Deerskins and Domesticates: Creek Subsistence and Economic Strategies in the Historic Period
Previous research indicates that, following European colonization, animal husbandry did not replace hunting as the primary source of meat in the diet of southeastern Native Americans until the early nineteenth century. However, while the introduction of Eurasian domesticated animals had little immediate impact on the lives of indigenous peoples in the Southeast,the expansion of the European market economy had profound implications for the economic and subsistence strategies of Native Americans in all regions. In response to European demands for deerskins, furs, and other goods, Native Americans of the Southeast and elsewhere intensified exploitation of indigenous resources. The Creeks became one of the largest producers of deerskins for the European commodities trade in the Southeast. Ethnohistoric and zooarchaeological evidence indicates that the intensification of localized resource exploitation had a suppressive effect on the adoption of animal husbandry by the Creeks. It was only after the collapse of the deerskin trade in the Southeast that animal husbandry replaced hunting as the primary source of meat in the subsistence strategy of the Creeks.
Cite this Record
Deerskins and Domesticates: Creek Subsistence and Economic Strategies in the Historic Period. Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman. American Antiquity. 7 (1): 5-33. 2007 ( tDAR id: 447013) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8447013
Data Recovery / Excavation
Calendar Date: 1600 to 1717 (Colonial/Protohistoric)
Calendar Date: 1717 to 1814 (Historic)
Calendar Date: 1814 to 1836 (Late Historic)
min long: -86.188; min lat: 32.347 ; max long: -85.858; max lat: 32.524 ;
Individual & Institutional Roles
Contact(s): Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman
General Note: Pavao-Zuckerman 2007, "Deerskins and Domesticates" is an American Antiquity article based on Pavao-Zuckerman's 2001 Dissertation.
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