Shipwreck (Other Keyword)

Shipwrecks

1-25 (113 Records)

The 1725 Nuestra Señora de Begoña: Ongoing Investigations of a Spanish Merchant Fragata and Cultural Conservation Strategies in La Caleta de Caucedo, Dominican Republic (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew J Maus. Charles D Beeker.

On 21 May 1725 the Spanish merchant vessel Nuestra Señora de Begoña wrecked in La Caleta de Caucedo on the south coast of Hispaniola.  While there was no loss of life, contemporary legal texts pertaining to the sinking event document the complete loss of ship and cargo, ineffective salvage efforts, and the conviction of its captain for contraband silver.  Indiana University has conducted excavations of the shoreward spillage area of the Nuestra Señora de Begoña since 2010.  Preliminary findings...


19th Century Workhorses: The Examination of a Centerboard Schooner off Dog Island, Florida. (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Horrell.

Between 2001 and 2003, the Dog and St. George Islands Shipwreck Survey, a research project conducted by the Florida State University Program in Underwater Archaeology, investigated a mid-to-late 19th century wooden-hulled centerboard schooner.  This site, while integral to instructing students on the various methodologies and techniques utilized to conduct archaeological investigations underwater, provides a glimpse into the Gulf of Mexico’s maritime history and culture.  To date, the shipwreck...


Analysis Of Amidships On The Emanuel Point II Shipwreck (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Charles D Bendig.

Over the past four years University of West Florida archaeologists have excavated the amidships area of the Emanuel Point II (EP II) shipwreck, which was once part of the ill-fated 1559 Spanish colonizing expedition led by Tristán de Luna y Arellano. During excavation, staff and students were able to uncover and record the mainmast step and location for two bilge pumps. Archaeologists also recorded and systematically removed over 30 disarticulated timbers related to the pump well enclosure....


Armed to the Teeth: The Archaeology of Arms Procurement and Use in the Early 19th-Century Gulf of Mexico (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Amy Borgens.

The first half of the 19th-century was a tumultuous period in the Gulf of Mexico as European and regional powers competed for territorial dominance. As immigration into the northern Gulf of Mexico increased, age-old rivalries erupted while new independent nations emerged. In such a climate, maritime supremacy was essential – foreign and local navies representing every major power were present, new and sometimes ad-hoc navies were created, and privateers capitalized on the unrest - often acting...


Artifacts from Luna’s Settlement and Shipwrecks (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only John R. Bratten. Janet R. Lloyd.

  Thousands of artifacts have been recovered from the two shipwrecks associated with Tristán de Luna y Arellano’s 1559 settlement attempt and recently hundreds of artifacts have now been recovered from the associated land site. Even at this early stage in the terrestrial work, we have the unique opportunity to make many interesting comparisons between the two assemblages regarding the relative proportions of different functional categories and the presence/absence of fasteners, armor, and...


The Australian Historic Shipwreck Preservation Project: in-situ preservation techniques for wooden shipwrecks (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cassandra M Philippou. Vicki Richards. Peter Veth. Jennifer Rodrigues. Debra Shefi.

The Australian Historic Shipwreck Preservation Project (AHSPP) is a three-year national project funded by an Australian Research Council Linkage Grant. Researchers and cultural heritage managers from ten Australian state, territory and federal partners and three universities have collaborated to investigate the long-term efficacy of reburial and stabilisation of heavily impacted submerged timber sites. The AHSPP has focussed on two significant wooden shipwrecks: the colonial trader Clarence...


Be Polite, Be Professional, But Have A Plan To Not Kill Every Shipwreck You Meet: Fusing Traditional Methods, and Cutting-Edge Geospatial Modeling to Adaptively Manage a Maritime Cultural Landscape Under Siege. (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher P. Morris. Kinney Clark.

In the battle to preserve vulnerable historic maritime resources, recovery efforts after the unprecedented devastation of Superstorm Sandy highlighted a desperate need to locate, identify, and catalog the submerged resources of New Jersey. Today, resiliency undertakings, new development projects, plans to address rising sea levels and severe storms, have all encountered maritime archaeological resources. With over 1,600 known historic shipwrecks crowding only 150 miles of Atlantic coastline, and...


The Beeswax Wreck Project: The First 10 Years. (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Scott S Williams.

The Beeswax Wreck Project is an all-volunteer, non-profit effort to identify and locate a proto-historic wreck locally known as the Beeswax Wreck of Nehalem, Oregon, USA. The results of the ten-year effort by a multi-disciplinary team are reported, including the identification of the vessel as the Manila galleon 'Santo Cristo de Burgos', lost in 1693. Remote sensing and dive survey efforts to locate hull deposits that could confirm the identity of the vessel will be discussed. Despite the lack...


Between the Devil and the Deep Red Tape (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Charles Ewen.

Successful archaeological projects rely on good management from beginning to end. Difficult under the best circumstances, these difficulties are compounded when multiple agencies are involved.  Yet, the investigation of the Beaufort Inlet Wreck (aka the Queen Anne’s Revenge) has thrived, overcoming the entrenched bureaucracies of State Government and the University system to form a viable partnership that has produced remarkable results


The BISC 2 Cargo (Part I)--Contributions and Questions from Ceramics Analysis: Late 18th Century Sequencing and Colonial Trade patterns (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Chuck Lawson. Stephen Lubkemann. David Morgan. Justine Benanty. Ken Wild. Jaco Boshoff. Sean Reid.

The BISC-2 site uniquely contains thousands of fragments of late 18th century English ceramics dating from the period of transition from stone-glazed salt ware to cream ware, including hundreds of examples of both of these manufactured types that share decorative patterning. The fact that this assemblage (arguably one of the largest of late 18th century ceramics located to date in North America) was created through a wrecking event that occurred quite literally as a single instance in time...


Bricks as Ballast: An Archaeological Analysis of a Shipwreck in Cahuita National Park, Costa Rica (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jeremy Borrelli. B. Lynn Harris. Melissa Price.

Ships wrecked in Caribbean waters seldom preserve their structural integrity. Often only ferrous artifacts and ballast remain as the cultural indicators. The ballast of a wreck, if carefully documented, may have significant interpretive value to the site. An East Carolina University team investigated a wreck site in Costa Rica consisting of yellow brick stacked in a concentrated, organized pile.  This paper examines the function of brick as both ballast and cargo in the historical record of the...


Can A Picture Save A Thousand Ships?: Using 3D Photogrammetry To Streamline Maritime Archaeological Recordation And Modeling (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher P. Morris.

In the wake of Superstorm Sandy, massive multi-agency infrastructure projects were undertaken along the Atlantic seaboard to repair the damage. Such projects can have a disastrous effect upon historic resources long since buried. During a large-scale seawall project in Brick Township, NJ, ship timbers, planks, fittings, fastenings, and structural elements were pried from their sites by construction equipment, moved before being stockpiled, and the hole backfilled with sand. This was prior to it...


Carpeted with Ammunition: Investigations of the Florence D shipwreck site, Northern Territory, Australia (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jason, T. Raupp. David Steinberg.

The American transport ship Florence D disappeared in the murky waters off of the Tiwi Islands after being bombed by Japanese fighter planes on their return from the first air attack on Darwin Harbour on 19 February 1942. Considered one Australia’s great wartime mysteries, the location of the site was unknown until discovered by a local fisherman in 2006. Archaeological investigations of the wreck later conducted by teams from the Northern Territory’s Heritage Branch verified the identity of the...


Changing Attitudes and Approaches to Shipwreck Archaeology in the Caribbean (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Donald H. Keith.

Since its discovery more than 50 years ago the HIghborne Cay Wreck has been salvaged by antiquarians in 1966-67, partially excavated  by archaeologists in 1986, and  re-examined in 2017. The motivations, focus, techniques, and findings of each of these activities were very different and serve as examples of the evolution of attitudes and approaches to shipwreck archaeology in the Caribbean.


Comparative Analysis of the Ceramic Assemblage from the Anniversary Wreck, St. Augustine, Florida (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Samuel P Turner. Chuck Meide. Allyson Ropp.

The Anniversary Wreck was discovered in 2015, the 450th anniversary of the founding of St. Augustine, Florida. Preliminary analysis of the material recovered dates the site between 1750 and 1800. A closer examination of the ceramic assemblage and a comparison to terrestrial ceramic assemblages from St. Augustine are used to attempt to accurately place the shipwreck within the prevailing historical divisions of Florida’s History that span the years 1750 to 1800, that is, the late First Spanish...


Conservation of artifacts from a Portuguese wreck: An opportunity for learning (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Heather A. Stewart.

The wreck of the Esmerelda, a Nau from Vasco da Gama's second voyage to India was discovered during survey in 1998 and excavated over two seasons. The Omani Ministry of Heritage and Culture (MHC) worked with Bournemouth University and Blue water recoveries to create the project, the first of it's kind in Oman. The project is now part of the development of a marine archaeological department within Oman training archaeologists within the MHC in the survey, excavation and protection of marine...


Construction and Assembly of the Highbourne Cay Shipwreck (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Charles D Bendig.

Archaeologists rarely excavate complete sites, due to a mutual understanding that sections should be left for future generations and the advancement of archaeological techniques. The dynamic and high current environment surrounding the Highbourne Cay shipwreck threatened to undermine the formerly protective ballast mound. Over the course of the previous summer, an international team of nautical archaeologists proceeded to remove ballast, coral, and sand to record surviving hull remains. This...


Convicts, Cargo, and Calamity: The Wreck of the Enchantress (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Abigail E. Casavant.

From 2010-2015, the University of Rhode Island and St. Mary’s College of California conducted an underwater archaeology field school in the waters of Bermuda on a site called the "Iron Plate Wreck." Aptly named for a large block of sheet iron located at the stern, the wreck’s identity remained a mystery for over 50 years. In 2013, however, historical research provided clues to the identity of the wreck, revealing it is the Enchantress, an early 19th century British merchant vessel with a unique...


The "Correio d’ Ázia" – an early 19th century Portuguese "galera" wrecked in Australia. Preliminary findings. (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alexandre Monteiro. Jennifer Rodrigues.

In 1816 the Portuguese "galera" ´Correio da Azia´ was sailing from Lisbon to China "against weather, seas and wind, fire, shallows and coastal dangers and errors of maps". Carrying general cargo and more than 107.000 silver coins, the ship was never to reach its destination: on November, the 26th, she struck an uncharted reef off what was then New Holland and was hopelessly lost. After a failed salvaged attempt in 1817, the loss of the ship quietly slipped into the History until its story was...


CSS Georgia And Research That Preceded Mitigation (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gordon Watts. Martin Dean.

The Savannah District USACE and the Georgia Ports Authority are partnering to deepen and widen various portions of the Savannah River. As part of the associated permitting process, numerous archaeological investigations have been carried out by the District. A series of investigations of the remains of the ironclad CSS Georgia began following dredge impacts to the wreck in 1968. The following year Navy divers carried out an initial assessment of the wreck and in 1979 archaeologists from Texas...


Culture, Ship Construction, and Ecological Change: The Sailing Vessels of Pensacola’s Fishing Industry (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicole R Bucchino.

Dubbed the "Gloucester of the Gulf," Pensacola and Northwest Florida experienced a tremendous growth in the popularity and success of local commercial fishing in the years following the Civil War.  Entrepreneurial fishermen arriving in Pensacola from New England fueled a massive market for Gulf of Mexico fish, constructing what would become the last all sail-powered commercial fleet in the country.  The connection between  the region’s Reconstruction-era industry and the natural environment in...


Death by a Thousand Cuts: Souveniring, Salvage and the Long, Sad Demise of HMAS Perth (I) (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kieran Hosty. James Hunter. Shinatria Adhityatama.

In May 2017, maritime archaeologists affiliated with the Australian National Maritime Museum (ANMM) and Indonesia’s Pusat Arkeologi Nasional (ARKENAS) conducted a survey and site assessment of HMAS Perth (I), a modified Leander class light cruiser sunk by the Imperial Japanese Navy during the Battle of Sunda Strait in March 1942. When discovered in 1967, Perth’s wreck site was almost completely intact, save for battle damage and subsequent deterioration caused by natural transformative...


Discovery and future of the lost fleet of the Mongol Empire (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Yoshifumi Ikeda. Randall Sasaki.

The story of Kamikaze, or the legendary storm that destroyed the ill-fated fleet of Khublai Khan off Japan, is a well known story in history. It is recorded that more than three thousands vessels were lost. The search for the lost fleet took decades while only small hull fragments and scatters of artifacts were found. In 2015, finally a well-preservd vessel was discovered at Takashim Island in Nagasaki Prefecture. Unfortunately, the large majority of Japanese archaeologists had not realize the...


Diverse Threats to MAST and its Heritage in Africa : Confronting Historical Amnesia and Salvors; Securing Slim Resources and Social Relevance (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jonathan Sharfman. Justine Benanty. Ricardo Duarte.

In much of the developing world a triumvirate of treasure hunting, politics, and a lack of technical capacity/resources have skewed portrayals of what maritime history is and why it is meaningful. Shipwreck sites in particular have been promoted as the embodiment of the heritage of "the other" with little local relevance. Treasure hunters accordingly go unchecked in their efforts to recover valuable historical cargos—with detrimental effects for the archaeological inventory. This paper will...


Elbow Reef’s Landscape of Salvage (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew S. Lawrence. Jay V. Haigler.

Jutting into the Gulf Stream, Elbow Reef has claimed numerous vessels, particularly steamships, over the last 150 years. Today, these shipwrecks attract hundreds of divers and snorkelers visiting the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Archaeological research has revealed the histories of several Elbow Reef shipwrecks, but time has shrouded the identities of others until recently. The Office of National Marine Sanctuaries (ONMS) is partnering...