CRM as Heritage in Communities on the Great Plains: Northern Cheyenne and Spirit Lake Nations

Author(s): Conrad Fisher; Robert OBoyle; Erich Longie

Year: 2015


Federal Agencies have long been required to consult with Tribal Nations; however, true consultation has been lacking. The table was tilted in favor of local land managers who have been free to make decisions on consultation and resource management, often with little or no insight from the descendant communities; however, that is changing.

Coinciding with the rise of Tribal Higher Education, Tribal Nations on the Great Plains have begun to take charge of the consultation process, and change the cultural resource management process into a vehicle for cultural heritage. Recognizing the government to government relation the Northern Cheyenne Nation and Spirit Lake Tribe Nation have passed tribal law on how to carry out cultural consultation with Federal Agencies on the 106 process.

Archaeology and the 106 process have turned into a blooming cultural heritage program within Spirit Lake and Northern Cheyenne Nations. As sovereign governments, they are utilizing an online consultation submission with a fee to cover the direct costs associated with the consultation process to collaborate with agencies on their undertakings. The process has created a wide variety of positions and activities, providing work for tribal members and resources for developing the cultural resource management needs of each community.

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Cite this Record

CRM as Heritage in Communities on the Great Plains: Northern Cheyenne and Spirit Lake Nations. Robert OBoyle, Conrad Fisher, Erich Longie. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395301)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -113.95; min lat: 30.751 ; max long: -97.163; max lat: 48.865 ;