Collaborative and Community Archaeology

Part of: Society for American Archaeology 82nd Annual Meeting, Vancouver, BC (2017)

This session focuses on archaeology projects involving varied and innovative collaborative efforts that focus on partnerships with local communities.

Resources Inside This Collection (Viewing 1-23 of 23)

  • Documents (23)

  • Applying North American Approaches to Community Archaeology in Khirbet al-Mukhayyat, Jordan (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jennifer Lewis.

    "Community based" archaeology programs are all the rage in North America, as both academic and consulting archaeologists respond to descendant communities’ rights to management over their cultural heritage in the face of large-scale development and resource management. This movement is not yet applied in other regions facing similar challenges of economic development opportunities and access to heritage. The Khirbet al-Mukhayyat Community Archaeology Program (KMCAP) is inspired by North...

  • Collaboration Continues: Revisiting Archaeology between CRM Archaeologists and First Nations Communities in the Pacific Northwest (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Stephanie Huddlestan. Amanda Marshall.

    First Nation’s heritage concerns are at the forefront of many large-scale and controversial development projects across the province of British Columbia. How developers and Cultural Resource Management (CRM) Archaeologists choose to address these concerns can significantly impact working and political relationships. CRM archaeologists are on the front lines balancing and navigating complex, and sensitive socio-political heritage issues. Our small CRM company, Kleanza Consulting Ltd. (Kleanza),...

  • Collaborative and Community-based Archaeology (Heritage) – Introduction to the Session and Some Views on Successfully Partnering with Indigenous and Local Communities. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Charles Bello.

    The concept of conducting research & historic preservation endeavors in effective partnerships with indigenous and local communities just makes sense and is only fair. Clearly, archaeology – heritage management impacts indigenous, local, and descendant communities. It is also clear that these groups often have relatively little input to what others are trying to accomplish. This paper addresses a few key concepts and recurring purposes and goals: The tangible and intangible aspects of...

  • Collaborative Archaeologies in Transformation: Preliminary Results from a Social Network Analysis of Archaeological Practice (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Katharine Ellenberger.

    Collaborative or community-based archaeology can involve a range of activities from modifying dissemination practices to shifting to writing research designs with a coalition including non-archaeologists. These approaches were built as responses to specific concerns by crafting research methods to the modern context of archaeology. Out of these myriad approaches has developed a social network of scholars whose professional interactions are consequential for understanding contemporary...

  • "Come Together, Right Now:" The Oklahoma Public Archaeology Network and Its Role in Oklahoma Public Archaeology (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Meghan Dudley. Allison Douglas. Bonnie Pitblado.

    Like many other states, Oklahoma has a long history of productive public archaeology, with citizen and professional stakeholders working side-by-side to further archaeological research and preservation. However, the changing nature of archaeology (most particularly the shift to a heavy emphasis on compliance work) has led to miscommunication and misunderstanding among the many stakeholders in Oklahoma’s archaeological community and to less-productive working relationship among them than existed...

  • Community Archaeology at the Heart Mountain Relocation Camp, Park County, Wyoming (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only J. Gregory Smith. Lawrence Todd. Brian Liesinger.

    Heart Mountain was one of ten confinement camps established by the U.S. government during World War Two to incarcerate Japanese Americans living on the West Coast of the United States. Located in northwest Wyoming, the camp had a peak population of nearly 11,000 incarcerees, making it the third largest settlement in the state at that time. The Park County Historic Preservation Commission recently partnered with the Heart Mountain Interpretive Center to carry out mapping and test excavations at...

  • Consultants Are People Too: Meaningful Consultation and Archaeology (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Howard Higgins.

    Gaining meaningful information from traditional community consultants can often be difficult. Furthermore, exactly what constitutes such information has changed over time. Recently the focus in archaeology has shifted from a point based search for specific locations to a landscape based approach aimed at information that can be used to define the attributes of traditional cultural properties, so that areas which could contain them can be managed. This paper explores the elements needed to...

  • CRM as Heritage in Communities on the Great Plains: Northern Cheyenne and Spirit Lake Nations (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert OBoyle. Conrad Fisher. Erich Longie.

    Federal Agencies have long been required to consult with Tribal Nations; however, true consultation has been lacking. The table was tilted in favor of local land managers who have been free to make decisions on consultation and resource management, often with little or no insight from the descendant communities; however, that is changing. Coinciding with the rise of Tribal Higher Education, Tribal Nations on the Great Plains have begun to take charge of the consultation process, and change the...

  • Displays of identity: A community-engaged approach to studying identity through photo diaries (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Shaina Molano. Kimberly Munro.

    This study is part of a larger research project, which looks at displays of social identity and the effects of influence from outside contemporaneous groups in pre-Columbian Peru. In studying past communities, we look beyond our own interpretations of "who" we perceived people to be and begin asking questions that reveal who they thought they were and how they chose to advertise that to those deemed "other." The nature of this research requires working closely with contemporary local...

  • Empowering Tribal Youth in Cultural Heritage Management (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only David Guilfoyle. Genevieve Carey. Raven Willoya-Williams. Michael Bernard. Sherry Kime.

    We examine a multi-year cultural heritage training program developed by Elders, youth and archaeologists in the Kenai Peninsula of Alaska. The program aims to embed cultural protocols and knowledge into methods of cultural heritage management (CHM). The program demonstrates the benefits of collaborative approaches that provide the foundation for more effective CHM, while at the same time providing direct social outcomes. We examine how this was established via a case study of one of the...

  • Exploring 'Helicopter' Consulting (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only James Herbert. Sean Connuaghton.

    Large-scale cultural resource management on the Northwest Coast stands at the crossroads among resource development, for-profit resource management, and Indigenous control and consent. Recent legal cases, specifically in British Columbia, highlight the need for consultants, industry and Indigenous governments to plan for future development together. This paper follows a line of inquiry from our previous work, exploring how the ‘fly in, fly out’ nature of consulting practices alienates...

  • Federal Agency and Alaska Native Co-Management of the Sqilantnu Archaeological District, Alaska (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Debra Corbett. Edward DeCleva. Dara Glass. Alexandra Lindgren. Sherry Keim.

    One of the more unusual provisions of the 1971 Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act allowed the 12 newly formed Alaska Regional Native Corporations to select significant historic and cemetery sites as part of their settlement. Cook Inlet Region, Inc. (CIRI), selected three sites at the confluence of the Russian River with the Kenai River. The two federal agencies managing the area protested the claims. Among many complications was the fact that the area is one of the most popular sport...

  • Fortifying A Community through Public Archaeology: The Collaboration of Public and Private Organizations to Preserve, Protect, and Promote a Spanish-American War Fort on a South Carolina Sea Island. (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Phillip Ashlock. Dawn Chapman Ashlock.

    In a collaborative partnership among the surrounding community, local government, private non-profit groups, and professional organizations, the first archaeological investigations involving Phase III data recovery excavations were conducted at Fort Fremont in advance of the development of a local government sponsored interpretive center. Entrenched in a maritime forest along the Port Royal Sound, Fort Fremont is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and enhances the coastal...

  • Hadiya:wa: Do You Hear What Traditional Pueblo Cultural Advisors Are Saying? (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kurt F. Anschuetz. Kurt E. Dongoske.

    Archaeological collaboration with traditional Pueblo communities faces many practical challenges. Archaeologists typically expect cultural practitioners to accept what archaeology entails as a scientific discipline and its approach to understanding the past. Within traditional Pueblo perspectives, archaeological excavation might not be an appropriate measure for mitigating adverse effects in the federal Section 106 compliance process. Rather than asserting the primacy of their preferences and...

  • Introduction to session and opening remarks (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Charles Bello.

    Introduction to session and opening remarks

  • The Jemez Mountains Ethnohistoric Assessment: a Critical Examination of an Alternative Approach to Consultation (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Howard Higgins. J. Michael Bremer.

    Most consultation occurs as part of NEPA and/or Section 106 compliance. That is, there is a predefined, location specific undertaking that concerns traditional communities, such as Native American entities, who are contacted and with whom consultation occurs. This is not, however, the only, or even the best, process by which traditional peoples may be included in consultations with land managers. Some land managing agencies have recently been adopting more proactive approaches. One example of...

  • Local Archaeology Societies in the UK (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Hayley Roberts.

    Local archaeology societies in the UK are unique. They are a product of the British political and legal system combined with cultural attitudes to the past and the development of the archaeological profession. They are a melting pot of inexperienced beginners, expert volunteers, professional archaeologists and everybody in between. As a unique form of public and community archaeology, they allow volunteers to have a significant positive impact for and on both archaeology and society. This...

  • Local Contexts, Global Application - A Comparative Analysis of Collaborative and Community Archaeology Projects in Western Australia, British Columbia and Alaska. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only David Guilfoyle.

    Collaborative heritage management projects requires adaptation to local customary protocols, local structures, and local community goals, and so necessitates a uniquely, localized focus. At the same time, developing, formalized approaches to collaboration that have universal elements – structures and processes - that are applicable in any context, is a goal in the continual evolution and development of a fully integrated collaborative, community archaeology. This means identifying those...

  • Long Days Journey into Night, Government to Government Consultation under Section 106, on the Navajo Nation (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Ronald Maldonado.

    Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended requires that the Federal Agencies consult with American Indian Tribes on a Government to Government basis. There are numerous guidelines and trainings on how this should be accomplished under the law, but these do not consider the Tribal point of view. American Indian Tribes are sovereign Nations and expect to be treated as such, expecting long term relationships with Federal Agencies. During my tenure with the Navajo...

  • Managing Cultural Resources within Protected Areas (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sunny Ngirmang. Camilla Borrevik. Calvin Emesiochel. Errolflynn Kloulechad. Derek Benjamin.

    A goal for cultural heritage management is to advance the comprehensive preservation, conservation and management of cultural resources, defined as the broad array of stories, knowledge, people, places, structures, objects, and the associated environment that contribute to the maintenance of cultural identity and/or reveal the prehistoric, historic and contemporary human interactions with an ecosystem. Involving the state and local community in regular management, activities, and projects should...

  • Minding the Ideological Gap in Consulting Archaeology (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only James Herbert. Sean P. Connaughton.

    This paper discusses recent results from an anthropological research program within a large archaeological consulting firm, highlighting some key ideological differences between consulting archaeologists and Indigenous archaeologists. Using interviews with a cross-section of archaeologists, the study combines results with previous research to illuminate the gap between these two groups with a focus on goals, practises and concerns. We attempt to shed light on areas for improvement and we...

  • On the Front Line: Collaborative Archaeology between CRM Archaeologists, Academics and First Nations Communities. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Stephanie Huddlestan. Amanda Marshall. Jenny Lewis.

    First Nation’s heritage concerns are at the forefront of many large-scale and controversial development projects across the province of British Columbia. How developers and Cultural Resource Management (CRM) Archaeologists choose to address these concerns can significantly impact working and political relationships. CRM archaeologists are on the front lines balancing and navigating complex, and sensitive socio-political heritage issues. Our small CRM company, Kleanza Consulting Ltd. (Kleanza),...

  • Working Together to Save Our Culture: Creating a Tribal Register of Historical Places (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert O'Boyle. Erich Longie. Dianne Desrosiers.

    Not long ago, the Spirit Lake Oyate and Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate were a single band, part of the Dakota Nation, living in the homeland we had occupied for millennia. Manifest Destiny, greed, and racism led to war and the establishment of reservations. Over the decades, the US Government separated our people as they divided the land for settlement. Today, we are working together to bring our people back together based on the places that matter the most. Together the Spirit Lake Tribe and the...