communities (Other Keyword)

1-14 (14 Records)

Can Architecture Reveal Elements of Ethnicity? A Case Study Using Ancestral Puebloan Built Form Aimed at Identifying Intracultural Variation in the Greater Mesa Verde Region During the Pueblo III Period (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Candice Disque.

Settlement locations and the resultant built form are an essential part in understanding the social and cultural ideals of prehistoric peoples. Vital information pertaining to intracultural diversity is lost when the ideals, beliefs, values, and identities of multiple communities within a culture are homogenized. Landscape analysis of the Sand Canyon Pueblo community, Cajon Mesa communities, and the Ten Acres Community has revealed distinct differences in site location and orientation; masonry...


Centralized Households and Decentralized Communities: Economic Integration in a Marpole Period Plankhouse Village (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Patrick Dolan. Colin Grier.

The Marpole Period (2500 to 1000 BP) was a time of social transformation in the Salish Sea region of the Northwest Coast of North America. During this period, social and economic relations became increasingly bound up in the operation of centralized, long-lived, multifamily households. Yet, centralization arguably failed to extend far past plankhouse walls, producing regionally decentralized economic communities. This paper examines the processes underlying this pattern from the vantage point of...


Community Resilience in the Río Amarillo East Pocket: Commoner Occupation around Río Amarillo and Quebrada Piedras Negras at the end of Late Classic through Postclassic Periods (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Edy Barrios. Cameron L. McNeil. Mauricio Díaz. Antolín Velásquez. Walter Burgos.

Recent and ongoing research at residential groups at the sites of Río Amarillo and Quebrada Piedras Negras are providing a better understanding of the lives of commoners and of the population dynamics during the Late Classic through the Postclassic period in this area. These sites share the second-widest pocket of the Copan River Valley, and lie in the middle of one of the main trade routes between Copan and Quirigua. The excavations and mapping of the household groups distributed in this...


Creating a Cahokian Community: Rethinking Mississippian Storage Practices (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Elizabeth Watts Malouchos. Alleen Betzenhauser.

The procurement, processing, preparation and most importantly here, the storage of food, are inextricably tied to the everyday lived experiences of peoples of the past and cannot be disentangled from larger social, economic, and political processes. Storage pits and structures feature prominently in prior studies of Mississippian households but they are mostly regarded as utilitarian and economic spaces rather than integral to communities. Similarly, previous interpretations of Mississippian...


Exploring the Social Affects of Hurricane Recovery in Colonial St. Augustine (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only William Locascio. Sarah Taylor.

Data gathered during two seasons of excavation of a Minorcan household in St. Augustine, FL are examined for patterns that reflect how recovery from the hurricane that hit the city on October 5, 1811 affected social systems and relations within the city’s communities. Johnson (2005) has argued that recovery from the disaster created strong bonds among members of the communities and acted to level social inequality within them. Schwartz (2005), however, notes that during the colonial period...


Finding Forts and Their Communities: CEO and His Two Cents (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Zachary J. M. Beier.

This is an abstract from the "The Transformation of Historical Archaeology: Papers in Honor of Charles E Orser, Jr" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. While not a primary focus of his significant research agenda, colonial fortifications introduced a young Charles E. Orser, Jr. to the field of historical archaeology in the 1970s. Later, Orser noted that despite the long tradition of excavation and preservation at these prominent places,...


The Forging of Communities at Colony Ross (1812-1841) in Northern California (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kent Lightfoot.

The purpose of this paper is to examine the multiple communities that materialized at Colony Ross, the mercantile outpost administered by the Russian-American Company in northern California from 1812-1841. Archaeological and archival research suggests that several distinctive pluralistic communities, comprised mostly of colonial men and indigenous people, were established at Colony Ross. The paper will examine the dynamic relations of these communities, including how they formed, how they...


From Households to Communities and Back Again: Bridging Analytical Scales in Search of Conflict, Coalescence, and Communitas (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cameron Wesson.

Archaeological examinations of households and communities have increased dramatically over the past decade. These studies explore the ways people define themselves while simultaneously shaping the social interactions, physical spaces, and material objects that comprise their daily existence. Despite the considerable insights generated by such studies, it is often difficult to bridge analytical scales when research is primarily focused at either the household or community level, with little to...


Local Communities, Ceramic Use, and the Uneven Development of Social Complexity in the Late Valdivia Period of Coastal Ecuador (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Rowe.

The Late Valdivia period of the coast of Ecuador is often portrayed as one of movement, as sites in the former "heartland" adjacent to the Santa Elena Peninsula were abandoned and new, larger sites were founded at the former peripheries to the north and south. These new sites are implicated in the development of incipient social hierarchy within Valdivia society. However, recent research at the site of Buen Suceso in the Manglaralto Valley suggests that this process of developing social...


Making Food, Making Middens, and Making Communities: Exploring the Effects of Cooking and Trash Disposal on a Virginia Plantation (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew C. Greer. Scott Oliver.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeologies of Enslavement" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Recent excavations at Belle Grove Plantation (Frederick County, Virginia) have identified what appears to be an outdoor cooking pit associated with one of the property’s early to mid-19th century slave quarters. While we do not know how long those enslaved at Belle Grove used this feature, eventually numerous large faunal elements (presumably the remains...


Material Culture of Communities: Temporal and Spatial Patterns in the Material Culture of the Goodman Point Community (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kari Schleher. Jamie Merewether. Grant Coffey.

In this paper, we explore temporal and spatial patterns present in the material culture of the Goodman Point Community. The Goodman Point area of southwestern Colorado was home to ancestral Pueblo peoples from the A.D. 600s until depopulation of the broader region around A.D. 1280. Recent laboratory analyses by the Crow Canyon Archaeological Center have produced a large data set of the material culture within the later Goodman Point Community, including data on over 95,000 sherds and 75,000...


The Mississippian Community at Town Creek (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Edmond Boudreaux.

Archaeological uses of the term “community” incorporate elements of the physical environment, which often include a particular place on the landscape, and elements of the built environment, such as the structures and spaces that people created there. In addition to being a place, the concept of “community” also entails the social, economic, and political relationships that existed among the individuals and groups that lived there. This paper presents an overview of the Mississippian community at...


More than a Matter of Scale: Exploring Relationships Between Households and Communities (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cameron Wesson.

Increased use of remote sensing techniques in archaeology has afforded researchers unparalleled opportunities to examine the spatial dimensions of ancient settlements. At the same time, we have witnessed a dramatic increase in archaeological research directed toward the examination of households. Although both scales of inquiry are capable of producing meaningful archaeological insights, distinct theoretical perspectives have developed out of attempts to reconstruct past social relationships...


Seeking New Metaphors for Communities and Households in the Ancestral Pueblo Southwest (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gregson Schachner.

Investigations of households and communities have long been strengths of archaeological research in the American Southwest. As the spatial breadth and temporal resolution of these studies has improved, the archaeological record has raised key challenges to our preconceptions of the scale, stability, and structure of Ancestral Pueblo communities and households. Newer models must reconcile evidence for the frequent movement of individuals and households with contrasting data attesting to long-term...