Recent Developments in East and Southeast Asian Archaeology II: Sites, Landscape, and Environment

Part of: Society for American Archaeology 82nd Annual Meeting, Vancouver, BC (2017)

The archaeology of East and Southeast Asia continues to grow with new scholars, projects, and methodological developments. Dialogue across borders keeps expanding as well, albeit modestly. As in previous years, we wish to bring together scholars to encourage cross-cultural, cross-border, and cross-disciplinary discussions regarding two world regions that have a long history of interaction. The number of participants exceeds by far the number of slots available in one session, so there will be two symposia on Recent Developments in East and South Asian Archaeology focusing on different aspects of research. This second part takes on the macro perspective by discussing human-environment and site-landscape interaction as well as long-distance exchange during prehistoric and early historic periods throughout East and South East Asia.

Resources Inside This Collection (Viewing 1-14 of 14)

  • Documents (14)

  • Current Issues in the Archaeology of the Margins of Southwest China: The Example of the Stone-Cist Graves (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Zhao Deyun.

    Stone-cist graves are one of the most remarkable local discoveries in the mountains of Southwest China. Research on stone-cist graves has helped our understanding of various aspects of local cultural history, but there are many questions remaining such as chronology, the sequence of cultural developments, past social structures, as well as the origin and distribution of stone-cist graves. This paper introduces both previous advances and remaining challenges for research on this body of material,...

  • Dating and Analysing Koh Ker Settlement and Activity (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Darith Ea. Kyle Latinis.

    The popular narrative places Koh Ker as a short-lived, unconventionally planned, 10th century Angkorian city carved out of remote jungle following a capital shift under the reign of Jayavarman IV. The capital subsequently returned to Angkor and Koh Ker was swallowed by time and forest. A growing number of researchers find this untenable, seeing Koh Ker as a more sizeable, complex and enduring urban phenomenon based on recent investigations. 2015 excavations in the central urban core yielded...

  • Early Urban Configurations in Mahan, Korea: Local and Regional Approaches to Settlements dated to 100 BCE-CE 300 (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jina Heo.

    Mahan, composed of 54 polities in central and southwestern Korea, grew rapidly from 100 BCE to CE 300, by which time it covered about 40,000 square kilometers, with a population of roughly 500,000. During much of this time, urban zones became the dominant residential mode at both local and regional levels, but without suggesting a strong central authority. No unequivocal capital cities have been identified. At the same time, there is evidence of a dual-urban organization with distinctive...

  • Elusive wild foods in Southeast Asian subsistence: modern ethnography and archaeological phytoliths (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Alison Weisskopf. Dorian Fuller.

    While grain crops, such as rice, are relatively easy to identify in the archaeobotanical record, evidence for early agriculture in the wet tropics can be elusive. In this region staple foods were not always grain-based and even today wild plants play an important role. So how do we identify ancient food pathways? Unlike temperate parts of the world, charred material rarely preserves, so this is where micro fossils such as phytoliths and starches come into play. I use phytoliths in combination...

  • From Hunting and Gathering to Farming in Northern Thailand (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Cyler N. Conrad.

    Southeast Asia’s prehistoric zooarchaeological record is peculiar: faunal assemblages are seemingly ‘diverse,’ and generally include a large number of mammalian/reptilian/avian and molluscan species, but often these assemblages lack telltale evidence for human consumption. Therefore, one of the primary challenges confronting zooarchaeologists in this region is identifying what taxa were actually exploited by prehistoric foragers and how these patterns changed over time. This paper investigates...

  • Houses (and Gardens?) at Angkor (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Alison K. Carter. Cristina Castillo. Rachna Chhay. Tegan McGillivray. Yijie Zhuang.

    Household archaeology and a focus on residential spaces is an emerging field in Southeast Asia. At Angkor, this approach has great potential for exploring the resiliency of non-elite members of society through changes in environmental and socio-political processes. In this paper we present results from the ongoing analyses of a 2015 excavation of a house mound within the Angkor Wat enclosure. Using a variety of techniques including macro- and micro-botanical analyses, geoarchaeology, soil...

  • Mapping mining remains in the borderlands of Southwest China (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Nanny Kim.

    About 43 very important silver mines and some 6 copper mines are known to have been worked between the early 15th and the mid-19th century across the Far Southwest of China and in the borderlands beyond. Written sources on mining in the Ming and Qing periods are so scarce that in some cases we identified sites before eventually finding their historical names. Under ideal research conditions, this paper would present archaeological surveys on these sites. In the real world of greatly improved...

  • The Maritime Silk Route and Southeast China during the Han dynasty: A view from Panyu, Hepu, and Lingnan’s hinterland (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Francis Allard.

    Consisting of the present-day provinces of Guangxi and Guangdong, the Lingnan region was from early on impacted by political and cultural forces centered to its north. Following Lingnan’s brief occupation by the Qin (214 – 204 BCE), the Qin general Zhao Tuo established the independent kingdom of Nanyue, whose defeat at the hands of Han armies in 111 BCE resulted in the region’s formal incorporation into the Han Empire. Importantly, various lines of evidence dating to the Han dynasty point to...

  • Moving on from Movius: Recent Research in Pleistocene Archaeology in Myanmar (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Ben Marwick. Kyaw Khaing. Maria Schaarschmidt. Tony Dosseto. Alastair Cunningham.

    For many archaeologists, Myanmar is known as the place where Hallam Movius proposed the Movius Line as a result of his fieldwork in the 1930s. Movius proposed this line as a major cultural boundary of the Palaeolithic era, with bifacial technology present in the west and north, but absent to the south and east. His line continues to have a major influence on contemporary discussions of human evolution in the Eastern Hemisphere. Motivated by debates about the line, and other questions about the...

  • The Neolithic of the Middle Dadu River Valley in Southwest China: Recent Discoveries and New Insights (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Liu Huashi.

    In recent years, a large number of Neolithic remains have been found in the middle reaches of the Dadu River in Southwest China, most importantly in the valleys of Hanyuan and Shimian. Excavations conducted at the settlement cluster around Maiping site have led to the discovery of numerous features and object finds displaying strong local characteristics. This paper introduces these finds, highlighting their importance for understanding of local prehistoric developments. The middle Dadu River...

  • New Archaeological Discoveries in Sichuan Zhou Kehua; Sichuan Provicial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Zhou Kehua.

    Recent years have seen a large number of archaeological discoveries in Sichuan; especially during the construction of the Xiangjiaba Hydropower Station in Yibin, Southern Sichuan, which led to four years of excavation covering an area of over 6000 sq. m. These excavations brought to light a large number of remains from the late Neolithic, Shang, Zhou, Qin, and Han periods, greatly advancing our understanding of local cultural developments. The present paper will introduce some of these recent...

  • Sex and Gender in Southeast Asian Rock Art: Case Studies from Borneo (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Rachel Hoerman.

    Multiple indigenous and intrusive Borneo rock art (the additive or reductive human modification of naturally fixed-in-place stone) traditions depict figures and abstract designs that can be interpreted as sexed/gendered. Dating from the terminal Pleistocene through modern period, these images are an untapped source of archaeological information regarding the roles and interactions of the biological sexes and culturally constructed and ascribed genders. This paper uses rock art to identify and...

  • The Stone-Construction Tombs of Xiaguanzi in Maoxian county, and the Question of Cultural Contact throughout Western China (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Xin Zhonghua.

    Xiaguanzi site in Maoxian County, located at the junction of the upper reaches of Min and Fu Rivers, is an important node on the channels of culture transmission between North and South China. From 2014 to 2015, Neolithic remains and stone-constructed tombs were excavated. The Neolithic remains include pottery, stone and bone artifacts, leather objects, animal bones, plant seeds, house remains, tombs, and ash pits. Although there no painted pottery occurred at Xiaguanzi, the pottery found here...

  • Untangling the Urban Morphology of medieval Angkor, Cambodia (2017)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Klassen. Jonathan Weed. Damian Evans.

    One of the largest puzzles for archaeologists at Angkor is untangling the extremely complex chronological development of the site. The region was host to hundreds of years of urban occupation arising out of a long tradition of habitation through the Bronze and Iron Age. Decades of archaeological investigations have established relational frameworks through which it is now possible to do more precise dating. Recent LiDAR investigations and the associated mapping and ground truthing have...