Early Modern Period (Temporal Keyword)

1-23 (23 Records)

aDNA in Historical Archaeology As A Tool For The Mitigation Of Climate Change Hazards (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only George Hambrecht.

The study of aDNA has become a highly productive avenue of study in Archaeolgoy, though perhaps less so in Historical Archaeology. This paper discusses a project in which aDNA from historic sites is being used to address many important issues typically approached by Historical Archaeology. Yet this project goes further in two specific ways.  First this project intends to map and when possible isolate genetic variation that has been lost in modern day domesitc animals but that can still be found...

Akurvik Access Database (2005)
DATASET Thomas McGovern. Colin Amundsen.

Access database of the Akurvik archaeofaunal remains.

Akurvík NORSEC 15 1 A 15 th c Archaeofauna from Akurvík, an early Fishing Station in NW Iceland (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Colin Amundsen. Sophia Perdikaris. Thomas McGovern. Matthew Matthew Brown. Yekaterina Krivogorskaya. Salina Modugno. Konrad Śmiarowski. Shaye Storm. Malgorzata Frik. Monica Koczela. Thomas McGovern.

This is a report of analysis of 15th c bone materials from the site of Akurvík in NW Iceland excavated in 1990. A small international project in Árneshreppur district recovered a series of stratified midden deposits associated with small turf structures on an eroding beachfront. Radiocarbon dates identify at least two major phases of occupation and use, one extending into the mid 13th century, and the other dating to the mid 15th century. This report documents the animal bone collection...

Ballast or Just Another Rock? Using XRF to Source Basalt Cobbles from Bridgetown, Antigua (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Arik J. K. Bord.

This is an abstract from the "Current Research and On Going Projects at the J Richard Steffy Ship Reconstruction Laboratory" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The site of Bridgetown, Antigua lies on the east side of Willoughby Bay near the Crossroads Rehabilitation facility owned and founded by musician, Eric Clapton. The site holds the remains of a town and associated harbour designated as a commerce center in a law regulating trade and taxes on...

Crossroads on the Coast: A Preliminary Examination of Bridgetown, Antigua (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Arik J. K. Bord.

In 1675, the colonial English government passed a law that established six "trade-towns" on Antigua. The law required that all imports, exports, and intra-island trade be conducted in these towns to be assessed for taxes. Of the original six towns, all but Bridgetown and Bermudian Valley are still extant. The Bridgetown site is located on Willoughby Bay on the south-eastern side of the island.  Local legend states the town was abandoned after a devastating earthquake in 1843, the inhabitants...

A database for the underwater cultural heritage of Portugal (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Filipe Castro.

This is an abstract from the "Current Research and On Going Projects at the J Richard Steffy Ship Reconstruction Laboratory" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Ignored since long, the underwater cultural heritage of Portugal needs an assessment, an inventory, a diagnostic, and a set of policies for its study and protection. At the ShipLAB we believe that no policy towards the cultural heritage that does not include the population is bound to fail....

From Cedar to Stone: Urban Life in Transition in Early Modern Bermuda (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Brent Fortenberry.

The town of St. George's served as Bermuda's colonial capital from 1612 to 1815. Over nearly three hundred years, the town flourished as Bermuda transitioned from a restrictive agriculture economy under the Somers Island Company to a powerful maritime economy under the Crown during the Free Holding period. In this paper I explore the changing urban landscape of St. George's from 1684 to 1730 as the town underwent a dramatic rebuilding when the Somers Island Company was dissolved and the town...

The Glass of New Spain: Exploring Early Modern Networks through Material Culture (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Karime Castillo Cardenas.

The arrival of glass in the Americas and its development as a technology in New Spain needs to be understood within the complex global networks that begin to develop during the early modern period as part of trans-oceanic trade. During this time, people, objects, materials, technologies, and ideas traveled around the world like never before. These movements and encounters had a direct impact on craft production as well as in the consumer demands of colonial societies. Understanding material...

Governing in the Early Modern Sapmi (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Magdalena Naum.

In the 17th century, the Swedish kingdom launched exploitation and colonization programs in the northern region of Sápmi. These programs involved political, economic and cultural rhetoric of reform, progress and utility as well as practical and material actions of rearranging the landscape. Traditionally this process has been viewed as largely designed and controlled by the state with rather passive participation/resistance of the Sami. In this paper I will challenge this picture and discuss the...

HST zooarchaeology database with 5114 cleaned 5 30 2013 (2013)
DATASET Thomas McGovern.

Access database of the Hofstadir Midden analysis

An Iberian ship for the Atlantic: a reassessment of Angra D, a probable 17th century Spanish shipwreck (Azores, Portugal) (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only José Bettencourt. André Teixeira. Catarina Garcia. Christelle Chouzenoux. Inês Pinto Coelho. Marco Pinto. Tiago M Fraga. Tiago Silva.

In 1998, a team from Centro Nacional de Arqueologia Náutica e Subaquática (CNANS) undertook the rescue excavation of Angra D, a probable 16th or 17th century Iberian shipwreck located in the construction area of a dock in Angra Bay (Terceira Island, Azores). The study of the site was never completed. In 2011, a team from CHAM continued the study of Angra D, reassessing the archaeological archive, the ship timbers and the artefacts. This study suggests that Angra D is probably a small merchant...

The "ivory wreck": a probable 18th century British shipwreck in Faial Island (Azores, Portugal) (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only José Bettencourt.

The reorganization of the maritime waterfront of Horta, in Faial Island (Azores), began in June 2009, and was preceded by an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study, which resulted in the development of several mitigation measures implemented before and during the construction works. This included the monitoring of the dredging works, but also the survey, excavation and removal of any archaeological materials discovered. This approach allowed us to identify and preserve remains related to...

Life in Suleiman’s Army: Preliminary Investigations of Health in an Ottoman Cemetery Site (2016)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kathryn Allen.

In recent years, analyses of human skeletal remains have significantly contributed to our understanding of the past. A cemetery collection of 160 skeletons from the 16th and 17th centuries excavated from the city center of Timişoara, Romania have provided a rare opportunity to study a brief, tumultuous time when the Ottoman Empire extended into Central Europe. The inhumations, representative of the Ottoman population that relocated into the fortified city center after Turkish expansion, provide...

Living In Danger: The Spatial Practices In The Pre-industrial Pitch Mill Site In Early Modern Oulu, Finland (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Marika Hyttinen. Timo Ylimaunu. Titta Kallio-Seppä.

In the early 17th century the coastal towns in the present-day northern Finland’s Gulf of Bothnia, at that time a part of Swedish kingdom, became home to the pre-industrial mills manufacturing pitch by boiling tar. Producing pitch by fire was a dangerous process as tar was a highly flammable material, so the pitch mills were often founded on the islands or secluded places outside the inhabited urban area. This poster discusses the spatial practices of the pitch mill society and how the physical...

The naval dockyard at Praça D. Luís I, Lisbon (Portugal): an insight into a structure from the Age of Discovery (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Teresa Alves de Freitas. Alexandre Sarrazola. Marta Lacasta Macedo. José Bettencourt.

The construction of a car park near the river front of the Tagus River in Lisbon has enabled the spectacular discovery of a 17th century naval dockyard with few known parallels in Western Europe. The archaeological excavation, conducted by an interdisciplinary team of land, nautical and underwater archaeologists, paleobotanists, dendochronologists  and geomorphologists, revealed a robust 300 square meter structure of three layers of timber frames, the third being composed of about 70 pieces of...

North Atlantic Biocultural Organization (NABO)
PROJECT CUNY Northern Science and Education Center. Thomas McGovern.

This project file contains NABO publications. NABO was founded over 20 years ago to attempt to cross-cut national and disciplinary boundaries and to help North Atlantic scholars make the most of the immense research potential of our damp and lovely research area. NABO has worked to aid in improving basic data comparability, in assisting practical fieldwork and interdisciplinary ventures, in promoting student training, and in better communicating our findings to other scholars, funding...

Oriental Ceramics and Chinese Porcelain from a Portuguese Indiamen – the presumable Nossa Senhora dos Mártires (Tagus River, Portugal) (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Inês Pinto Coelho.

During the Ming dynasty  the first connections were established between occidental and oriental communities. Through the hands of captains, merchants and missioners, for nearly a century the Portuguese had almost the exclusive trade with Asia, ensuring the Chinese porcelain trade. In general, the rare and exotic goods from the orient, in particular the Chinese porcelains, were a vast area of trade that inspired the artistic sensibility of the Portuguese society; a fashion trend that endured...

The Pitch Tar Mills in the Gulf of Bothnia’s Early Modern Coastal Towns, Northern Finland (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Marika Hyttinen. Titta Kallio-Seppä.

During the 18th and early 19th centuries, every coastal town in northern Finland’s Gulf of Bothnia had their own pitch tar mills. The pitch was produced from boiling tar and used as creosote to make wooden sailing ships watertight. The global need for pitch and tar made these products an important export product for early modern Swedish trade. The pitch tar mills were often located near towns on the mainland’s coast or on offshore islands nearby. Since 1640 in the town of Oulu, for instance, the...

Portuguese East Indiamen Shipwrecks Of 1503. Al-Hallaniya Island, Oman. The Land Archaeology Survey And Excavations (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Bruno Frohlich.

In the spring of 2013 and 2014 I participated in the "Portuguese East Indiamen Shipwrecks of 1503" project conducted by Oman’s Ministry of Heritage and Culture and Blue Water Recoveries Ltd. (Midhurst, UK). The focus was upon identifying the shipwrecks associated with the 1503 Portuguese East India expedition. The work described here was an archaeological survey and excavation on Al-Hallaniyah Island in areas where potential Portuguese burials might have occurred. Initial results identified 60+...

Report of Animal Bones from Tjarnargata 3C, Reykjavík, Iceland (2002)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Thomas McGovern. Sophia Perdikaris. Colin Amundsen.

During rescue excavations in downtown Reykjavík in 1999 nearly 100 kg of well-preserved animal bone was recovered in investigations at Tjarnargata 3 C by Fornleifastofnun Islands (FSÍ) directed by Mjöll Snaesdóttir. This bone collection (or archaeofauna) was largely sieved (4 mm and 1 mm mesh wet screen) and represents one of the largest archaeofauna recovered from Iceland to date. Analysis was carried out at City University of New York’s Northern Science & Education Center’s two zooarchaeology...

Ship, Navire, Navío, Nave, Buque... Creating a Multi-Language Glossary for Early Modern Ship (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Marijo Gauthier-Bérubé. Ricardo Borrero Londoño. Massimo Capulli. Maria Santos. Filipe Castro.

Managing multi-language research can be frustrating and limits can soon be reached when trying to figure out the right translation. Moreover, even within one language, many variations exist of the same terms in historical treatises and between various archaeologists. This maelstrom of definitions and terms burden our field to limit our discussion and understanding. By creating a glossary of seven languages with different researchers from around the world, we aim to create a tool for scholars, as...

Tjarnargata 3C Zooarchaeological Database (2002)
DATASET Thomas McGovern. Sophia Perdikaris. Colin Amundsen.

Access database for the faunal remains at Tjarnargata 3C in southern Iceland.

Unearthing Scandinavia’s Colonial Past (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Magdalena Naum.

In the recent years colonialism has been a subject of debate and new research in Scandinavian historical and anthropological scholarship. This scholarship is scrutinizing the impact of colonial expansion on societies in Scandinavia as well as the role and participation of the Swedish and Danish kingdoms in the colonial enterprises. Drawing on this research, my paper will explore the background and consequences of this interest in Scandinavia’s colonial past; the ways it rewrites historical...