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Human Ecodynamics of Subarctic Islands of the North Atlantic and North Pacific in Comparative Perspective

Author(s): Ben Fitzhugh ; George Hambrecht ; Michael Etnier ; Catherine West

Year: 2016

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Summary

The subarctic islands of the North Atlantic and North Pacific share a number of ecological characteristics, related to common latitudes and similar oceanographic and atmospheric conditions. Both regions were occupied in pre-modern times by subsistence harvesters with varying degrees of dependence on the marine environments for survival, and both areas became incorporated into capitalist, commercial fishing and hunting markets in the past several centuries. We compare the historical ecology of maritime fishing/hunting of these regions and consider the hypothesis that commoditized harvests increased the vulnerability of subsistence communities to environmental perturbations more easily weathered when stocks were less heavily impacted.


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Human Ecodynamics of Subarctic Islands of the North Atlantic and North Pacific in Comparative Perspective. Ben Fitzhugh, George Hambrecht, Michael Etnier, Catherine West. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 403143)


Keywords


Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America