Pit House / Earth Lodge (Site Type Keyword)

Parent: Domestic Structures

Semi-subterranean habitation that may have an oval, round or rectangular shape. Typically with a dome-like covering constructed using a wood frame covered by branches, reeds, other vegetation and earth.

1-25 (418 Records)

Additive Technologies Group Midlevel Research Design (1983)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Eric Blinman.

This document is an extension of work begun by William A. Lucius, and its substance owes much to his foresight in the design of the Dolores Archaeological Program ceramic analysis system. Scott Travis authored a draft research design for ceramics which was helpful during the writing of portions of the present version. Dean Wilson and Rob Waterworth provided intense discussions of the interpretation of ceramic data, and their arguments and ideas have shaped and continue to shape...


Ainu Bay 1 Artifact Photographs (2008)
IMAGE Uploaded by: Natalia Slobodina

Artifact photographs from Ainu Bay 1.


Ainu Creek Artifact Photographs (2006)
IMAGE Uploaded by: Natalia Slobodina

Artifact Photos from the 2006 excavation at Ainu Creek.


Appraisal of the Archeological Resources of the Oahe Reservoir, North and South Dakota (1953)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Paul L. Cooper.

The present report is intended as a brief, non-technical statement of the archeological resources known to exist in the Oahe Reservoir area (for information relative to the results of archeological research in the area to date, reference should be made to the list of literature cited at the end of this report). It is based primarily upon information collected by Missouri Basin Project reconnaissance parties 1948-1952, but use has been made of various other resources. During the late summer of...


AR-03-12-03-197 Arizona Site Steward File (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Joseph S. Crary.

This is an Arizona Site Steward file for the sites AR-03-12-03-197, AR-03-12-03-198, AR-03-12-03-199, AR-03-12-03-200, and AR-03-12-03-227, located on Tonto National Forest land. These Hohokam sites include multiple rock shelters, a pit house village, bedrock grinding features, a field site, terraces, and checkdams. Sites may represent both Hohokam pot and gravity irrigation systems. The file consists of five heritage inventory forms and five preliminary inventory forms. The earliest dated...


Archaeological Data Recovery at Riverfront Village (38AK933): A Mississippian/Contact Period Occupation (2013)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Thomas Whitley. Jana Futch. Kandice D. Hollenbach. Jon Marcoux. Kim Wescott. Maggie Needham. Jessica Allgood.

"In 2004, Brockington and Associates, Inc. (Brockington) was asked by the South Carolina Department of Transportation (SCDOT) to carry out Phase II Testing for the Georgia Avenue Extension Project (GAEP) in North Augusta. The GAEP was an undertaking that entailed design and construction of new roadway associated with the City of North Augusta’s planned riverfront revitalization. More than one year earlier, the city teamed with the Leyland Alliance (a private development partnership) to design...


Archaeological Data Recovery of AZ N:4:110(ASM) at Grey Fox Ridge, Cottonwood, Yavapai County, Arizona (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Stewart Deats

This document presents the results of archaeological data recovery investigations at Site AZ N:4:110(ASM) within the private development known as Grey Fox Ridge. EnviroSystems Management, Inc. conducted the work at the request of the property owner who needed to mitigate the adverse effects to the site resulting from land development. The site is approximately one-half mile northwest of downtown old Cottonwood and one-quarter mile southwest of the Verde River in Yavapai County, Arizona. The...


Archaeological Fieldwork at Creswell Pueblo (AZ J:14:282 ASM) 2006 Field Season (2007)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Lisa C. Young.

Between June 9 and July 14, 2006, excavations were undertaken at Creswell Pueblo (AZ J:14:282), a site on an Archaeological Conservancy preserve (the Creswell Ranch Archaeological District) within the boundaries of the Homolovi Ruins State Park in northeastern Arizona. Permission for this fieldwork was given by the Archaeological Conservancy, the land owner. This archaeological fieldwork was part of a larger program, called the Homol'ovi Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (HUROP),...


Archaeological Investigations at AZ BB:13:16(ASM)-Locus F, Tohono O'odham Indian Reservation, San Xavier District, Pima County, Arizona: Photos (2001)
IMAGE Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd..

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) assisted the San Xavier District of the Tohono O'odham Nation with the construction of an extension of the Central Arizona Project (CAP) pipeline on reservation lands along the Santa Cruz River. The pipeline corridor crosses Loci F and H of AZ BB:13:16(ASM), a Hohokam occupation zone with many pithouses and other structures, varied pits, trash areas, and possibly human remains. Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) provided the labor,...


Archaeological Investigations at AZ BB:13:16(ASM)-Locus F, Tohono O'odham Indian Reservation, San Xavier District, Pima County, Arizona: Report (2001)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Margaret Glass.

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) assisted the San Xavier District of the Tohono O'odham Nation with the construction of an extension of the Central Arizona Project (CAP) pipeline on reservation lands along the Santa Cruz River. The pipeline corridor crosses Loci F and H of AZ BB:13:16(ASM), a Hohokam occupation zone with many pithouses and other structures, varied pits, trash areas, and possibly human remains. Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) provided the labor,...


Archaeological Investigations at AZ U:6:87, U:6:105, and U:6:253(ASM) on the Fort McDowell Mohave-Apache Indian Community, Maricopa County, Arizona: Report (1997)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Claudine Gravel-Miguel

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) assisted the Fort McDowell Indian Community (FMIC) with cultural resource investigations in advance of widening and realigning portions of Fort McDowell Road (also known as Mustang Way). These improvements were required to facilitate increased road use associated with the construction and operation of the Fort McDowell Indian Community Irrigated Farmland Development Project. Reclamation requested that Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS)...


Archaeological Investigations for the Fort McDowell Road Improvement Project
PROJECT USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) assisted the Fort McDowell Indian Community (FMIC) with cultural resource investigations in advance of widening and realigning portions of Fort McDowell Road (also known as Mustang Way). These improvements were required to facilitate increased road use associated with the construction and operation of the Fort McDowell Indian Community Irrigated Farmland Development Project. This project presents the results of these undertakings.


An Archaeological Reassessment and Evaluation of Eight Site Clusters Around Horseshoe Reservoir, Tonto National Forest
PROJECT USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) undertook a field evaluation of eight site clusters (77 sites) around Horseshoe Reservoir, in the Tonto National Forest. The boundaries of the site clusters and the particular sites assessed were designated by the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation). The goals of the project were to relocate previously recorded sites, replot them using a GPS, evaluate the accuracy and completeness of the existing site documentation and amend as necessary, and...


An Archaeological Reassessment and Evaluation of Eight Site Clusters Around Horseshoe Reservoir, Tonto National Forest (1993)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Robert B. Neily. Christopher Donta.

Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) undertook a field evaluation of eight site clusters (77 sites) around Horseshoe Reservoir, in the Tonto National Forest. The boundaries of the site clusters and the particular sites assessed were designated by the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation). The goals of the project were to relocate previously recorded sites, replot them using a GPS, evaluate the accuracy and completeness of the existing site documentation and amend as necessary, and...


Archaeological Survey and Assessment for the Fort McDowell Indian Community Irrigated Farmland Development Project
PROJECT USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Ofice.

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) partnered with the Fort McDowell Indian Community (FMIC) on the FMIC Irrigated Farmland Development Project to develop new agricultural fields in accordance with the stipulations set forth in the Fort McDowell Indian Community Water Rights Settlement Act (Public Law 101-628). At the request of Reclamation, Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted two surveys on proposed agricultural parcels for the FMIC Irrigated Farm Development Project in...


Archaeological Survey in Catalina State Park with a Focus on the Romero Ruin (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Mark D. Elson. William H. Doelle.

Catalina State Park is situated approximately 22 km (14 miles) north of Tucson, Arizona. Within this beautiful and pristine desert area lie a large number of relatively undisturbed archaeological sites. The park has witnessed a long and varied history. Sometime after 5000 B.C. Archaic period hunters and gatherers first roamed through the park area in their search for game and edible plants. During the following Hohokam period the park area was intensively occupied. A wide range of sites are...


An Archaeological Survey in the Blackwater Area, Volume 2: Site Descriptions and Related Data (1994)
DOCUMENT Full-Text David A. Gregory. Diane L. Douglas.

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), United States Department of the Interior, was in the initial stages of the Water Management Project designed to bring Central Arizona Project water to the Gila River Indian Community (GRIC). Under terms of a contract signed in 1992 with the GRIC, facilities designed and constructed by Reclamation would deliver 173,000 acre-feet of water annually onto the reservation. Federal law mandates consideration of potential impacts of such projects upon cultural...


An Archaeological Survey of the Salt-Gila Aqueduct (1973)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Mark Grady.

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) directed the Arizona State Museum to conduct a cultural resources survey of the Salt-Gila (Fannin-McFarland) Aqueduct as part of its environmental assessment of the impacts of the proposed Central Arizona Project. Twenty-two archaeological sites and two major areas of cultural activity were identified during the survey. Of these sites, 19 were recommended for further investigation and 5 were suggested for clearance (not eligible for the NRHP). The...


An Archaeological Survey of the Santa Cruz River Valley from the Headwaters to the Town of Tubac in Arizona (1941)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Edward Bridge Danson.

The Santa Cruz River is located in south-central Arizona in the Santa Cruz and Pima Counties. A short stretch of the rivers lies in northern Sonora and forms a big horseshoe bend as the river cuts across the foot of the Patagonia Mountains from the San Rafael Valley into the Santa Cruz Valley proper. In the San Rafael Valley, where the headwaters of the river are found, the Santa Cruz passes few towns or villages. The first one is Lochiel, a small cluster of houses on the International...


An Archaeological Survey of the Tucson Aqueducts, Central Arizona Project (1969)
DOCUMENT Full-Text D. W. Kayser. D. C. Fiero.

The Central Arizona Project (CAP) was authorized by the Colorado River Basin Act (P.L. 90-537) in 1968. The following year, the Cultural Resources Management Division of the Arizona State Museum conducted a survey of the preliminary alignment of the Tucson Aqueduct and portions of the Salt-Gila Aqueduct for the Bureau of Reclamation and under a National Park Service contract. The feasibility alignment extended 140 miles from the abandoned town of Charleston, north to the Gila River. The field...


Archaeological Testing And Burial Removal Of Unit 11 At Pueblo Grande, AZ U:9:1(ASM), DMB Property, 44th And Van Buren Streets, Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona -- DRAFT REPORT (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Banks L. Leonard.

Between April 4 and July 3, 1997, Soil Systems, Inc. (SSI) archaeologists conducted a program of archaeological test excavations and burial removal for DMB Property on a parcel of land to facilitate compliance with A.R.S. 41-865 for the protection of human remains (Arizona State Museum [ASM] Case No. 97-15). The DMB Property land was a 10.48-ac (42.41 ha) parcel located on the north side of Van Buren Street, between 44th Street and the Hohokam Expressway Right-of-way in Phoenix. The...


Archaeological Testing At Gateway Lot 4, Kitchell Development Company Property, 44th Street And Gateway Boulevard, Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona -- DRAFT REPORT (1997)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Banks L. Leonard.

On April 17 and 18, 1997, personnel from Soil Systems, Inc. (SSI) completed archaeological test excavations on a 3.8 acre parcel, Gateway Lot 4, scheduled for commercial development. Based on previous research, the parcel was believed to lie near the northwest edge of the large Hohokam site of Pueblo Grande (AZ U:9:1[ASM], see Bostwick 1993-4; Breternitz 1994; Kwiatkowski 1996). Archaeological remains incuding burials were previously documented less than 300 ft (61 m) southeast of Gateway Lot 4,...


Archaeological Testing at Pueblo Grande (AZ U:9:1(ASM)): Unit 15, The Former Maricopa County Sheriff's Substation, Washington and 48th Streets, Phoenix, Arizona -- DRAFT REPORT (1999)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Banks L. Leonard.

Based on existing development plans prepared for Kitchell Development Co. for the parcel containing a former Maricopa County Sheriff’s substation at 48th and Washington Streets, Phoenix, Arizona, two areas were to be excavated below grade for a building foundation and a runoff detention basin. Because this parcel is immediately east of known prehistoric cultural remains that are part of the large Hohokam site of Pueblo Grande (AZ U:9:1(ASM)), backhoe trenching was conducted in the two areas to...


Archaeological Testing at the Romero Ruin: Part 2 (1993)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Deborah L. Swartz.

Limited archaeological testing was conducted at the Romero Ruin, AZ BB:9:1 (ASM), during the spring of 1993 by archaeologists from the Center for Desert Archaeology. The site is a large prehistoric Hohokam village with an overlying historic component, located in Catalina State Park approximately 10 miles north of Tucson, Arizona. The purpose of the testing program was threefold: 1) to expose archaeological features along the interpretive trail prior to the features' being stabilized, 2) to...


Archaeological Testing of Unit 13 at Pueblo Grande, AZ U:9:1(ASM), Arizona Federal Credit Union Property, 44th and Van Buren Streets, Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Banks L. Leonard.

The Arizona Federal Credit Union (AFCU) property was a 3.26-acre parcel undergoing commercial development at the northeast corner of 44th and Van Buren Streets in Phoenix, Arizona. The parcel is located immediately southwest of Unit 7 and immediately west of Unit 11 at Pueblo Grande (AZ U:9:1(ASM)), where archaeological features including burials had been encountered previously. Because of its proximity, there was a high probability that archaeological remains including burials would also be...