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Climate Change (Other Keyword)

1-25 (106 Records)

Ancient Maya Wetland Features in the Eastern Belize Watershed (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 396169] Eleanor Harrison-Buck.

The Belize River East Archaeology (BREA) project is examining the wetlands of the eastern Belize Watershed. Within this 6000 km2 study area, there exists 122 km2 of perennial wetlands (28% of all wetlands in Belize). Here we report on the beginning stages of our investigations of an expansive wetland area in the northern part of the BREA study area. Through aerial survey we have identified ditched and drained fields and other canal features that resemble ancient wetland features found elsewhere...

Archaeological and Geomorphic Investigations of Paleoindian Sites near Smith Mountain, VA. (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 398180] Joseph Gingerich. William Childress. Daniel Wagner. Michael Johnson.

Identification of stratified Paleoindian components in eastern North America is rare. Because few stratified sites exist, cultural chronologies and depictions of Paleoindian lifeways have been drawn from large geographic areas and warrant revision. Recent work along the upper Roanoke River in Virginia has identified several sites that show an almost complete cultural sequence from 8,000 to 13,000 calendar years ago. These sites also show the use of a unique suite of lithic raw materials during...

The Archaeological Climate: New Materialisms and Ontologies of the Anthropocene (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 396838] Andrew Bauer.

Archaeologists have long documented how humans have historically responded to climate changes. With broad scholarly debate over the adoption of the "Anthropocene" to describe the current period of Earth history, they are also contributing to evaluations of how land-use practices historically influenced Earth's climate, arguably since at least the mid-Holocene. While archaeological approaches to past climate changes have much to contribute to the Anthropocene debate, they often uncritically leave...

The archaeology of dreams and what it tells us about climate change (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 403464] David Whitley.

Why does archaeology matter in the 21st century? One value is its ability to help us understand how humans react to changing circumstances, not with law-like statements but instead in terms of general behavioral patterns. The social context south-central California rock art, a record of visions or dreams, is an example of this fact. As partly indicated by rock art, the Medieval climatic anomaly led in one area to a population collapse but, in a related region, to population increase and the...

Archaic Period Sites Provide Information About Hunters and Gatherers (1984)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 79467] Martin Stein.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at

Battling the Rising Sea: Investigation and Protection of Turtle Mound, Castle Windy and Seminole Rest Shell Mound Sites (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 398405] Margo Schwadron.

Massive shell midden mounds were once common in the Canaveral region, but since the 1880s an estimated 68% of these sites have been destroyed. The shell mounds preserved within Canaveral National Seashore include one of North America’s tallest shell mounds (Turtle Mound), one of the last remaining vestiges of an extensive shell mound culture that inhabited the region. Recent investigations of Turtle Mound, Castle Windy and Seminole Rest inform about interactions and influences between people,...

Behind the Bear's Ears: Climate and Culture in the Early Pueblo Era on Elk Ridge, Southeast Utah (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 429824] R. E. Burrillo.

The Pueblo I period was a time of tumultuous throughout the Four Corners region. Long regarded as an era of gradual transition, it is now recognized by most authors as a discrete and decisive turning point in North American prehistory. While this topic has been studied extensively in the central Mesa Verde area of southwestern Colorado, very little formal research has occurred for the early Pueblo era in southeast Utah. The high uplands area of Elk Ridge contains probably the greatest...

Brian Fagan, Climate Change and Us (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 396554] Andrew Moore.

Brian Fagan has been a leader in illuminating the human past for students, and the public of all ages. From his writings and lectures thousands of people have come to understand how human societies have shaped the world in which we live. In recent years Fagan has built on these insights to bring a compelling message to his many audiences: that climate change has profoundly impacted human communities in the past and that it continues to do so in the present. He invites them to ponder these...

Casualties, Corrosion, and Climate Change: USS Arizona and Potentially Polluting Shipwrecks (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435482] Jeneva Wright.

USS Arizona, a steel-hulled battleship sunk in Pearl Harbor, HI on 7 December 1941, is an iconic American shipwreck, a war grave and memorial, and is among many shipwreck sites that contain large amounts of potential marine pollutants. Unlike most similar sites, however, USS Arizona has been the subject of long-term and ongoing corrosion studies aimed at understanding and modeling the nature of structural changes to the hull. Gaining a detailed understanding of the interaction between the marine...

Changing weapons in a mutable landscape: exploring the relationship between Upper Paleolithic weaponry variability and drastic environmental changes in Western Europe (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 403443] Joao Cascalheira. Nuno Bicho.

Lithic industries from the European Late Pleistocene archaeological record are marked by the presence of one of the most numerous and diverse set of artifacts identified as projectile weaponry tips. Variability in the morphology and technology of these tools has long been used for organizing the Upper Paleolithic archaeological record into distinct cultural and chronological units – the so-called techno-complexes – validating a direct association between transformations in projectile technology...

Chapter 8: Early / Middle Holocene Environments in the Middle Atlantic Region: a Revised Reconstruction (1988)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 148262] Arthur A. Joyce.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at

Climate Amelioration and the Rise of the Xiongnu Empire (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 431928] Jean-Luc Houle. Michael Rosenmeier.

Climate has been debated by historians and archaeologists as one possible contributing factor for the emergence and collapse of complex societies. Recently, connections have been proposed between an ameliorating environment, surplus resources, energy, and the rise of Chinggis Khan’s 13th-century Mongol Empire. If favorable climate and increased rangeland productivity do indeed play a critical role in the politics of pastoral nomads, then we should be able to observe this in other cases too. This...

Climate Change and Chiefdom Ecodynamics in the Eastern Andean Cordillera of Colombia (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 403901] Michael Smyth. Timothy Beach. Eric Weaver.

Exploratory research into climate change and the formation of chiefdoms took place in the Valley of Leiva. Preliminary findings from cultural-environmental contexts provide extraordinary interdisciplinary data. A stone-walled, oval-shaped elite building with compacted earthen floors, post-holes, and artifact-ecofact assemblages (decorated pottery, spindle whorls, deer fauna, and stone monoliths) was revealed near El Infiernito. Soil survey along the Rio Leyva produced evidence for major erosion...

Climate Change and Cultural Response in Holocene Southeastern North America (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 403569] David Anderson. Thaddeus Bissett. Martin Walker.

The historical trajectories of many societies in southeastern North America have been linked to changes in climate and biota. Rainfall regimes influenced population distributions as much as political geography during the late prehistoric era, and arguably well back into the past. Likewise, sea-level fluctuations shaped settlement near changing shorelines and resulted in population movement over much larger areas. Changes in biota over large areas brought about changes in settlement at the...

Climate Change and Moche Politics: A View from the Northern Chicama Valley, Peru (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 429279] Michele Koons.

In this paper I will discuss the different lines of evidence pertaining to detecting El Niño and La Niña events at the site of Licapa II and surrounding Northern Chicama Valley. Flood deposits, dune encroachments episodes, malacological data, canal destruction and rebuilding events, and radiocarbon evidence are used as proxies to help understand the intensity and timing of ENSO events. I compare evidence from Licapa II to other sites inside and outside the Chicama Valley to highlight the...

Climate Change and Out of Africa Dispersals (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 403212] Michael Petraglia.

International, interdisciplinary fieldwork is at the core of Lawrence Straus' long-term archaeological research. Inspired by such an approach since my involvement with Straus' excavations at the Abri Dufaure in southwest France, I have been conducting field work in the Arabian peninsula, which aims to understand the relationship between climate change and human demography across the Pleistocene. Satellite images and GIS studies have effectively demonstrated that there were wet phases in this...

Climate Change and the Predicament of Archaeology in the U.S. Middle Atlantic Region (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 431034] Carole Nash. Heather Wholey.

The U.S. Middle Atlantic region, known for its rich archaeological record and diverse topographic settings, is experiencing a range of climate change impacts: sea level rise and coastal erosion; increased precipitation and flooding in some areas; and mountain-based forest fires associated with drought in other areas. Documented paleostratigraphic and palynological studies throughout the region provide a record of late Pleistocene/Holocene environmental response to changing climate, confirming...

Climate change and the preservation of archaeological sites in Greenland (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 403132] Jørgen Hollesen. Henning Matthiesen.

Archaeological sites in Greenland represent an irreplaceable record of extraordinarily well-preserved material remains covering more than 4000 years of human history. Out of the more than 6000 registered sites very few have been excavated and it is anticipated that thousands of sites are still to be discovered in the many unexplored parts of the country. However, the climate is changing rapidly in Greenland leading to accelerated degradation of the archaeological sites. Since 2009, the National...

Climate Change and Threatened Paleoecological Landscapes of South Florida (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 430376] Margo Schwadron.

South Florida contains millions of acres of wetlands, subtropical estuaries and prehistoric waterways interconnecting thousands of tree islands and shell work islands, comprising one of the largest and most complex prehistoric maritime landscapes worldwide. Recursive human and natural dynamics shaped these landscapes over deep time, but will soon be lost by rising sea level. Integrated archaeological and paleo-ecological studies are critical to understanding the long term impacts of humans on...

Climate Change Challenges at Bandelier National Monument: Adapting Conservation and Monitoring Responses for Cultural Sites in the Desert Southwest (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 403135] Rachel Adler. Barbara Judy. Sarah Stokely. Rory Gauthier.

The Ancestral Puebloan sites at Bandelier National Monument include both masonry pueblos and man-made cave sites. The dry climate of Northern New Mexico in conjunction with the environmental awareness and architectural ingenuity of the builders have played an important role in the preservation of these sites, which continue to yield valuable archaeological information. Changes in the semi-arid climate in which the monument is located have begun to threaten the equilibrium between these...

Climate change risk assessment of coastal archaeological resources in San Diego County (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 430034] Lauren Downs. Sandra Pentney. Marla Mealey. Nicole Turner. Natalie Brodie.

Climate change poses threats to both inland and coastal archaeological resources alike. Sites along the coast of San Diego County are under various threats such as inundation and erosion due to sea level rise. For over two years, the Society for California Archaeology (SCA) and the San Diego County Archaeological Society (SDCAS) have been directing the Climate Change Project to assess the effects of climate change on San Diego County resources. This study utilizes GIS analysis to examine coastal...

Climate Change, Archaeology, and Native Expertise: an Ice Patch Success Story (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 404419] Pei-Lin Yu. Robert Kelly. Craig Lee. Ira Matt. John Murray.

Managing the impacts of climate change to cultural resources, and conducting relevant research, cross-cuts disciplinary boundaries and calls for an innovative, outward looking mindset. Descendant communities, particularly Native groups with long ties to lands and resources and high stakes in climate change outcomes, are rich in traditional ecological knowledge and cultural expertise. These bodies of knowledge are key building blocks for successful strategies for risk evaluation, vulnerability...

Climate Change, Subsistence and Warfare during the Late Pre-Columbian Period in the Lower Midwest (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 404968] Jeremy Wilson. Lucas Stamps. William Gilhooly. Broxton Bird.

Archaeologists are increasingly turning to climate change as part of their explanatory models of regional and interregional population movement, socio-cultural transformation, and the dissolution of societies in North America. In the lower Midwest, both megadroughts and megafloods have been invoked to explain declining agricultural returns, rises in conflict, and abandonment of major river valleys during the latter half of the Mississippian Period. However, the data sources and indices recording...

Climate, Chronology, and Collapse: Comparing the Classic Maya and the Roman Empire (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 403748] Julie Hoggarth. Laurent Cases.

Increasing literature has focused on the role of climate change in the collapse of complex societies. These studies suggest that abrupt shifts in climate can exacerbate existing political, social, and economic issues by affecting the basic subsistence systems on which populations depend. Here we compare archaeological, historic, and climate proxy data from two state-level societies: the Classic Maya and the Roman Empire. A strong focus on the impact of multi-decadal droughts from the ninth to...

Climates of History in Ancient China: Lessons from Deep-Time and Cross-Cultural Perspectives (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 396559] Arlene Rosen.

In recent decades, studies of climate change and its impact on past societies have been colored by a veneer of political agenda and oversimplification of how ancient societies might have actually responded to changes in their environments. Although many of these climatic changes would have profoundly impacted economic systems of past societies, these social and economic systems have often demonstrated remarkable resilience in the face of such changes. Other times, abrupt environmental changes...

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America