Andes: Middle Horizon (Other Keyword)

1-25 (132 Records)

The 2017 Excavations at Pan de Azúcar de Nivín: Insight into the Middle Horizon Occupation of the Middle Casma Valley, Peru (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Elizabeth Cruzado Carranza.

Pan de Azúcar de Nivín is located 23km east to the city of Casma, in the small town of Nivín, at the right margin of the Casma River Valley in the Department of Ancash, Peru. In June and July 2017, a team of archaeologists from Louisiana State University carried out mapping and excavation operations at this important archaeological complex. Through limited excavations, architectural mapping, surface collection and the analysis of associated materials, the Proyecto de Investigación Arqueológico...


Abbreviated Imagery on Cajamarca Cursive Ceramics (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jeanette Nicewinter.

Paintings on fineware ceramic vessels and spoons by the pre-Hispanic Cajamarca culture of the north highlands of present-day Peru emphasize an abstracted and expressionistic aesthetic unlike their north coast neighbors, the Transitional Moche culture, and their contemporaries, the Wari state. During the Middle Horizon (c. 600 - 1000 CE), the Cajamarca culture's paintings developed a greater emphasis on human and animal imagery while maintaining an abstraction of forms. The figures are reduced to...


Across the Lake: Interregional Connections with the Tiwanaku Occupation of Copacabana (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sara L. Juengst. David Hansen. Sergio Chavez. Stanislava Chavez.

Tiwanaku, the first expansive state in the southern Andes, established colonies in many parts of the Andes (Moquegua, the Atacama Desert, Cochabamba) and exerted influence over the southern Titicaca basin. Archaeologists have recreated daily life for people living in these places, producing many insightful studies of Tiwanaku diet, cultural bodily modifications, disease, and occasional incidents of trauma. Many colonists living far from the Tiwanaku heartland developed hybrid lifestyles,...


Adolph Bandelier’s Legacy in the Lake Titicaca Basin: Tiwanaku and Qeya Ceramic Style (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only John Janusek. Andrew Roddick.

While Swiss-born anthropologist Adolph Bandelier is perhaps best known for his research in the U.S. southwest, for which the Bandelier National Forest bears his name, his research in the Bolivian Lake Titicaca region during the late nineteenth century has left an indelible legacy. Based on a brief visit of scarcely three weeks to the site of Tiahuanaco in 1894, he produced an informative document that remains vital to understanding its monuments to this day. In this paper we focus on his...


An Analysis of Botanical Remains from the Site of Quilcapampa (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew Biwer.

This is an abstract from the "Wari and the Far Peruvian South Coast: Final Results of Excavations in Quilcapampa" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper presents the results of the recovery and identification of plant remains from the site of Quilcapampa La Antigua. Located in the Department of Arequipa, Peru, Quilcapampa provides evidence of cultural material associated with the Wari Empire (AD 600-1000). This presentation focuses on the plant...


Analysis of the Ancient Built Environment of the Millo Complex, Vitor Valley, Peru (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Hans Barnard. Maria Lozada. Augusto Cardona Rosas.

The Vitor Valley is an alluvial oasis linking the Arequipa highlands to the Pacific coast of southern Peru. The northern limit of the valley hosts a dense archaeological landscape of interspersed fieldstone structures and cemeteries known as the Millo Complex. This cluster comprises three principal segments referred to as Millo 2, Millo 3, and Millo 4; each of which preserves extensive architecture. Surface ceramics from across the Millo Complex and radiocarbon analysis of charcoal samples...


Ancestor Veneration or Funeral Practices? An Examination of Recuay Mortuary Variability in the Basin of Puccha (Ancash) between AD 200-900 (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Bebel Ibarra Asencios.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Mortuary studies have followed different perspectives, such as ancestor veneration mostly based on intrasite analysis. This paper examines the regional distribution of Recuay's funeral practices and its implications for ancestor worship studies. Radiocarbon dates available for the valley show an occupation between AD 200-900, and it correlates with the...


Animals for the Ancestors: Comparing Animal Use in Funerary Rites at Ancient Hualcayán, Peru (AD 1–1000) (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ellen Dahl. Catriona Semple. Erin Crowley. Rebecca Bria.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This poster presents recent analysis of faunal materials from three distinct funerary structures at Hualcayán, Ancash, Peru, in order to assess differences in taphonomic environments and funerary practices through interred faunal remains. This study compares species representation, bone modifications, and fragmentation from Early Intermediate Period and Middle...


Applicability of Maxent Predictive Modeling in Locating Pre-Hispanic Quarries in the Callejón de Huaylas, Peru (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Melissa Litschi.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Stone in the Andes is an integral component of both the natural landscape and of the material expressions of cultural beliefs and practices. Growing evidence from multiple cultures indicates preferences for stone materials from certain sources, which held political, symbolic, and ideological importance. Determining quarry locations is a vital step in analyses...


Archaeological Identifiers of Cultural Affiliation: The Case of the Middle Horizon(?) Site of Sonay, Peru (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Malpass.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The site of Sonay in the Camana Valley of southern coastal Peru was originally identified as a Wari-affiliated site, based on the close architectural similarities of its major structure to other Wari imperial sites. The two original radiocarbon dates from below the structure suggested an occupation at the very end of the Middle Horizon, long after it is...


Architectural Contexts in Quilcapampa (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Luis Manuel Gonzalez La Rosa.

This is an abstract from the "Wari and the Far Peruvian South Coast: Final Results of Excavations in Quilcapampa" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper will briefly discuss the architecture at Quilcapampa, with particular emphasis on possible patio groups at the site. We discuss these groups, the contexts found in the rooms, and the access patterns between spaces. The site appears to be arranged around a principal asymmetric plaza, with...


Architectural Style and Urban Organization at the Patipampa sector of Huari (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Halona Young-Wolfe.

Defining spatial organization was a key research question for the excavations at the Patipampa sector of the Middle Horizon (AD 500 – 1000) site of Huari in the Ayacucho valley of Peru. In the 2017 excavations we used methods designed to expose the upper portions of walls, in order to define architectural spaces and clarify organization of the sector. Some architectural spaces were excavated more completely, fully exposing walls and architectural features. Our excavations revealed distinct...


Becoming Moche in Huanchaco: the impact of Moche Politics, Economy and Religion in the Fishermen Households at Pampa la Cruz, AD 500-650 (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gabriel Prieto. Feren Castillo.

This is an abstract from the "From Households to Empires: Papers Presented in Honor of Bradley J. Parker" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The archaeological research at Pampa la Cruz, a residential fishing settlement occupied between 350 cal. BC and 650 cal AD and located on the shoreline at the mouth of the Moche valley, is providing new insights on the impact made by Moche political organization at the household level. The investigations are...


Beyond the Big Picture: An integrative Paleogenomic study to address regional dynamics and political organization in the Peruvian Moche Culture (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lars Fehren-Schmitz. Kelly Harkins. John Krigbaum. Regulo Jordan. Jeffrey Quilter.

This is an abstract from the "Ancient DNA in Service of Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The genomic revolution opened up new dimensions for paleogenomic research, inconceivable only a decade ago. However, with a primary focus on big-picture population genetics like large-scale migration events, paleogenetics also became somewhat removed from problem-based archaeological research questions with a regional focus, addressing issues such...


Building Statehood: Wari Architecture and Colonial Strategies in Cajamarca (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Patricia Chirinos Ogata.

Wari expansion across the Central Andes involved the construction of colonies, serving as nodes in the state network from Cajamarca to Moquegua. Each colony, even considering local adaptations, was built following a precise sequence and setting up predetermined types of spaces. Monumental architecture exhibiting Wari features and design became an expression of power by itself, a symbol of Wari hegemony physically inscribed in the local social landscape. Large amounts of work were invested in the...


Cajamarca: Identity through movement (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Solsiré Cusicanqui.

The Cajamarca Valley, located in the northern Andes of Peru, is a space of encounter and movement of material from different ecological areas since early times to the present. This is mainly due to its strategic location within Andean geography as an enclave of natural points of access to different ecological zones (coastal valleys, Amazon rainforest, southern highlands). Cajamarca culture (100 BC - 1400 AD) is characterized precisely by the mobility of its inhabitants, as indicated by their...


Camelid Exploitation at the Middle Horizon Site of Huari (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Hannah Elliott.

Excavations at Huari, the urban center of the Wari state in Peru's Ayacucho Basin, have uncovered well preserved faunal remains, with the majority belonging to native camelid species. While knowledge pertaining to camelid exploitation by the Wari people has been enhanced in recent years through excavations at sites such as Conchopata, little is known about camelid usage at the site of Huari. In this paper, I use osteometric analysis to identify specimens to the species level and to examine the...


Caminos del Horizonte Medio en Arequipa:Paisaje como un espacio socialmente constituido (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Willy Yepez Alvarez.

This is an abstract from the "Wari and the Far Peruvian South Coast: Final Results of Excavations in Quilcapampa" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Presentamos los caminos que durante el Horizonte Medio integraron al valle de Siguas, Vitor, Majes y Ocoña dentro de una dinámica de estudio de la visibilidad y ritualidad espacial. Para ello tomamos con ejemplo de discusión el sitio de Quilcapampa La Antigua, valle de Siguas, Arequipa, Perú. La...


Caring for Children in the Ancient Andes: Bioarchaeological and Biogeochemical Data from the Andean Middle Horizon (AD 500–1100) Tiwanaku Polity (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Deborah Blom. Kelly J. Knudson. Nicole C. Couture. Carrie Anne Berryman.

Bioarchaeological approaches can contribute much to our understanding of how children were cared for in the past. Here, we examine social, cultural, and physical care of children in the Tiwanaku polity of the South Central Andes between approximately AD 500 and 1100. Using multiple lines of evidence, we reconstruct patterns of childcare practices as well as the formation of different social identities at archaeological sites in the Moquegua Valley of southern Peru and the Bolivian Lake Titicaca...


Cerro Mejía: A Wari Community Divided? (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Donna Nash.

The Wari-affiliated community on Cerro Mejía is divided by large walls that cut the slopes into vertical strips. These segments of the site may represent divisions of the settlement that the occupants recognized, agreed with, and maintained or these groupings may have been imposed by Wari officials. In this paper, I describe the features of Cerro Mejía and consider this important question. In light of overt differences between houses with regards to form and construction techniques I suggest...


Cerros, Keros, Cuerpos, y Mas! 37 Years of Programa Contisuyo Research in Southern Peru (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Moseley. Susan deFrance. Patrick Ryan Williams. Donna Nash.

This is an abstract from the "The Legacies of Archaeologists in the Andes: Second Symposium, the Institutionalization and Internationalization of Andean Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In 1980 the Pritzker family, major shareholders in Southern Peru Copper Corporation (SPCC), contacted Michael Moseley then a Curator at the Field Museum of Natural History inquiring about establishing a research program in the Moquegua region of southern...


Chaîne Opératoires and Technical Identity in Aguada Portezuelo Pottery: an Approach through Ceramic Petrography (Catamarca, Argentina) (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Guillermo De La Fuente.

This is an abstract from the "Cross-Cultural Petrographic Studies of Ceramic Traditions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Aguada Portezuelo ceramic style (ca. AD 600 – AD 900) from Northwestern Argentine region, presents a highly stylistic variation and complexity in the forming techniques used by ancient potters, concerning surface treatments and the decoration applied to ceramic vessels. One of the most important features in these ceramics, is...


Color Me Red: A Preliminary Examination of Pigments in the Moquegua Valley, Peru (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cyrus Banikazemi.

This is an abstract from the "Exploring Culture Contact and Diversity in Southern Peru" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This preliminary study explores how pigments were sourced and manufactured in the Moquegua valley of southern Peru. The ethnohistoric and archaeological records provide ample evidence of the economic, religious, and social significance of colors and pigments in the pre-Columbian Andean world; however, there currently exists little...


Continuity and Change: What the Late Intermediate Period at Pisanay Can Tell Us About Middle Horizon Arequipa (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jo Burkholder.

Data from excavations at the site of Pisanay, a Late Intermediate Period "sanctuary" with some remains of Early Intermediate Period ceremonialism, can be used to frame a sort of "before and after" picture of Middle Horizon developments in the Sihuas Valley of Arequipa and the changing nature of cultural ties to the region. Most striking of these is the shifting pattern of materials ties impacted by the intervening influence of the Wari cultural horizon, seen in the ceramics and textiles...


Corridors of Conquest: The Nasca Headwaters during the Middle Horizon (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matt Edwards. Weston McCool.

Global studies of ancient imperialism are beginning to focus on the importance of communication corridors (roads, canals, waterways, etc.) in the origins, formation, and expansion of empires. As the number of such corridors increase and intertwine, a network is formed on the landscape that many past empires, including—we believe—the Wari, augmented with considerable imperial investment. By constricting the number of reasonable overland routes, mountainous terrain can concentrate such imperial...