Resilience and Sustainability (Other Keyword)

1-25 (36 Records)

The Adaptive Capacity of the Water Management System of Angkor, Cambodia (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Klassen.

This paper assesses the relationship between elements of adaptive capacity of a water management system among six time periods. The archaeological case study, Angkor, Cambodia, was the center of the Khmer Empire for over 600 years (9th-15th centuries CE). During this time, the Khmers developed one of the largest and most complex water management systems in the pre-industrial world. In this paper, I use geographic information system analyses to quantitatively and qualitatively assess six elements...


Addressing the Inevitable: Site Preservation Efforts in the Face of Global Climate Change (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Connie Reid. Neil Weintraub.

This is an abstract from the "Wait Wait, Don’t Tell Me: What Have We Learned Over the Past 40 Years and How Do We Address Future Challenges" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Global climate change is contributing to the escalation of large catastrophic wildfires across North America. Fires are increasing in frequency, intensity, and scale, posing one of the greatest contemporary threats to thousands of archaeological and historic properties across...


Archaeology as Actionable Science on Climate Change: Lessons from Interdisciplinary Collaboration (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carrie Hritz. Marcy Rockman. Robert Winthrop. Torben Rick.

Within archaeology, it is widely assumed recognized that the field has much to offer present and future efforts to address climate change. From an archaeological perspective, this may be directly through data, improved models of human adaptation, building or preserving modern connections to place, to name a few. However, to date these have not been well-incorporated into federal efforts to address climate change, largely as a result of a lack of systematic engagement. To address this gap for...


Aventura: Understanding Sustainable Cities (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cynthia Robin.

This is an abstract from the "Advancing Public Perceptions of Sustainability through Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. As over half of the world lives in cities today, there is perhaps no more pressing question than: how can people create cities that are sustainable? Archaeology is uniquely suited to answer questions about the longevity of cities, because archaeologists excavate long expanses of human history. The social, political,...


Canals, Sacbeob and Defining Space in Ditched Agricultural Fields in the Three Rivers Region, Northwestern Belize (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Samantha Krause. Timothy Beach. Sheryl Luzzadder-Beach. Thomas Harold Guderjan. Fred Valdez.

In 2016 the Northwestern Belize Lidar Consortium acquired nearly 300 square km of LiDAR imagery that covers large areas of ancient Maya agricultural systems, including ditched and raised fields, reservoirs, terraces, and sacbeob. This new imagery allows us to map beneath the canopy and shows that over nearly 20 years without LiDAR we studied only a small spatial sample of these complex systems. We have tested these systems with multiple excavations, and used multiple proxies such as...


Climate Change and Culture in Late Pre-Columbian Amazonia (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jonas Gregorio De Souza.

This is an abstract from the "Global Perspectives on Climate-Human Population Dynamics During the Late Holocene" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Climate change has been linked to the reorganisation of past societies in different parts of the globe. However, until recently, the lack of archaeological and palaeoclimate data for the Amazon had prevented an evaluation of the relationship between climate change and cultural change in the largest...


Climate Change and Polyculture Agroforestry Systems: Examples from Amazonian Dark Earths (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jose Iriarte. Mark Robinson. Shira Maezumi. Daiana Travassos. Denise Schaan.

In this presentation, we discuss pre-Columbian Amazonian Dark Earth (ADE) polyculture agroforestry systems and its implications for management and conservation efforts on Amazonian sustainable futures under current threat from climate change and development. We present and compare new multi-proxy paleoclimate, palaeoecological and archaeobotanical data from two mid to late Holocene records of land use history of ADE in Santarem (Lower Amazon) and the Itenez Forest Reserve (SW Amazonia). Our data...


Cooperation and Resilience at the ancient Maya site of Chan, Belize (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Anna Novotny.

This is an abstract from the "Cooperative Bodies: Bioarchaeology and Non-ranked Societies" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In ancient complex societies, unique social strata had differential access to food resources and likely relied on different food procurement strategies to meet their needs. This paper explores the extent to which cooperation was part of that strategy for the ancient Maya farmers of the Chan site, located in the Belize River...


The Early Role of Biogeography in the Creation of Modern Ecology Assessments (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Vernon Scarborough. Christian Isendahl.

The landscapes and natural environments within the tropics and their wet-dry forests were the seat for understanding modern ecological principles. Initiated by Alexander von Humboldt and fundamentally altered theoretically by Charles Darwin, contemporary views of the couple human-nature dynamic were "discovered" in the New World first. Unlike the prominent worldview identifiable in the Near East and subsequently in early colonizing Europe in which "man must have dominion over the fish of the...


The Effects of Economic Complexity and Temperature on the Long-Term Energy Consumption Dynamics of Human Societies (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jacob Freeman. Gideon Maughan. Erick Robinson. David Byers. Robert L. Kelly.

Increases in energy consumption correlate with social and political development in human societies, as well as increasing human impacts on ecosystems. Thus, understanding the underlying drivers of energy consumption in human societies may provide insights into the processes of social evolution and rapid social change (collapse). In this paper, we develop a model of energy consumption in human societies based on population size, economic complexity and temperature. We demonstrate the usefulness...


El Niño and Trans-Holocene Trends in Eastern Pacific Fishes: Preliminary Data from Abrigo de los Escorpiones, Baja California (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kathryn Mohlenhoff.

Many questions surround trends in prehistoric fisheries dynamics and fish use along the Pacific Coast of North America. Marine fish are particularly sensitive to changes in their environment, including variation in sea surface temperature that changes cyclically with the El Niño/Southern Oscillation. Trans-Holocene paleontological or archaeological sites with large faunal assemblages are the ideal tool for use in reconstructing these paleoenvironmental records. Here, I report preliminary data...


Explaining Prehistoric Thailand’s 2000 Year Resilient Growth Economy and Peaceful Society: a Bottom-up Approach (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joyce White.

This is an abstract from the "Paradigms Shift: New Interpretations in Mainland Southeast Asian Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. After decades of archaeologists interpreting Thailand’s metal age development using top down approaches drawn from 1980s archaeological theory, it has become evident they do not work for this region. During the course of interpreting metal assemblages from Ban Chiang and related sites in northeast Thailand,...


Fire Meets the Past: Archaeological Site Thinning on the Jemez Ranger District of the Santa Fe National Forest (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rebecca Baisden.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeologies of the Eastern Jemez Mountain Range and the Pajarito Plateau: Interagency Collaboration for Management of Cultural Landscapes" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Southwest Jemez Mountain Landscape Restoration project located in the Jemez Ranger District of the Santa Fe National Forest in New Mexico encompasses approximately 116,000 acres. To increase resilience against undesirable, large-scale fires, a...


Heritage Enhances Resilience?: The Solomon Butcher History Project of Custer County, Nebraska (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only LuAnn Wandsnider.

Solomon Butcher was a citizen photographer smitten with what he referred to as the "history project," to photodocument the citizens of Custer County, Nebraska as the frontier receded further west. From 1886-1892, he imaged perhaps one third of the occupants, staging them in front of occupied or recently abandoned sod houses and making them party to his commemoration of a constructed pioneer heritage. When severe droughts hit in the mid-1890s, did this shared pioneer "can-do" heritage sustain...


Investigating Ancient Maya Resiliency at Xunantunich, Belize (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tucker Austin.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Despite more than a century of intensive archaeological research, factors leading to the Classic Maya Collapse continue to be debated by Maya archaeologists. This presentation discusses the Classic Maya Collapse and its effects on the people of Xunantunich, Belize. Investigations from the 2018 field season, carried out by the Belize Valley Archaeological...


Landscape and Plant Use in High Albania: New Results from the Late Neolithic to Iron Age at Gajtan and Zagorës (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Susan Allen. Martha Wendel.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. From 2013 – 2015, the Projekti Arkeologjik i Shkodrës (PASH) conducted a regional surface survey and targeted excavation at several settlement and tumulus sites in the Shkodër province of northern Albania. Two of these settlement sites, Gajtan and Zagorës, are fortified hilltop sites that preserved intact deposits with well-preserved macrobotanical remains...


Late Precolumbian Subsistence Change, Socio-political Transformation, and Ethnogenesis in the Upper Illinois River Valley (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Thomas Emerson. Kristin Hedman. Matthew Fort.

This is an abstract from the "Migration and Climate Change: The Spread of Mississippian Culture" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Post-AD 1000 was a time of tremendous change in the Upper Illinois River valley. The Terminal Late Woodland groups in the region were bordered on the south by emergent Mississippian petty chiefdoms of the Central Illinois River valley, on the north by Oneota and Mississippian societies, and on the east by Fort Ancient...


Matacanela in Its Regional and Cultural Context (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Marcie Venter.

This is an abstract from the "Olmec Manifestations and Ongoing Societal Transformations in the Tuxtlas Uplands: A View from Matacanela" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In this presentation I synthesize recent studies that the Matacanela Archaeological Project has produced as a way of situating the presentations in this session within their broader temporal and spatial contexts, both with the Tuxtlas and the broader Gulf lowlands. One notable aspect...


Modeling Hazard Risk, Vulnerability, Recovery, and Adaptation in Tilarán-Arenal, Costa Rica: An Integrative Approach to Disaster Studies (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rachel Egan.

The Tilarán -Arenal region of Costa Rica is one of the most volcanically active regions in the world. Despite the inherent hazard, people have occupied this region since the Paleo-Indian period (7000 B.C.). Numerous studies have explored volcanic eruptions as forcing mechanism that lead to culture; however, starting with the advent of sedentary villages during the Tronodora phase (2000-500 B.C.) until the arrival of Spanish in the 16th century, people maintained relatively small-scale,...


Modeling the Changes in the Surface Processes at Arslantepe (Malatya) during the Early Bronze Age-I (ca. 5000–4750 cal. BP) (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Bulent Arikan.

Agent-based modeling of land use not only illustrates how ancient production mechanisms evolve, but such models also have the power to reconstruct changes in spatio-temporal changes in the dynamics of surface processes in relation with the changes in climatic conditions and varying type and intensity of human land use. Early Bronze Age-I at Arslantepe represents a time period when the paleoclimatic dynamics changed towards more arid conditions while the economy of the site shifted from intensive...


Rates of Change in Radiocarbon Date Frequencies and Population Collapse (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Darcy Bird. Jacob Freeman.

Recent analyses of large samples of radiocarbon dates shows a change in radiocarbon date frequencies between 3000 BP and 800 BP. There is either an exponential or super-exponential increase in radiocarbon date frequencies followed by a sudden decline. The goal of this poster is to test a population ecology model as to whether or not the degree of population overshoot can predict the degree of population collapse. We want to analyze if the rate of increase in radiocarbon date frequencies over...


Reconstructing a Maya Agricultural Wetland on the Rio Bravo Floodplain, Northwestern Belize (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Samantha Krause. Timothy Beach. Sheryl Luzzadder-Beach. Thomas Guderjan.

This is an abstract from the "Ancient Maya Landscapes in Northwestern Belize, Part II" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Birds of Paradise wetlands have been a subject of recent intensive study within Northwestern Belize. We now recognize this fluviokarst wetland has undergone extensive modification of field building and channelization during the Maya Classic (1650-1050 BP) with use possibly extending into the early Maya Postclassic (1050-700...


Resilience Theory and Human-Environment Interactions during the Early Holocene at Lothagam-Lokam, Northern Kenya (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Steven Goldstein. Elisabeth Hildebrand. Michael Storozum. Lawrence Robbins.

The pluvial conditions during the African Humid Period of the Early-to-Mid Holocene profoundly influenced environments across northern and eastern Africa, expanding lakes, rivers, and grassland ecologies. Archaeologists have often explained human responses to these increasingly aquatic environment as in terms of an increasing reliance on fisher-hunter-gatherer economies. Similarly, once the AHP ended, humans abandoned these lifeways. These perspectives are overly deterministic; in this paper, we...


Resource Use and Sustainability of the Gila’s South Diamond Creek Pueblo (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kailey Martinez.

This is an abstract from the "Local Development and Cross-Cultural Interaction in Pre-Hispanic Southwestern New Mexico and Southeastern Arizona" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Gila National Forest and Gila Wilderness are the names ascribed to rich mountainous land spanning between western New Mexico and eastern Arizona. This land was once home to the people of the Mimbres culture. The environments within the Gila vary due to different...


Risk Management in Agriculturally Marginal Areas of Southwestern Anatolia during the Ottoman Period (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Heather Rosch.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The results of recent surveys around the Mediterranean have revealed a wealth of information about rural populations during the Ottoman period that had for a long time been ignored by historical and archaeological research. This has also brought to light the role of people who occupy politically, economically, or socially marginal niches. This paper aims to...