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The "ivory wreck": a probable 18th century British shipwreck in Faial Island (Azores, Portugal)

Author(s): José Bettencourt

Year: 2013

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Summary

The reorganization of the maritime waterfront of Horta, in Faial Island (Azores), began in June 2009, and was preceded by an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study, which resulted in the development of several mitigation measures implemented before and during the construction works. This included the monitoring of the dredging works, but also the survey, excavation and removal of any archaeological materials discovered.

This approach allowed us to identify and preserve remains related to Early Modern navigation in the Atlantic. The most important of these, due to the diversity of materials recovered, is the Baía da Horta 1 site (BH-001), the "ivory wreck". This yielded elephant tusks, artillery, firearms, ceramics, glass, and metal and wood objects. A preliminary analysis suggests that BH-001is probably a British merchant vessel involved in the Atlantic trade during the 18th century. This poster presents our hypotheses about the date, nationality and route of the ship.


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Cite this Record

The "ivory wreck": a probable 18th century British shipwreck in Faial Island (Azores, Portugal). José Bettencourt. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Leicester, England, U.K. 2013 ( tDAR id: 428557)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -28.549; min lat: 32.638 ; max long: -6.19; max lat: 42.151 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 262

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America