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Contemporary (Temporal Keyword)

1-25 (30 Records)

Apparel in Peril: An archaeological study of how clothing becomes embedded with human suffering (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT

 The Undocumented Migration Project has recovered over 4,000 articles of clothing once worn by migrants crossing the Mexico­Arizona border. This often darkly colored apparel is intended to help people furtively move across the desert and avoid detection by Border Patrol. When recovered archaeologically, this clothing is often torn, faded, and stained with bodily fluids that reflect different forms of physical pain experienced en route. Here we employ the concept of "use­wear" (i.e. modifications...


Archaeologies of Disinvestment and Displacement: Documenting Detroit’s Foreclosure Crisis (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT

The City of Detroit boasts "the largest and most transparent" demolition program in the US, having demolished approximately 12,000 structures in under 3 years. While the city is best known for its decaying industrial sites, the majority of Detroit’s vacant structures are residential: recently occupied homes, schools, churches, and businesses.This presentation focuses on the production and destruction of these more ordinary ‘ruins,’ examining the political and historical processes that create...


An Archaeology of Care in the Bakken Oil Patch (North Dakota, USA) (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT

The University of North Dakota Man Camp Project has used archaeology to engage seriously the issues of workforce housing and industrial landscapes in the Bakken. Our work proceeds with a focus not on the ebullience (or catastrophe) of the Bakken, but rather on the material culture of housing in a dynamic extractive landscape. We do not advocate, nor do we analyze or make policy recommendations. Our work in the field epitomizes, however, an archaeology of care for the communities in which we...


The Archaeology of Urban Blight (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT

This presentation explores the reconfiguration of urban landscapes in postindustrial cities by discussing how materials removed from blighted neighborhoods in Detroit, Michigan, and Cleveland, Ohio, are reused and resold as tangible heritage (in the form of furniture or personal accessories), often in different parts of the same city. Mapping the transfer and reuse of building materials reveals patterns of urban change and (re)development over time and provides insight into regional...


Blood, Sweat and Queers: Roller Derby and Queer Heritage (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT

Queer theory is a new and developing realm of heritage management; with the listing of historic places Stonewall National Monument and the Bayard Rustin Residence, queer heritage is attaining broader recognition. Investigations into the broader patterns of queer history will expose additional spaces and places with important associations to queer communities on multiple levels. Roller derby’s queer-normative environment has become a center of community-building in the last twenty years,...


Chemists to Cowboys: Labour Identity in Corporate Agriculture in the San Emigdio Hills, California (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT

In California at the turn of the 20th Century, large companies formed through lands speculation as a result of the land grant system and the dissolution of mission properties. The Kern County Land Company, based in Kern County California, had over 1.1 million acres across the American West, utilizing a varied labour force with the primary agriculture product of cattle. The varied properties were interlinked and employed a plethora of workers from chemists to cowboys. This paper aims to...


"The city is my home": homelessness as resistance to institutionalisation (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT

Archaeological analysis of successive ‘home’ spaces created by homeless people enables the documentation of increased privatisation and surveillance within the cities of Bristol and York and reveals the divisive effect they have on social interactions. Using maps, photographs and oral testimonies from homeless people, this paper examines how ‘home’ spaces are grilled off and monitored and asks what this means for the future of ‘public’ spaces. Through subtle negotiations with gatekeepers and...


Colonial Encounters Reflected by the Contemporary Material Culture – Or What Happened When Miss Finland Wore a Sámi Clothing (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT

In the studies of colonial relations, historical archaeology usually concentrates on the early encounters between European settlers and indigenous peoples. Nevertheless, colonial relations are evident in the contemporary culture too, e.g. in the use of indigenous symbols in commercial connections and in tourism. Archaeology can study also this contemporary colonialism through material culture. In this paper, I first give some background on the topic of the session, comparative indigenism – a...


Curbed Boundaries: An Analysis of Home Front Material Culture within the Context of Individual vs. Municipal Investments in Contemporary Oakland, CA (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT

This project investigates the material evidence of individual and City investment in the built landscapes of Oakland, California. Through virtual pedestrian survey, we have analyzed 1000 randomly selected home fronts, implementing a five-facet rating scale to document evidence of resident investment in diverse socio-economic areas. Results suggest that while residents throughout all areas of Oakland invest materially in their homes, they do so differently.  Those in higher income areas invest in...


Decolonizing a Metropolis: the materialization of the late Portuguese empire through Lisbon’s commercial spaces (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT

After the formal independence of the Portuguese African colonies between 1974 and 1975, massive numbers of Europeans and settlers of European descent moved to Portugal in one of the most rapid migrations of the century.  This traumatic experience and the problems of redefining a national identity led to the continuous reproduction of an imperial imagination in the old metropolis, but this time without colonies. In this paper I will discuss how old and new urban spaces such as small shops, cafés...


Developing Digital Identity and Student Opportunities in a Public Archaeology Degree Program (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT

At the beginning of the Masters Program in Public Archaeology (MAPA) at Binghamton University, we worked with the Director to create a digital identity, write a social media strategy, and develop a student blogging group for the program. Student blog posts on contemporary political events and scholarly debates have garnered attention from the archaeological community for the two years since. In this paper, we evaluate the public response to the MAPA blog by analyzing social media posts that link...


Dwelling While Crossing: Migrant Mobility, Material Memory, and Religious Place-Making in the Sonoran Desert (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT

Migrant-erected shrine sites encountered throughout the Sonoran Desert draw attention to the significance of religious place-making in transient spaces, of dwelling while crossing. As migrant material cultures continue to be degraded as "trash," shrine sites made by migrants are likely to become central to the memory of undocumented migration across the US/Mexico Border. Claiming these sites as "monuments" of undocumented migration, however, may threaten to sanitize what is a violent social...


From Alcatraz to Standing Rock: Archaeology and Contemporary Native American Protests (1969-Today) (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT

Since the occupation of Alcatraz by the Indians of All Tribes (1969-1971), Native American and First Nation protests have been well-documented through a variety of media. Unfortunately, many Americans and Canadians lack the background necessary to understand the messages being conveyed. For example, after the National Park Service began including the Alcatraz occupation in their site interpretation, I witnessed visitors discussing how inappropriate it was to celebrate a prison riot. More...


Gendering the Post-Conflict City: Memory, Memorialisation and Commemoration in Belfast (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT

Belfast has become synonymous with the study of insidious, civil conflict; especially how ethnic, political and religious divisions are materialized and reproduced in the contemporary city. The impact of focusing on segregation and sectarianism has dominated our understandings of the fractured city leaving the issue of gender sidelined. This paper aims to examine the contemporary city through the lens of competing placemaking strategies: the official implanting of contemporary art and the...


House and Household: The Archaeology of Domestic Life at Burning Man (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT

House and household have been the primary focus of the archaeological study of Burning Man. Domestic space in Black Rock City, the location of the Burning Man festival in northwestern Nevada, takes many different forms. In this paper, the configurations of house, household, and the components of domestic space are investigated. Even in an experimental municipality, where the fantastic and inventive are elemental, the household is the basic building block of the city. As such it is not only a...


"I Don't Know Where I'm a-Gonna Go When the Volcano Blow": Resettlement, Diaspora, and the Landscapes of Montserrat’s Volcanic Exclusion Zone (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT

On July 18th, 1995, after centuries of relative quiet, Montserrat's Soufrière Hills volcano suddenly and violently sprang to life. The months that followed saw a series of evacuations of the southern portions of the island due to the volcanic threat, rendering this landscape—including the capital town of Plymouth—an abandoned 'Exclusion Zone'. By 2000, the majority of the island's population had left more or less permanently, many for the United Kingdom. Those who stayed faced the challenge of...


Interpretaions of Slavery throughout the Middle Atlantic Region (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT

This poster presents the findings of an evaluation of the ways in which museums interpret and present slavery throughout Maryland and Virginia to the public. By comparing the various themes amplified when presenting slavery in a museum setting today, aspects of slavery the public is able to understand after visiting are assessed. To gauge this, a survey was administered to visitors at each of the following sites: Mount Vernon, Colonial Williamsburg, Monticello, Montpellier, and Sotterley...


"It Doesn’t Matter if You’re a Citizen": Emic Perspectives on Border Patrol and Security from a Southern Arizona Border Town (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT

          Arivaca, Arizona is one of many small unincorporated communities along the US/Mexican border that have recently been thrust into the media spotlight in the wake of discussions of immigration reform. The dominant media narrative coming out of these towns is typically characterized by anti-immigrant sentiment and calls for more Border Patrol presence. Drawing on ethnographic work in Arivaca and archaeological work focused on Border Patrol activities, I offer a counter narrative to the...


Lunar House: The Archaeology of Contemporary Immigration. (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT

The migration of people is no new phenomenon. It is, however, relatively recent that state and bureaucratic obstacles and controls have developed restrictions on the flow of migrants. State authorised immigration from former colonies and European Union member states is well documented. However, ‘illegal’ immigration, primarily that of those entering the country seeking asylum under the United Nations 1951 Refugee Convention, and the role and position of those immigrants in society, remains...


Material Boundaries of Citizenship: Central American Clandestine Migration through Mexico (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT

Each year, hundreds of thousands of undocumented Central American migrants transit through Mexico by hopping freight trains. Migrants navigate organized crime networks and government officials that seek to extort and detain them. They also receive assistance from sympathetic Mexican citizens and a network of humanitarian shelters that have developed along common migrant routes. Throughout this process, migrants seek to both highlight their presence as non-citizens and blend in with the citizen...


The Materiality of Affluence and Taste in Trump Tower (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT

This paper examines Donald Trump’s New York City apartment as a populist performance of affluence that simultaneously justifies ostentatious shows of wealth and defends idiosyncratic individual taste. Rather than reduce the grandiose penthouse simply to a transgression of "good taste," this paper examines a distinctive notion of material wealth that embraces pretentious and idiosyncratic expressions of style and affluence. In a conservative world that has often been characterized by stylistic...


The Meanings of "Litter" in Yosemite National Park (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT

The concepts of "nature" and "culture" have been carefully critiqued by anthropologists over the last few decades, but they still remain in the forefront of the public debate over the environment and how best to preserve it.  The question of how modern people see the natural and cultural realms is at the heart of this issue.  This project explores the line between these ideas by analyzing the behavior of one segment of the modern public: visitors to Yosemite National Park.  Employing the...


Mundane material culture and political identity in Long Kesh / Maze prison (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT

Studies of the material culture of political imprisonment during the Northern Irish Troubles have hitherto concentrated on prisoner self-expression – especially through the creation of contraband and handicrafts - or the presencing of prison protests in external communities through wall murals. Of less aesthetic value, but highly significant as a both a signifier of compliance / dissent and criminal / political status, are the relationships between prisoners and prison-issue artefacts. From...


My Father's Things (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT

In the morning of April 5 2009 my father died; he was almost 86 years old. He lived alone, was in good health, and died suddenly. The confrontation with his silenced house was perhaps the worst moment of all. It was here, amidst his material realm, that I could see for myself that he was gone. At the same time, I realized that I had lost more than my father. My father’s home was changed into a material construction.  The human component – my dad – was the coherent force that had kept this...


Negotiating the transformation of a workspace into a classroom and museum at James Madison's Montpelier (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT

James Madison’s Montpelier is the plantation home of the forth president of the United States, and author of the U.S. Constitution. The historic home is located in the Piedmont Region of Virginia, and has had an archaeology program since 1985. Throughout the years, like any department it underwent a multitude of changes from the beginning to present. However, for the last several years we have employed a vigorous public archaeology program educating all ranges of people from archaeology...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America