Brazil (Other Keyword)

1-11 (11 Records)

Attempt of Modelization of the First Settlements in America at Pleistocene Based on the New Archaeological Sequences in Piaui (Brazil) (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Eric Boeda. Christine Hatté. Michel Fontugne. Christelle Lahaye.

The research our teams are conducting in the parc of Capivara in Brazil since 2008 lead to reveal 6 new Pleistocene archaeological sequences . The sites are all located within a 20 km area and stem from different sedimentary and topographic environments including: open air, rock shelter, cave at the bottom of cuesta or in karst. Each of the sites shows different sedimentary sequences, including different archeological horizons and different typo-technical compositions. The dating that we have...


Confronting the Challenge of Analyzing Museum Collections with Limited Archival Data in Southern Brazil (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Evelyn R. Nimmo.

One of the major challenges in working with museum collections of excavated material is the paucity of information available about the original excavation. What value do these collections have without any context? This paper examines a case study of an archaeological collection from one of the first Spanish Jesuit missions founded in Southern Brazil, housed at the Paranaense Museum, Curitiba, Brazil. The mission, Santo Inacio Mini (1610 – 1631), was the largest in the province and was integral...


Fire and feasting. The role of plants in Brazilian shellmounds funerary rituals. (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rita Scheel-Ybert.

Shellmounds occurring along most of the Brazilian coast, locally named "sambaquis", testify of an occupation dated from at least 8000 to c. 1000 years BP. Although traditionally considered as waste deposits, they are now largely recognized as funerary sites constructed by sedentary fishers. The development of archaeobotanical studies in the Southern/Southeastern Brazilian coast is demonstrating the consumption of a wide variety of wild and domesticated plants, pointing to a system of mixed...


Harbor Archaeology in Sergipe: Initial Results and Considerations (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Paulo F. Bava de Camargo.

In this poster, we intend to discuss some results achieved by the project Harbor Archaeology in Sergipe: inventory and contextualization of structures, developed in the Federal University of Sergipe. We will highlight the remnants and structures identified along the Sergipe River, as well as shipwrecks that have been found in Real and in São Francisco Rivers, both bordering the state of Sergipe. The main goal of this project is to stablish the foundations for the development of a systematic...


The Laboratory of Aquatic Environments Archaeology of Federal University of Sergipe (LAAA-UFS): Ten Years of Research (2009-2019) (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gilson Rambelli. Paulo F. Bava-de-Camargo. Daniel Martins Gusmao. Luciana C. (2,3) Nunes Novaes. Leandro D. Duran. Luís F. Dantas Santos. Beatriz B. Bandeira.

This is a poster submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The aim of this poster is to present a general overview of the research that have been developed by LAAA-UFS in its ten years of existence. Since the themes of the researches is quite varied, it was decided to use a broader concept than Maritime Archaeology in the name of the laboratory. Thus, in general terms, the various material forms of human interaction with water are the focus of...


Luminescence Dating at Alice Boer site, Brazil (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only James Feathers. Astolfo Araujo.

The Alice Boer site, in the Rio Claro region of São Paulo state, Brazil, gained some renown in the 1970s as a possible pre-Clovis site. It was excavated in the 1960s by Maria Beltrão and produced a questionable radiocarbon date of 14.2 ± 1.2 BP (uncalibrated) drawn from a very small (for conventional dating) charcoal piece near the bottom of an ant-disturbed cultural layer. A TL date on burned chert of 11 kya was also produced. The presence of artifacts in the lower layers and the integrity of...


Mobility and Territoriality in the Early Peopling of Central Brazilian Plateau (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lucas Bueno. Andrei Isnardis.

The occupation of Central Brazilian Plateau between late Pleistocene and early Holocene seems to have privileged as displacement axies the fluvial valleys of the great perennial rivers that crosscut this region. This proposal is based on the existence of sites with similar characteristics, located at great distances, as the Rio Peruaçu (Minas Gerais state) and the Serra da Capivara (Piauí state), connected to the same hidrografic basin, and presenting same occupation chronologies. Throughout...


News from unknown parts of the Amazon, interfluvial sites come to light (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Myrtle Shock.

The expansion of archaeological research in the Amazon Basin, from the margins of major tributaries to small rivers and headwaters is populating empty portions of our maps. In the region of Presidente Figueiredo, Amazonas State, Brazil, occupation of the interfluvial zone was neither ephemeral nor short lived with sites every two kilometers, on average. One extensively excavated site, Claudio Cutião, was occupied for over 1000 years beginning around 1600 BP. The formation of anthropic dark earth...


Phytolith analysis in Sernambetiba shell mound, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jorge Mateus. Rita Scheel-Ybert.

Phytoliths are an important evidence for archaeology to address the behavior of ancient human societies, specifically their relation with botanical contexts. As with any other archaeological material, it is important to assess the preservation of these silica structures, understanding the process of degradation and dissolution that affects them. One of the factors cited in the literature as responsible for the degradation of phytoliths is the alkaline condition of sediments. Humid tropical...


TECHNOLOGICAL VARIABILITY IN THE ANCIENT HOLOCENE IN THE CENTRAL PLATEAU OF BRAZIL AND BORDER SOUTHWESTERN BRAZIL WITH URUGUAY (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sibeli Viana. Maria Gluchy.

We’ll present reflections about the technological variability of two regions of Brazil, the Central Plateau and the southern state of Rio Grande do Sul. Both are dated from the ancient Holocene and the results comes from techno-functional analysis applied in lithic materials evidenced in sites of these regions. The Central Plateau is characterized by the Itaparica Techno-complex, composed of instruments with silhouette easily identifiable. The technical design allows a standardized hafting and...


Toward an Archaeology of Self-Liberation (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Charles Orser.

Hierarchical, capitalist society, though inherently domineering and oppressive, creates spaces for self-actualization. These spaces, most often transitory and short-lived, allow for a degree of class-based self-liberation. Using ideas from anarchist thinkers, I explore the concept of self-liberation with specific reference to two archaeological sites: the seventeenth-century maroon community of Palmares in northeast Brazil, and a nineteenth-century tenant-farming community in central Ireland...