19th-20th Century (Temporal Keyword)

19th-20th Centuries

1-25 (25 Records)

Atlanta's Legacy: The MARTA Collection (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lori C. Thompson. Jeffrey Glover.

The City of Atlanta was born from Terminus, a junction of rail lines, in the nineteenth century. Archaeological excavations for a modern transportation system, Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA), were conducted in the late 1970s. The results of this massive urban archaeological project identified 40 sites, along with 29 areas of artifact concentrations. The return of the MARTA Collection to Georgia State University has revealed new insight into nineteenth and twentieth century...


Community Displacement and the Creation of a 'City Beautiful' at Roosevelt Park, Detroit (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Krysta Ryzewski.

Michigan Central Station and Roosevelt Park were constructed between 1908 and 1918 as part of Detroit’s City Beautiful Movement. The construction process was a place-making effort designed to implant order on the urban landscape that involved the displacement of a community who represented everything that city planners sought to erase from Detroit’s city center: overcrowding, poverty, immigrants, and transient populations. Current historical archaeological research reveals how the existing...


Exploring Transatlantic Connections: Sustaining Irish Island Communities in Early 20th Century America (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Meagan K Conway. Ian Kuijt. Casey McNeill. Katherine E Shakour.

Immigration from Ireland in the early 20th century contributed to the decline of island population, leaving fragmented fishing villages, yet simultaneously created vibrant new Irish communities in the United States.  By tracking inhabitants of Inishark and Inishbofin, two small islands off the coast of Galway, to the eastern United States, this paper explores the movement of individuals, families, and communities through the 19 and 20th centuries.  This paper investigates the reconstruction of...


Food at the Furnace: Piecing Together the Working Class Foodways at Catoctin Furnace (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Catherine A Comstock.

The excavation of the Forgeman’s House, (Site 18FR1043), took place in 2016 in Thurmont, Maryland. Constructed in about 1821, this house has been interpreted as the dwelling of a laborer that worked at Catoctin Furnace. Artifacts that were uncovered included food wastes such as bones, seeds, nuts, corn cobs, and egg shells. Flotation samples taken from the site also yielded further evidence regarding food consumption. In addition to growing their own food, foraging, and trading, those that...


Gender Ideals In 19th And 20th Century Easton, Maryland: An Analysis of Toys and Family Planning Material In Historically African-American Communities (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ashley Rivas.

Gender ideals of the past were often reflected in everyday material, such as toys and family planning items. The construction of gender ideals, enforcing gender roles throughout childhood through intimate toy interaction, and what kinds of women are considered "proper" women can all be studied through archaeological material. I will be conducting an analysis of material found at three sites in historic Easton, Maryland. Tying the archaeological material found at these sites together by analyzing...


The History and Archaeological Investigations of Nineteenth Century Gunboat USS Castine (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Douglas Jones.

The USS Castine was emblematic of the New Navy’s transformation from wood to steel vessels in the late nineteenth century, and of the evolving use of a vessel over time.  During a 29-year service career spanning the Spanish American War and World War I, the unheralded gunboat proved to be an indispensable workhorse as a blockader, coastal combat vessel, training ship, submarine tender, U-boat chaser, and globetrotting reminder of the long reach of American naval power.  Following the end of its...


Iceland and the Colonial Project (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gavin Lucas. Angelos Parigoris.

This paper revolves around a central dilemma: whether to see Iceland as colonizer or colonized. On the one hand, it was linked to the Danish project of colonialism outside Europe, benefitting from access to exotic goods and influenced by ideologies of race and whiteness. On the other hand, Iceland was itself a dependency of Denmark, and from the nineteenth century, developed a discourse of nationalism and independence. This paper will examine the tensions of Iceland as colonizer/colonized...


In small things remembered; the sponge decorated ceramics from Inishark, Galway. (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Franc Myles.

In recent years excavators along the western seaboard of Ireland and Scotland have recovered extensive evidence on domestic sites for the presence of Spongewares and other mass-produced ceramics dating to the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The recovery of this material has opened the debate on the ‘marginal’ nature of such landscapes which has fostered divergent theoretical approaches questioning consumer choices in post-Famine Ireland at odds with received subaltern narratives of...


A "Little Alsace" for the Lone Star State: Alsatian Migration and the Construction of Place, Narrative, and Identity on the Texas Frontier (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Patricia G. Markert.

This paper examines placemaking and identity in the Alsatian colonies of Texas. On the eve of Texas statehood, Alsatian migrants settled lands to the west of San Antonio. Displaced or disenfranchised by the turmoil of 19th century Europe, Alsatian families, often farmers, responded to advertisements by empresarios touting free passage, land, and opportunity in a "land of milk and honey." They arrived unprepared for the harsh realities of the Texas landscape, particularly life on the Republic’s...


Manager's Report: Planning Level Cultural Resource Survey for Tactical Training Areas 1D, 1E, 2A, 2B, 2C, 3A, 3B, 5A, 7A, 7B, 7C, 7D, 8A, 8B, 9A 7 9B, Fort Dix Military Installation, Burlington and Ocean Counties, New Jersey (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Raymond D. Pasquariello.

Between December 2003 and March 2004, TRC Environmental Corporation (TRC) conducted a Planning Level (Phase I) Cultural Resource Survey for approximately 162 hectares (400 acres) of selected, discontiguous tactical training areas. A total of 56 separate archaeological sites and isolated finds were encountered during this investigation. Of this total, 25 were previously known sites (22 historic and three prehistoric) that were specifically slated for systematic shovel testing. The remaining 31...


MAPPING MEMORIES OF FREETOWN: the Meanings of a Native American House in a Black Neighborhood (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Allison J.M. McGovern. Anjana Mebane-Cruz.

The rediscovery of a 20th century Montaukett home in what is remembered as an "historically-black neighborhood" sheds new light on the silenced histories of people of color on Long Island. While efforts are underway to preserve and restore the Fowler house and property, the authors are working with residents, descendants, and community members to understand the relationships that formed around this property, and throughout the Freetown neighborhood. In this paper, landscape and space are...


The Mobile River as a Maritime Cultural Landscape (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Deborah Marx. James P. Delgado. Joseph J Grinnan. Kyle Lent. Alexander J. DeCaro.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeologies of Enslavement" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Fieldwork conducted in 2018 concluded that Alabama’s Twelvemile Island Wreck (1BA694) was not that of the slave ship Clotilda; however, archaeologists did uncover evidence that the wreck site is just one component of a historic ship graveyard integral to the broader maritime cultural landscape  of  the  Mobile  River.   Archival  research  suggests  that ...


A Phase I Archaeological Reconnaissance of Approximately 350 Acres for the Proposed Williamsburg / Whitley County Airport Near Williamsburg, Whitley County, Kentucky (2000)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Vincent A. Versluis.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


A Phase I Cultural Resource Survey for Proposed Bridge Replacement and Borrow Area, Paradise Township, Crawford County
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joe B. Thompson. David G. Stanley.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Phase II Investigation of 13Bt13, Primary Roads Project BRF-188-1(18)--38-12, A.K.A. PIN 86-12010-1, Butler County (1993)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mark L. Anderson. Dennis Dahms.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Phase II Investigations at the Proffitt House Site (40BT46): a Preliminary Report (1987)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jeffrey W. Gardner.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


The Phoenix Project: Applications of Gamification for Online Civic Engagement (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert C Bryant. Jeffrey Glover. Ian Johnson.

The MARTA collection, held by Georgia State University, is a large body of legacy archaeological data collected in the late 1970s that documents the history of Atlanta.  The current Phoenix project is building on those original efforts and represents an ideal opportunity to explore new praxis-oriented methodologies by making the collection easily accessible to the public as an example of civic engagement through community archaeology outreach. Key to this civic engagement is the digitization of...


Recycle, Reduce, Reuse: The Development of the Pensacola Snapper Smack (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jason Raupp.

Penscola, Florida’s red snapper fishery was among the city’s most prosperous industries by the late 19th century. The vessels employed in the fishery, known locally as "snapper smacks", were heavily influenced by the evolving designs of New England fishing schooners, but adapted for conditions encountered in the Gulf of Mexico. And though these designs proved ideal for snapper fishing, external factors reduced capital in the industry and led Pensacola fish houses to simply recycle schooners...


Remembering through Landscape: Decolonizing the narrative of a Federal Indian Boarding School (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Surface-Evans.

Since 2011, I have conducted community-based archaeology at the former Mount Pleasant Indian Industrial Boarding School in collaboration with the Saginaw Chippewa Tribe of Michigan and City of Mount Pleasant. Elsewhere I have presented theoretical analyses federal Indian boarding schools as total institutions that utilized landscape design in assimilationist goals.  In this paper, however, I will discuss the role of landscape as a component of analysis in community-based participatory research....


Revisiting Josiah Henson's Role in Maryland History. (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only cassandra michaud.

Long overshadowed by and conflated with the fictional story of Uncle Tom's Cabin, the life of Josiah Henson is revisited at the location he was enslaved in suburban Maryland.  Archaeological research on the former plantation has uncovered traces of life on the farm and the 19th century landscape.  This work provides part of the framework for the design of a public museum to be built at the park, dedicated to Henson's life and slavery in Montgomery County.  This paper will discuss the ongoing...


The Road From Big Rock Candy Mountain: Boomsurfer Strategies in the American West (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Margaret Purser.

People living across the broader West struggled for over a century to deal with both economic and ecological instability and unpredictability.  Developing industrial capitalism fluctuated radically in this period, especially in a region where its large-scale extractive industries voraciously exploited environments that were often already fragile and marginal for large-scale settlement.  For at least some sector of the population, responses to these challenges tended to emphasize stability and...


Shifting Focus: Reorienting Western Histories with Historical Archaeology (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katrina C. L. Eichner.

This is an abstract from the "Frontier and Settlement Archaeology" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Traditional histories of the American West tend to privilege and centralize the perspectives of the white male elite. But what hidden pathways into the past have been ignored as we continue to privilege this well worn historiography? What would happen if we shifted our perspective to the margins? Could reorienting our focus to those so often left...


Socioeconomic Status of a Self-Sufficient 19th Century Homestead (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Abigail K Kindler.

In the summer of 2011, Lindenwood University began excavating in the Femme Osage Creek Valley in St. Charles County, Missouri. Near to the Historic Nathaniel Boone Home, a hidden 19th century homestead site has been found with the remains of numerous buildings, as well as a two-lane drive. The property also includes a stone well, middens, and evidence of domesticated plants. One of the main hypotheses of this site is the possibility of the self-sufficiency of the homestead. This would not have...


"Welcome to Nowhere": Temporary and Permanent Life in the Remote Black Rock Desert at Granite Creek Station (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carolyn White.

Present-day Granite Creek Station is located on the edge of the Black Rock Desert, 10 miles north of Gerlach where the sign welcoming visitors to town says, "Welcome to Nowhere." Described as an "awful gloomy" resting place by one of many travellers, Granite Creek Station was one of several significant stopping places for emigrants, travelers, saddle trains, and stagecoaches passing through the Black Rock Desert region of northwestern Nevada, USA, on their way to California in the mid-19th...


What Have We Accomplished So Far in Japanese Diaspora Archaeology? (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Douglas Ross.

Before we can move forward in Japanese diaspora archaeology, it is crucial that we take stock of what we have accomplished thus far. Such stock-taking will aid in identifying common themes and approaches that can help shape our field of study and highlight gaps where more research is needed. Here I present an overview of archaeological studies on Japanese sites completed to date in North America and the Pacific Islands, and offer my opinions on where we should be headed in the future. I...