Ritual and Symbolism (Other Keyword)

1-25 (182 Records)

Algonquian Landscapes and Multispecies Archaeology in the Chesapeake (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Martin Gallivan.

This is an abstract from the "Silenced Rituals in Indigenous North American Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archaeological and ethnohistorical studies have begun to trace the ritualized practices of Native groups as they returned to places with deep histories throughout the Southeast during the colonial era. In the seventeenth-century Chesapeake, Algonquian groups traveled across contested territories to bury ancestors, animals, and...


An Analysis of Projectile Point Agency from the South Diamond Creek Pueblo Site (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Stanton.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper presents an analysis of the projectile points recovered from the South Diamond Creek Pueblo (SDCP) site. This project took place over two summers in 2016 and 2017 and involved a salvage excavation of a Classic Mimbres pueblo. The excavation of the site yielded numerous intact projectile points in various contexts. By integrating a Behavioral...


Analyzing the Relationship between Peri-abandonment Deposits and the Eastern Shrine of Xunantunich, Group B (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Aimee Alvarado.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Peri-abandonment deposits in the Maya region have been a source of contention in recent years given the varied artifact assemblages and the lack of clear understanding for their purpose. This research describes peri-abandonment deposits at Xunantunich, Group B, an elite residential plazuela group located approximately 150 meters from the site core. Excavations...


And the Legacy Continues: Homol’ovi Looking Forward (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Saul Hedquist. Samantha Fladd. Vincent M. LaMotta. Nancy Odegaard.

This paper honors the anthropological contributions of the Homol’ovi Research Program (HRP) and its directors. We reflect on the conception and implementation of field and curation protocols that enabled years of innovative research into ancient Pueblo lifeways, work that continues today. Though fieldwork in the region has ceased, researchers still benefit from exceptional field recording standards, sound conservation techniques, and an explicitly behavioral project methodology. HRP was...


Animal as Social Actor: A Case Study of a Pre-Colonial Northern Tiwa Structure (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Melanie Cootsona.

This paper explores the role of animals as social actors, namely the way natural animal behaviors influence human religious settings. The paper focuses on the case study of a floor organization of a formally closed thirteenth century Northern Tiwa kiva in the Northern Rio Grande region of New Mexico. The worldview and beliefs of the Northern Tiwa were deeply shaped by the species and biomes with whom they co-habited. Through the synthesis of material data, ethnographic information and behavioral...


Animal Bones from Hazor, Israel and a Cautionary Tale of Interpreting Past Ritual (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Justin Lev-Tov.

Within recent years, feasting and other forms of ritual consumption have become more frequently identified in the archaeozoological record of the ancient Near East. Reasons for more frequent identification of ritual sacrifices and feasts vary, but two driving forces certainly are archaeological context, bones found in or near special architecture, and the cultural milieu formed by the region’s ancient textual record. In contrast, I have a skeptical tale to tell of ritual production and...


Animal Manifestations of the Creator Deities in the Maya Codices and the Popol Vuh (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gabrielle Vail. Allen Christenson.

This is an abstract from the "Animal Symbolism in Postclassic Mesoamerica: Papers in Honor of Cecelia Klein" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Scholars have long recognized that certain Mesoamerican deities appear in animal as well as anthropomorphic form. The Maya creator Itzamna, for example, has aspects corresponding to a bird, a turtle, and an alligator, while the aged "God L" may be linked to the opossum in its anthropomorphic form (Pawah-Ooch),...


Animals at Spiro Mounds: Patterns from Faunal Specimens and Engraved Shells (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dawn Rutecki.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper discusses results from examination of faunal remains and iconography from Spiro Mounds, Oklahoma. By combining multiple analyses, this research yielded data useful to recognizing animal use patterns at the site that may suggest how ideological structures affected food choice at the site. In particular, this paper highlights some examples that may...


Approaching the Iconography of Epiclassic Censer Ornaments, a Typology from Los Mogotes, Estado de México (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Edgar Alarcón Tinajero. Christopher Morehart. Angela Huster.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Censers are a subset of Mesoamerican ceramics interpreted as ritual vessels used to burn incense. In ancient central Mexico, censers tend to feature mold made or handmade clay ornaments that were possibly part of iconographically composite vessels. A challenge in their interpretation, however, is that these complex vessels are often found in isolated...


An Archaeology of Ash? Exploring Chacoan Contexts and Practices (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carrie Heitman. Paul Reed.

The goal of this paper is to bring together disparate data sources on various Chaco-era sites both within Chaco Canyon, NM and outside (Salmon Pueblo) to examine the use of ash in intramural contexts. In light of recent work on the dimensions of animation, precedence, ancestors and heirlooms evident in Chacoan architecture, what patterns emerge regarding the deliberate use and deposition of ash? And how might we use Puebloan ethnographic accounts of ash to help inform our interpretations? ...


The Archaeology of the Color Pink (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kimberly Wooten.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeologies of Health, Wellness, and Ability" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Journey with me to the year 2167, where our intrepid archaeologist has made a fascinating discovery... a FOOB! Carefully cradled in its pale pink packaging, this breast prosthetic is thought to have had ritual purposes, and while the prosthetics do not deteriorate over time, intact packaging has never been found in situ before! This...


Arriving at a Meaningful Rock Art Interpretation (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mavis Greer. John Greer.

This is an abstract from the "The Role of Rock Art in Cultural Understanding: A Symposium in Honor of Polly Schaafsma" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Knowing the past through rock art interpretation has been a hallmark of Polly Schaafsma’s rock art studies. She has advocated and practiced her stance that the meaning of rock art is not a guessing game but is instead the result of data collection and analysis completed within a theoretical...


Arroyo Pesquero y su "otra" ofrenda (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only María Andrea Celis Ng Teajan.

Desde el descubrimiento de una ofrenda masiva de objetos rituales hallada fortuitamente en un arroyo, el sitio Arqueológico de Arroyo Pesquero enclavado en el área nuclear olmeca ha generado una serie de discusiones acerca de la autenticidad de piezas dispersas en museos y colecciones privadas. Las piezas más representativas son máscaras y hachas de piedra verde con una iconografía propia de la cultura olmeca. Sin embargo, una parte del material del sitio se ha subestimado. Por Medellín Zenil...


Ash Matters: The Ritual Closing of Domestic Structures in the Mimbres Mogollon Region (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Barbara Roth.

Throughout much of the Southwestern U.S., ash was an important component of ritual deposition and has ethnographically been closely associated with processes of cleansing and renewal. The presence of ash in ritual contexts is well documented, but it also appears to have played an important role in the closing of domestic structures. In this paper, I present cases of ritual closure of domestic structures and examine the role that ash played in these closures using data from pithouse sites in the...


Ashes, Arrows, and Sorcerers (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Judy Berryman. William H. Walker.

Magic and witchcraft, like many classic topics in the anthropology of religion, involve everyday things such as dogs, plant pollen, ashes, and arrow points. As such the archaeological record offers a rich source of ancient religious practices if we can link formation of its deposits to past ritual activities. For example, strata exhibiting ash and projectile points deposited on floors and in the fill of abandoned houses may derive from protective magic. Rather than haphazardly tossed hearth...


Aztec Twin-Temple Pyramids as Evidence for State Religion through Shared Architecture and Symbology (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Aaron Ott.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Twin-temple pyramids of the Late Postclassic in Central Mexico became a distinct symbol of Aztec ideology. Nowhere is this demonstrated more than with Templo Mayor, the Great Temple of Tenochtitlán, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The deities worshiped and rituals conducted at Templo Mayor made it a beacon of ideological identity for the Mexica-Aztec,...


Bedrock Mortars as Symbolic Features (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jim Railey.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Bedrock mortars are common features in various parts of the world, including western North America. They are most often viewed as food-processing facilities, and indeed there is ample historical evidence for this function, especially from California and parts of the Great Basin. However, there is also evidence that bedrock mortars, or similar features, were...


Beheading Bugs and Spearing Stags: Depictions of Animal Sacrifice in Mesoamerica (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Newman.

This is an abstract from the "Decipherment, Digs, and Discourse: Honoring Stephen Houston's Contributions to Maya Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The practice of human sacrifice is one of the defining traits of ancient Mesoamerica, at least according to the modern imagination. But painted objects, carvings, and codices reveal that nonhuman animals often served as sacrificial victims as well. Were some classes or species of animals...


Beyond Newgrange: The Late Neolithic Complex at Brú na Bóinne, Co. Meath in Light of Recent Discoveries (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Steve Davis. Knut Rassmann.

This is an abstract from the "On the Periphery or the Leading Edge? Research in Prehistoric Ireland" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Brú na Bóinne World Heritage Site is known globally for its middle Neolithic passage tombs, in particular the 'megatombs' of Knowth, Dowth and Newgrange. However, the area also possesses one of the highest densities of late Neolithic monuments in the henge tradition anywhere in the world. These comprise a variety...


Big Picture, Little Picture: Reconstructing Rock Art and Context in Both the Virtual and Physical Word (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Stephen Yerka. Russell Townsend.

This presentation explores the ways in which 3D reconstruction can succeed as an innovative platform for both archaeological study and public engagement using a case study from the Hiwassee River watershed, North Carolina. The project, initiated by the Tribal Historic Preservation Office (THPO), Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians (EBCI), involves an effort to repair a vandalized petroglyph panel. The rock art panel is a complex composition of incised, interwoven petroglyphs from which a 1.5 m...


Bird Behavior and Biology: A Consideration of the Agentive Role of Birds in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katelyn Bishop.

As one of the only classes in the animal kingdom capable of flight, birds are privy to a realm of movement that humans can only partially control. Birds possess specific traits and engage in a variety of behaviors that directly affect the mechanics of capture and use, such as gregariousness and flock size, preferences in nesting and feeding locations, wing strength and readiness to flush, and aggressiveness and territoriality. Human-bird relationships also move beyond the semantics of capture to...


Birds in Ritual Practice and Ceremonial Organization in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katelyn Bishop.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Birds have remained one of the most symbolically valued animals in human cultures, from prehistoric past to ethnographic present, and across the globe. Especially in the North American Southwest, whole birds and their parts have been an integral part of Pueblo ceremonial life for centuries. Their ritual and symbolic value has been demonstrated both...


Bright Light in the Big City: The Aztec New Fire Ceremony and the Drama of Darkness (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kirby Farah.

This is an abstract from the "After Dark: The Nocturnal Urban Landscape & Lightscape of Ancient Cities" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Populated by as many as 200,000 people, the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan—like most cities—was buzzing with activity through the night. Given the dynamism of the city, and especially weighed against our modern understanding of the sounds and lights that keep cities alive during the night, it is significant that one...


Bright Spots in a Drab Landscape: Color Use and Symbolism in the Jornada Region (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christine Ward.

This is an abstract from the "Coloring the World: People and Colors in Southwestern Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. "Color" often evokes thoughts of vibrancy, boldness, and distinctiveness. With no denigration or judgement of the area intended, a casual visitor to the Jornada region may not be left with such impressions. Miles of exposed sands, stark mountains, and sparse vegetation do not immediately bring images of bright and unique...


Bringing the Landscape Home: The Materiality of Placemaking and Pilgrimage in Jornada Mogollon Settlement (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Myles Miller.

This is an abstract from the "Sacred Southwestern Landscapes: Archaeologies of Religious Ecology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Among prehispanic and historic societies of the American Southwest and Mesoamerica, mountains and caves had multivalent metaphorical and symbolic meanings relating to underworld, ancestors, water, and emergence. Mountains and caves are featured among origin and emergence myths and many contemporary Pueblo societies...