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Indian Ocean (Other Keyword)

1-7 (7 Records)

Anthropogenic plant translocations in the western Indian Ocean: Archaeobotanical perspectives on the Anthropocene from Madagascar and the Comoros (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Alison Crowther. Nicole Boivin. Leilani Lucas. Henry Wright. Chantal Radimilahy.

Although Madagascar is probably best known for its unique endemic flora and fauna, humans have also played a key role in shaping biological diversity on the island. Indeed, it is estimated that humans have been responsible for the introduction of some 10% of Madagascar’s flora in the centuries since the island was first colonised. For many of these plants, the precise dates of introduction are unknown; and while many are undoubtedly relatively recent introductions, a number are suggested to have...

The Archaeology of Mauritian Indentured Labor: Social Life and Death (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Julia Haines.

This paper provides a comparative case study for archaeological studies of slavery and indenture. I investigate the 19th century landscape and material culture of indentured laborers on the Bras d'Eau sugar estate in northeastern Mauritius, Indian Ocean. After emancipation, indentured laborers lived and worked within the same physical plantation landscapes as the enslaved individuals who came before them. However, Asian indentured laborers in Mauritius were immigrants and migrants: one-third...

Cosmopolitan to Different Degrees: Daily Engagement with Maritime Culture at Swahili Towns at the Turn of the 16th Century (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Matthew Pawlowicz.

One of the most important developments from the past couple of decades towards understanding the history of the East African coast has been an appreciation of diversity among Swahili communities. Those communities each experienced the broad trends and developments that have been used to characterize Swahili history, but their experience of those trends was not uniform. This paper explores such diversity towards the end of the Swahili florescence at the turn of the 16th century, drawing on recent...

Entangled Pasts and Futures: Historical Archaeologies in and of the Indian Ocean (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Alistair Paterson. Jonathan Walz.

This paper explores new approaches to conducting archaeology and making histories in and of the Indian Ocean. First, it outlines previous practices and uses of archaeology in the region. Secondly, it suggests "questions that count" as avenues to re-representing aspects of communities and their entanglements across this aquacentric space and through time. In part, we employ more recent pasts and sources to unveil deeper histories with contemporary implications for this cosmopolitan region and its...

Makak: Between History and Heritage (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Chip Colwell.

This paper examines a "mythic" settlement named Makak, located at the edge of Le Morne Cultural Landscape, a World Heritage Site, in Mauritius. A recent ethnohistoric study, conducted in collaboration with Mauritian colleagues used an array of oral, written, and material evidence to show that Makak is an informal place name for an area first settled by French colonists in the 1700s, then by several prominent "Free Colored" families in the 1800s, and finally depopulated as residents were forcibly...

Silences and Mentions in the Historical Archaeology of the Indian Ocean: Themes for a New Research Agenda (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Paul Lane.

Research on the archaeology of the last five hundred years around the Indian Ocean rim is distinctly patchy. This contrasts with the body of material now available concerning earlier periods, and especially concerning the ear between ca. 500 BCE and 1500 CE. Where research has been undertaken this has tended to have had either a fairly local or at best limited regional focus. This has meant that many of the interconnections between different areas of the Indian Ocean have been left unexplored....

The Strategic Location of the Maldives in Indian Ocean Maritime Trade and Colonization (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Richard Callaghan.

The Maldives Islands, situated off the south west coast of India, form a chain trending from north 6.930° to south 0.700° latitude, an extent of approximately 850 km. The chain divides the Indian into east and west as well as marking the divide between the seasonal monsoon weather patterns. Present evidence suggests that the island chain was occupied as early as the 5th or 4th century BC with close ties to India. The islands became strongly culturally and commercially connected to both Asia and...

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America