Monuments (Other Keyword)

1-18 (18 Records)

Architecture and monuments as territorial markers among the hunter-gatherers of the Pacific coast, Atacama Desert (Northern Chile) (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Benjamín Ballester. Estefanía Vidal. Francisco Gallardo.

Architecture, as a material device that is perceived and experienced, involves the creation of spatial and visual signatures within a landscape, effectively connecting social groups and territories. In this paper, we explore the role of architecture and monuments in processes of territorialization, land tenure and the use of space among hunter-gatherers of the Pacific coast in the Atacama Desert, Northern Chile. Between 7,000 to 1,000 BP these groups developed diverse ways of making and using...


The faces behind the façade: monuments and their associated practices in Neolithic Britain (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Benjamin Chan.

Over the last forty years the analysis of monuments has lain at the center of our understanding of Neolithic societies. Interpretative approaches toward monuments range in scale from the overarching view of Renfrew’s emerging chiefdoms to embodied perspectives focusing on their materiality. Regardless of analytical scale, most accounts treat monuments as complete architectural forms and fail to grasp the significance of the wider activities that surrounded their construction and use. This paper...


In Death Do We Join: Community Building in Ancient Ethiopian Funerary Practices (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dil Basanti.

Aksum was the capital of northern Ethiopian kingdom that is famous for its numerous pre-Christian funerary stelae dating to the first four centuries A.D. The six largest stelae employ a peculiar "house" symbolism carved into their surfaces. Art historians have also noted that later Christian churches in the Ethiopian highlands, also sites for burial, mimic the layouts of old Aksumite elite houses. Beyond this, there has been little serious interpretation on what the "house" symbolism indicates...


Interaction Spheres or Networks of Participation? Organizing Institutional Complexity in Adena-Hopewell societies of Kentucky’s Bluegrass Region (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Edward Henry.

Since the 1960’s Joseph Caldwell’s notion of the interaction sphere has endured as a global framework through which archaeologists interpret regional systems of trade and exchange. However, a tension exists in this framework between the homogeneous and heterogeneous nature of exchanges within overlapping territories. Implied in the Interaction Sphere approach is that, through their interactions, autonomous social groups engage in homogeneous religious, economic, and sociopolitical institutional...


The International Boundary Commission Monuments – 1848 to Today. (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mark L Howe. David Camarena Garcés.

After the Mexican – American War (1846-1848) the International Boundary Commission (IBC) was formed. In 1944, this changed to International Boundary and Water Commission (IBWC) and its counterpart la Comisión Internacional de Límites y Aguas (CILA) due to evolving regulatory duties along the U.S. – Mexico Border for both Sections. Since the inception of the formal IBC in 1889, the present International Border from the Pacific Ocean to El Paso, Texas has increased to 276 international border...


La Venta’s Offering 4: Representation of Olmec Ritual Practices (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Arlene Colman.

Offering 4 at La Venta consists of one brownstone and 15 greenstone human figurines arranged in front of six jade celts set on end. This unique offering was placed north of the pyramid in the Ceremonial Court of Complex A as part of a ritual activity that dedicated a new building phase in the court around 600 BC. It was associated with a massive serpentine pavement and a cruciform axe offering. About a century later, Offering 4 was reopened and checked. Offering 4 at La Venta conveys a story in...


Labor, Materials, and Ritual Knowledge: Erecting and Erasing Middle Woodland Enclosures in Southern Appalachia (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alice Wright.

Middle Woodland geometric enclosures are among the most complex earthen monuments ever built in Eastern North America. Well-known 19th century maps have long provided archaeologists with a view of their shape, size, and scope, in their final forms. However, because relatively few of these enclosures have been systematically excavated, their early life histories and the ways they may have evolved through time remain enigmatic. In this paper, I seek to document a more complete biography of...


The Longue Duree of Malta (Mediterranean) and Lismore (Argyll, Scotland) Compared and Contrasted, and Set within Concluding Remarks (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Simon Stoddart. Christopher Hunt. David Redhouse. Ewan Campbell. Charles French.

The author has undertaken fieldwork on both of these two limestone island systems, one in the Mediterranean, one leading into the Atlantic. The paper will reflect on the longue duree development of these two contrasting contexts, in terms of the rhythms of settlement organisation and interaction. The first, Lismore, an area of only 23.5 square km, is set within an enclosed maritime zone close to shore, off the western seaboard of Scotland. The second, Malta, a larger area of 316 square km, is...


The monumentality of ancient pastoral landscapes in Western Tian Shan (Xinjiang, China) (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Annie Chan.

This paper examines the spatial configuration of stone structures built for ritual and funerary uses in the steppes of Western Tian Shan based on results of survey and excavation in the Bortala and Ili River Valleys in Xinjiang, China. Marked by clusters of structures attributed typologically to different epochs of human activity, these sites evince a recurring architectural expression of ritual and funerary customs spanning upwards of centuries. The additive process by which some of these...


Monuments' Protection in Slovakia and the Question of Cultural Parks (2000)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Viera Dvorakova.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the EXARC Bibliography, originally compiled by Roeland Paardekooper, and updated. Most of these records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us using the...


Mound Summit Archaeology at the Carson site, Coahoma County, Mississippi (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jayur Mehta. David Abbott.

In 2014, the Carson Mounds Archaeological Project (CMAP) excavated a structure on the summit of Mound D. In addition to a cache of Mississippian chisels, or woodworking tools, excavations revealed several rebuilding episodes associated with this structure. Furthermore, a well-fired and compact earthen floor was discovered underneath the daub fall. This presentation focuses on excavations and findings, radiocarbon dates from the structure and Mound D, and also includes a discussion on...


Organisation und Durchführung der Erneuerung der historischen Baudenkmäler im historischen Komplex der Stadt Vukovar (2000)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Zdenka Predijevac. Damir Filipović. Đuro Šimičić.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the EXARC Bibliography, originally compiled by Roeland Paardekooper, and updated. Most of these records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us using the...


Proposed Preservation and Historic Features Element of the Comprehensive Plan for the National Capital and Related Implementation Proposals (1983)
DOCUMENT Citation Only National Capital Planning Commission. District of Columbia Government.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Reconsidering the Monuments of the Precontact Peoples of the Northeastern United States (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Justin Reamer.

In the literature on monumentality there is little to no discussion of pre-contact Native American monuments in the northeastern United States. However, this does not mean the region was completely devoid of monumental architecture before the arrival of European, but monuments are not a common topic of archaeological research in the northeast. In this paper, I will discuss two structures- shell mounds, and stone and brush heaps- and argue that they should be discussed as monuments and further...


Remembering the "Lost Cause:" The Power of the Memorial Landscape and Cornerstone "Relics" from Louisville’s Confederate Monument (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only M. Jay Stottman.

Amid recent efforts to remove Confederate Monuments throughout cities in the South, the city of Louisville recently removed its 121 year old monument situated on a public street in the middle of the University of Louisville’s main campus.  During disassembly of the monument, a cornerstone box containing commemorative objects was found.  This paper discusses these objects and their relationship to the memory of the "Lost Cause" movement espoused by ex-Confederates.  It also examines the battle...


Resilience, Hierarchy, and the Native American Cultural Landscapes of the Yazoo Basin and the Mississippi Delta (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Rodning. Jayur Mehta.

Within the field of ecology, resilience is the capacity of an ecosystem to withstand change and to regenerate itself after disturbance. Adapted to the archaeological study of past cultural systems, the concept of resilience refers to the capacity of a cultural system or a cultural landscape to endure change. Archaeologists have primarily recognized resiliency in cultural systems of regions characterized by arid conditions, either permanently or periodically. This paper considers prehistoric...


Revealing Lost Inscriptions Using Reflective Transformation Imagery (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Melanie Heizer. Kim Kuffner. Zoë Deneault.

Our goal with this project was to identify, assess, and examine what threats exist to graveyard monuments and to explore the functionality of reflective transformation imagery (RTI) as a means for documenting and evaluating monument threats, and illuminate otherwise indecipherable texts and decorative motifs. Our work took place in May and June of 2015, as part of Anthropology 395: Heritage and Historical Archaeology Field Course, as we took part in a survey of the Jewish Cemetery. As part of...


Survey of Historical and Archaeological Sites at Perry Square: Historic Sites Survey, Erie, Pennsylvania (1981)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Janet K. Lubon.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.