Andes: Late Intermediate (Other Keyword)

1-25 (119 Records)

Alternative Complexities in the Central Andes: An Anarchist Approach to Chancay Political Organization in the Huanangue Valley (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kasia Szremski.

Understanding the political organization of Late Intermediate Period (1000 – 1470 CE) societies along the central coast of Peru has remained challenging. The urban/proto-urban settlements that are characteristic of groups like the Chancay, Ichma, and the Chinca (among others) have been interpreted as material manifestations of elite power, however, many of these societies don’t fit traditional models of chiefdoms or states. Using a combination of ethnohistoric data, settlement pattern analysis,...


An Alternative Pattern of Coalescence: A Study of Architecture and Organization at a Non-fortified, Pre-Inca Town in the Southern Highlands of Peru (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ryan Smith.

This is an abstract from the "Beyond the Round House: Spatial Logic and Settlement Organization across the Late Andean Highlands" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper presents a detailed analysis of architecture and spatial organization at Maukallaqta de Nuñoa, a pre-Inca site in the highlands of southern Peru. Maukallaqta was constructed at a time when societies across much of the central Andean highlands were constrained by persistent...


Analysis of Cuchimilcos from Coastal Peru (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Stacy Dunn. Abigail Bennett.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Cuchimilcos are small painted clay figurines and are one of the most recognized artifacts from ancient coastal Peru. They are associated frequently with the Chancay culture (1100-1400 AD) but are found throughout the central and north coast. Although most museums have one, little is certain about their purpose in society. To address the questions of function...


Assessing Food-Based Trade and Mobility in the Chincha Valley (Peru) Using Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christine Bergmann. Robert H. Tykot.

Peru is commonly known for having the largest empire in pre-Columbian America, but comparatively little is known about the subsistence practices of the pre-Inca communities that existed in the inland valley of Chincha during the Late Intermediate Period (AD 1000-1476). The Chinchas formed a powerful socio-economic entity within the Chincha Kingdom in part of the southern region of Peru nearest to the Pacific Ocean. Our research tests the hypothesis that individuals relied more heavily on a...


Assessing Impacts of Late Holocene Environmental Variability on the Demography of Prehispanic Societies in Northern Chile (18°-29°S) (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Eugenia Gayo. Calogero Santoro. Claudio Latorre. Virginia Mcrostie. Jose M. Capriles.

Agricultural communities began to spread over much of the Atacama Desert (18°-29°S) at 3.5 ka BP, triggering unprecedented levels of population growth. In inland areas and particularly along desert oases, this phenomenon featured increasing complexity in food-production systems and sedentary lifestyles with population aggregating in architecturally complex villages. Whereas, littoral populations maintained marine foraging and fishing strategies with limited inland food-resources. Both lifestyles...


Ayllu There in the Upper Marañón? Founding Ancestors and Political Dynamics in the Rapayán Region of Ancash/Huánuco during the LIP (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Hernando Malca Cardoza. Alexis Mantha.

Andean scholars generally conceive the ayllu as representing a group of people who consider themselves to be related by common descent and who collectively possess and exploit resources (land and water). In many regions of the Andes during late pre-Hispanic times, ayllu members retraced their common origin and kinship ties through the celebration of a mummified founding ancestor. Ayllus could either be small or large and often the smaller units were hierarchically integrated into the larger...


Behind the Walls: LIP Architecture and Settlement Organization across the Peruvian Titicaca Basin (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Elizabeth Arkush.

This is an abstract from the "Beyond the Round House: Spatial Logic and Settlement Organization across the Late Andean Highlands" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. At hilltop sites in the Titicaca basin, the good architectural preservation of house foundations, patios, walkways, tombs, and dividing walls offers a glimpse of the organization and day-to-day functioning of LIP communities. These architectural choices potentially had implications for the...


Beyond the Wall: Defensive Arrangements, Conflicts and Coexistence Inside an Andean Oasis during the Late Intermediate Period (1100–1450 AD) (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Romuald Housse.

Located on the western foothills of the Andes, in the region of Tacna, the study area seems to have been densely occupied during the Late Intermediate Period (1100–1450 AD) as the recent archaeological research carried out in the area has demonstrated it. The many agricultural terraces and irrigation canals, as well as the numerous residential settlements, some of which are fortified, seem to demonstrate a strong desire for control and management of resources among the different groups occupying...


A Bioarchaeological Approach to the Social Construction of Community Identities in Mountain Landscapes (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sara Marsteller.

This is an abstract from the "Living and Dying in Mountain and Highland Landscapes" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Huarochirí Manuscript has made legendary the social relationships of pre-Columbian groups inhabiting the Andean mountain landscape that ascends steeply from the present-day coastal capital city of Lima, Peru, to the high-altitude Huarochirí Province. In this famous collection of ethnohistoric narratives, authored in the indigenous...


Bones Left Behind: Living Spaces at a Residential Compound at Cerro la Virgen, a Rural Chimu LIP Settlement (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jean Hudson. Roberta Boczkiewicz. Brian Billman. Jesus Briceño.

Cerro la Virgen (CLV) is a town-sized LIP site located in the Moche Valley a few kilometers from Chan Chan, the administrative and political center of the Andean polity of Chimu. Previous studies have focused on ceramics and regional politics (Keatinge 1974, 1975), the kinds of plant and animal remains found in residential dumps (Pozorski 1976, 1979; Billman et al in press), and multiple lines of evidence for the nature of the political relationship between the residents of CLV and the...


Burial Garments of a Chimu Child Sacrifice from Pampa La Cruz, Huanchaco, Peru (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Natalie Carpiaux. Alicia Boswell. Jessica Walthew. Gabriel Prieto.

The site of Pampa la Cruz, located in Peru’s northern coast in Huanchaco, is situated just north of the ancient Chimu capital of Chan Chan. A multi-component site with occupations from the Salinar, Gallinazo, and Chimu eras (400 BC – AD 1470), excavations in 2016 recovered Chimu child sacrifices. Each body was interred wearing multiple garments, including mantles, loincloths, and tunics. Environmental and soil conditions enabled the preservation of these textiles. In July 2017 students in the...


The Cahuacucho Idol of the Casma culture (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mónica Suarez Ubillus. Iván Ghezzi.

This is an abstract from the "Casma State Material Culture and Society: Organizing, Analyzing, and Interpreting Archaeological Evidence of a Re-emergent Ancient Polity" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In 2015 Suárez reported the discovery in the high parts of Cerro Cahuacucho (Sechin Valley) of a carved algarrobo (Prosopis sp.) tree trunk, over 2 m long and 118 kg in weight. It was carved on one side with the representation in profile of 5 felines....


Camelid Herding and Enduring Community Identities among the Ayarmacas (Cuzco, Peru) (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kylie Quave. R. Alan Covey.

Indiscriminate invocation of the term ayllu constrains archaeological reconstructions of community organization in the pre-contact Andean highlands. Legacies of earlier generations of anthropological scholarship encourage researchers to assume particular traits of sociopolitical organization. Archaeological and ethnohistoric evidence from the Cuzco region of Peru demonstrates how such assumptions can be an obstacle to developing accurate representations of social organization. As Inca elites...


Camelids Consumption and Utilization at the Archaeological Site of Huayuri, South Coast of Peru (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mary Claudia Avila Peltroche.

In this work the author presents the preliminary results of the animal bones analyzes from the archaeological site of Huayuri. This site, located in the south coast of Peru, shows evidences of ocupations since the Late Intermediate Period to the Late Horizon. The materials were recovered during the excavations that took place in 2002 and 2005 in the Compound 03, located at the south part of the site. The analysis was primarily focused on the camelid bones, taking into consideration the cultural...


Canas, Canchis and Cuzco: What Was the Scale of Community Allegiance in the LIP? (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Bill Sillar.

The Inca encountered the Canas and Canchis ethnic groups when they expanded out of Cuzco. Canas sites in the herding areas of Espinar show larger scale and more developed settlements than most of those in their agricultural region of the upper Vilcanota Valley. This raises questions about the scale of ‘community’ (village, kinship group, subsistence group, ethnic group). But to address this we need to consider the degree to which allegiance to leaders, ancestors and huacas as well as the...


Casma Domestic life at the El Campanario site, Huarmey Valley – Peru (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jose Peña.

Households are the most important social unit in every society. The production and consumption of resources within the household can provide information on how resources were obtained, stored and distributed within the Household or the community. Recent archaeological research had provided significant information about the Casma polity, which occupied the northern coast of Peru between 700-1400 A.D. The Casma society is viewed as a centralized polity that controlled several coastal valleys....


Casma Occupation at Pan de Azúcar de Nepeña: Findings from the 2017 and 2018 PIAPAN Field Seasons (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jenna Hurtubise.

This is an abstract from the "Casma State Material Culture and Society: Organizing, Analyzing, and Interpreting Archaeological Evidence of a Re-emergent Ancient Polity" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In 1968 and 1973, Donald Proulx conducted surface surveys of the Nepeña Valley, registering sites spanning different time periods and cultural occupations. One of these sites, registered as PV31-29, is Pan de Azúcar de Nepeña, a Casma site consisting...


Cerro Cumbray: A Chimu Frontier Outpost (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew Ballance. Patrick Mullins. Brian Billman.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Cerro Cumbray is a Chimu hilltop settlement located near the modern town of Simbal, Peru. During the 2018 field season, the authors used aerial photography via drone to create a site map and conducted a limited pedestrian survey in order to better understand site chronology and context. While Cerro Cumbray lacks indications of large-scale fortification; the...


Chincha-Inka Mortuary Traditions at Jahuay, Quebrada de Topará (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jo Osborn. Brittany Hundman. Camille Weinberg. Kelita Perez.

This is an abstract from the "From the Paracas Culture to the Inca Empire: Recent Archaeological Research in the Chincha Valley, Peru" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The site of Jahuay, located 20 km north of the Chincha Valley, was first occupied during the Early Horizon as a commoner fishing community. In later eras, it was reoccupied by the Chincha and Inka, possibly as a tambo. During the 2017 and 2018 field seasons, the Proyecto de...


Chornancap: Palacio y Mausoleo de la Gobernante y de la Cultura Lambayeque, Perú (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carlos Wester.

Las investigaciones en Chotuna Chornancap – Lambayeque – Perú, pusieron a la luz el hallazgo de contextos funerarios de personajes de élite, uno de ellos correspondiente a una "Gobernante y Sacerdotisa" de la fase Tardía de la cultura Lambayeque (XII-XIIId.C). El fardo funerario de la gobernante/sacerdotisa enterrado con ocho acompañantes, ornamentos de alto rango, poder y autoridad, han permitido documentar una de las más conspicuas autoridades políticas y religiosas de la cultura Lambayeque....


Climatic and Demographic Changes in the South Central Andean Highlands during the Late Holocene (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Eugenia Gayo. Jose M. Capriles.

This is an abstract from the "Global Perspectives on Climate-Human Population Dynamics During the Late Holocene" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The south central Andean highlands have a rich and complex socio-environmental history. Although generally seen as a single cultural area with fluid sociocultural interaction, its geographic heterogeneity is mirrored by its cultural diversity. To explain the varying effects of climate in the late Holocene...


Comparability of Photogrammetry and Laser Scanners for Generating 3D Surfaces for Archaeological Questions (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Anna Lockhart.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Three-dimensional modeling has become an invaluable tool in many areas of archaeology, including bioarchaeological contexts. 3D modeling can increase the scope and scale of many research questions by, for example, allowing for the use of geometric morphometrics to provide high-resolution anatomical information. Unfortunately, rendering 3D surface data has...


Comparing the Household Activities from Cerro la Guitarra (Zaña Valley, Peru) (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carlos Osores. Bradley Parker.

New insights from household archaeology on the north coast of Peru provide lines of evidence about the complex patterns of daily life. Also, few studies about the domestic life were carried out at the Zaña Valley. The first field season at Cerro la Guitarra, a fortified hill site with occupations from the Late Intermediate Period (1100-1400 AD) in the Zaña Valley, was very successful because it allows us to explore residential life using ceramics, architecture, and faunal analysis with the goal...


Comparison of Slip Colors from Andean Styles (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Emilee Witte. Emily Schach. Donna Nash.

This is an abstract from the "Exploring Culture Contact and Diversity in Southern Peru" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Rescue excavations conducted at the Terminal Terrestre site in Moquegua, Peru recovered a diverse collection of complete ceramic vessels representing several styles dating to Terminal Middle Horizon (900-1100 CE), Late Intermediate period (1100-1400 CE), and Late Horizon (1400-1532 CE). Through the use of portable X-Ray...


Conflict, Spatial Organization and Group Identity during the Late Intermediate Period in the Bolivian Southern Altiplano (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alejandra Sejas Portillo.

This is an abstract from the "Beyond the Round House: Spatial Logic and Settlement Organization across the Late Andean Highlands" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. During the Late Intermediate Period, the Southern Altiplano region was characterized by the presence of conflict and fortified settlements. These societies have been described as having a corporate leadership, linked to a founding ancestor, which granted them privileged access to...