. Iceland, is uncovering the millennium-long history of interactions between people and seasonal populations of waterfowl. Protection of waterfowl from hunting seems to have been applied in tandem with annual, managed egg harvesting as a common resource management strategy. The interdisciplinary investigation underway seeks to understand long term norms and local traditional knowledge (LTK)...

Long-term Seabird Exploitation in the Faroe Islands (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Seth Brewington.

Fowling traditionally played an important role in the subsistence economy of the Faroe Islands. The large-scale, sustainable exploitation of wild seabirds in the Faroes is noted in written sources at least as far back as the 16th century. Though the practice of fowling in these islands no doubt far precedes the earliest written documentation, archaeological evidence for the activity has until recently been limited. However, recent archaeofaunal data are beginning to provide a more complete...

Looking at the Ancient Maya from the Outside (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Sander Van Der Leeuw.

I owe Vern Scarborough a great debt for the opportunity to look into the dynamics of Maya research in the context of the IHOPE Maya project. As a historian and prehistoric archaeologist, I have been struck by the way in which, in the research, two perspectives were commingled: the prehistorian's perspective looking (back) towards the origins of the heyday of (Classic) Maya culture and the historian's perspective looking (forward) for the emergence of certain elements of it. It seems to me that...

A Model for Urbanism from the Neotropics? (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Christian Isendahl. Elizabeth Graham.

Drawing from our own research on food, water, and waste management, we describe the development and characteristics of settled life in the humid neotropics with a view to isolating features or patterns that reflect sustainable trajectories. Because mainstream concepts of “the city” tend to be structured by urban experiences that lie outside the tropics and are recentist in outlook, we suggest that there are urban (and peri-urban) phenomena in the deep past of the neotropics that tend to be...

NABO Artifacts

PROJECT Uploaded by: Aaron Kendall

Project for artifact data from Norse sites across the North Atlantic islands, including Iceland, Greenland, and Shetland.

Rhythms of Stability and Change in the Central Mediterranean (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Rowan McLaughlin. Katrin Fenech. Rory Flood. Michelle Farrell. Ronika Power.

This paper explores changing patterns of isolation in prehistoric island societies, and their ongoing connections with the wider world. The case study is the expansion of agriculture in Southern Europe in the 6th millennium BC, and subsequent landscape and cultural evolution in the Maltese archipelago. This was a series of maritime events, establishing connectivity between Mediterranean islands whose inhabitants’ ‘Neolithic package’ lifeway permitted high-density settlements in small islands. In...

The Role Of Environment In The Collapse Of The Ancient Maya (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT B Turner.

Understanding the socioeconomic demise and depopulation of much of the Maya lowlands from the eighth to tenth centuries has been influenced historically by environmental evidence and human-environment frameworks emanating from beyond archaeology. Climate change was involved as early as 1917, but subsequently muted by the excesses of environmental determinism. The role of environment was subsequently reinstated in the latter parts of the 20th century, especially influenced by compelling evidence...

SKU08-004 (2014)

IMAGE Aaron Kendall. Aaron Kendall.


SKU08-009 (2014)

IMAGE Aaron Kendall. Aaron Kendall.


SKU08-010 (2014)

IMAGE Aaron Kendall. Aaron Kendall.


Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America