Social Complexity (Other Keyword)

1-25 (45 Records)

As Good as it Sounds: Archaeology of Las Delicias, Managua, Nicaragua (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jessica Manion. Geoffrey McCafferty. Carrie Dennett.

In 2008, housing development on the shore of Lake Xolotlan in a suburb of Managua discovered an extensive cemetery dating to the Late Tempisque period, ca. 1­300 CE. Dozens of individuals were recovered, along with a rich array of grave goods. A new phase of development in 2014 has been closely monitored by the Nicaraguan Institute of Culture. In July heavy machinery exposed a number of additional skeletons and a team from the University of Calgary volunteered to assist in the excavation...

A Bayesian Radiocarbon Chronology for Southern Appalachia, A.D. 700-1400 (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jacob Lulewicz.

Advances in radiometric dating and statistical analyses are having a substantial impact on the archaeology of eastern North America, especially through the achievement of high precision intrasite chronologies. While detailed intrasite dynamics are invaluable to advancing understandings of rapid cultural change, more refined and empirically constructed regional histories are also necessary. An integrated regional Bayesian chronology is presented for Southern Appalachia using extant radiometric...

A Bottom-Up Approach to Understanding Changes in Social Complexity during the Prehistoric Bronze Age on Cyprus (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Laura Swantek.

For at least the last 5,000 years, competition for social and economic control led to the acquisition of social power and wealth by some individuals or groups and the emergence of complex social systems. This paper will present the preliminary results of a larger study intended to identify the changing network structures that underlie society at the household, village and regional scales and led to the emergence of social complexity as a system level phenomenon during the Prehistoric Bronze Age...

Building Social Complexity: Differences in Bedrock Use at Early Formative Etlatongo in the Mixteca Alta of Oaxaca (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cuauhtémoc Vidal-Guzmán. Victor Salazar Chávez. Jeffrey Blomster.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Construction materials such as earthen fills have frequently been an afterthought for many archaeologists interested in understanding past social relations in Mesoamerica. In this paper we reconcile this situation by assessing how the relationship between humans and materials, in regard to the use of construction fills, may have played out a significant role...

Colonial Stigma in ‘Post’-Colonial Archaeology (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dawn M. Rutecki.

Legacies of archaeological social complexity models continue to stigmatize living Native communities. Pervasive in discussions of pre-Contact peoples in the modern United States, these models rely on the Eurocentric foundations steeped in racism, sexism, and religious bigotry on which they were built during early colonization. Archaeological evidence provides the opportunity to interrogate how past peoples were and continue to be entangled with living communities, rather than to buttress myopic,...

Complexity and Scale in the Study of Fisher-Gatherer-Hunters: An Example from the Eastern United States. In: Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherers (1985)
DOCUMENT Citation Only William H. Marquardt.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at

Context database of artifact counts for spaces in which board games were found in Bronze Age Cyprus (2014)
DATASET Walter Crist.

This dataset contains artifact counts for every space in Bronze Age Cypriot settlements in which game boards were found. Artifact classes are explained in: Crist, Walter. 2016. Games of Thrones: Board Games and Social Complexity in Bronze Age Cyprus. Unpublished PhD Dissertation, Arizona State University.

Cosmology in the New World
PROJECT Santa Fe Institute.

This project consists of articles written by members of Santa Fe Institute’s cosmology research group. Overall, the goal of this group is to understand the larger relationships between cosmology and society through a theoretically open-ended, comparative examination of the ancient American Southwest, Southeast, and Mesoamerica.

Decoupling Decoration and Dates: A New Absolute Chronology for the Transylvanian Middle Bronze Age (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Colin Quinn.

Metal from southwest Transylvania fueled the development of inequality and regional polities across Eastern Europe during the Bronze Age. However, little is known about the communities in the resource-rich region. Through regional survey, test excavation, and digitization of existing collections, the Bronze Age Transylvania Survey (BATS) Project seeks to understand the long-term dynamics of social organization throughout the Middle Bronze Age in southwest Transylvania (2000-1400 BC). A robust...

Developing Perspectives on Tonto Basin Prehistory (1992)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Alaina Harmon

This monograph is a collection of papers presented at the 1991 Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, New Orleans. These papers present preliminary results after two years of work on the eight year mitigation program investigating Salado Platform Mound Villages in the Tonto Basin, Arizona. Each paper constitutes an individual chapter. They include: 1. Introduction 2. Pursuing Southwestern Social Complexity in the 1990s 3. Modeling the Development of Complexity in the...

Does Increasing Social Complexity Buffer Energy Consumption from the Effects of High Frequency Climate Variation? A Western European Case Study (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Samantha Nabity. Jacopo Baggio. Jacob Freeman.

Humans, like any other organism, must continuously adapt to or modify their surrounding environment to maximize their fitness. One of the main sources of environmental variation that humans must cope with is climate variation. Adjustment to climate variation may include increasing investments in infrastructure (social, technological, cognitive), which acts as a buffer, filtering out the effects of higher frequency climate variation on the ability of individuals and populations to consume energy,...

Early Formative Public Architecture and Corporate Identity in the Mixteca Alta, Oaxaca (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Victor Emmanuel Salazar Chavez. Jeffrey Blomster.

Public spaces appeared early in Mesoamerica, often linked to emerging communal identity and/or socio-political complexity. Their construction, and subsequent maintenance and renovations, reflect the collective effort of different social actors and corporate entities. In Mesoamerica, public space first appears during the Early Formative period (1500-900 BCE), a time of emerging socio-political complexity at sites such as San Lorenzo, San Jose Mogote, and Paso de la Amada. The arrangement and...

Early polities in the steppes: Sintashta communities of southern Russia (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Denis Sharapov.

First polities in the Eurasian steppes are documented by the Greek and Chinese historical accounts of the Scythians (9th-3rd centuries BC) and the Xiongnu (3rd century BC – 1st century AD). Archaeologically, these entities manifested themselves in complex settlement networks, consisting of fortified sites, dispersed farmsteads, and mobile pastoral camps. Earlier roots of political organization in the Eurasian steppes are largely limited to funerary and ceremonial monuments, which presumably...

Entangled complexity: Spiro, religion, and food (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dawn Rutecki.

Understanding past peoples – those living in different places, spaces and times – requires archaeologists to reorient how we see and experience the world. We have the ability to move beyond recording the physical traces of past lives to get to the central goal of our discipline – understanding how people lived, participated in and tied themselves to communities, and connected to larger systems. Instead of forming stagnant images of the past, we need to remember the dynamism of choices made and...

Evolution of Elite Residence at San Martín Tilcajete, 500-100 B.C. (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Charles Spencer. Elsa Redmond.

Between 1995 and 2014, we directed 11 seasons of horizontal excavation in and around the main plazas of two Formative Period sites, El Mogote and El Palenque, near San Martín Tilcajete in the Oaxaca Valley. Our results indicate that major changes occurred in public architecture and elite residence between the Early Monte Albán I phase (500-300 B.C.) occupation at El Mogote and the Late Monte Albán I phase (300-100 B.C.) site of El Palenque. In view of the evidence of fundamental cultural...

Feeding the Ranks: correlating social organization and dietary patterns at the Yukisma Mound (CA-SCL-38) (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Karen Gardner. Eric J. Bartelink. Antoinette Martinez. Alan Leventhal. Rosemary Cambra.

The Yukisma Mound (CA-SCL-38), located in Santa Clara County, California, was used by the ancestral Ohlone as a mortuary site between approximately 940 and 230 years BP. Analysis of mortuary contexts within the mound revealed evidence of social differentiation in wealth, prestige, moiety affiliation and power. Special mortuary treatment, artifact abundance, and association with costly artifacts or culturally significant wealth items suggested that some individuals held higher status than...

Food and Religious Practices at Spiro: Implications for Understanding Social Complexity (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dawn Rutecki.

Recent reanalyzes of the Mississippian Ideological Interaction Sphere have invoked reinvigorated, multi-dimensional research that examines symbolism, social organization, and subsistence practices. Through a reanalysis of faunal remains from Spiro Mounds, OK, this paper interrogates the presence of faunal remains and materials to better contextualize their use through a lens of concurrent religious practices at the site from CE 1000-1400. By contextualizing the remains within broader discussions...

Games of Thrones: Board Games and Social Complexity in Bronze Age Cyprus
PROJECT Uploaded by: Walter Crist

This study frames research on board games within a body of anthropological theory and method to examine the long-term social changes that effect play and mechanisms through which play may influence societal change. Drawing from ethnographic literature focusing on the performative nature of games and their effectiveness at providing a method for strengthening social bonds through grounding, I examine changes in the places in which people engaged in play over the course of the Bronze Age on...

Historical Ecology: An Approach to the Investigation of Ancient Human-Environmental Interactions in the Horn of Africa (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only A. Catherine D'Andrea. Valery Terwilliger.

Recent archaeological survey, excavation, ethnoarchaeological and palaeoenvironmental research conducted in northeastern Tigrai by the Eastern Tigrai Archaeological Project (ETAP) has produced new insights into the Pre-Aksumite and Aksumite periods (>800 BCE-CE 700). The principal ETAP excavations thus far include the Pre-Aksumite site of Mezber (1600 BCE-1CE) and Ona Adi (c. early 1st millennium CE) which was inhabited during the Pre-Aksumite to Aksumite transition. Both sites were occupied...

Houses of Power: Community Houses and Specialized Houses as Markers of Social Complexity in the Pre-Contact Society Island Chiefdoms (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jennifer Kahn.

World-wide, communal houses and specialized houses represent hallmarks of social complexity. In pre-contact Society Island chiefdoms, social complexity was materially marked by architectural differences between elite and commoner residences. Yet perhaps more pronounced are architectural differences and varied spatial patterning between residential houses, communal houses, and specialized houses. This paper provides a spatio-temporal analysis of communal and specialized houses on the Maʻohi...

Initial Period Irrigation-based Societies in the Viru Valley, Peru (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Thomas Zoubek.

Radiocarbon dates from the sites of V-198 and Huaca El Gallo/La Gallina in the Viru Valley of Peru illustrate that the transition inland from the coast and the construction of monumental corporate architecture based on irrigation agriculture was not unique to the Supe Valle area along the Andean coastline. A second instance has been identified in Viru where it is also associated with the use of ceramics as early as 3950 years before present (2450 calibrated years B.C.). This pushes back the...

Malpaso Database (2008)
DATASET Uploaded by: Vincent Schiavitti

no description provided

Malpaso Valley - La Quemada Project
PROJECT Ben Nelson. Arizona State Universtity.

For over 15 years, Mexican and American archaeologists and students have dug ancient ruins, walked the high desert landscape, and worked in laboratories to understand the rise and fall of La Quemada, Zacatecas. We want to know why societies become complex, developing social hierarchies with specialized economic, political, and religious roles for their members. Why do civilizations expand? Northern Mexico's ancient past is an ideal context for studying these questions. During the period A.D....

Nelson et al 1997 Informe Parcial del Proyecto Valle del Malpaso La Quemada Temporada 1995 (1997)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Vincent Schiavitti

Report of the field work conducted in the 1995 season.

Nelson et. al. 1993 Informe parcial del Proyecto Valle de Malpaso La Quemada Temporada 1992 (1993)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Vincent Schiavitti

Field work from the 1992 season at La Quemada