Analysis of the Ancient Built Environment of the Millo Complex, Vitor Valley, Peru


The Vitor Valley is an alluvial oasis linking the Arequipa highlands to the Pacific coast of southern Peru. The northern limit of the valley hosts a dense archaeological landscape of interspersed fieldstone structures and cemeteries known as the Millo Complex. This cluster comprises three principal segments referred to as Millo 2, Millo 3, and Millo 4; each of which preserves extensive architecture. Surface ceramics from across the Millo Complex and radiocarbon analysis of charcoal samples recovered from excavations at Millo 2 place the complex within the Middle Horizon (600‒1100 CE), a period of profound social change and reconfiguration of geopolitical relationships across the south-central Andes. The exact role that the Millo Complex played in this period of regional transition remains unclear. While sizable Ramada cemeteries adjacent to these sites point to local origins and activity, the intrusion of an iconic D-shaped structure at Millo 3 may indicate the introduction of non-local traditions associated with the Wari state. We suggest that these segments operated as contemporaneous and interdependent components of the larger settlement.

Cite this Record

Analysis of the Ancient Built Environment of the Millo Complex, Vitor Valley, Peru. Hans Barnard, Maria Lozada, Augusto Cardona Rosas. Presented at The 82nd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Washington, DC. 2018 ( tDAR id: 445257)

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Spatial Coverage

min long: -82.441; min lat: -56.17 ; max long: -64.863; max lat: 16.636 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 20511