submarine (Other Keyword)

1-11 (11 Records)

The A7 Project - An investigation of HM Submarine A7 (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Peter Holt.

January 2014 was the 100th anniversary of the loss of the Royal Navy submarine A7, sunk during a training exercise off Plymouth, England.  All contemporary salvage attempts failed and the submarine was abandoned on the seabed and forgotten, but the wreck was rediscovered by sports divers in 1981.  In 2001, problems with sports divers removing parts of the submarine prompted the UK Ministry of Defence to designate the site under the Protection of Military Remains Act and all diving was banned. In...


An Archaeological Investigation Of The Submarine Resurgam (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only William Garrett. Peter Holt.

The early steam powered submarine Resurgam was designed and built by an eccentric curate from Manchester, England, and was lost in mysterious circumstances off North Wales in 1880.  The submarine was relocated in 1995 and was investigated in 1997 by a mixed team of avocational and professional divers, archaeologists and conservators during the SubMap project.  A summary of the results of this and later investigations is presented along with a new analysis of the Resurgam submarine's...


The Deep-water Ecology of the HMS Olympus: an Analysis of the Archaeological Impact of Marine Growth on Submerged Material Culture Beneath the Photic Zone. (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Chanelle Zaphiropoulos. Timmy Gambin.

This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Since 1942, the HMS Olympus has rested at approximately 130 meters beneath the surface and has become a thriving deep water reef environment. Since the submarine's rediscovery, it has been visited by teams of technical divers lead by Professor Timmy Gambin. Given its depth, researchers have only a short period of bottom time during which they may examine the wreck's condition. On...


George Dixon: Personal artifacts of H.L. Hunley’s enigmatic captain. (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael P Scafuri.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Lives Revealed: Interpreting the Human Remains and Personal Artifacts from the Civil War Submarine H. L. Hunley" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. George E. Dixon was the last captain of the H.L. Hunley submarine. He was the most famous member of the crew during the historic events surrounding the submarine’s sinking of USS Housatonic, but many details of his life remain a mystery. This paper will take a...


H.L. Hunley The Next Step: Inside The Side (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert S Neyland.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Lives Revealed: Interpreting the Human Remains and Personal Artifacts from the Civil War Submarine H. L. Hunley" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. This presentation introduces the ongoing research and analysis being conducted in prepartion for the Hunley report on the interior excavation of the submarine, the personal effects of the crew, and the forensic analysis of the eight crewmembers. Hunley was a sealed...


The Holland 5 Submarine Project (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mark I Beattie-Edwards.

The Holland 5 submarine was one of the Britsh Royal Navy's first commissioned submarines. Lost in August 1912 she lay on the seabed off Eastbourne, Sussex, Egland until being discovered by a recreational diver in 1995.  Since 2006 the Nautical Archaeology Society have been organising trips to the submarine and undertaking monitoring work of the boats condition. The distant offshore position of the wreck presents unique problems to the heritage agencies in how the site should be protected. This...


Investigating the Royal Navy submarine HMS/M A7 lost in Whitsand Bay, Cornwall, in 1914; (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Allen Murray. Mallory Haas.

In 1914 A7 was on a training run and subsequently began her training dive, she was unable to surface again. Attempts were made to relocate her, but by that time all hands were lost, a total of 11 lives.  The Royal Navy was then unable to recover her, and she was abandoned.  Forgotten till sports divers relocated her in the 1970’s, then in 2001 A7 was designated a Controlled Site, under the Protection of Military Remains Act. Little was known of the wreck site due to a lack of monitoring of its...


Petrolheads: Managing England’s Early Submarines (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mark Dunkley. Hanna Steyne.

English Heritage, the UK Government’s adviser on the historic environment of England, has over a decade of experience in the management of shipwreck sites. This experience is largely based on managing change to the remains of sunken wooden vessels which allowed for the publication of online guidance on pre-Industrial ships and boats in spring 2011. However, in order to begin to understand the management requirements of metal-hulled ships and boats, English Heritage has commenced a programme of...


A Shot in the Dark: Assessing the Navigational Capabilities of H.L. Hunley (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Emily Schwalbe.

Early submarines faced many logistical challenges, one of them being the ability to steer and navigate while submerged. The Civil War submarine H.L. Hunley was no exception to this problem. Hunley’s depth and direction while in operation were the responsibility of its captain, who sat in the forward most crew station and, according to the historical and archaeological record, determined the vessel’s course based on a compass and dead reckoning.  Recent archaeological study has begun to...


Sunken US Navy Submarines: Archaeological Sites And War Graves of the World Wars (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert S Neyland.

This presentation discusses the quantity and context of the US Navy's submarine losses during World War I, World War II and the Cold War. The wrecks include losses due to combat, misadventure, and intentional scuttling.  Submarine wrecks representing war graves are given special consideration since they represent more than wreck sites for research, but also places that should be respected. The locations and causes of sinking of many submarines have been documented, however the final resting...


Under the Concretion: Examining New Evidence for H.L. Hunley’s Attack on USS Housatonic (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael P Scafuri.

On February 17, 1864, the Civil War submarine H.L. Hunley detonated its spar-mounted torpedo against the hull of USS Housatonic, sinking the blockading ship several miles off the coast of Charleston, SC. While successful, this attack also resulted in the loss of Hunley. Recent conservation work on the hull of the submarine has revealed more details about the condition of the submarine and provided new clues about the causes and relevance of some of the damage found to the submarine. This paper...