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Colonial (Temporal Keyword)

1-25 (35 Records)

African American Burials and Memorials in Colonial Williamsburg (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434244] Ywone Edwards-Ingram.

This paper discusses archaeological findings within Colonial Williamsburg and explores factors that have influenced ways of knowing about eighteenth-century burial sites of African-descendant individuals and groups in Williamsburg, Virginia.  While the emphasis is on the colonial era, some attention is given to the nineteenth century and the more visible commemorations of the dead relating to this period.   The aim is to discuss burials and commemorative practices of enslaved and free blacks and...


Balancing with Guns: Establishing an Integrated Conservation Priority for Artillery from Site 31CR314, Queen Anne’s Revenge (1718) (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434712] Erik R Farrell.

Among the artifacts from the wreck of Queen Anne’s Revenge (QAR), the artillery represents a particularly evocative and informative subset. Conserving a cannon protects the object, reveals archaeological information, and allows for impressive museum displays for public education. However, the conservation of an individual cannon represents one of the largest single-object expenditures of time and materials of any subset of QAR artifacts. These expenditures must be prioritized within the ongoing...


Bioarchaeology of Burials Associated with the Elkins Site (7NC-G-174) (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434622] Ashley H. McKeown. Meradeth H. Snow. Rosanne Bongiovanni. Kirsten A. Green. Kathleen Hauther. Rachel Summers-Wilson.

Bioarchaeological interpretations of five burials from a small family cemetery likely associated with one of the domestic structures at the Elkins Site integrate information from in situ data collection and standard laboratory assessment, as well as DNA and stable isotope analysis. Four of the burials (two adult males and two adult females) were tightly clustered and the fifth burial (a male infant) was spatially separated within the cemetery. Despite craniofacial morphology that could be...


Cattle Ranching and O’odham Communities in the Pimería Alta: Zooarchaeological and Historical Perspectives (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435276] Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman. Nicole Mathwich.

Cattle and other European livestock were important to the economic and cultural development of western North America; however, the celebrated cowboy and vaquero cultures of the region emerged out of a complex Spanish colonial tradition that began with missionized native peoples who became adept at ranching. The Pimería Alta, what is today northern Sonora and southern Arizona, provides an excellent case study of the many ways that the cattle introduced at missions became rapidly intertwined with...


Comparative Analysis Of Waterscreening Soil From A French Colonial Living Floor In St. Charles, Missouri (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434722] Steve Dasovich.

Excavations collected approximately 14.4 cubic meters of a hard-packed living floor from a Fremch Colonial outbuilding for waterscreening (from 23SC2101).  This paper will discuss the partial analysis of the materials and information recovered from this mass soil collection process and draw broad conclusions about the efforts usefullness.  


The Comparative Archaeology of Anglo-American Slavery Regimes: Reconsidering the Chesapeake from the Perspective of Bermuda (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 428655] Marley Brown III.

Recent comparative scholarship by historians of Anglo-American slavery has emphasized the dynamic relationship between statute law and social practice, particularly as this relationship bears on such issues as economic agency, resistance to enslavement, and collective identity.  This paper revisits selected quarter sites excavated in Tidewater Virginia  in view of the material life of enslaved Bermudians during the eighteenth century.  Recent discoveries at a c. 1720-1860 domestic site in the...


"...Concerning their Common Heritage...": Archaeological Site Stewardship and International Cooperation in the National Park Service (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434176] David Gadsby. Dave Conlin.

In 2011, The National Park Service signed two international Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs) on the management and protection of sites that lie within the park system, but are of interest or importance to foreign governments. The first, signed with the United Kingdom, provides specific protections for a particular resource, the wreck of the 18th-century frigate HMS Fowey. The second, signed with the government of the Kingdom of Spain, expresses the participants' mutual interest in wide variety...


Current Interpretations at the "Cemetery" Site at Old Colchester Park and Preserve (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434756] Erica A. D'Elia.

The Old Colchester Park and Preserve (OCPP), located in southern Fairfax County along the Occoquan River, was acquired by the Fairfax County Park Authority in 2006. The nearly 145 acres of preserved parkland includes numerous prehistoric and historic sites spanning 10,000 years of human occupation. Prominent among these sites is the colonial tobacco port town of Colchester, ca. 1754-1830. Current excavations are focused on the site immediately adjacent to the cemetery, located about half a mile...


Diasporic Flows and "Dwelling-in-Travel" in Southeastern North America (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 428517] Charles Cobb. Chester B. DePratter.

The establishment of the Carolina colony in AD 1670 prompted a series of population movements toward Charleston among numerous Native American peoples eager to exchange slaves and hides with English colonials. In microcosm, this is a precursor and embodiment of the population flows associated with globalization today. We consider how diasporic movements between Indigenous home territories and the Carolina frontier established a pattern of what James Clifford has referred to as...


Digital Documentation and Assessment of the Remote Colonial Church at Ecab, Quintana Roo, Mexico (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434074] Michael Hess. Aliya R. Hoff. Dominique Meyer. Dominique Rissolo. Luis Leira Guillermo. Jeffrey Glover. Fabio Esteban Amador. Andrew Vaughn. Falko Kuester.

Located on the remote northeastern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula sits the 16th century church at Ecab, thought to be the first church in Mexico, which is in a fragile state of decay and in need of documentation and conservation. The church as well as the curate's house have been abandoned since 1644 and have both survived centuries of hurricanes and erosion.  The site, also referred to as Boca Iglesias, was a remote encomienda in colonial Mexico and still remains isolated today on a coastal rise...


Examining Golden Age Pirates as a Distinct Culture Through Artifact Patterning (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434829] Courtney E Page.

Piracy is an illegal act and as a physical activity does not survive directly in the archaeological record, making it difficult to study pirates as a distinct maritime culture. This paper examines the use of artifact patterning to illuminate behavioral differences between pirates and other sailors during the Golden Age (ca. 1680-1730). The artifacts of two early eighteenth-century British pirate wrecks, Queen Anne’s Revenge(1718) and Whydah (1717) were categorized into five groups reflecting...


Exploring the Social and Physical Landscapes of Colonial New Mexico (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434152] Heather Trigg. Kyle W. Edwards.

Reshaping the settlement landscape is a significant aspect of the colonial encounter in that it provided the ecological context for social interactions. In the American Southwest, the Spaniards’ introduction of Eurasian plants and animals as well as new land use practices had a profound effect on the physical and cultural environment. We use palynological data from a 500-year period that illustrates both the impact of indigenous Pueblo peoples’ engagement with the pre-colonial landscape as well...


Flat Ontologies, Identity and Space at Carolina Forts (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434426] Charles R. Cobb.

English forts in the Carolina colony embody the ongoing struggle between the ambitions of imperial impositions and the aspirations of frontier autonomy. This tension is acutely reflected in the spatial organization of forts. Whereas colonial authorities sought to separate Europeans, Africans, and Native Americans through the formal segregation of the built environment, life on the frontier encouraged a fluidity in space and identity. The theoretical construct of flat ontologies can be used to...


Forgetting, Hybridity, Revitalization, and Persistence: A Model for Understanding the Archaeology of Enslaved African Ritual Practice in the Early Chesapeake (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434736] Marley Brown III.

The topic of ritual practices among the enslaved population of the early Chespeake has been extensively examined,, most procatively by scholars such as Patricia Samford ,who have attempted to link what is known about the importation of captive Africans from historical sources to physical evidence encountered at the living sites of the enslaved in particular places during specific periods.  This paper develops a model, combining recent efforts to incorporate memory work, notably forgetting, into...


Frames, Futtocks, and a Fistful of Coins: the Final Report of the Corolla Wreck, North Carolina's Oldest Known Ship Remains (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434206] Daniel Brown.

This paper presents the final report of the Corolla Wreck, North Carolina's oldest ship remains. Included is a historical archaeological analysis of the wooden structural remains comprising just ten partial frames and less than two dozen associated artifacts. 


From Cacao to Sugar: Long-Term Maya Economic Entanglement in Colonial Guatemala (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434564] Guido Pezzarossi.

This paper explores highland Maya sugar production as a product of later colonial entanglement influenced by precolonial and early colonial innovations and traditions. In the mid-17th century, the colonial Kaqchikel Maya community of San Pedro Aguacatepeque is described as a producer of sugar. Hoewever, the community’s embrace of sugar cane production (and associated sugar products) emerged in a complicated manner: as a product of preexisting precolonial and early colonial cacao tribute...


From Colony to Empire: Fifty Years of Conceptualizing the Relationship between Britain and its New World Colonies through Archaeology (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435461] Marley Brown III.

Through a series of brief case studies drawn from archaeological research in Plymouth, Massachusetts, Portsmouth, Rhode Island, Williamsburg, Virginia, St. George's, Bermuda, and Bridgetown, Barbados, this paper examines how American historical archaeology has developed its understanding of Britain's establishment of its colonies throughout the New World. It is argued that the gradual but significant shift in geographic scale from regional specialization to frameworks like the Atlantic World,...


Hard to Shop For: Surveying for a Birthday Present for the Nation’s Oldest Port (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435625] Olivia A. McDaniel. P. Brendan Burke. Chuck T Meide.

During the 2015 field season the Lighthouse Archaeological Maritime Program (LAMP) completed a program of target testing and remote sensing in the waters off St. Augustine, Florida, with the objective of locating early colonial shipwrecks. The project included a series of remote sensing resurveys to re-investigate and better understand several magnetic targets initially identified during two previous surveys carried out in 1995 and 2009. The 2015 survey was carried out in conjunction with St....


Interacting with the Past: Assassin's Creed, Landscapes, and Other Talking Points (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435147] Coy J. Idol.

Assassin’s Creed is a multivolume series, developed by Ubisoft, with 17 games across a variety of platforms. One of the most successful aspects of this franchise is its ability to recreate historical settings. In recreating these settings, the developers and writers draw from all available sources, including sponsoring their own archaeological investigations. Through the use of these sources, developers and writers are able to not only create largely historically accurate plots, but interactive...


Interrogating the Spatiality of Colonialism at Different Scales: Contrasting Examples from the Eighteenth-Century French-Canadian Borderland and the Early English Colony of Bermuda. (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435473] Andrew R Beaupre. Marley Brown III.

This paper examines two ends of the geographic spectrum along which the production of space can be expected to vary within the dynamics of colonial expansion. Employing case studies from Bermuda and the French colonial frontier, we analyze emerging border zones of the colonizer and the colonized, and the boundaries resulting from the replication of a persistent localism from the homeland. It is argued that the transition to multi-sited and multiscalar approaches within the historical archaeology...


Land, Labor, and Memory: Plantation Landscapes in Martinique (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434374] Elizabeth C. Clay.

Landscapes are shaped by the experiences of people over time, serve to establish and reinforce social relations, and are spaces within which individuals actively construct their experiences with each other and with their environment. This paper focuses on plantation landscapes on the island of Martinique, where the significant role of the French sugar industry - made possible by slave labor - in the globalizing Atlantic world is still clearly visible. Plantation sites that have not been lost to...


Legacies of an Old Design: Reconstructing Rapid’s Lines Using 3D Modelling Software (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434549] Ivor R. Mollema. Jennifer F McKinnon.

The Shipwrecks of the Roaring Forties Project was conceived to evaluate new ways of investigating the history of Europeans in the Indian Ocean and Western Australia. As a result, several of the formative maritime archaeology projects conducted on Australia’s early colonial shipwrecks were revisited to apply new techniques, such as digital modelling software, to the legacy data. This paper outlines using Rhinoceros 3D modelling software to generate a three-dimensional model of the American China...


Moving Masca: Persistent Indigenous Communities in Spanish Colonial Honduras (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434560] Russell N Sheptak.

In 1714, Candelaria, a pueblo de indios (indigenous town) in Spanish colonial Honduras, concluded a decades-long legal fight to protect community land from encroachment. Documents in the case describe the movement of the town, originally called Masca, from a site on the Caribbean coast, where it was located in 1536, to a series of inland locations. Many other pueblos de indios in the area moved to new locations in the late 1600s or early 1700s. The mobility of these towns, their incorporation...


"…nothing else of great artifactual value" or "…found nothing on the site at all": What remains of an eighteenth century colonial shipwreck in Biscayne National Park? (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434925] Melissa Price. Jennifer F McKinnon. Charles Lawson.

The title of this paper illuminates the short sided approach held by those in search of "treasure" in the 1960s and 1970s in south Florida. It also provides a window into the past and present about how the Pillar Dollar Wreck in Biscayne National Park has been, and continues to be, impacted by adventure seekers, treasure salvors and looters. This paper outlines recent archaeological excavations of the Pillar Dollar Wreck and reveals there is still much to be found and studied in the shifting...


Peaches Preserved: The Archaeology and Preservation of Peachtree Plantation, St. James Santee Parish, South Carolina (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435558] Kendy Altizer.

Peachtree Plantation is a 481 acre parcel of land situated on the South Santee River in St. James Santee Parish, South Carolina approximately 45 miles north of Charleston. The property contains remnants of colonial rice culture and the ruin of a piano-noble style, Georgian Palladian, two-story house. Peachtree, owned by the Lynch Family who were prominent Lowcountry rice planters and politicians, was cultivated as early as 1738; however, the main house was built between 1760 and 1762. In 1840,...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America