Colonial (Temporal Keyword)

1-25 (73 Records)

African American Burials and Memorials in Colonial Williamsburg (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ywone Edwards-Ingram.

This paper discusses archaeological findings within Colonial Williamsburg and explores factors that have influenced ways of knowing about eighteenth-century burial sites of African-descendant individuals and groups in Williamsburg, Virginia.  While the emphasis is on the colonial era, some attention is given to the nineteenth century and the more visible commemorations of the dead relating to this period.   The aim is to discuss burials and commemorative practices of enslaved and free blacks and...

Animal Husbandry at Pimería Alta Missions: El Ganado en el Sudoeste de Norteamérica ​ (2010)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman.

Documentary evidence from the southwestern region of North America indicates that Spanish missionaries attempted to alter the daily lives of native peoples through the introduction of Eurasian domesticated animals and animal husbandry practices. However, our understanding of the degree to which these efforts were successful is hindered by a dearth of zooarchaeological evidence. Excavations at 18th-century missions in present-day northern Sonora and southern Arizona provide an opportunity to...

Apalachicola Ecosystems Project Fauna
PROJECT Thomas Foster. Roger Brown. National Science Foundation.

This project presents the results of zooarchaeological analysis of faunal specimens recovered from two sites (1RU18 and 1RU27) excavated as part of a multidisciplinary NSF-funded Collaborative Research Project titled the “Apalachicola Ecosystems Project”, as well as a reanalysis of a zooarchaeological assemblage from the nearby site of Spanish Fort. The Apalachicola Ecosystems Project was co-directed by Thomas Foster, Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman, and Roger Brown. The objectives of the...

At the Crossroads: Intersections of Colonization (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dawn M. Rutecki.

Intersectionality arose as a strategy for understanding the ways oppression operates simultaneously on multiple aspects of a person’s identity.  As such, it provides a key framework for understanding how gender, race, and religion affected interactions between Europeans and indigenous communities from contact through today.  The missionaries of New Spain, as well as later explorers of the Louisiana Territory, proscribed gendered expectations on indigenous peoples that fundamentally altered their...

Balancing with Guns: Establishing an Integrated Conservation Priority for Artillery from Site 31CR314, Queen Anne’s Revenge (1718) (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Erik R Farrell.

Among the artifacts from the wreck of Queen Anne’s Revenge (QAR), the artillery represents a particularly evocative and informative subset. Conserving a cannon protects the object, reveals archaeological information, and allows for impressive museum displays for public education. However, the conservation of an individual cannon represents one of the largest single-object expenditures of time and materials of any subset of QAR artifacts. These expenditures must be prioritized within the ongoing...

Bioarchaeology of Burials Associated with the Elkins Site (7NC-G-174) (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ashley H. McKeown. Meradeth H. Snow. Rosanne Bongiovanni. Kirsten A. Green. Kathleen Hauther. Rachel Summers-Wilson.

Bioarchaeological interpretations of five burials from a small family cemetery likely associated with one of the domestic structures at the Elkins Site integrate information from in situ data collection and standard laboratory assessment, as well as DNA and stable isotope analysis. Four of the burials (two adult males and two adult females) were tightly clustered and the fifth burial (a male infant) was spatially separated within the cemetery. Despite craniofacial morphology that could be...

Cattle Ranching and O’odham Communities in the Pimería Alta: Zooarchaeological and Historical Perspectives (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman. Nicole Mathwich.

Cattle and other European livestock were important to the economic and cultural development of western North America; however, the celebrated cowboy and vaquero cultures of the region emerged out of a complex Spanish colonial tradition that began with missionized native peoples who became adept at ranching. The Pimería Alta, what is today northern Sonora and southern Arizona, provides an excellent case study of the many ways that the cattle introduced at missions became rapidly intertwined with...

Changes in Animal Use through Time at Fusihatchee (1EE191) (1999)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman. Daniel C. Weinand. Elizabeth J. Reitz.

Archaeological sites appropriate for the study of subsistence change resulting from European-Native American contact are uncommon in the southeastern United States. One of these sites is Fusihatchee (1EE191), a Creek town in what is now Alabama. Materials from Fusihatchee were deposited during four time periods spanning the Contact Period, permitting a diachronic analysis of Creek subsistence practices. Vertebrate and some invertebrate remains were studied. The Late Mississippian component...

DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

Fort Ligonier (36WM71), an 18th Century fortified supply outpost, is tied to the British military’s Forbes Expedition. The fort is located in the Laurel Highlands section of the Allegheny Plateau on a hilltop in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. A wood sample suspected to be from part of the main gate’s artillery battery defense was submitted for identification and AMS radiocarbon dating.

Charleston, South Carolina and Beyond (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Martha Zierden. Elizabeth J. Reitz.

Charleston, South Carolina, is probably best known as an urban center servicing a plantation economy supported by slave labor, but this is only part of the city's function. The city was an important social, political, and economic port on the Atlantic seaboard, a vital link between interior centers of production and the transatlantic world. Charles Town began as a thriving hub for the Native American trade, as well as for cattle and forest products. This trade connected rural homesteads and...

Colonial Brunswick Town: Archaeology of an Artificial Economy (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew Harrup.

Brunswick Town was established in 1725 on the Lower Cape Fear River by an influential anti-proprietary faction known as The Family.  Their purpose was exploitation of English mercantilist policy which provided a fixed price for naval stores. This singular focus and their monopoly of valuable land retarded the development of organic economic networks and linkages, restricted areas for settlement, and created the conditions for the town’s demise during the Revolutionary War.

Comparative Analysis Of Waterscreening Soil From A French Colonial Living Floor In St. Charles, Missouri (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Steve Dasovich.

Excavations collected approximately 14.4 cubic meters of a hard-packed living floor from a Fremch Colonial outbuilding for waterscreening (from 23SC2101).  This paper will discuss the partial analysis of the materials and information recovered from this mass soil collection process and draw broad conclusions about the efforts usefullness.  

The Comparative Archaeology of Anglo-American Slavery Regimes: Reconsidering the Chesapeake from the Perspective of Bermuda (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Marley Brown III.

Recent comparative scholarship by historians of Anglo-American slavery has emphasized the dynamic relationship between statute law and social practice, particularly as this relationship bears on such issues as economic agency, resistance to enslavement, and collective identity.  This paper revisits selected quarter sites excavated in Tidewater Virginia  in view of the material life of enslaved Bermudians during the eighteenth century.  Recent discoveries at a c. 1720-1860 domestic site in the...

"...Concerning their Common Heritage...": Archaeological Site Stewardship and International Cooperation in the National Park Service (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Gadsby. Dave Conlin.

In 2011, The National Park Service signed two international Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs) on the management and protection of sites that lie within the park system, but are of interest or importance to foreign governments. The first, signed with the United Kingdom, provides specific protections for a particular resource, the wreck of the 18th-century frigate HMS Fowey. The second, signed with the government of the Kingdom of Spain, expresses the participants' mutual interest in wide variety...

Constructing the Borderzone: The Role of Positional Warfare and Natural Border Ideology on a 17th Century French Colonial Landscape (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Andrew Beaupre.

The majority of archaeological interpretations of French involvement in North America have not accounted for underlying European social constructs and ideologies. As archaeological investigations of the French In North America move away from recognized strongholds and expands through the greater French Atlantic World, a critical examination of the archaeological record through these constructs is vital. This paper examines one episode of 17th century expansionism along the Lake Champlain...

Culture Contact and Subsistence Change at Fusihatchee (1EE191) (2001)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman.

Archaeological evidence from Colonial period Native American sites in southeastern North America document dramatic changes in many aspects of Native American life. In contrast, studies of zooarchaeological remains from the Colonial period indicate that subsistence systems changed very little in spite of the introduction of domestic animals. However, few zooarchaeological assemblages from sites with both precolonial and colonial occupations have been studied. The pre-Creek and Creek site of...

Current Interpretations at the "Cemetery" Site at Old Colchester Park and Preserve (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Erica A. D'Elia.

The Old Colchester Park and Preserve (OCPP), located in southern Fairfax County along the Occoquan River, was acquired by the Fairfax County Park Authority in 2006. The nearly 145 acres of preserved parkland includes numerous prehistoric and historic sites spanning 10,000 years of human occupation. Prominent among these sites is the colonial tobacco port town of Colchester, ca. 1754-1830. Current excavations are focused on the site immediately adjacent to the cemetery, located about half a mile...

Deerskins and Domesticates: Creek Subsistence and Economic Strategies in the Historic Period (2007)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman.

Previous research indicates that, following European colonization, animal husbandry did not replace hunting as the primary source of meat in the diet of southeastern Native Americans until the early nineteenth century. However, while the introduction of Eurasian domesticated animals had little immediate impact on the lives of indigenous peoples in the Southeast,the expansion of the European market economy had profound implications for the economic and subsistence strategies of Native Americans...

Diasporic Flows and "Dwelling-in-Travel" in Southeastern North America (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Charles Cobb. Chester B. DePratter.

The establishment of the Carolina colony in AD 1670 prompted a series of population movements toward Charleston among numerous Native American peoples eager to exchange slaves and hides with English colonials. In microcosm, this is a precursor and embodiment of the population flows associated with globalization today. We consider how diasporic movements between Indigenous home territories and the Carolina frontier established a pattern of what James Clifford has referred to as...

Digital Documentation and Assessment of the Remote Colonial Church at Ecab, Quintana Roo, Mexico (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Hess. Aliya R. Hoff. Dominique Meyer. Dominique Rissolo. Luis Leira Guillermo. Jeffrey Glover. Fabio Esteban Amador. Andrew Vaughn. Falko Kuester.

Located on the remote northeastern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula sits the 16th century church at Ecab, thought to be the first church in Mexico, which is in a fragile state of decay and in need of documentation and conservation. The church as well as the curate's house have been abandoned since 1644 and have both survived centuries of hurricanes and erosion.  The site, also referred to as Boca Iglesias, was a remote encomienda in colonial Mexico and still remains isolated today on a coastal rise...

Examining Golden Age Pirates as a Distinct Culture Through Artifact Patterning (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Courtney E Page.

Piracy is an illegal act and as a physical activity does not survive directly in the archaeological record, making it difficult to study pirates as a distinct maritime culture. This paper examines the use of artifact patterning to illuminate behavioral differences between pirates and other sailors during the Golden Age (ca. 1680-1730). The artifacts of two early eighteenth-century British pirate wrecks, Queen Anne’s Revenge(1718) and Whydah (1717) were categorized into five groups reflecting...

Exploring the Social and Physical Landscapes of Colonial New Mexico (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Heather Trigg. Kyle W. Edwards.

Reshaping the settlement landscape is a significant aspect of the colonial encounter in that it provided the ecological context for social interactions. In the American Southwest, the Spaniards’ introduction of Eurasian plants and animals as well as new land use practices had a profound effect on the physical and cultural environment. We use palynological data from a 500-year period that illustrates both the impact of indigenous Pueblo peoples’ engagement with the pre-colonial landscape as well...

Faunal Data from Apalachicola (1RU18, 1RU27) (2014)
DATASET Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman. Andrew Webster.

An Excel spreadsheet containing the zooarchaeological data from Apalachicola (1RU18 & 1RU27), part of the Apalachicola Ecosystems Project. The first tab contains the primary zooarchaeological data, the second tab contains the weights, and the third tab contains a pivot table which shows the total combined weight for each taxon identification.

Faunal Data from Spanish Fort (1RU101) (2014)
DATASET Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman. Nicole Mathwich. Andrew Webster.

An Excel spreadsheet containing the zooarchaeological data from Spanish Fort (1RU101), part of the Apalachicola Ecosystems Project. The first tab contains the primary zooarchaeological data, the second tab contains the weights.

Faunal Remains from the Apalachicola Ecosystems Project (2014)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Chance H. Copperstone. Tracie Mayfield. Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman.

This report presents the results of zooarchaeological analysis of faunal specimens recovered from two sites (1RU18 and 1RU27) excavated as part of a multidisciplinary NSF-funded Collaborative Research Project titled the “Apalachicola Ecosystems Project”, as well a reanalysis of a zooarchaeological assemblage from the nearby site of Spanish Fort. Report prepared for the National Science Foundation (Award # BCS-1026308).