Hunter-Gatherers/Foragers (Other Keyword)

1-25 (176 Records)

12,500 Years of Altitude (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Elizabeth Pintar. María Fernanda Rodríguez.

The earliest occupations in the Salt Puna —a high elevation desert in the Andes Mountains — date to the Pleistocene-Holocene boundary and are relevant to the discussion of the timing of the first exploration and colonization of South American elevations above 3500m, as well as the relationship between mountain environments and other ecological areas. The wooden shafts used in the extractive technologies of the earliest hunter-gatherers originated outside the Puna, in the eastern lowlands....


After the Ice Age in the Ozarks (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sean Roades. Juliet Morrow. J. Christopher Gillam.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Fluted point techno-complexes of the Ozarks include Clovis, Gainey, Folsom, and Dalton. Folsom point-making people are comparatively less well represented in the interior Ozarks possibly because of the lack of grasslands and bison. In this presentation, we explain the origins and evolution of Clovis technology and the exploitation of lithic resources from...


Archaeological Science or Scientific Archaeology: Where Does "Science" Lie in Stone Artefact Research? (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sam Lin.

Archaeological science is defined as the use of scientific techniques, typically derived from the natural sciences, in archaeology. In lithic research, archaeological science studies have investigated topics ranging from identifying raw material sources, assessing artefact function and technology, to modelling socio-cultural and evolutionary changes. However, this method-centred definition of archaeological science has also led to a focus on the "sciency" appeal of techniques over basic...


Archaic Copper Economy and Exchange in the Western Great Lakes: A Comparative Study from Two Wisconsin Localities (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert Ahlrichs.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This research presents the results of an analysis of a large privately curated collection of Archaic period (Old Copper Complex) copper from the Western Great Lakes. Results from metric, LA-ICP-MS chemical characterization, and radiometric dating analyses will be presented. The data set is drawn from a collection of over 2000 formal copper tools recovered by a...


Assessing Cortex at the Beaucoup Site (24PH188/189) in Northern Montana (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Neeley. Craig Lee.

Although archaeological analyses of lithic assemblages generate large quantities of data, it can be difficult to equate the observations with past behaviors. One variable state regularly recorded is that of cortex. The presence/absence of cortex is often linked to reduction intensity with variable cortical frequencies linked to early or late stage reduction and potentially reflective of residential mobility. However, we lack reliable markers or values to support our interpretations. Recently,...


Assessing Variability in Toolkit Functionality: Differential Wear Patterns on Projectile Technologies from Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene Interior Alaska (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joshua Lynch.

Much of the early theoretical framework for our understanding of the colonization and occupation of interior Alaska has been established on technological variability in lithic assemblages of the region. This initial research has been limited in scope, focusing on the presence or absence of microblades. Recent research has sought to push beyond the significance of debatably diagnostic tool forms, microblades, in defining cultural complexes and has attempted to more fully address models of...


Becoming Neolithic or Being a Hunter-Gatherer? Reframing the Origins of Agriculture through a Longue Durée Perspective (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lisa Maher. Danielle Macdonald.

Searching for the origin points of major cultural revolutions and transitions has long been a driver of archaeological research, yet led to research focused on perceived boundaries, rather than continuity. Research into the origins of so-called modern human behavior, the origins of social complexity, the earliest domesticates, among others, all focus on defining moments of change that may be undetectable in the archaeological record. Perhaps some of the most enduring archaeological questions...


Beyond Good Grey Culture: Rethinking Early Woodland Origins in the Lower Mississippi Valley (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Seth Grooms. Edward Henry. Kelly Ervin. Tristram Kidder.

The origins of Early Woodland cultures have long been poorly understood, but recent data from sites in the Yazoo and Tensas basins, and from sites along the coast are providing new perspectives on the development of the Woodland tradition in the Lower Mississippi Valley. In this paper we summarize Steve Williams’ contributions to understanding Woodland origins and update his work with new data. In contrast to earlier thinking, recent research shows that Woodland peoples in the Lower Mississippi...


Big Pictures, Broad Questions, and Archaeological Knowledge along the Steppe and the Forest in the Southern Argentinean Patagonia (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Juan Belardi. Flavia Carballo Marina. Patricia Campan.

This is an abstract from the "Patagonian Evolutionary Archaeology and Human Paleoecology: Commending the Legacy (Still in the Making) of Luis Alberto Borrero in the Interpretation of Hunter-Gatherer Studies of the Southern Cone" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Luis Alberto Borrero changed the way archaeological knowledge was produced in Southern Patagonia (and beyond). We consider three analytical units that underlie his legacy: the landscape, the...


A Biogeographic Approach to Hunter-Gatherer Dispersion Constraints in Northern Patagonia (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gustavo Neme. Adolfo Gil. Laura Salgan. Miguel Giardina. Clara Otaola.

This is an abstract from the "Patagonian Evolutionary Archaeology and Human Paleoecology: Commending the Legacy (Still in the Making) of Luis Alberto Borrero in the Interpretation of Hunter-Gatherer Studies of the Southern Cone" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Northwest Patagonia late Holocene human occupation was almost a "barrier" against farmer dispersion, at least during the last 1500 years BP. The causes for this remain unclear and are...


Buck Lake, Archaeological Research, and Subsistence and Settlement Patterns at Mount Rainier National Park (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Greg Burtchard.

This is an abstract from the "Research and CRM Are Not Mutually Exclusive: J. Stephen Athens—Forty Years and Counting" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. For the past two decades, research directed at establishing onset of human use, patterned use of montane habitats, integration into lowland subsistence and settlement systems, and temporal change has been imbedded into CRM practices at Mount Rainier National Park. Once thought to be of little value...


Built Environments in the Middle and Early Upper Paleolithic (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Amy Clark.

This is an abstract from the "More Than Shelter from the Storm: Hunter-Gatherer Houses and the Built Environment" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Hunter-gatherers are mobile because their resources shift based on season or by ecological zone. This mobility means that their built environments are ephemeral and their mark on the land is light. Many of the traces of structures or land modifications are therefore invisible within the archaeological...


Built Environments of Epipalaeolithic Southwest Asia: A Life History of Place (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lisa Maher. Danielle Macdonald.

This is an abstract from the "More Than Shelter from the Storm: Hunter-Gatherer Houses and the Built Environment" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. A place is structured and given meaning through human experiences at both individual and group levels. Places are created through repeated human action and made tangible in the landscape by material culture. These places become part of a built environment, marked by daily routines or habitus. At the...


The Butchering Patterns Present at the Bull Creek Camp: A Late Paleoindian Site in Oklahoma (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tressa Munger. Caitlyn Stellmach. Laura Peck. KC Carlson. Lee Bement.

Bull Creek, located in the panhandle of Oklahoma, is a rare late Paleoindian camp on the Southern Plains. Two separate occupation levels apparent at the camp indicate two seasons of habitation. The lower camp, dominated by bison bone, is the focus of this analysis. Bone tools and distinct butcher marks provide evidence of butchering behavior 9,000 years ago on the Southern Plains of Oklahoma. This poster describes the findings of butchering processes at the site. Large sections of bison are...


Camping with Mammoths? Identification of Ivory Fragments at the La Prele Mammoth Site Using Microscopy (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Molly Herron.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. While it is well known that Clovis people hunted mammoths (Mammuthus columbi), there are few cases in the Paleoindian record where campsites associated with mammoth remains have been found. The La Prele Mammoth site, located near Douglas, Wyoming, is an approximately 13,000-year-old mammoth kill site with an associated camp. While mammoth remains have been...


Central Texas Plant Baking (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Richard McAuliffe. Stephen Black. Raymond Mauldin.

This is an abstract from the "Hot Rocks in Hot Places: Investigating the 10,000-Year Record of Plant Baking across the US-Mexico Borderlands" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Burned rock middens, large accumulations of thermally fractured stone and charred earth representing earth oven facilities, are ubiquitous in the hunter-gatherer archaeological record of Central Texas, upon and near the Edwards Plateau. The subject of study for over a century,...


Certainty about Uncertainty: Lessons Learned from Modeling Human Land Use and Decision Making (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Marieka Brouwer Burg.

A cornerstone of William Lovis’ career has been the investigation of human land use dynamics, with strong emphasis on methodological rigor and statistical analysis. He has led a generation of students to consider these issues in the Great Lakes and beyond. The modeling of past human decision making is useful as a heuristic for exploring goals and motivations, about which there is certainly a tremendous amount of uncertainty. Instead, modeling past behavior is inherently an exercise in balancing...


Change in Mobility and Site Occupation during the Late Pleistocene in Korea (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gayoung Park. Ben Marwick.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Stone artifact assemblages can be an important source of information about hunter-gatherer mobility and subsistence, according to behavioral ecological theory that links technological changes to environmental adaptation. We examined stone artifacts from 28 sites in South Korea to investigate technological innovations during the Late Pleistocene and their...


Charting Late Pleistocene Social Networking in Southern Africa Using Strontium Isotope Geochemistry (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Brian Stewart. Genevieve Dewar.

This is an abstract from the "Recent Advances and Debates in the Pleistocene Archaeology of Africa" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The roots of long-distance social networking run deeper than Facebook. At some point in the Pleistocene, hunter-gatherers began exchanging ‘non-utilitarian’ artifacts like beads and other ornaments over hundreds, and sometimes thousands, of kilometers. Among ethnographically documented foragers these networks...


The Chaíne Opératoire of Late Archaic through Mesilla Phase Assemblages from the Placitas Arroyo Site Complex, Lower Rio Grande Valley, New Mexico (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alexandra Younger. C. Reid Ferring. Steve Wolverton.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The chaíne opératoire approach to lithic analysis has rarely been imported from the Old World and applied to analysis of New World lithic assemblages. However, that approach is appropriate for virtually any lithic technology, providing a structured methodology that shifts attention from typological studies to explicitly behavioral analyses, complimenting...


Clovis and the Chronology of Megafaunal Extinctions in the Southern Great Lakes (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew G. Hill.

This is an abstract from the "Human Interactions with Extinct Fauna" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Over 40 unpublished AMS results on Rangifer, Cervalces, Bootherium, and Ovibos combined with ~80 published assays for Mammuthus and Mammut are used to profile extinction of these taxa in the Southern Great Lakes. At least one result for each of these taxa falls in the Clovis time period, except for Ovibos. Numerous dates for Mammut and Cervalces...


Clovis in the Petrified Forest (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jacob Tumelaire. Samuel H. Fisher. Francis Smiley.

This is an abstract from the "The Paleoindian Southwest" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper presents the results of research at the Rainbow Forest locality and the Blue Mesa site, two early Paleoamerican occupations in Petrified Forest National Park. Rainbow Forest and Blue Mesa are likely Clovis occupations and present the problem of identifying Clovis-era sites in a region in which site surface assemblages have been collected by human...


Co-residence in Hunter-Gatherer Groups: New Insights from the Southern Florida Interior (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew Colvin.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In recent years, there has been a resurgence in interest of co-residence among hunter-gatherers, chiefly in relation to how groups solve collective action problems. The southern Florida interior can greatly contribute to these ongoing discussions with many multi-mound complexes exhibiting periods of monument construction and varying degrees of co-residence...


Communal Trapping and Pinyon Exploitation in the Wovoka Wilderness (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Frederic Dillingham. Bryan Hockett. Evan Pellegrini. Jeffrey Weise.

Heritage resources are recognized as a characteristic of the relatively new Wovoka Wilderness, created in 2014. Located in western Nevada’s Pine Grove Hills and in the Sierra Nevada’s rain shadow, resources relate to pine nut exploitation and communal artiodactyl hunting. The Wichman deer game trap still has standing corral posts, providing insights about the structure and function of Great Basin traps. Other game traps, blinds, rock rings, brush huts and bow stave trees are among the resources...


Connecting Lithic Technology to Socio-economic Organization at Site 48PA551 (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Emma Vance. Ethan Ryan. Anna Marie Prentiss.

This is an abstract from the "New Multidisciplinary Research at 48PA551: A Middle Archaic (McKean Complex) Site in Northwest Wyoming" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The well-known Middle Archaic site, 48PA551, in northwestern Wyoming, was originally described as a single McKean Complex occupation. New data from 2018 now suggests the possibility of two occupations. This provides the opportunity to consider the connection between the organization...