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Shipwreck (Other Keyword)

Shipwrecks

1-25 (88 Records)

The 1725 Nuestra Señora de Begoña: Ongoing Investigations of a Spanish Merchant Fragata and Cultural Conservation Strategies in La Caleta de Caucedo, Dominican Republic (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 428294] Matthew J Maus. Charles D Beeker.

On 21 May 1725 the Spanish merchant vessel Nuestra Señora de Begoña wrecked in La Caleta de Caucedo on the south coast of Hispaniola.  While there was no loss of life, contemporary legal texts pertaining to the sinking event document the complete loss of ship and cargo, ineffective salvage efforts, and the conviction of its captain for contraband silver.  Indiana University has conducted excavations of the shoreward spillage area of the Nuestra Señora de Begoña since 2010.  Preliminary findings...


19th Century Workhorses: The Examination of a Centerboard Schooner off Dog Island, Florida. (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435055] Christopher Horrell.

Between 2001 and 2003, the Dog and St. George Islands Shipwreck Survey, a research project conducted by the Florida State University Program in Underwater Archaeology, investigated a mid-to-late 19th century wooden-hulled centerboard schooner.  This site, while integral to instructing students on the various methodologies and techniques utilized to conduct archaeological investigations underwater, provides a glimpse into the Gulf of Mexico’s maritime history and culture.  To date, the shipwreck...


Analysis Of Amidships On The Emanuel Point II Shipwreck (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435396] Charles D Bendig.

Over the past four years University of West Florida archaeologists have excavated the amidships area of the Emanuel Point II (EP II) shipwreck, which was once part of the ill-fated 1559 Spanish colonizing expedition led by Tristán de Luna y Arellano. During excavation, staff and students were able to uncover and record the mainmast step and location for two bilge pumps. Archaeologists also recorded and systematically removed over 30 disarticulated timbers related to the pump well enclosure....


Armed to the Teeth: The Archaeology of Arms Procurement and Use in the Early 19th-Century Gulf of Mexico (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435063] Amy Borgens.

The first half of the 19th-century was a tumultuous period in the Gulf of Mexico as European and regional powers competed for territorial dominance. As immigration into the northern Gulf of Mexico increased, age-old rivalries erupted while new independent nations emerged. In such a climate, maritime supremacy was essential – foreign and local navies representing every major power were present, new and sometimes ad-hoc navies were created, and privateers capitalized on the unrest - often acting...


Artifacts from Luna’s Settlement and Shipwrecks (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435662] John R. Bratten. Janet R. Lloyd.

  Thousands of artifacts have been recovered from the two shipwrecks associated with Tristán de Luna y Arellano’s 1559 settlement attempt and recently hundreds of artifacts have now been recovered from the associated land site. Even at this early stage in the terrestrial work, we have the unique opportunity to make many interesting comparisons between the two assemblages regarding the relative proportions of different functional categories and the presence/absence of fasteners, armor, and...


The Australian Historic Shipwreck Preservation Project: in-situ preservation techniques for wooden shipwrecks (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 433821] Cassandra M Philippou. Vicki Richards. Peter Veth. Jennifer Rodrigues. Debra Shefi.

The Australian Historic Shipwreck Preservation Project (AHSPP) is a three-year national project funded by an Australian Research Council Linkage Grant. Researchers and cultural heritage managers from ten Australian state, territory and federal partners and three universities have collaborated to investigate the long-term efficacy of reburial and stabilisation of heavily impacted submerged timber sites. The AHSPP has focussed on two significant wooden shipwrecks: the colonial trader Clarence...


The Beeswax Wreck Project: The First 10 Years. (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435314] Scott S Williams.

The Beeswax Wreck Project is an all-volunteer, non-profit effort to identify and locate a proto-historic wreck locally known as the Beeswax Wreck of Nehalem, Oregon, USA. The results of the ten-year effort by a multi-disciplinary team are reported, including the identification of the vessel as the Manila galleon 'Santo Cristo de Burgos', lost in 1693. Remote sensing and dive survey efforts to locate hull deposits that could confirm the identity of the vessel will be discussed. Despite the lack...


The BISC 2 Cargo (Part I)--Contributions and Questions from Ceramics Analysis: Late 18th Century Sequencing and Colonial Trade patterns (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 428692] Chuck Lawson. Stephen Lubkemann. David Morgan. Justine Benanty. Ken Wild. Jaco Boshoff. Sean Reid.

The BISC-2 site uniquely contains thousands of fragments of late 18th century English ceramics dating from the period of transition from stone-glazed salt ware to cream ware, including hundreds of examples of both of these manufactured types that share decorative patterning. The fact that this assemblage (arguably one of the largest of late 18th century ceramics located to date in North America) was created through a wrecking event that occurred quite literally as a single instance in time...


Bricks as Ballast: An Archaeological Analysis of a Shipwreck in Cahuita National Park, Costa Rica (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434460] Jeremy Borrelli. B. Lynn Harris. Melissa Price.

Ships wrecked in Caribbean waters seldom preserve their structural integrity. Often only ferrous artifacts and ballast remain as the cultural indicators. The ballast of a wreck, if carefully documented, may have significant interpretive value to the site. An East Carolina University team investigated a wreck site in Costa Rica consisting of yellow brick stacked in a concentrated, organized pile.  This paper examines the function of brick as both ballast and cargo in the historical record of the...


Can A Picture Save A Thousand Ships?: Using 3D Photogrammetry To Streamline Maritime Archaeological Recordation And Modeling (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435093] Christopher P. Morris.

In the wake of Superstorm Sandy, massive multi-agency infrastructure projects were undertaken along the Atlantic seaboard to repair the damage. Such projects can have a disastrous effect upon historic resources long since buried. During a large-scale seawall project in Brick Township, NJ, ship timbers, planks, fittings, fastenings, and structural elements were pried from their sites by construction equipment, moved before being stockpiled, and the hole backfilled with sand. This was prior to it...


Carpeted with Ammunition: Investigations of the Florence D shipwreck site, Northern Territory, Australia (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435530] Jason, T. Raupp. David Steinberg.

The American transport ship Florence D disappeared in the murky waters off of the Tiwi Islands after being bombed by Japanese fighter planes on their return from the first air attack on Darwin Harbour on 19 February 1942. Considered one Australia’s great wartime mysteries, the location of the site was unknown until discovered by a local fisherman in 2006. Archaeological investigations of the wreck later conducted by teams from the Northern Territory’s Heritage Branch verified the identity of the...


Convicts, Cargo, and Calamity: The Wreck of the Enchantress (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434815] Abigail E. Casavant.

From 2010-2015, the University of Rhode Island and St. Mary’s College of California conducted an underwater archaeology field school in the waters of Bermuda on a site called the "Iron Plate Wreck." Aptly named for a large block of sheet iron located at the stern, the wreck’s identity remained a mystery for over 50 years. In 2013, however, historical research provided clues to the identity of the wreck, revealing it is the Enchantress, an early 19th century British merchant vessel with a unique...


The "Correio d’ Ázia" – an early 19th century Portuguese "galera" wrecked in Australia. Preliminary findings. (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 428552] Alexandre Monteiro. Jennifer Rodrigues.

In 1816 the Portuguese "galera" ´Correio da Azia´ was sailing from Lisbon to China "against weather, seas and wind, fire, shallows and coastal dangers and errors of maps". Carrying general cargo and more than 107.000 silver coins, the ship was never to reach its destination: on November, the 26th, she struck an uncharted reef off what was then New Holland and was hopelessly lost. After a failed salvaged attempt in 1817, the loss of the ship quietly slipped into the History until its story was...


CSS Georgia And Research That Preceded Mitigation (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434947] Gordon Watts. Martin Dean.

The Savannah District USACE and the Georgia Ports Authority are partnering to deepen and widen various portions of the Savannah River. As part of the associated permitting process, numerous archaeological investigations have been carried out by the District. A series of investigations of the remains of the ironclad CSS Georgia began following dredge impacts to the wreck in 1968. The following year Navy divers carried out an initial assessment of the wreck and in 1979 archaeologists from Texas...


Culture, Ship Construction, and Ecological Change: The Sailing Vessels of Pensacola’s Fishing Industry (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 428494] Nicole R Bucchino.

Dubbed the "Gloucester of the Gulf," Pensacola and Northwest Florida experienced a tremendous growth in the popularity and success of local commercial fishing in the years following the Civil War.  Entrepreneurial fishermen arriving in Pensacola from New England fueled a massive market for Gulf of Mexico fish, constructing what would become the last all sail-powered commercial fleet in the country.  The connection between  the region’s Reconstruction-era industry and the natural environment in...


Discovery and future of the lost fleet of the Mongol Empire (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434769] Yoshifumi Ikeda. Randall Sasaki.

The story of Kamikaze, or the legendary storm that destroyed the ill-fated fleet of Khublai Khan off Japan, is a well known story in history. It is recorded that more than three thousands vessels were lost. The search for the lost fleet took decades while only small hull fragments and scatters of artifacts were found. In 2015, finally a well-preservd vessel was discovered at Takashim Island in Nagasaki Prefecture. Unfortunately, the large majority of Japanese archaeologists had not realize the...


Diverse Threats to MAST and its Heritage in Africa : Confronting Historical Amnesia and Salvors; Securing Slim Resources and Social Relevance (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435005] Jonathan Sharfman. Justine Benanty. Ricardo Duarte.

In much of the developing world a triumvirate of treasure hunting, politics, and a lack of technical capacity/resources have skewed portrayals of what maritime history is and why it is meaningful. Shipwreck sites in particular have been promoted as the embodiment of the heritage of "the other" with little local relevance. Treasure hunters accordingly go unchecked in their efforts to recover valuable historical cargos—with detrimental effects for the archaeological inventory. This paper will...


Elbow Reef’s Landscape of Salvage (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434662] Matthew S. Lawrence. Jay V. Haigler.

Jutting into the Gulf Stream, Elbow Reef has claimed numerous vessels, particularly steamships, over the last 150 years. Today, these shipwrecks attract hundreds of divers and snorkelers visiting the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Archaeological research has revealed the histories of several Elbow Reef shipwrecks, but time has shrouded the identities of others until recently. The Office of National Marine Sanctuaries (ONMS) is partnering...


The First Emanuel Point Ship: Archaeological Investigation of a 16th-Century Spanish Colonization Vessel (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435058] John R. Bratten.

The first Emanuel Point Ship (EPI) was discovered in 1992 and firmly associated with the 1559 colonization fleet of Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano in 1998.  This followed the initial discovery, preliminary investigation, and multi-year excavation accomplished by the Florida Bureau of Archaeological Research, the Historic Pensacola Preservation Board and the University of West Florida. Since that time, laboratory conservation, additional historical research, the production of numerous student...


Five Sites, Sixty Miles, and Nine Tons of Discovery: Spring 2016 Research On and In the Potomac River (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435622] P. Brendan Burke.

The Institute of Maritime History (IMH) and the Lighthouse Archaeological Maritime Program (LAMP) partnered for a research initiative in the Potomac River from May 12-20, 2016. The multi-phase project investigated several sites including the USS Tulip, the wreck of the Confederate schooner Favorite, the WWII U-boat Black Panther (U-1105), a 19th century centerboard sailing vessel, and a canal barge scuttled in 1862 with heavy ordnance once used to blockade Washington D.C. Additionally, survey...


Flats, Steamers, and Ironclads: The Impassable Confederate Defense of Mobile Bay (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434006] Jeff Enright. Joseph J Grinnan. Matthew Hanks. Ray Tubby. Nick Linville.

SEARCH, in partnership with Alabama Port Authority and other local, state, and federal agencies, conducted a maritime archaeological assessment of Mobile Bay, Alabama, including archival research and a marine remote sensing survey. As a result of this investigation, archaeologists documented numerous navigational obstructions placed in upper Mobile Bay during the American Civil War. These obstructions consist of shipwrecks, bricks, and wood pilings. This Confederate obstruction provides a unique...


The Formation of a West African Maritime Seascape: Atlantic Trade, Shipwrecks, and Formation Processes on the Coast of Ghana (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 428365] Rachel Horlings.

Vessels engaged in the Atlantic trade with West Africa contended with rough seas and dangerous shorelines that offered few natural harbors. To combat this, ships generally anchored offshore in deeper water and used small vessels for trade and communication with trading establishments on shore. While the underwater seascape was a determining factor in navigation, the surface landscape was both fashioned by, and played dramatic roles in, the development of trade and navigation.  The intersection...


"A Formidable Looking Pile of Iron Boilers and Machinery": The Conservation and Reconstruction of USS Westfield. (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435232] Justin A Parkoff.

During the American Civil War, USS Westfield served as the Union's flagship for operations along the Texas Gulf Coast. On January 1, 1863, Westfield was destroyed by her captain at the Battle of Galveston to avoid capture. In 2009, the disarticulated artifact debris field was recovered from the Texas City Channel in advance of a dredging project. After five years of extensive conservations efforts, these artifacts were reconstructed into a large exhibit at the Texas City Museum. This...


From "Splinter Fleet" to Easy Street: One Vessel's Journey as a World War I Subchaser and Pleasure Craft (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435061] Patrick Gensler. Melanie Damour.

Though maintaining a neutral stance in the early part of World War I, German U-boat attacks in American waters in 1916 spurred the U.S. Navy to develop a specialized fleet of anti-submarine watercraft. Dubbed "subchasers," these small but remarkably long-range ships played an important role as a deterrent to the U-boat incursion. Purpose-built subchasers were primarily wooden-hulled; however, steel-hulled vessels were donated to the war effort due to wartime shortages. One such vessel, SC-144,...


From Compliance to Investigation: Research Design and Methodology of the Monterrey Shipwrecks Project (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434214] Frederick H Hanselmann. Christopher Horrell. Amy Borgens. James Delgado. Jack Irion. Frank Cantelas. Michael L Brennan. Reuben Mills.

In 2011, three potential sites were discovered during oil and gas industry surveys approximately 320 kilometers southeast of Galveston, TX, and reported accordingly. NOAA OER’s 2012 cruise that revealed one site to be a shipwreck – Monterrey Shipwreck A – and was selected for further investigation.  A research design focusing on specific questions and targeting individual data sets was drafted in order to place the site within a larger theoretical and methodological framework as a means to...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America