Hopewell (Other Keyword)

1-22 (22 Records)

Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley (1848)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Ephraim George Squier. Edwin Hamilton Davis.

This book was the first publication on any subject issued by the Smithsonian Institution. It is one of the most important and significant publications on the subject of ancient American archaeology. The digital copy available here is a copy of the first edition of the report. In 1998 the Smithsonian Institution Press published an edition of the full report with a detailed, interesting, and very useful introductory essay by David J. Meltzer. This tDAR record originally was created from...

Chaco and Hopewell: Redefining Interaction Spheres through Multiscalar Network Approaches (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Barbara Mills. Alice Wright.

Chaco and Hopewell are two of the most well studied archaeological regions in North America. Although Chaco is often compared to Cahokia, comparison to Hopewell brings out important ways in which extensive regional connectivities were formed through the intersection of religious, political, and economic networks. Both societies show evidence of periodic, eventful monumental construction; spatial connectivity through roads/causeways; long-distance procurement of materials; production and...

Constructing Archaeological Knowledge: Interpretating Hopewell in the Illinois Valley (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Douglas Charles. Jane Buikstra.

Through several books and articles, Martin Byers has developed an interpretation of the Hopewell phenomenon in the American Midwest that radically departs from the general consensus. To date he has focused almost exclusively on Ohio Hopewell. Many of the important sites in that region were excavated almost a century ago and the reports and records are less detailed than we would wish. In his latest book, Reclaiming the Hopewell Ceremonial Sphere, Byers seeks to extend his vision beyond Ohio to...

Cosmology in the New World
PROJECT Santa Fe Institute.

This project consists of articles written by members of Santa Fe Institute’s cosmology research group. Overall, the goal of this group is to understand the larger relationships between cosmology and society through a theoretically open-ended, comparative examination of the ancient American Southwest, Southeast, and Mesoamerica.

Direct Comparison of LA-ICP-MS and Handheld XRF Elemental Analysis of Copper Artifacts: A Methodological Case Study in the Exploration of Hopewell Valuables Exchange Systems (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kevin Nolan. Mark Seeman. Mark Hill. Eric Olson.

We evaluate the sensitivity of handheld X-ray Fluorescence (pXRF) analysis in reliable identification of geological sources of copper artifacts with varying levels of corrosion. As part of a larger project, we analyzed 52 copper artifacts and dozens of copper samples from known geological sources with Laser Ablation-Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) (Hill et al. 2016), and analysis of the same source samples with pXRF. In both of these previous analyses, we have achieved...

Elemental Analysis of Scioto Valley Hopewell Copper (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mark Hill. Kevin Nolan. Mark Seeman. Laure Dussubieux.

Artifacts of copper occupy a position of prominence in the Hopewell societies of Ohio’s Scioto Valley. Earspools, repousse plaques, effigy cutouts, celts, and a wide variety of other forms represent a technological and artistic mastery of the medium. These artifacts also represent the social contacts and long distance interactions that brought copper to the Scioto Valley and yet our understanding of copper acquisition for Ohio Hopewell, and the movement of copper artifacts within the social...

Fires at axis mundi: macro- and microbotanical investigations of a Hopewell woodhenge (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Andrew Weiland. Laura Crawford. Bret J. Ruby.

At Hopewell Mound Group in Ross County Ohio (33RO27), 2013 magnetic gradiometer investigations redefined the long invisible Great Circle, a 120-meter diameter woodhenge. The 2016 excavation of one of four central features within the Great Circle revealed a large thermal feature. Although unusually large for this purpose, the arrangement of fire-cracked rock, clay lining, hot-burning hardwoods and grass seed suggest a classic earth oven common to domestic sites. However, ethnographic analogy...

Gateways and Gatherings: Economic, Ideological, and Social Networks of Southeastern Hopewell (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alice Wright. Cameron Gokee.

The existence of the Hopewell Core – the concentration of remarkable ceremonial assemblages and geometric earthworks in the Ohio River Valley – presupposes the existence of a Hopewell Periphery, a social space that includes large swaths of the American Southeast. Often, archaeologists have attributed Hopewellian material culture at southeastern sites to their role as gateway centers facilitating the exchange and transfer of special raw materials through the Hopewell Interaction Sphere....

Ground Truthing The Great Circle and other Big Data Anomalies at the Hopewell Mound Group (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Bret Ruby.

The monumental mounds and earthworks at Hopewell Mound Group have attracted attention since the dawn of American archaeology. By the early 20th century, the site’s imposing earthworks, exotic raw materials, and exquisitely crafted artifacts were widely recognized as the most flamboyant expression of a newly defined “Hopewell culture.” Yet attention was focused narrowly on mounds and mortuary contexts, ignoring the vast spaces in between. Agricultural plowing steadily eroded above-grade features....

A Historical look at American Archeology
PROJECT Uploaded by: Aaron Deguzman

This project was set up by ASU undergraduate Aaron Deguzman for a individual study project that he did with FPMcManamon in the Spring semester of 2011. Included are digital copies of some of the historic publications he read and some of his written summaries and assessments of these readings. The following two paragraphs are Aaron's statement of what he hoped to get out of the readings course. What I'd like to study is the history of archeology with an emphasis on the public outlook on...

The Hopewell Problem: A Discussion of Digital Methods for Legacy Collections at Hopewell Mound Group (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Margaret Robinson.

The Hopewell culture was a unique explosion of cultural practices characterized by monumental earthwork construction, elaborate funerary practices and extensive exchange networks of exotic materials. The presence of these monumental burial mounds and earthwork structures on the Midwest landscape captured the interest of the earliest American archaeologists resulting in extensive archaeological excavations in the late 19th and early 20th century. The vast legacy collections that resulted from...

Interpretation of Long-Nosed God masks
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Jacob Skousen

The following is a summary of Hall’s interpretation of Long-Nosed God masks. From Hall 1997 An Archaeology of the Soul.

Investigating Hopewell interaction at the Crib Mound Site through source analysis of chert cache bifaces (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ryan Parish. Bretton Giles. Kenneth Rowland.

The prehistoric cultures of the Middle Woodland Period (200 BC – AD 350) have been a central research focus in North American archaeology since the 18th Century. One trademark of these culture groups, commonly referred to as "Hopewell", is the presence of extensive social networks as evidenced by large amounts of exotic materials acquired from great distances. Chert cache discs found in the thousands in burial contexts are reported to have moved along these social networks. Both Wyandotte...

Kindling "New Fires" in Ohio Hopewell Ceremonial Regimes (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Bretton Giles. Ryan Parish. Marta Alfonso Durruty. Bretton Giles.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Our paper investigates the relationship between Ohio Hopewell ceremonial hearths and the caches interred within/adjacent to them in submound buildings at Hopewell and Mound City. While large Ohio Hopewell mega-caches have captured the attention of archaeologists, discussions of the ceremonial hearths associated with them have typically focused on their use....

Large Fields - Big Data. Browsing the meadows of Seip Earthworks, Ohio, using multiple gradiometer arrays (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rainer Komp.

Surveyed and first published in 1848 by Squier and Davis, the mounds being excavated in early 20th century, Seip Earthworks today forms part of the Hopewell Culture National Historical Park near Chillicothe, Ohio. While the restored burial mounds are among the largest from the so-called Hopewell culture, the earthworks comprise further two miles of embankment walls forming big circles and a precise square with astronomical alignments, a typical geometric figure at a number of places, which...

Magnetic Survey of the Mound City Group at Hopewell Culture National Historical Park in Ross County, Ohio (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Steven De Vore.

Mound City Group is a Hopewell mound and enclosure site located in south-central Ohio. The site was originally mapped by Ephraim Squier and Edwin Davis in 1846. The prehistoric earthworks consisted of 24 mounds within a square embankment wall and surrounded by eight borrow pits above the right bank of the Scioto River. In 1917, the mound group was leveled by the U.S. Army during the construction of the World War I training camp of Camp Sherman, except for Mound 7. After Camp Sherman was razed in...

The Milky Way Path of Souls and Adena-Hopewell Earthworks (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only William Romain.

In this presentation I consider Adena-Hopewell earthworks from a relational perspective. For decades, archaeologists have focused on individual sites. But what if it was found that the significance of certain sites unfolded in their relationships to other earthworks as well as other dimensions? In this presentation I use LiDAR imagery, archaeoastronomic analyses, and ethnohistoric data to explore the idea the Newark Earthworks, Great Hopewell Road, Mound City, Serpent Mound, and others were part...

New Magnetic Gradient Survey Results from Two Intermediate-Sized Earthwork Clusters in Southern Ohio: Junction Group and Steel Earthworks (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jarrod Burks.

Ohio is home to hundreds of Woodland period (ca. 300 BC- AD 400) earthwork sites. Most contain mounds and ditch-and-embankment enclosures in geometric shapes. Site size and complexity varies widely, from small, lone circles (often surrounding a mound) in the Early Woodland to the mega-large Middle Woodland Newark Earthworks. How and why earthwork construction moved from small to massive are enduring questions yet to be solved. Recent magnetic survey in southern Ohio at two sites of moderate...

Ritual Circuits and the Distribution of Exotic Sherds in Hopewell Contexts (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cameron Howell.

The exchange of exotic goods between disparate geographic and cultural groups across the Midwest and Southeast is a hallmark of the Hopewell Period. Ceramics Are recognized by archaeologists as an important component of this interaction sphere. This exchange is usually conceptualized as whole vessels moving across the landscape. In this paper, it is posited that sherds could be the unit of exchange instead. Using ritual circuits as a theoretical framework, this preliminary paper seeks to lay a...

Sculpting, Renewal and Perdurance of Illinois Hopewell Mounds (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jason King. Jane Buikstra.

Investigations of Illinois Valley Middle Woodland (Hopewell, ca 50 cal BC – cal AD 400) mound structure have traditionally emphasized the organization and composition of initial, or primary, features that anchor these monuments. Particular attention has been placed upon the distinctive ramp and tomb complex that centers initial ritual activity at mound sites and its connection to mortuary activity, cosmology, and creation. In contrast, archaeologists have typically underappreciated subsequent...

Time, Scale, and Community: Hopewell Unzymotic Social Systems (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kevin Nolan. Mark Seeman. Mark Hill.

Timing of Hopewellian developments plays a critical role in developing an understanding of how Hopewell came to be, and what it was. Focusing on the Scioto Hopewell sites studied by the Scale and Community in Hopewell Networks (SCHON), we present the results of 40 new radiocarbon dates obtained from 15 sites including both habitation and earthwork sites. We also undertake an evaluation of previous dates from these sites to come to a more robust understanding of the timing of key Hopewellian...

Variability in Large-Area Magnetic Surveys at Hopewell Earthworks and the Challenges of Big Data (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jarrod Burks.

Many Ohio Hopewell earthworks present an interesting challenge to archaeological geophysics: they are very large and contain vast amounts of what seems to be empty space. Both have limited our understanding of the breadth of the archaeological record at these complex sites; that is, until very recently. Large-area surveys at three Hopewell earthwork complexes in Ross County, Ohio (Hopewell Mound Group, High Bank Works, and Hopeton Works, ca. 30 ha each), have uncovered a wealth of new features,...