Native Americans (Other Keyword)

1-25 (27 Records)

Apalachicola Ecosystems Project Fauna
PROJECT Thomas Foster. Roger Brown. National Science Foundation.

This project presents the results of zooarchaeological analysis of faunal specimens recovered from two sites (1RU18 and 1RU27) excavated as part of a multidisciplinary NSF-funded Collaborative Research Project titled the “Apalachicola Ecosystems Project”, as well as a reanalysis of a zooarchaeological assemblage from the nearby site of Spanish Fort. The Apalachicola Ecosystems Project was co-directed by Thomas Foster, Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman, and Roger Brown. The objectives of the...


Archaeological Excavations at the Early Historic Creek Indian Town of Fusihatchee (Phase 1, 1988-1989) (1990)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Paula Weiss. M. Thomas Hatley. Kristen J. Gremillion. Kathryn E. Holland Brand.

Waselkov, Cottier, and Sheldon 1990, "Archaeological Excavations at the Early Historic Creek Indian Town of Fusihatchee (Phase 1, 1988-1989)" is the site report prepared for the NSF for the Fusihatchee site (1EE191), where the zooarchaeological remains included in the Pavao-Zuckerman Fusihatchee Fauna project were originally excavated. The report authors are named as Waselkov, Cottier, and Sheldon. Other authors listed on tDAR are contributors to a chapter. This is a report to the National...


Bead Biographies: Exploring the Movement of Glass Beads in Colonial California (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lee Panich. Rebecca Allen.

Recent excavations at Mission San José (ca. 1797-1840s) in central California unearthed over 3,000 glass beads. Such items are commonly recovered from Spanish colonial missions and contemporaneous sites on the Pacific Coast of North America, yet they have proven difficult to interpret beyond their assumed role as trade beads. We believe there is great potential for the humble glass bead to serve as the reference point against which to understand the complex social relationships that constituted...


Changes in Animal Use through Time at Fusihatchee (1EE191) (1999)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman. Daniel C. Weinand. Elizabeth J. Reitz.

Archaeological sites appropriate for the study of subsistence change resulting from European-Native American contact are uncommon in the southeastern United States. One of these sites is Fusihatchee (1EE191), a Creek town in what is now Alabama. Materials from Fusihatchee were deposited during four time periods spanning the Contact Period, permitting a diachronic analysis of Creek subsistence practices. Vertebrate and some invertebrate remains were studied. The Late Mississippian component...


Climate Change, Archaeology, and Native Expertise: an Ice Patch Success Story (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Pei-Lin Yu. Robert Kelly. Craig Lee. Ira Matt. John Murray.

Managing the impacts of climate change to cultural resources, and conducting relevant research, cross-cuts disciplinary boundaries and calls for an innovative, outward looking mindset. Descendant communities, particularly Native groups with long ties to lands and resources and high stakes in climate change outcomes, are rich in traditional ecological knowledge and cultural expertise. These bodies of knowledge are key building blocks for successful strategies for risk evaluation, vulnerability...


Colonial Stigma in ‘Post’-Colonial Archaeology (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dawn M. Rutecki.

Legacies of archaeological social complexity models continue to stigmatize living Native communities. Pervasive in discussions of pre-Contact peoples in the modern United States, these models rely on the Eurocentric foundations steeped in racism, sexism, and religious bigotry on which they were built during early colonization. Archaeological evidence provides the opportunity to interrogate how past peoples were and continue to be entangled with living communities, rather than to buttress myopic,...


CRM as Heritage in Communities on the Great Plains: Northern Cheyenne and Spirit Lake Nations (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert OBoyle. Conrad Fisher. Erich Longie.

Federal Agencies have long been required to consult with Tribal Nations; however, true consultation has been lacking. The table was tilted in favor of local land managers who have been free to make decisions on consultation and resource management, often with little or no insight from the descendant communities; however, that is changing. Coinciding with the rise of Tribal Higher Education, Tribal Nations on the Great Plains have begun to take charge of the consultation process, and change the...


Culture Contact and Subsistence Change at Fusihatchee (1EE191) (2001)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman.

Archaeological evidence from Colonial period Native American sites in southeastern North America document dramatic changes in many aspects of Native American life. In contrast, studies of zooarchaeological remains from the Colonial period indicate that subsistence systems changed very little in spite of the introduction of domestic animals. However, few zooarchaeological assemblages from sites with both precolonial and colonial occupations have been studied. The pre-Creek and Creek site of...


Deerskins and Domesticates: Creek Subsistence and Economic Strategies in the Historic Period (2007)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman.

Previous research indicates that, following European colonization, animal husbandry did not replace hunting as the primary source of meat in the diet of southeastern Native Americans until the early nineteenth century. However, while the introduction of Eurasian domesticated animals had little immediate impact on the lives of indigenous peoples in the Southeast,the expansion of the European market economy had profound implications for the economic and subsistence strategies of Native Americans...


Displacement and Adjustment among the Piscataway in Colonial Maryland and Pennsylvania, 1680-1743 (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alex J. Flick.

This paper examines the assemblages of three sequentially occupied sites related to the displacement and northward migration of the Piscataway from their southern Maryland homeland between 1680 and 1743. These collections provide evidence for the group’s adjustments to new physical and social terrains encountered in dislocation. Although historical records document Piscataway efforts to distance themselves from the encroachment and harassment of English colonists by vacating their ancestral...


Du Pratz's Dishes: Colonoware from Fort Rosalie, and the Paradox of Globalization (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only James A. Nyman.

French colonial Fort Rosalie, situated in present day Natchez, Mississippi, was the site of intimate cross cultural exchange. Living in the frontier at a distant outpost of the Louisiana colony, the soldiers felt comfortable incorporating Indigenous foods into their diets, eating from Natchezan vessels, and even taking Native wives. Far from idyllic however, the European and Indigenous inhabitants of the Natchez Bluffs were swept up in larger paradoxes of globalization spurred by increasing...


Empires of Displacement: Native American Spatial Encounters at Postbellum Fort Davis and Russian Fort Ross (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicholas Perez.

While recent scholarship gives attention to Native American agency as it relates to the Spanish mission system, the same may not be said about military forts on the nineteenth-century American ‘frontier.’ Using archival material from Fort Davis, Texas and Fort Ross, California, this paper argues for a comparative approach in studying how groups from the Comanche/Apache and Kashaya Pomo tribes employed geographic mobility as a form of resistance in the face of Euro-American fortified occupation....


Faunal Data from Apalachicola (1RU18, 1RU27) (2014)
DATASET Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman. Andrew Webster.

An Excel spreadsheet containing the zooarchaeological data from Apalachicola (1RU18 & 1RU27), part of the Apalachicola Ecosystems Project. The first tab contains the primary zooarchaeological data, the second tab contains the weights, and the third tab contains a pivot table which shows the total combined weight for each taxon identification.


Faunal Remains from the Apalachicola Ecosystems Project (2014)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Chance H. Copperstone. Tracie Mayfield. Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman.

This report presents the results of zooarchaeological analysis of faunal specimens recovered from two sites (1RU18 and 1RU27) excavated as part of a multidisciplinary NSF-funded Collaborative Research Project titled the “Apalachicola Ecosystems Project”, as well a reanalysis of a zooarchaeological assemblage from the nearby site of Spanish Fort. Report prepared for the National Science Foundation (Award # BCS-1026308).


Fusihatchee Faunal Data (2015)
DATASET Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman. Andrew Webster. Nicole Mathwich.

An Access database of zooarchaeology data from the Ancestral Creek Fusihatchee site (1EE191) The data were reported in a 2001 dissertation by Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman entitled "Culture Contact and Subsistence Change at Fusihatchee." The database was created in 2015 by Nicole Mathwich and uploaded to tDAR by Andrew Webster in 2018. The database was created from handwritten data cards created from 1997-1998 at the University of Georgia. These original cards have been scanned and are included in...


Fusihatchee Faunal Data Paper Copy Scans ​ (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman. Nicole Mathwich. Andrew Webster.

This file is a PDF scan of the original handwritten cards of zooarchaeological data for Fusihatchee that were compiled from 1997-1998 at the University of Georgia. In 2015, this data was digitized into an Access database entitled "Fusihatchee Faunal Data" which is included on tDAR with this project. Although the PDF is text searchable, in practice this will only pull up the UGA number, not the handwritten data. The OCR does not recognize every UGA number. The PDF is mostly in the order of...


Hybridized Ceramic Practice and Creolized Communities: the Apalachee After the Missions (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michelle M Pigott.

After the violent collapse of Spain’s La Florida mission system in 1704, the Apalachee nation was disrupted by a diaspora that spread people across the Southeast, eventually to settle in small communities among other splintered nations. Navigating a complex cultural borderland created by constant Native American migrations and European power struggles, the displaced Apalachee experienced rapid culture change in the 18th century. Making use of ceramic data from four archaeological sites related...


"…in a few years by death and removes they were all gone…": Forced Relocation as Racial Violence (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mark S. Tweedie. Allison J.M. McGovern.

Indigenous dispossession and forced relocation remain central features of historical narratives, as they are used to explain the seemingly "natural" cultural loss and subsequent disappearance of Native peoples. However, these occurrences are less frequently remembered as acts of violence that supported privilege and cultural hegemony. In this paper, documentary and archaeological evidence are used to highlight instances of indigenous removals on eastern Long Island in the post-contact era, and...


Lithics Revisited: An Analysis of Native American Stone Tool Technology In The Middle Chesapeake (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mary Kate Mansius.

Historical archaeologists often point to the arrival of Europeans in the 17th century as a catalyst for change in aspects of indigenous lifeways.  This is especially true concerning lithic technology, when the metanarrative often describes Native Americans quickly swapping their stone tools for the "superior" metal tools of Europeans.  Recent studies, such as Carly Harmon’s paper, Analyzing Native American Lithic Material Culture from 1600 to 1700 (2012), have challenged such thinking;...


Native Americans and Archaeology Training Workshop: A Twenty Year Retrospective (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kurt Dongoske.

The Arizona Archaeological Council received funding from the NCPTT during its inaugural granting cycle to conduct a two day training workshop between Native Americans and archaeologists. The goal of the workshop was to promote a productive dialogue between Native Americans, Federal agency archaeologists, academic archaeologists, and archaeologists from the contracting community. Three issues were the focus of that workshop: consultation, oral tradition and archaeological interpretation, and...


Native Mortuary Customs and Knowledge Networks in 18th-Century Massachusetts (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kathleen J. Bragdon.

This paper looks at wills written by and for Wampanoag people in their own language and in English and their relation to other native mortuary customs in the eighteenth century. I argue that while writing wills was an innovative practice adopted by Christian Indians and suggests a breakdown in native community structure in the eighteenth century, the practice was consistent with other evidence for strong community identification.  Knowledge of the "writing culture" of southern New...


"Old" Collections, New Narrative: Rethinking the Native Past through Archaeological Collections from Eastern Long Island. (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Allison J.M. McGovern.

This paper highlights the value of existing museum and contract archaeology collections to new directions in archaeological research. Renewed attention to "old" data sets serves to decolonize archaeology and to challenge existing narratives with new questions. The collections discussed in this paper all come from eastern Long Island, New York. I draw attention to how narratives of Native American cultural loss and disappearance are constructed locally through archaeological heritage, and I...


Pavao-Zuckerman Fusihatchee Fauna
PROJECT Uploaded by: Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman

This project consists of zooarchaeological remains from the ancestral Muscogee-Creek site of Fusihatchee, identified at the University of Georgia. The data formed the basis of Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman's 2001 Dissertation. Site: The Ancestral Creek and Creek town of Fusihatchee (1EE191) is located on the Tallapoosa River in Alabama, and has both precolonial and colonial period occupations, allowing for diachronic analysis. These components include the Late Woodland (A.D. 1050-1250),...


Quantifying Indianness: Commonsensical practice in U.S. bioarchaeology and skeletal biology (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ann Kakaliouras.

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, U.S. museums and universities amassed massive stores of the skeletons of Native American people. These collections eventually became the source-base for bioarchaeology, a subfield of both physical anthropology and archaeology that emerged in the 1970’s and continues producing interpretations about past Native American identities from the study of skeletal remains. Over the last few decades, the reburial movement and the passage of NAGPRA has slowed—or...


The Rad Clay Pad that the Spaniards Had: A Geoarchaeological Examination of Sixteenth Century Spanish Forts (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Hannah Hoover.

Academia regularly relies on documentary evidence to interpret the relatively rapid culture changes that occur after contact, often ignoring the more long-term patterns and processes of the indigenous response. Geoarchaeological survey allows for an in-depth study of the changes in cultural deposits diachronically, recreating a narrative that is reflective of a wide range of human experience. This paper examines the ideological shift in the Spanish strategy for colonizing La Florida by utilizing...