Pit House / Earth Lodge (Site Type Keyword)

Parent: Domestic Structures

Semi-subterranean habitation that may have an oval, round or rectangular shape. Typically with a dome-like covering constructed using a wood frame covered by branches, reeds, other vegetation and earth.

1-25 (648 Records)

2000 Years of Settlement in the Tonto Basin: Overview and Synthesis of the Tonto Creek Archaeological Project (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

The Tonto Creek Archaeological Project (TCAP) was conducted in the Tonto Basin of east-central Arizona on Tonto National Forest land. The project was funded by the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) and conducted from 1992 through 1996, in advance of the realignment of Arizona State Route 188. The investigated area was a 61-m (200-ft) corridor that followed a 13.3-km (8-mi) stretch of the western terrace overlooking Tonto Creek. The project was divided into three sections based on the...


Additive Technologies Group Midlevel Research Design (1983)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Eric Blinman.

This document is an extension of work begun by William A. Lucius, and its substance owes much to his foresight in the design of the Dolores Archaeological Program ceramic analysis system. Scott Travis authored a draft research design for ceramics which was helpful during the writing of portions of the present version. Dean Wilson and Rob Waterworth provided intense discussions of the interpretation of ceramic data, and their arguments and ideas have shaped and continue to shape...


Ainu Bay 1 Artifact Photographs (2008)
IMAGE Uploaded by: Natalia Slobodina

Artifact photographs from Ainu Bay 1.


Ainu Creek Artifact Photographs (2006)
IMAGE Uploaded by: Natalia Slobodina

Artifact Photos from the 2006 excavation at Ainu Creek.


Ancient Farmers of the Safford Basin: Archaeology of the U.S. 70 Safford-to-Thatcher Project (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

In March 1999, Desert Archaeology, Inc., was subcontracted by lnca Engineering to conduct archaeological testing along U.S. 70 between Safford and Thatcher at the behest of the Arizona Department of Transportation. Subsurface features associated with four prehistoric habitation sites (AZ CC:2:235, :289, :290, and :291 [ASM]), two prehistoric canal sites (AZ CC:2:296 and :297), and one late historic-period canal site (AZ CC:2:298) were identified. Except CC:2:291 that was removed from the project...


Appraisal of the Archeological Resources of the Oahe Reservoir, North and South Dakota (1953)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Paul L. Cooper.

The present report is intended as a brief, non-technical statement of the archeological resources known to exist in the Oahe Reservoir area (for information relative to the results of archeological research in the area to date, reference should be made to the list of literature cited at the end of this report). It is based primarily upon information collected by Missouri Basin Project reconnaissance parties 1948-1952, but use has been made of various other resources. During the late summer of...


AR-03-12-03-197 Arizona Site Steward File (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Joseph S. Crary.

This is an Arizona Site Steward file for the sites AR-03-12-03-197, AR-03-12-03-198, AR-03-12-03-199, AR-03-12-03-200, and AR-03-12-03-227, located on Tonto National Forest land. These Hohokam sites include multiple rock shelters, a pit house village, bedrock grinding features, a field site, terraces, and checkdams. Sites may represent both Hohokam pot and gravity irrigation systems. The file consists of five heritage inventory forms and five preliminary inventory forms. The earliest dated...


Archaeological and Geoarchaeological Investigations Along the Santa Cruz River Floodplain: The Pima County Plant Interconnect Project (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

This document summarizes the results of a phased archaeological data recovery program along a narrow pipeline corridor between the Pima County Regional Wastewater Reclamation Department’s existing Roger Road and Ina Road facilities. The work was conducted by Northland Research, Inc. prior to the installation of a new gravity-flow sewer line connecting the two wastewater facilities. Northland’s Pima County Plant Interconnect Project (PCPIP) investigated seven archaeological sites that have been...


An Archaeological Assessment of the Coronado to Goldfield 230kV Transmission Line (1991)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Lanita C. Van Nimwegen.

Northland Research, Inc. (Northland) has completed a Class III archaeological survey of portions of the Coronado to Goldfield 230kV transmission line located on Arizona State lands, USDI Bureau of Land Management (BLM) lands and Salt River Project (SRP) right-of-ways across privately held lands. Reconnaissance of state and private (patented) lands was completed on April 24 and 25 of 1991 under Permit Number 90-39, and BLM lands were surveyed on May 3, Under Permit Number AZ-000065. As a result...


Archaeological Data Recovery at AZ U:9:8 (ARS), A Prehistoric Hohokam Site Near Mesa Grande, Mesa, Maricopa County, Arizona (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Lyle M. Stone.

Site AZ U:9:8 (ARS) was initially defined by Archaeological Research Services, Inc. (ARS) on April 26, 1985. At that time, Salt River Project (SRP) was excavating a footings trench for a concrete panel wall to be erected around a well site, and the construction crew encountered and reported archaeological remains in one of the excavated trenches. ARS was then requested by SRP to inspect the exposed remains, and to provide recommendations for the disposition of any identified cultural materials....


Archaeological Data Recovery at Riverfront Village (38AK933): A Mississippian/Contact Period Occupation (2013)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Thomas Whitley. Jana Futch. Kandice D. Hollenbach. Jon Marcoux. Kim Wescott. Maggie Needham. Jessica Allgood.

"In 2004, Brockington and Associates, Inc. (Brockington) was asked by the South Carolina Department of Transportation (SCDOT) to carry out Phase II Testing for the Georgia Avenue Extension Project (GAEP) in North Augusta. The GAEP was an undertaking that entailed design and construction of new roadway associated with the City of North Augusta’s planned riverfront revitalization. More than one year earlier, the city teamed with the Leyland Alliance (a private development partnership) to design...


Archaeological Data Recovery Excavations at the Sanders Great House and Six Other Sites Along US Highway 191, South of Sanders, Apache County, Arizona, Volume 2 (1994)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Thomas F. Fletcher.

This report presents the results of data recovery investigations at the Sanders Great House site and six other sites within the right-of-way of US Highway 191, south of Sanders, Apache County, Arizona. The project was sponsored by the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT). All excavation work was conducted on ADOT land, with the exception of a small portion of the right-of-way crossing site AZ K:15:17 that is part of the Navajo Nation Chambers-Sanders Trust Lands (CSTL). Data recovery...


Archaeological Data Recovery for the Santan Mountains Land Exchange (1989)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kim Adams. Ann Valdo Howard. Barbara S. Macnider.

In December 1988, Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted an archaeological survey in and around the eastern portion of the Santan Mountains in preparation for a land exchange between Julian Berry and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Phoenix District Office (Adams et al . 1989). As a result, 13 sites, 112 artifact scatters, and 284 isolated finds were recorded. Testing and data recovery measures were recommended for six of the sites.The sites are located within the Basin and...


Archaeological Data Recovery of AZ N:4:110(ASM) at Grey Fox Ridge, Cottonwood, Yavapai County, Arizona (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Stewart Deats

This document presents the results of archaeological data recovery investigations at Site AZ N:4:110(ASM) within the private development known as Grey Fox Ridge. EnviroSystems Management, Inc. conducted the work at the request of the property owner who needed to mitigate the adverse effects to the site resulting from land development. The site is approximately one-half mile northwest of downtown old Cottonwood and one-quarter mile southwest of the Verde River in Yavapai County, Arizona. The...


Archaeological Excavations at Pueblo Blanco: The MCDOT Alma School Road Project, Volume 1 (1995)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

At the request of the Maricopa County Department of Transportation (MCDOT), archaeological investigations were undertaken prior to a road widening project that involved segments of Alma School, McDowell, and McKellips Roads on the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community (SRPMIC) in Maricopa County, Arizona. Archaeological survey was initiated in 1989. Extensive ground disturbance was present due to agricultural and other activities conducted over the past 100 years. A large Classic period...


Archaeological Excavations at Pueblo Blanco: The MCDOT Alma School Road Project, Volume 2 (1995)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

At the request of the Maricopa County Department of Transportation (MCDOT), archaeological investigations were undertaken prior to a road widening project that involved segments of Alma School, McDowell, and McKellips Roads on the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community (SRPMIC) in Maricopa County, Arizona. The construction project involved widening Alma School Road from south of McKellips Road to north of McDowell Road. McKellips and McDowell Roads were also widened on both sides of Alma...


Archaeological Excavations in the Carrizo Wash Valley, East-Central Arizona: Data Recovery on the Fence Lake Mine Transportation Corridor, Volume 1 (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

Between May 15 and October 11, 2002, SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted archaeological data recovery at 11 sites along the proposed Fence Lake Mine Transportation Corridor (FLTCA) between the New Mexico state line and the Coronado Generating Station in St. Johns, Apache County, Arizona. The project was conducted for the Salt River Project Agricultural Improvement and Power District (SRP). The lead federal agency was the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Socorro Resource Area, New...


Archaeological Excavations in the Carrizo Wash Valley, East-Central Arizona: Data Recovery on the Fence Lake Mine Transportation Corridor, Volume II (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

Between May 15 and October 11, 2002, SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted archaeological data recovery at 11 sites along the proposed Fence Lake Mine Transportation Corridor (FLTCA) between the New Mexico state line and the Coronado Generating Station in St. Johns, Apache County, Arizona. The project was conducted for the Salt River Project Agricultural Improvement and Power District (SRP). The lead federal agency was the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Socorro Resource Area, New...


Archaeological Excavations in the Carrizo Wash Valley, East-Central Arizona: Data Recovery on the Fence Lake Mine Transportation Corridor, Volume III (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

Between May 15 and October 11, 2002, SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted archaeological data recovery at 11 sites along the proposed Fence Lake Mine Transportation Corridor (FLTCA) between the New Mexico state line and the Coronado Generating Station in St. Johns, Apache County, Arizona. The project was conducted for the Salt River Project Agricultural Improvement and Power District (SRP). The lead federal agency was the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Socorro Resource Area, New...


Archaeological Fieldwork at Creswell Pueblo (AZ J:14:282 ASM) 2006 Field Season (2007)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Lisa C. Young.

Between June 9 and July 14, 2006, excavations were undertaken at Creswell Pueblo (AZ J:14:282), a site on an Archaeological Conservancy preserve (the Creswell Ranch Archaeological District) within the boundaries of the Homolovi Ruins State Park in northeastern Arizona. Permission for this fieldwork was given by the Archaeological Conservancy, the land owner. This archaeological fieldwork was part of a larger program, called the Homol'ovi Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (HUROP),...


Archaeological Investigation of the Granite Reef Aqueduct, Cave Creek Archaeological District, Arizona (1977)
DOCUMENT Full-Text James B. Rodgers.

The following report contains the description and interpretation of archaeological data recently recovered from AZ T:8:31 (ASU), AZ T:8:35 (ASU), and AZ T:8:38 (ASU). Situated within south-central Arizona, these sites form an integral part of the Cave Creek Archaeological District. Impact on these cultural resources will result from construction along Reach 10 of the Granite Reef Aqueduct, a feature of the Central Arizona Project. A plan to mitigate this adverse impact through a program of...


Archaeological Investigations Along the Santan Expansion Project Pipeline Corridor from Gilbert to Coolidge, Maricopa and Pinal Counties, Arizona (2006)
DOCUMENT Full-Text David R. Hart. Douglas B. Craig.

This project involved archaeological investigations at eight Hohokam sites that will be impacted by the construction of a 36-mile long natural gas pipeline and associated easements. Excavation and data recovery were conducted at seven of the sites [AZ U:10:2(ASM), AZ U:10:176(ASM), AZ U:15:248(ASM), AZ U:14:54(ASM), AZ U:14:361 (ASM), AZ U:14:74(ASM), AZ AA:2:131(ASM)]. Archaeological extent testing was conducted at the other site, AZ U:10:175(ASM). Because no subsurface features were found in...


Archaeological Investigations Along U.S. 191 Near Wide Ruins, Apache County, Arizona (2013)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

The Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT), through its contractor, HDR Engineering, Inc., requested that Desert Archaeology, Inc., conduct Phase 1 and Phase 2 archaeological data recovery investigations at seven prehistoric sites along U.S. 191, approximately 1 mile west of the Navajo community of Wide Ruins, Apache County, Arizona (Elson and Herr 2005; Herr 2006b). The investigations were conducted in the Area of Potential Effects (APE) for construction of a northbound passing lane and...


Archaeological Investigations at Antelope House (1986)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Don P. Morris.

Reported in this volume are excavations at Antelope House, Canyon de Chelly National Monument, Arizona. The project, under the direction of the senior author and financed by the National Park Service, spanned the field seasons of 1970 through 1973. Our report proceeds from a general discussion of our excavation goals and other background material to a detailed discussion of the architecture of the site and the internal site chronology derived from this study. Sections of the report dealing with...


Archaeological Investigations at AZ BB:13:16(ASM)-Locus F, Tohono O'odham Indian Reservation, San Xavier District, Pima County, Arizona: Photos (2001)
IMAGE Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd..

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) assisted the San Xavier District of the Tohono O'odham Nation with the construction of an extension of the Central Arizona Project (CAP) pipeline on reservation lands along the Santa Cruz River. The pipeline corridor crosses Loci F and H of AZ BB:13:16(ASM), a Hohokam occupation zone with many pithouses and other structures, varied pits, trash areas, and possibly human remains. Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) provided the labor,...