Iroquoian (Other Keyword)

1-16 (16 Records)

Dating Iroquoia
PROJECT Uploaded by: Jennifer Birch

The Dating Iroquoia project is developing high-precision radiocarbon chronologies for northeastern North American archaeology. We are especially concerned with understanding how refined timeframes help us to understand processes of population movement, conflict, settlement aggregation, politogenesis, and the entry and impacts of European manufactured goods and persons among Northern Iroquoian societies.


Dating Iroquoia project database (2020)
DATASET Uploaded by: Jennifer Birch

This database contains site, sample, and radiocarbon dating information for all samples and dates acquired as part of the Dating Iroquoia project as per the original project description as funded by NSF award no. BCS 1727802.


Eaton Site
PROJECT Uploaded by: William Engelbrecht

This project contains data from 17 seasons of excavation from the Eaton Site in West Seneca, NY just south of the city of Buffalo. It is a multi-component site that was occupied intermittently from late Paleo-Indian times through the early 19th century when it contained a cabin on what was then the Buffalo Creek Reservation. The bulk of material recovered from the site is from an Iroquoian village dating to the mid-sixteenth century. The major portions of three longhouses and a palisade...


The Eaton Site: Preliminary Analysis of the Iroquoian Component (1994)
DOCUMENT Full-Text William Engelbrecht.

Twelve seasons of work by archaeological field schools have resulted in the partial excavation of an Iroquoian village at the Eaton Site, located in western New York. One longhouse has been almost totally excavated and two others have been partially excavated. This paper reviews what is currently known about the site and presents information on the quantity and type of some of the artifacts recovered. It also looks at the distribution of some material relative to the excavated longhouses.


Iroquoian Ceramic Data
PROJECT Uploaded by: William Engelbrecht

Data on some 10,000 New York Iroquois ceramic vessels. William Engelbrecht began collecting ceramic data in 1968 for his Ph.D. dissertation, A Stylistic Analysis of New York Iroquois Pottery, University of Michigan, 1971 (now uploaded to tDAR). Ceramic attributes and ceramic types were recorded from Iroquoian village sites across New York State dating between the 15th and mid-17th centuries. After his dissertation research, Engelbrecht continued to add to these data. At present, over...


Leatherstocking Precontact Site 2
PROJECT Uploaded by: Justin DiVirgilio

Leatherstocking Site 2 was discovered in the Town of Windsor, New York, east of the Susquehanna River. It is adjacent to the reputed location of the Onaquaga, a 17th and 18th-century Iroquoian village, and contains pit features and evidence of potential Native and American structures.


Leatherstocking Precontact Site 2 (2017)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Justin DiVirgilio

A phase III report of the Leatherstocking Site 2 site discovered in the Town of Windsor, on the flood plain east of the Susquehanna River. It is adjacent to the reputed location of Onaquaga, a 17th-and 18th-century Iroquoian village, and contains pit features and evidence of potential Native / American structures.


Migration, Dispersion, or Purposeful Relocation?: Flexibility as an Adaptive Settlement Strategy in Northern Iroquoia, ca. A.D. 1300–1650 (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jennifer Birch.

Flexibility is a defining characteristic of the Iroquoian settlement landscape. Population movement, amalgamation, coalescence, dispersal, resettlement, incorporation, and abandonment occurred at the local and regional scales throughout Iroquoian history. Even those groups that persisted within more or less the same territories from A.D. 1300 through the contact era had complex and dynamic settlement histories. This paper considers patterns of settlement relocation in Northern Iroquoia with an...


The Neolithic Transition in Northern Iroquoia (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dean Snow.

While details remain debated, the general outline of the emergence of semi-permanent sedentary domestic architecture in Northern Iroquoia is well understood. Communities comprised of bark longhouses came to be associated with subsistence maize horticulture over the course of the last millennium prior to European contact. Various factors triggered periodic community relocations throughout Northern Iroquoia, migratory events that were usually short-distance but occasionally involved long-distance...


Probing Provenance: Investigating the Geographic Origins of Pottery from the Mantle Site (ca. 1525 C.E.), Ontario, using Petrographic and microprobe Analyses (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Striker. Linda Howie.

Petrographic studies of variability in the geographic origins of ancient pottery rely on discrimination of vessels based on their raw material ingredients, which can be traced to natural sources on the geological landscape. In the Great Lakes region, the glacial landscape is dominated by sediments comprising heterogeneous mixtures of eroded and transported materials, making such distinctions challenging. In this study we investigate variation in the geographic origins of pottery from the Mantle...


Reinterpreting Winney’s Rift: Material culture, language, and ethnogenesis outside of Iroquoia (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew Kroot.

Winney’s Rift, located along Fish Creek in Saratoga County, New York, has been the focus of several systematic and publicly reported excavations, as well as countless disturbances by looters, collectors, and amateur archaeologists. This paper reviews the history of material recovery and interpretation by these various parties before reexamining the anthropological significance of the site. Reported artifacts show occupations at the site ranging from two Clovis points through to present-day...


The Ripley Site Midden: Iroquoian Refuse Disposal in Chautauqua County, Western New York (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Allison Byrnes. Allen Quinn. David Pedler.

The Ripley Site is a Late Woodland through Historic period Iroquoian site overlooking Lake Erie, in the Eastern Lake section of the Central Lowlands physiographic province in western New York. In its continuing investigations of the bluff-top site, Mercyhurst University (Erie, PA) is focusing attention on a presumed refuse midden, where the village’s inhabitants cast refuse downslope toward Young’s Run, which lies to the east of the village, proper. Here, we define the boundaries of the midden,...


Settlement scaling in the Northeastern Woodlands (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jennifer Birch.

In the late pre-contact Northeastern Woodlands, processes of aggregation, migration, and geopolitical realignment led to the formation of settlements which give the impression of being too large to be called villages but possessed organizational structures associated with segmentary societies. This paper utilizes empirical data generated from Iroquoian community plans to present a study of scaling relationships in Northern Iroquois. The results are then considered in the context of the...


Struggling with Radiocarbon Dates at the Dawson Site in Downtown Montréal (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Roland Tremblay. Christian Gates-St-Pierre.

This is an abstract from the "Dating Iroquoia: Advancing Radiocarbon Chronologies in Northeastern North America" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In 2016, construction work on Sherbrooke street in downtown Montréal has led to the discovery of late St. Lawrence Iroquoian remains that are part of the Dawson site, an Iroquoian village first discovered in 1859. Two years of excavations, in 2016 and 2017, provided new data representing a welcome addition...


Time, Space and Ceramic Attributes: The Ontario Iroquoian Case (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ronald Williamson. Peter Ramsden.

This is an abstract from the "Dating Iroquoia: Advancing Radiocarbon Chronologies in Northeastern North America" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Ontario Iroquoian chronology has been largely based on observed or inferred changes in the frequency of rim sherd types or attributes through time. Such observations include the increasing development of collars, decreasing complexity in collar motif, decreasing frequency of horizontals and changes to the...


Timing the Circulation of Nonlocal Materials in Seneca- and Onondaga-Region Sites (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Samantha Sanft.

This is an abstract from the "Dating Iroquoia: Advancing Radiocarbon Chronologies in Northeastern North America" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In this paper, I evaluate newly acquired AMS radiocarbon dates for Seneca- and Onondaga-region sites, focusing on what these new dates can tell us about the regional exchange of non-local materials in the circa fourteenth- to seventeenth- century ancestral Haudenosaunee homeland (what is today central New...