Ancient Earthwork (Site Type Keyword)

Parent: Mound / Earthwork

A non-residential cultural construction made from earth, shell or other materials, often formed to enclose or demarcate an area, or, in the case of causeways, to link areas. Examples include shell rings.

1-25 (174 Records)

Antiquities of the Southern Indians, Particularly of the Georgia Tribes (1873)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Charles C. Jones, Jr..

Charles C. Jones' classic work of Southeastern archaeology and ethnohistory was the result of observations on his extensive collection (nearly 20,000 specimens in the 1890s), his field observations, and his correspondence with other researchers and scholars of the time. In the book, he documents a number of archaeological sites (such as Stallings Island and Etowah) and describes objects in the collection in comparison to similar items found throughout the Southeast and Midwest. Moreover, he...

Archaeological Data Recovery at the Leake Site, Bartow County, Georgia (vol. 1) (2010)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Scot Keith.

Southern Research, Historic Preservation Consultants, Inc. conducted two archaeological data recovery excavations at the Leake site between 2004 and 2006. The first excavation, from November 2004 through September 2005, was carried out for the Georgia Department of Transportation (GDOT) to mitigate the adverse impacts to the site from the proposed widening of State Routes 61 and 113. A second smaller data recovery, carried out in December of 2006, was done for the Bartow County Water Department...

Archaeological Data Recovery at the Leake Site, Bartow County, Georgia (vol. 2 - Appendices) (2010)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Scot Keith.

Appendices for Leake site data recovery report

Archaeological Investigations of Seven Prehistoric Sites Partially Within Intersection Improvement Areas Located Along State Route 87 at Center Street, North Mesa Drive, Horne Road and Gilbert Road, North of Mesa in Maricopa County, Arizona (1993)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Michael M. Gregory.

During late 1991 through mid-1992, Archaeological Research Services, Inc., performed archaeological evaluation and limited test excavation activities at seven Hohokam sites. These sites are located partially within four intersection improvement areas along State Route 87 north of Mesa in Maricopa County, Arizona (USGS Mesa, Ariz. 7.5' 1952/1982; USGS Sawik Mountain, Ariz. 7.5' 1964/1982). The Arizona Department of Transportation requested that Archaeological Research Services perform the work in...

Archaeological Monitoring of Contaminated Soil Removal from the Waste Dump Archaeological Site, AZ AA:6:2(ASM), Pinal County, Arizona (2012)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Chad V. Kirvan. A. E. (Gene) Rogge.

ADOA retained URS Corporation to remove and dispose of a mound of contaminated soil from Area A of the Picacho Pesticide Site, which is within a parcel of State Trust land managed by ASLD. The contaminated soil is within an archaeological site known as the Waste Dump site and designated AZ AA:6:2(ASM). The site is the remnants of a large prehistoric Hohokam village that was occupied during the Classic period (circa A.D. 1125 to 1450). Archaeological monitoring was conducted to document any...

Archaeological Testing And Burial Removal Of Unit 11 At Pueblo Grande, AZ U:9:1(ASM), DMB Property, 44th And Van Buren Streets, Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona -- DRAFT REPORT (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Banks L. Leonard.

Between April 4 and July 3, 1997, Soil Systems, Inc. (SSI) archaeologists conducted a program of archaeological test excavations and burial removal for DMB Property on a parcel of land to facilitate compliance with A.R.S. 41-865 for the protection of human remains (Arizona State Museum [ASM] Case No. 97-15). The DMB Property land was a 10.48-ac (42.41 ha) parcel located on the north side of Van Buren Street, between 44th Street and the Hohokam Expressway Right-of-way in Phoenix. The...

Archaeological Testing At Gateway Lot 4, Kitchell Development Company Property, 44th Street And Gateway Boulevard, Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona -- DRAFT REPORT (1997)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Banks L. Leonard.

On April 17 and 18, 1997, personnel from Soil Systems, Inc. (SSI) completed archaeological test excavations on a 3.8 acre parcel, Gateway Lot 4, scheduled for commercial development. Based on previous research, the parcel was believed to lie near the northwest edge of the large Hohokam site of Pueblo Grande (AZ U:9:1[ASM], see Bostwick 1993-4; Breternitz 1994; Kwiatkowski 1996). Archaeological remains incuding burials were previously documented less than 300 ft (61 m) southeast of Gateway Lot 4,...

Archaeological Testing at Pueblo Grande (AZ U:9:1(ASM)): Unit 15, The Former Maricopa County Sheriff's Substation, Washington and 48th Streets, Phoenix, Arizona -- DRAFT REPORT (1999)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Banks L. Leonard.

Based on existing development plans prepared for Kitchell Development Co. for the parcel containing a former Maricopa County Sheriff’s substation at 48th and Washington Streets, Phoenix, Arizona, two areas were to be excavated below grade for a building foundation and a runoff detention basin. Because this parcel is immediately east of known prehistoric cultural remains that are part of the large Hohokam site of Pueblo Grande (AZ U:9:1(ASM)), backhoe trenching was conducted in the two areas to...

Archaeological Testing of Unit 13 at Pueblo Grande, AZ U:9:1(ASM), Arizona Federal Credit Union Property, 44th and Van Buren Streets, Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Banks L. Leonard.

The Arizona Federal Credit Union (AFCU) property was a 3.26-acre parcel undergoing commercial development at the northeast corner of 44th and Van Buren Streets in Phoenix, Arizona. The parcel is located immediately southwest of Unit 7 and immediately west of Unit 11 at Pueblo Grande (AZ U:9:1(ASM)), where archaeological features including burials had been encountered previously. Because of its proximity, there was a high probability that archaeological remains including burials would also be...

Archaeological Work on Ossabaw - Planning and Correspondence (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Charles E. Pearson. David C. Crass. Ronnie Rogers.

Correspondence regarding archaeological work on Ossabaw Island, Bead Maker's Mound

Archaeology of the Four Corners Power Projects (1963)
DOCUMENT Full-Text James V. Sciscenti. Henry C. Greminger.

This report is the result of two archaeological salvage research programs. The first program, sponsored by the Arizona Public Service Company, covered an area leased for the construction of the Four Corners Power Plant. The second program was sponsored by Utah Construction & Mining Company in their dedicated coal lease lands. The two areas adjoin one another just south of the San Juan River and east of Chaco Wash, and roughly parallel the Chaco Wash, six miles south of the San Juan River. The...

Archival Auger Forms (2012)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Barbara Stark

A program of augering residential mounds preceeded the selection of mounds for residential test excavations. These pdf files have the data forms and associated notes related to the auger testing, done in 1987.

Archival Excavation Records 1987 (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Barbara Stark

Residential mound excavations during 1987 were recorded with forms, and artifacts from the excavations were recorded on forms.

Archival Survey Feature or Collection Forms (2012)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Barbara Stark

These are pdf files of the original survey feature/collection forms. Each survey feature was recorded on a form and assigned a unique number, and, if the feature was collected, that number pertains to the surface collection. Some features have more than one collection, in which case additional feature/collection numbers were assigned. Rarely numbers were subsequently de-assigned, and might then be assigned to a different feature/collection later, but occasionally numbers were not used...

Archival Survey Field Forms (2012)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Barbara Stark

These pdf files show forms for fields where survey was conducted and the locations of features/collections within the field, along with vegetation and other observations. These files are only available with special permission because those from seasons when global positioning equipment was used have UTM coordinates. Those from survey using aerial mosaics sometimes show roads or towns identifiable on maps.

Archival Survey Figurine Forms (2012)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Barbara Stark.

These laboratory forms record figurine classifications.

Archival Survey Misc Artifact Forms (2012)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Barbara Stark.

These pdfs contain the original laboratory coding forms for a variety of miscellaneous artifacts, such as spindle whorls, incensarios, colanders,clay balls, and other unusual ceramic forms. Artifacts related to ceramic production are included.

Archival Survey Obsidian Forms (2012)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Barbara Stark.

Obsidian coding forms from the PALM regional survey and associated notes. The obsidian coding was directed by Lynette Heller.

Archival Survey Pottery Forms (2012)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Barbara Stark.

These archival forms recorded pottery types and attributes for survey collections. Some show updates or corrections when pottery was reexamined, but a few updates were made directly on electronic database or excel files.

Arizona State University: 1988 and 1990 Field Season Survey, Preliminary Reports (1991)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Tammy T. Stone.

The 1988 and 1990 Arizona State University archaeological field schools were part of a continuing, long term research project in and around the Zuni Indian Reservation of west central New Mexico. This is a preliminary report on these two seasons. In addition to survey, excavation was carried out at two sites, the Hinkson Ranch Site and Heshotauthla. These excavations will be reported on elsewhere and are not the subject of this report other than a brief statement of their relationship to the...

Casa Grande Arizona (1913)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jesse Walter Fewkes.

This document is an extract from the 28th annual report of the Bureau of American Ethnology. It chronicles the excavations at Casa Grande Ruins National Monument between 1906 and 1907.

Chert Biface Coding Sheets (2013)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Barbara Stark.

A.J. Vonarx recorded attributes of chert bifacial artifacts, apparently all are projectile points.

Cibola Prehistory Project (Project)
PROJECT Keith Kintigh. Andrew Duff. Greg Schachner. Matthew Peeples. Todd Howell.

Project for documents and data that pertain to more than one project among the following: El Morro Valley Prehistory Project, the Heshotauthla Archaeological Research Project, the Ojo Bonito Archaeological Project, and the Upper Little Colorado Prehistory Project directed by Keith Kintigh, the Cibola Archaeological Research Project directed by Patty Jo Watson, Steve LeBlanc, and Charles Redman, and the Rudd Creek Archaeological Project directed by Todd Howell.

Cibola Prehistory Project - Summary Information on Excavated Sites (2015)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Keith Kintigh. Matthew Peeples.

Summary information on sites excavated by CARP, EMVPP, OBAP, HARP, ULCPP, RCAP. Dates based on Peeples and Schachner (2012) Journal of Archaeological Science seriation and tree ring dates. Available tree ring dates also available on tDAR.

Cibola Prehistory Project Integrated Ceramic Data (2017)
DATASET Keith Kintigh.

Integrated dataset of ceramic survey and excavation data from CARP, OBAP, HARP, ULCPP, EMVPP, and RCAP projects. Dataset has provenience, collection type, ceramic type and ceramic form. It has 45,995 entries representing 242,592 potsherds. This integrated database was created using the public integration at