Poster Session 3

Resources Inside This Collection (Viewing 1-26 of 26)

  • Documents (26)

  • "Arming the Roanoke Colony": Illustrating Bellicosity through Archival and Archaeological Findings (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Erwin Walker Lane. Brent Lane.

    Sir Walter Ralegh’s attempted English colony in coastal North Carolina is best known for thefailure of its 1587 "Lost Colony". But that colony was preceded by a 1585-86 exploratorysettlement that accomplished much of its mission to explore and describe the region’s lands, flora, fauna and peoples. Officially peaceful, this "First Colony" nonetheless engaged in military actions with indigenous peoples. Although direct archaeological evidence of its military capability is scant, a...

  • Contextualizing European Copper Distribution Across the Seventeenth-Century American Southeast: A Geoarchaeological Approach (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Madeleine A. Gunter.

    European alloy copper artifacts are frequently found in sixteenth and seventeenth-century Native American archaeological sites across Virginia and North Carolina. Smith and Hally (2014) ask a simple yet important question about these items: How were they obtained by Native Americans? While historical documents suggest possible mechanisms for European copper distribution (including trade and tribute), the most important clues about these objects come from their archaeological contexts. This study...

  • Digging the Kitchen at Roanoke College (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Ryan A. Hodges. Kassandra B. Wines. Raynor M. Sebring. Molly M. Trosch. M'Elise F. Salomon. Elizabeth I. Parker. Megan A. Hickey. Anthony M. Cahusac. Lauren T. Greaves. Dorothy H. Trigg.

    This poster displays the data found from a phase 1 archaeological survey of a mid-19th century plantation kitchen in Salem, Virginia. The survey was conducted in 2014 by students in Dr. Kelley Deetz's archaeology of slavery course at Roanoke college as well as Tom Klatka from Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Data shows a thick kitchen midden and the artifacts highlight plantation life in the Roanoke Valley. This project is on the Roanoke College campus and will develop into a public...

  • Exploring the Social and Physical Landscapes of Colonial New Mexico (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Heather Trigg. Kyle W. Edwards.

    Reshaping the settlement landscape is a significant aspect of the colonial encounter in that it provided the ecological context for social interactions. In the American Southwest, the Spaniards’ introduction of Eurasian plants and animals as well as new land use practices had a profound effect on the physical and cultural environment. We use palynological data from a 500-year period that illustrates both the impact of indigenous Pueblo peoples’ engagement with the pre-colonial landscape as well...

  • From Qabir to Carabo - (8th -13th century, Garb al-Andalus) (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Alessia Amato.

    This poster displays a structural analysis of the islamic-medieval vessel called qarib, a local wooden construction, from the Garb al Andalus, beetween the 8th and 13th centuries. This is part of a Doctoral Project for the Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal, with the interdisciplinary scope of underlining the analytical usefulness of wooden assemblages and the physical limitations of the materal itself.  Unfortunately, no medieval wrecks have yet been found in this part of the Portuguese...

  • Going to the Dogs: Forensic Canine Surveys at Mission San Antonio de Padua, California (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert L. Hoover.

    Two surveys by the Institute of Canine Forensics were conducted at Mission San Antonio de Padua (1771-1834) in 2013.  The first was a traditional field survey around the outside of the mission cemetery and in other areas known to contain more recent human burials.  The second was a survey of the archaeological collections of the archaeological field school (1776-2004), in a completely new application of this method. Dogs specially trained and certified in historic human remains detection...

  • The Holland 5 Submarine Project (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Mark I Beattie-Edwards.

    The Holland 5 submarine was one of the Britsh Royal Navy's first commissioned submarines. Lost in August 1912 she lay on the seabed off Eastbourne, Sussex, Egland until being discovered by a recreational diver in 1995.  Since 2006 the Nautical Archaeology Society have been organising trips to the submarine and undertaking monitoring work of the boats condition. The distant offshore position of the wreck presents unique problems to the heritage agencies in how the site should be protected. This...

  • The "ivory wreck": a probable 18th century British shipwreck in Faial Island (Azores, Portugal) (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only José Bettencourt.

    The reorganization of the maritime waterfront of Horta, in Faial Island (Azores), began in June 2009, and was preceded by an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study, which resulted in the development of several mitigation measures implemented before and during the construction works. This included the monitoring of the dredging works, but also the survey, excavation and removal of any archaeological materials discovered. This approach allowed us to identify and preserve remains related to...

  • Living Museums of the Sea in the Dominican Republic: Bridging the Gap Between Cultural and Biological Resources (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Charles D Beeker. Claudia C. Johnson. Loren Clark. Matthew Maus. Emily Palmer.

    Living Museums of the Sea are public underwater parks that protect significant submerged cultural resources and the associated marine biodiversity by promoting sustainable tourism. The expanding National System in the Dominican Republic offers an alternative to destructive exploitation of the marine environment by providing the opportunity for community participation in preserving the region’s cultural and biological resources for future generations. Living Museums of the Sea provide public...

  • The naval dockyard at Praça D. Luís I, Lisbon (Portugal): an insight into a structure from the Age of Discovery (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Teresa Alves de Freitas. Alexandre Sarrazola. Marta Lacasta Macedo. José Bettencourt.

    The construction of a car park near the river front of the Tagus River in Lisbon has enabled the spectacular discovery of a 17th century naval dockyard with few known parallels in Western Europe. The archaeological excavation, conducted by an interdisciplinary team of land, nautical and underwater archaeologists, paleobotanists, dendochronologists  and geomorphologists, revealed a robust 300 square meter structure of three layers of timber frames, the third being composed of about 70 pieces of...

  • "A Pipe for for a king": the sun burst stone pipe of Pickawillany, Piqua, Ohio (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Chandler S Herson.

    In the summer of 2013, the Ohio Historical Connection and Hocking Community College Summer Archaeological field school held joint excavations at the Pickawillany site, a British fur trading outpost and Miami Indian Village from the 1740s. During excavations, a stone pipe fragment, bearing a sun burst pattern was recovered. This poster examines this unique artifact and the contact in which it was discovered.

  • A Preliminary Investigation Of Poydras College (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Charlotte D Bauer.

    Poydras College was Catholic boys’ boarding school located off of False River near New Roads, Louisiana.  The school was in operation from 1836-1861 with sparse openings during the Civil War before the main building was destroyed by fire in 1881.  This presentation will discuss the historical significance of the college as well as the archaeological methods and the historical research aimed at locating the main building and attempting to place the site in the broader context of early efforts in...

  • Reconstructing La Belle's Casks (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Karen E. Martindale.

    In 1686, the French ship of exploration La Belle sank in Matagorda Bay off the coast of what is now Texas. The ship was excavated in 1996-97 by the Texas Historical Commission, and the ship and its cargo are currently being conserved and prepared for display by Texas A&M Unversity's Conservation Research Laboratory. Amongst the cargo were wood casks containing various  trade goods and supplies. This poster presents the methodology developed by the CRL staff to create a simple, stable, and...

  • Rediscovering the Original Provo, Utah Tabernacle: A Mid-Nineteenth-Century Mormon Meetinghouse (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Benjamin C. Pykles. Richard Talbot. Deborah Harris. John H. McBride.

    The original Provo, Utah Tabernacle was constructed from 1856 to 1867. It was one of the earliest tabernacles built by the Mormon pioneers in Utah Territory. It was razed in 1919 and largely forgotten after many of its functions shifted to a second tabernacle constructed on the same city block. This second tabernacle was tragically ravaged by fire in December 2010, but the LDS Church is currently converting the burned-out shell into a new Mormon temple. In anticipation of site disturbance, the...

  • "Rises in the Rice Fields", Aerial LiDAR applications on South Carolina Inland Rice Plantations  (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew H. Newberry.

    The use of remote sensing technology, such as aerial LiDAR (light detection and ranging), provides archaeologists with a significant tool to aid in research as well as digitally record sites. Inland and coastal rice plantation contexts are extremely well suited for the application of aerial LiDAR in locating potential new sites as well as providing accurate maps of the overall landscape and topography. LiDAR scans produce a more accurate map than traditional topographic maps which enables...

  • Searching for the Plaza Vieja: historical archaeology, ground-penetrating radar, and community outreach in Belen, New Mexico (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Emily Jones. Jennie O. Sturm. Stephanie Mack. Samuel Sisneros.

    This poster describes a collaborative project between archaeologists, historians, and community members to identify the location of the original plaza and associated structures in Belen, New Mexico. Established in 1741, Belen's initial Spanish settlement was near the Rio Grande, but as the city grew, development shifted to the west. By the late 19th century, the original plaza, or Plaza Vieja,  and associated Catholic church were abandoned. Although the Plaza Vieja was occasionally referenced in...

  • Site Study and Reconstruction of the Pillar Dollar Wreck, Biscayne Bay, Florida (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only William L Fleming.

    Long known to treasure hunters, the "Pillar Dollar" Wreck in Biscayne Bay, Florida, remains relatively unstudied. Ballast scatters and some wooden structures are visible on the sand, though what remains buried underneath is still a mystery. This project aims to uncover that mystery, and, if possible, reconstruct the vessel in an effort to gain more information regarding its origins and identity.

  • The Sociopolitical Landscapes of Hacienda "El Progreso", 1887-1904: Historical Ecology of the Galápagos Islands (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Fernando Astudillo. Peter Stahl. Florencio Delgado.

    Hacienda El Progreso was one of the largest and most advanced companies of Ecuador during the late 19th century. It covered the southwestern highlands of San Cristobal Island in the Galápagos archipelago. Sugar cane, alcohol, and coffee were the main products exported. As a result, vast areas of the island were deforested to create agricultural parcels and grasslands. During its active years a series of cultural events modified the natural landscape and formed a unique political landscape....

  • Stable Isotopes and Historic Period Diets at the Spanish Mission of San Juan Capistrano, Bexar County, San Antonio, Texas (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Raymond Mauldin. Cynthia M Munoz.

    San Juan Capistrano was one of several missions established in Texas in the early 1700s.   Stable isotopic data from burials at this Mission suggests that mission populations consumed a C4/CAM diet with enriched nitrogen. While some of these isotopic results are consistent with historic accounts of Mission diet, the dependence on C4 based animals with high nitrogen values led to suggestions that isotopic values reflected a pre-mission signature, possibly from the Texas Coast (Cargill 1996). We...

  • Tales from Timbers: Reconstructing the History of Technological Change at the Cleary Hill Gold Mill. John Hemmeter and Paul White (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only John Hemmeter. Paul White.

    The Cleary Hill Mill, situated 20 miles north of Fairbanks, is a deteriorating vestige of one of Alaska's historically most important industries. Built in 1911 for processing gold ores, the mill began with a set of technologies well tested in western mineral districts. Despite remaining modest in size, archaeological evidence indicates that the mill was subjected to considerable transformation over its operative life; being burned, reconstructed, extended, repurposed, and partially scrapped....

  • There’s a Hole in my Bucket! (But I Put it There on Purpose): Modified Can Use at Rural Woodcutting Camps in Mineral County, Nevada (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Emily S. Dale.

    In 2014, in conjunction with the University of Nevada-Reno, I led a Forest Service Passport in Time project in a survey of rural Chinese woodcutting camps surrounding the turn-of-the-century mining boomtowns of Aurora, Nevada and Bodie, California. In addition to the expected glass bottle fragments, rusting cans, and Chinese-related ceramics and opium tins, we discovered a large portion of the material culture, specifically cans, buckets, and other metal objects, had been modified and repurposed...

  • The threatened cultural archive in the German North Sea - A pilot project (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Mike Belasus. Ursula Warnke.

    In 2011 the National Maritime Museum of Germany launched a pilot project, funded by the Ministry for Education and Research, on the evaluation of the archaeological potential in the North Sea with a focus on Germany's Exclusive Economic Zone. It has the aim to produce a base for future research and the protection of our common cultural heritage underwater. It is the first project of this kind in Germany; therefore the archaeological potential of the region has previously been unknown. This...

  • Tides of Celadon: Glaze Developments in the Edgefield Pottery District, SC (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Tatiana Niculescu.

    Large alkaline glaze stoneware vessels from the Edgefield District of South Carolina have long been studied by ceramic historians and collectors. Manufactured by enslaved laborers in the antebellum period, these vessels were sold throughout the South. Historians and collectors have speculated that a lighter green glaze, called celadon, was manufactured earlier than a darker green-brown glaze. This assertion has not been tested systematically using available archaeological evidence. Excavations...

  • Understanding the Placement of LA 20,000, a Spanish Colonial Settlement Located in New Mexico (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Stephanie Hallinan.

    This project will explore the environmental and social factors that influenced the placement of Spanish New Mexican sites by looking at the  location of LA 20,000, a seventeenth-century secular ranch located about 25 miles southwest of Santa Fe, New Mexico. This project will use GIS to explore the environmental factors essential to the Spanish colonists who settled as farmers, specifically focusing on the natural resources around LA 20,000, including distance to water, soil fertility, and...

  • Using GIS and underwater sampling in the Armação de Pêra bay, Portugal (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Leandro Infantini.

    Aiming to contribute to an understanding of underwater landscapes and the evolution of shorelines, this work presents research in the submerged area of the Armação de Pêra bay (southern Portugal). Due to logistical difficulties involved in studying this context, it was necessary to develop two main approaches. On the one hand, it was necessary to collect underwater samples using a drilling system. On the other hand, it was necessary to develop and manage a Geographic Information System (GIS) for...

  • The Western Front in the Backyard: The Excavation of Camp Howze, American Training and German Detention in Rural Texas, 1942-1946 (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Dave W Scheidecker.

    Created shortly after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Camp Howze located in Gainesville, Texas served not only as a training base for American infantry and artillerymen, but also as one of the many detention centers within the United States for German prisoners of war. The base was quickly built and swiftly dismantled when the Army had no more need for the camp, although some of the buildings still stand today. Archaeological investigations of the site are focusing on defining the layout of extant...